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Sucrose as analgesic

Zhi-Bing You, Guo-Hua Bi, Ewa Galaj, Vivek Kumar, Jianjing Cao, Alexandra Gadiano, Rana Rais, Barbara S Slusher, Eliot L Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman
Prescription opioids such as oxycodone are highly effective analgesics for clinical pain management, but their misuse and abuse have led to the current opioid epidemic in the United States. In order to ameliorate this public health crisis, the development of effective pharmacotherapies for the prevention and treatment of opioid abuse and addiction is essential and urgently required. In this study, we evaluated-in laboratory rats-the potential utility of VK4-116, a novel and highly selective dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) antagonist, for the prevention and treatment of prescription opioid use disorders...
November 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Rui-Rui Huang, Ri-Hua Xie, Shi Wu Wen, Shao-Lin Chen, Qin She, Yan-Nan Liu, Denise Harrison
INTRODUCTION: High-quality synthesized evidence of sweet taste analgesia in neonates exists. However, Chinese databases have never been included in previous systematic reviews of sweet solutions for procedural pain. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of Chinese literature evaluating analgesic effects of sweet solutions for neonates. Data sources: Wang Fang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. Data extraction and analysis: Two authors screened studies for inclusion and conducted risk of bias ratings and data extraction...
November 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
Sudha Sajeev, Jose Savio Melo, Smitha Hegde
Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link, popularly known as "Silver fern" has significant importance as a medicinal plant used traditionally for its astringent, analgesic, anti-haemorrhagic, anti-hypertensive, anti-pyretic and anthelminthic properties. This fern demonstrates an increased morphogenetic potential towards sporophyte formation, upon exposure to low doses of gamma radiation. Young sporophytic leaf crosier cultures were established in vitro on agar based Knop's media with and without 20 g/l sucrose...
August 13, 2018: Bio Systems
Masoomeh Modarres, Sedigheh Esmaeilzadeh Bahabadi, Mohammad Ehsan Taghavizadeh Yazdi
Salvia leriifolia Benth. (Lamiaceae) is an endangered medicinal plant with hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Many of the beneficial effects of Salvia spp. are attributed to the phenolic compounds. In the present study, an efficient procedure has been developed for establishment of cell suspension culture of S. leriifolia as a strategy to obtain an in vitro phenolic acids producing cell line for the first time. The effect of growth regulators and various concentrations of sucrose have been analyzed, to optimize biomass growth and phenolic acids production...
April 2018: Cytotechnology
Ahmad Ismail, Paula Forgeron, Viola Polomeno, Huda Gharaibeh, Denise Harrison
Limited knowledge exists of current pain management practices and supporting guidelines in Jordanian pediatric intensive care units. To determine the current pain management practices and the availability and content of practice guidelines in Jordanian pediatric intensive care units, we conducted a cross-sectional and multisite survey of four pediatric intensive care units in Jordan. A questionnaire was developed and orally administered over the phone or in person to head nurses or their nominees to capture pain management practices and the existence and content of guidelines...
April 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Denise Harrison, Catherine Larocque, Jessica Reszel, JoAnn Harrold, Cheryl Aubertin
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding (BF), skin-to-skin care (SSC), and sucrose effectively reduce babies' pain during newborn blood work, but these strategies are infrequently used. Our team developed a parent-targeted video intervention showing the effectiveness of the 3 pain management strategies. PURPOSE: To evaluate neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) parents' (1) baseline knowledge and previous use of BF, SSC, and sucrose for procedural pain management; (2) intention to advocate/use BF, SSC, or sucrose for their infants' future blood work after viewing the video; (3) intention to recommend the video to other parents; and (4) perceptions of the video and identify areas for improvement...
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Erin Matsuda
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library. For more information, see
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
Julia Groening, Dustin Venini, Mandyam V Srinivasan
Despite their common use as model organisms in scientific experiments, pain and suffering in insects remains controversial and poorly understood. Here we explore potential pain experience in honeybees (Apis mellifera) by testing the self-administration of an analgesic drug. Foragers were subjected to two different types of injuries: (i) a clip that applied continuous pressure to one leg and (ii) amputation of one tarsus. The bees were given a choice between two feeders, one offering pure sucrose solution, the other sucrose solution plus morphine...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Juan Carlos Ramos Gonçalves, Danilo Andrade de Meneses, Aliny Pereira de Vasconcelos, Celyane Alves Piauilino, Fernanda Regina de Castro Almeida, Edoardo Marco Napoli, Giuseppe Ruberto, Demetrius Antônio Machado de Araújo
CONTEXT: The essential oil (EO) from Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link. (Lamiaceae) has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. OBJECTIVE: Characterize the constituents from T. capitatus EO and further evaluate the antinociceptive activity by in vivo and in vitro procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to identify and quantify the constituents of the T...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Kate McGinnis, Eileen Murray, Brooke Cherven, Courtney McCracken, Curtis Travers
BACKGROUND: Applied mechanical vibration in pediatric and adult populations has been shown to be an effective analgesic for acute and chronic pain, including needle pain. Studies among the neonatal population are lacking. According to the Gate Control Theory, it is expected that applied mechanical vibration will have a summative effect with standard nonpharmacologic pain control strategies, reducing behavioral and physiologic pain responses to heel lancing. PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of mechanical vibration for relief of heel lance pain among neonates...
December 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Guang-Fen Zhang, Jing Wang, Jin-Feng Han, Jie Guo, Ze-Min Xie, Wei Pan, Jian-Jun Yang, Kang-Jian Sun
Both chronic pain and depression are debilitating diseases, which often coexist in clinic. However, current analgesics and antidepressants exhibit limited efficacy for this comorbidity. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of ketamine on the comorbidity of inflammatory pain and consequent depression-like behaviors in a rat model established by intraplantar administration of complete Freunds adjuvant (CFA). The mechanical withdrawal threshold, thermal withdrawal latency, open field test, forced swimming test, and sucrose preference test were evaluated after the CFA injection and ketamine treatment...
September 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Sweta Kumari, Vikram Datta, Harmeet Rehan
AIM: To study the analgesic effect of oral 25% glucose as compared with oral 24% sucrose during heel lance in preterm neonates. METHODS: Stable preterm neonates within first 48 hours of life were randomized to receive either 24% sucrose or 25% glucose before heel lance. Primary outcome assessed was painful response by the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) score at 30 seconds after heel lance, and the secondary outcome was immediate adverse events associated with the administration of two solutions and duration of crying immediately following the procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Bonnie Stevens, Janet Yamada, Arne Ohlsson, Sarah Haliburton, Allyson Shorkey
BACKGROUND: Administration of oral sucrose with and without non-nutritive sucking is the most frequently studied non-pharmacological intervention for procedural pain relief in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy, effect of dose, method of administration and safety of sucrose for relieving procedural pain in neonates as assessed by validated composite pain scores, physiological pain indicators (heart rate, respiratory rate, saturation of peripheral oxygen in the blood, transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide (gas exchange measured across the skin - TcpO2, TcpCO2), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), electroencephalogram (EEG), or behavioural pain indicators (cry duration, proportion of time crying, proportion of time facial actions (e...
July 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Osmar Antonio Jaramillo-Morales, Josué Vidal Espinosa-Juárez, Betzabeth Anali García-Martínez, Francisco Javier López-Muñoz
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ketoprofen are the most commonly used analgesics for the treatment of pain. However, no studies have evaluated the analgesic response to ketoprofen in conditions of obesity. The aim of this study was to analyse the time course of nociceptive pain in Wistar rats with and without hypo-oestrogenism on a high sucrose diet and to compare the antinociceptive response using ketoprofen. Hypo-oestrogenic and naïve rats received a hyper caloric diet (30% sucrose) or water ad libitum for 17 weeks, the thermal nociception ("plantar test" method) and body weight were tested during this period...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Paromita Seal, Jyotirmoy Sikdar, Amartya Roy, Rajen Haldar
Acetaminophen, a widely used analgesic and antipyretic drug has ample affinity to bind globular proteins. Here, we have illustrated a substantive study pertaining to the interaction of acetaminophen with human hemoglobin (HHb). Different spectroscopic (absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy), calorimetric, and molecular docking techniques have been employed in this study. Acetaminophen-induced graded alterations in absorbance and fluorescence of HHb confirm their interaction. Analysis of fluorescence quenching at different temperature and data obtained from isothermal titration calorimetry indicate that the interaction is static and the HHb has one binding site for the drug...
May 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Åshild Wik Despriee, Eva Langeland
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 30% sucrose compared with a placebo (water) as pain relief and comfort during immunisation of 15-month-old children in health care centres. BACKGROUND: Children experience different levels of pain and distress during immunisation. Sweet solutions function as pain relief during immunisation for infants up to one year of age. However, there are few studies of older children. DESIGN: An experimental design in which the participants (15-month-old infants) were randomly assigned to an intervention group that received a 30% sugar solution or a control group that received a placebo (water)...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
(no author information available yet)
The prevention of pain in neonates should be the goal of all pediatricians and health care professionals who work with neonates, not only because it is ethical but also because repeated painful exposures have the potential for deleterious consequences. Neonates at greatest risk of neurodevelopmental impairment as a result of preterm birth (ie, the smallest and sickest) are also those most likely to be exposed to the greatest number of painful stimuli in the NICU. Although there are major gaps in knowledge regarding the most effective way to prevent and relieve pain in neonates, proven and safe therapies are currently underused for routine minor, yet painful procedures...
February 2016: Pediatrics
Kyria Santiago Nascimento, Francisco Lucas Faustino do Nascimento, Mayara Torquato Lima Silva, Camila Bezerra Nobre, Cleane Gomes Moreira, Luiz André Cavalcante Brizeno, Edson Lopes da Ponte, Ana Maria Sampaio Assreuy, Benildo Sousa Cavada
Andira anthelmia (tribe Dalbergieae), a plant from Brazilian Amazon, possesses a seed lectin that was purified by affinity chromatography in sepharose-mannose. This novel Dalbergieae lectin, named AAL, agglutinated rabbit erythrocytes treated with trypsin. The hemagglutinating activity of AAL was maintained after incubation at a wide range of temperature (40 to 70 °C) and pH, was shown to be dependent on divalent cations, and was inhibited by d-mannose and d-sucrose. AAL showed an electrophoretic profile in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis similar to other lectins of the tribe Dalbergieae, presenting a double band of molecular weight with approximately 20 kDa and other minor bands of 17, 15, and 13 kDa, being the smaller fragment glycosylated...
June 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
David R Bonsall, Hyunji Kim, Catherine Tocci, Awa Ndiaye, Abbey Petronzio, Grace McKay-Corkum, Penny C Molyneux, Thomas E Scammell, Mary E Harrington
Fatigue is a disabling symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's Disease, and is also common in patients with traumatic brain injury, cancer, and inflammatory disorders. Little is known about the neurobiology of fatigue, in part due to the lack of an approach to induce fatigue in laboratory animals. Fatigue is a common response to systemic challenge by pathogens, a response in part mediated through action of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). We investigated the behavioral responses of mice to IL-1β...
2015: PloS One
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