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"bioethics"; "general surgery"

James M DuBois, Ana S Ilitis
Surgeons share their challenges and dilemmas in making ethical decisions in these twelve personal stories. The three commentary articles draw out the lessons the stories address. The commentators come from diverse backgrounds including sociology, bioethics, nursing, and surgery.
2015: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Mauricio A Escobar, Charles W Hartin, Laurence B McCullough
OBJECTIVES: The authors examine the ethical implications of teaching general surgery residents laparoscopic pyloromyotomy. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: Using the authors' previously presented ethical framework, and examining survey data of pediatric surgeons in the United States and Canada, a rigorous ethical argument is constructed to examine the question: should general surgery residents be taught laparoscopic pyloromyotomies? RESULTS: A survey was constructed that contained 24 multiple-choice questions...
January 2014: Journal of Surgical Education
Elżbieta Kozłowska, Maria T Szewczyk
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this work was to evaluate the knowledge of symptoms and prophylaxis among hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was carried in the Provincial Hospital in Bydgoszcz (i.e. general surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, urology, breast surgery and thoracic surgery). 250 hospitalized patients took part in the tests, as well as 50 healthy people. The scientific method used was a specially designed questionnaire. The Bioethics Committee of Collegium Medicum of Mikołaj Kopernik University in Bydgoszcz approved these tests...
2012: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
Eliana Maria Restum Antonio, Tereza Maria Pereira Fontes
The professional practice of medicine today has a strong biological approach due to the increasing specialization of medical science. Often, science itself does not help to address and resolve a particular situation of a medical professional, and this is where human and social sciences, and especially other disciplines such as bioethics, can give a more humane and socialist approach, by systematically studying human behavior in the field of life and health sciences, considering moral values and principles. As part of this study, the segment that is limited to the analysis of ethical conflicts arising from the practice of medicine and patient care is known as medical ethics...
September 2011: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Daniele Enrico Maria Maggiore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2011: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Isac Jorge Filho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2010: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Temidayo O Ogundiran, Clement A Adebamowo
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is perhaps more relevant to surgical specialties than to other clinical disciplines. Fundamental to this concept is the provision of relevant information for the patient to make an informed choice about a surgical intervention. The opinions of surgeons in Nigeria about informed consent in their practice were surveyed. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of surgeons in Nigeria was undertaken in 2004/5 using self-administered semistructured questionnaires...
December 2010: Journal of Medical Ethics
Jennifer L Pretz, David Magnus, David A Spain
BACKGROUND: Experimentation involving human subjects requires careful attention to the protection of their rights. Beginning with the Belmont Report in 1979, the United States has developed various sets of rules and regulations that identify the requirements for performing human subject research. In addition, these standards attempt to define the fundamental difference between what constitutes research versus clinical treatment versus innovation. We explore the intersection between two areas of independent bioethics, surgical innovation and emergency research; the point we refer to as emergency innovation...
December 2009: Journal of Trauma
O Merrot, M Poupart, J-C Pignat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2008: Journal de Chirurgie
Anabel Sofía de la Garza-Rodea, Luis Padilla-Sánchez, Javier de la Garza-Aguilar, Rolando Neri-Vela
The progress of medicine has largely been due to research, and for surgery, in particular, the experimental surgical laboratory has been considered fundamental to the surgeon's education. In this study, a general view of experimental surgery is given in animal models based on bioethical norms as well as to design, create and apply different surgical procedures before performing in humans. Experimental surgery also facilitates surgical teaching and promotes the surgeon's scientific reasoning. Methods. This is a retrospective and descriptive study...
November 2007: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Leon Morgenstern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2005: Surgical Innovation
Mary Dixon-Woods, Simon J Williams, Clare J Jackson, Andrea Akkad, Sara Kenyon, Marwan Habiba
The 'informed consent' process has been placed at the centre of bioethical and policy discourses about how the autonomy and rights of patients can best be protected. Although there has been critical analysis of how the process functions in relation to participation in research and particular ethical 'dilemmas', there has been little examination of the routine business of consenting to medical procedures. Evidence is now beginning to emerge that people may consent to surgery even when reluctant to do so. In this paper, we develop an analysis informed by Bourdieusian and interactionist social theory of the accounts of 25 British women who consented to surgery in obstetrics and gynaecology...
June 2006: Social Science & Medicine
Daniel P Sulmasy, Robert E Ferris, Wayne A Ury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2005: Journal of Clinical Ethics
Anja Robb, Edward Etchells, Michael D Cusimano, Robert Cohen, Peter A Singer, Martin McKneally
BACKGROUND: Bioethics education has been recommended as a formal component of surgical residency training. The best method for teaching bioethics to residents is unclear. We compared the effectiveness of a standardized patient (SP)-based seminar to a traditional seminar format for teaching bioethics to surgical residents. METHODS: We randomized 31 first- and second-year surgical residents to either a SP-based seminar or a traditional seminar on informed consent...
April 2005: American Journal of Surgery
Mark Bernstein, Joseph Bampoe, Abdallah S Daar
The technology associated with the care of surgical patients and the level of sophistication of biomedical research accompanying it are evolving at a rapid pace. Both new and old bioethical issues are assuming increasing levels of prominence and importance, particularly in this age of molecular medicine. The authors explore bioethical issues pertinent and relevant to surgeons. Four specific areas that are exemplary by presenting both major scientific and ethical challenges are briefly addressed: privacy of information, stem cells, gene therapy, and conflict of interest in biomedical research...
December 2004: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Mary E Fallat, Jayant K Deshpande
This clinical report addresses the topic of preexisting do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders for children undergoing anesthesia and surgery. Pertinent issues addressed include the rights of children, surrogate decision-making, the process of informed consent, and the roles of surgeons and anesthesiologists. The reevaluation process of DNR orders called "required reconsideration" can be incorporated into the process of informed consent for surgery and anesthesia. Care should be taken to distinguish between goal-directed and procedure-directed approaches to DNR orders...
December 2004: Pediatrics
Mark Bernstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2004: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Arthur M Boudreaux, Samuel J Tilden
Anesthesiologists are confronted with interesting and sometimes difficult ethical situations in pediatric surgery. They are forced to deal with everything from "do not resuscitate" issues, heroic last-chance surgical efforts, religious and cultural conflicts, disputes among colleagues, and situations that are, at worst, uncomfortable and, at best, miscarriages of duty. It is incumbent on anesthesiologists to learn how to logically and appropriately handle these issues. The pediatric surgical patient requires special consideration in bioethics...
March 2002: Anesthesiology Clinics of North America
James L Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1998: Glq
Robert M Veatch, Carol G Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1987: Journal of Religious Ethics
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