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Ultrasonographic evaluation

Özlem Turhan İyidir, Feride Kural Rahatlı, Yusuf Bozkuş, Lala Ramazanova, Hale Turnaoğlu, Aslı Nar, Neslihan Başçıl Tütüncü
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the elastographic features of Achilles tendon with Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse in patients with and without diabetic neuropathy. METHODS: According to the presence of peripheral neuropathy, 45 patients with type 2 diabetes were divided into 2 subgroups. Those with peripheral neuropathy were defined as group I (22 patients) and those without peripheral neuropathy were defined as group II (23 patients). A total of thirty age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched healthy individuals were selected as controls...
February 20, 2019: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Jorge Short, Carlos Acebes, Guido Rodriguez-de-Lema, Giuliana Maria Concetta La Paglia, Maria Pavón, Olga Sánchez-Pernaute, Julio Cesar Vazquez, Fredeswinda Romero-Bueno, Jesús Garrido, Esperanza Naredo
AIMS: To evaluate the agreement between a visual and an automatic counting system of lung B-lines by ultrasound (US) as well as to test the inter- and intra-observer reliability of both systems in patients with lung diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included four patients with different lung conditions. Four ultrasonographers expert in lung US blindly, independently and consecutively performed, in two rounds, a US B-mode assessment of 8 lung intercostal spaces of each patient...
February 17, 2019: Medical Ultrasonography
Anca Ciobanu, Clara Formuso, Argyro Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of ultrasonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 35+0 - 36+6 weeks' gestation in the prediction of small for gestational age (SGA) neonates and assess the additive value of first, maternal risk factors and second, fetal growth velocity between 20 and 36 weeks' gestation in improving such prediction. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 44,043 singleton pregnancies that had undergone routine ultrasound examination at 19+0 - 23+6 and at 35+0 - 36+6 weeks' gestation...
February 19, 2019: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Maria Grazia Caprio, Marco Di Serafino, Alessia De Feo, Elvira Guerriero, Teresa Perillo, Luigi Barbuto, Norberto Vezzali, Eugenio Rossi, Federica Ferro, Gianfranco Vallone, Cinzia Orazi
Ultrasonography is the first-line imaging modality in the evaluation of the female pelvis in childhood and adolescence, because it is easy to perform, non-invasive and it does not require sedation. The transabdominal approach is preferred in children and adolescents, after filling the bladder to move away the bowel loops from the pelvis. The probe frequency must be adapted to age, thickness of tissues and depth of the structures under examination. High-frequency (4-12 MHz) linear or convex probes are used in newborns; high-frequency linear probes (4-12 MHz) in toddler, convex 5-7...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Ultrasound
Emiko Chiba, Kohei Hamamoto, Osamu Tanaka, Fumiaki Watanabe, Hiroshi Noda, Toshiki Rkiyama, Kiyoka Omoto
Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava is a rare malignant tumor originating from smooth muscle cells of the vascular media. Its preoperative diagnosis by conventional noninvasive examinations such as abdominal ultrasonography, X-ray computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, may be difficult because of their nonspecific findings. We present the case of a 72-year-old woman with leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava diagnosed by intravascular ultrasonography.
February 14, 2019: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Basant Elnady, Nashwa K El Shaarawy, Noha Mohammed Dawoud, Tohamy Elkhouly, Dalia El-Sayed Desouky, Eman Nabil ElShafey, Mohamed S El Husseiny, Johannes J Rasker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate ultrasonographic subclinical inflammatory synovitis and enthesitis in psoriasis patients, without clinical arthritis or enthesitis compared with healthy controls, with a 2-year follow-up to study the associated incidence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: A total of 109 consecutive psoriasis vulgaris patients without clinical signs of PsA and 90 healthy controls were included from two tertiary medical centers. Subjects underwent dermatological examination, PASI score evaluation for severity of psoriasis, musculoskeletal examination using 68/66 joints count for tenderness and swollen joints...
February 12, 2019: Clinical Rheumatology
Chutimon Thanaboonnipat, Saikaew Sutayatram, Chollada Buranakarl, Nan Choisunirachon
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common diseases occurring in cats. It is characterized by renal fibrosis, which is strongly correlated with impairment of renal function. Since renal biopsy is not performed routinely in clinical practice, the non-invasive method of ultrasonographic shear-wave elastography (SWE) was used to determine renal parenchymal stiffness. Currently, urinary procollagen type III amino-terminal propeptide (uPIIINP) is a renal fibrosis biomarker in humans...
February 11, 2019: BMC Veterinary Research
F Ceccarelli, C Perricone, E Cipriano, L Massaro, F Natalucci, F R Spinelli, C Alessandri, G Valesini, F Conti
Specific indices are not available to evaluate systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) joint involvement; indeed, the application of indices validated for rheumatoid arthritis has been suggested. We evaluated the usefulness of organ specific composite indices, i.e. the Disease Activity Score on 28 joints (DAS28), Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI), Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), and the ratio of swollen to tender joints (STR), to assess SLE joint activity by analyzing the correlation between these indices and ultrasonography (US) inflammatory status...
February 11, 2019: Lupus
Ariel Brody, Timothy B Kloer, Robert T Rush, Lauren J Harris, Lynn R Griffin, Miranda J Sadar
A 5-year-old, 0.92-kg (2-lb), spayed female Dwarf Hotot rabbit was evaluated for a 1-day duration of lethargy and anorexia. Survey radiographs revealed evidence of gastrointestinal stasis. Abdominal ultrasonography characterized multiple small, round, anechoic structures embedded in the mesentery. These structures were thin walled with hyperechoic strands/septations. Most of the structures contained a well-defined, eccentric, hyperechoic nodule adherent to the intraluminal wall. Mesenteric cysticercosis was confirmed via exploratory laparotomy and histopathology...
February 10, 2019: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Umesh B Kumbhar, Sarita U Gulavane, Sandeep M Gaikwad, Raju R Shelar, Vaibhav P Deshpande, Ruth Rebeiro, Krishna Yadav
The present research work entitled "Correlation of testicular ultrasonography, testicular biometry, serum testosterone levels and seminal attributes in pre- and post-pubertal age for breeding soundness evaluation in Osmanabadi bucks" was undertaken in 18 healthy Osmanabadi bucks from the Instructional Livestock Farm Complex, Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai, Maharashtra. The body weight (kg), scrotal circumference (cm) and testicular biometry (cm) of post-weaning 18 Osmanabadi male kids was recorded every 15 days from weaning, i...
February 9, 2019: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Piya Chaemsaithong, Angel H W Kwan, Wing Ting Tse, Wen Teng Lim, Winnie W Y Chan, Ka Chun Chong, Tak Yeung Leung, Liona C Poon
BACKGROUND: The traditional approach to assessing labor progress is by digital vaginal examination, however, it is subjective and imprecise. Recent studies have investigated the role of transperineal ultrasonographic assessment of fetal head descent by measuring angle of progression and head-perineum distance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate factors that affected labor progress, defined by the transperineal ultrasonographic parameters, in women achieving vaginal delivery...
February 5, 2019: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jin Hee Ahn, Jiyeon Park, In Sun Song, Keoung Ah Kim, Jungchan Park, Jeong Jin Min, Chung Su Kim, Jong-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: Since the femoral artery frequently overlaps the femoral vein, femoral central venous catheterization carries the risk of arterial puncture in pediatric patients. AIM: We evaluated the angle range of leg abduction with external hip rotation to minimize the overlap between the femoral artery and vein in pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia. METHODS: Eighty-two pediatric patients who underwent elective surgery with general anesthesia were enrolled in this study...
February 8, 2019: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Kader Azlağ Pekince, Fatma Çağlayan, Adem Pekince
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of ultrasonographic imaging for diagnosing temporomandibular joint internal derangements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging scans of temporomandibular joints were obtained bilaterally in 55 patients who had temporomandibular joint disorders and who were diagnosed with temporomandibular joint internal derangements following a clinical examination. Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonographic imaging was assessed considering magnetic resonance imaging as the gold standard method...
February 4, 2019: Oral Radiology
Camille Roux, Frédérique Gandjbakhch, Audrey Pierreisnard, Marion Couderc, Cédric Lukas, Racha Masri, Jean-Philippe Sommier, Isabelle Clerc-Urmes, Cédric Baumann, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Damien Loeuille
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare characteristics of radiography (RX) and ultrasound (US) erosive lesions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients (prevalence, topography and severity), to determine thresholds for the diagnosis of erosive RA based on US and to evaluate the performance of US and RX to establish a diagnosis of erosive RA differentiated from hand OA. METHODS: Patients fulfilling ACR 1987 and/or ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria for RA or ACR hand OA criteria were prospectively included...
January 31, 2019: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Andrea Corda, Claudia Tamponi, Roberta Meloni, Antonio Varcasia, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Pablo Gomez-Ochoa, Antonio Scala
Toxocara canis is one of the most common intestinal parasites in dogs and represents a highly infectious zoonotic parasite worldwide. Adult worms live in the bowel of dogs, and infections in puppies are commonly acquired transplacentally. The biology of the parasite and the commonly used diagnostic method, based on faecal examination, often prevent an early diagnosis of toxocariasis in puppies. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of intestinal ascariasis could be a feasible alternative method to diagnose T. canis infection in puppies during the prepatent period...
January 31, 2019: Parasitology Research
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Melissa Scribani, Donghee Kim, W Ray Kim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disease in Western countries. Smoking and diabetes mellitus (DM) have been shown to increase mortality, however, whether NAFLD adds to the detrimental effect of smoking in DM and non-DM patients is unknown. We evaluated the possible interactive effect of NAFLD and smoking on mortality risk in a U.S. population-based sample. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 11,205 participants in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed...
January 29, 2019: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Ping Wang, Wensheng Yue, Wenyan Li, Yuqun Luo, Zukun Li, Yi Shao, Zhizhong He
Introduction: This research was conducted to explore the relationship between the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) classification using ultrasonography and the survival of patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in a cohort of Chinese. Methods: A total of 215 TNBC patients treated at our hospital between November 2008 and March 2016 were enrolled in this study. We used the log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curves to assess the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) differences between groups...
2019: Cancer Management and Research
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Dilek Şen Dokumacı, Bülent Kati, İsmail Yağmur, Erkan Arslan, Adem Tunçtekin, Atakan Kırteke, Halil Çiftçi, Ercan Yeni
This study investigated the role of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) as a morphological marker of the response of vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) patients to tadalafil, one of the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I). Through March-December 2016, 51 men with vasculogenic ED aged over 30 years were enrolled in this prospective study. Vasculogenic ED was accepted as a normal testosterone level, with penile colour Doppler ultrasonography showing arteriogenic ED, venogenic ED or mixed arteriogenic and venogenic ED...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Impotence Research
K Garrett, M Milne, R Doneley, N Perkins
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound in avian patients is useful for identifying abnormalities within the coelomic cavity. A correlation between sonographic evaluation of jejunal thickness and body weight has been reported in mammals, but not the chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the normal values of jejunal thickness in the chicken and compare this to body weight. METHODS: Coelomic ultrasound was performed on 89 clinically normal chickens with no history or signs of gastrointestinal disease...
January 2019: Australian Veterinary Journal
Hakan Erenel, Mehmet Fatih Karsli, Aysegul Ozel, Sevim Ozge Korkmaz, Cihat Sen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ultrasonographic features and pregnancy outcomes in women with ductus venosus-systemic shunt and systematic review of the literature. METHOD: A computerized search was conducted to identify cases of ductus venosus-systemic shunt between September 2016 and January 2018. Six patients were identified. Antenatal records and neonatal outcomes are presented. A systematic Embase, SCOPUS, and Medline search of published literature from 1991 to 2018 was performed using the terms "ductus venosus," "agenesis," "absence," "absent," "missing," "aberrant," and "variant...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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