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Dipika Mitra, Amitabh Yadav, Saurabh Prithyani, Ligi Elsa John, Silvia Rodrigues, Rohit Shah
Aim: This study aimed to determine the antiplaque efficacy of Nisin Z extract mouth rinse (Test) as compared to 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthrinse (Positive control) and distilled water (Placebo) and to assess minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of Nisin Z against Prevotella intermedia (Pi), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) in vitro. Materials and Methods: Forty-five individuals were randomly divided into three groups (15 in each group)...
January 2019: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Gabrielle Costa Bonício, Érica Crastechini, Mariane Cintra Mailart, Alessandra Bühler Borges
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of whitening mouthrinses used before toothbrushing on enamel microhardness and wear. METHODS: 80 polished bovine enamel specimens were randomly assigned into four groups according to the mouthrinses tested (n=20): PW: Plax Whitening - 1.5% hydrogen peroxide (HP); LW: Listerine Whitening Pre-Brush Rinse - 2% HP; U: Ultradex - Chlorine dioxide; C: Control - Artificial saliva. The specimens were immersed in the mouthrinses for 1 minute and brushed with 10 strokes, using a dentifrice containing sodium fluoride...
December 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Ritam Sanvala Naiktari, Chandrakant Dharmadhikari, Abhijit Ningappa Gurav, Satish Kakade
Context: Triphala has been extensively used in dentistry as a mouthwash because of its antiplaque and antigingivitis properties. Aim: The present study is designed to determine the duration of its antibacterial substantivity after a single oral rinse and to compare it with the substantivity of 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX). Materials and Methods: In this clinical crossover trial, unstimulated saliva from 30 individuals was collected 2 h after routine oral hygiene procedures but not rinsing (pre-sample) with randomly selected mouthwash, (10% Triphala mouthwash, 0...
November 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
James R Collins, Johannes Olsen, Aimee Cuesta, Maria Silva-Vetri, Marcela Hernández, Georgios Romanos, Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Patricia Palma
Aim: Chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinses are known to have a beneficial effect in the management of periodontal disease. The present study was designed to investigate the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and matrix metalloproteinases-8 (MMP-8) inhibition efficacy of eight commercially available CHX mouthrinses from the Dominican Republic. Methods: The study samples are categorized into two categories, eight commercially available CHX mouthrinses were case sample group, and positive and negative controls used in the study are categorized as control sample group...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
N Megalaa, K Thirumurugan, G Kayalvizhi, R Sajeev, E B Kayalvizhi, V Ramesh, Abhishek Vargeese
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease in which microorganisms play an important role. Recently, herbs have been tried as mouthrinses to combat the side effects of chemical mouthrinses. The anticaries efficacy of Sodium fluoride, Tulsi leaf, and Black myrobalans fruit extracts on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) have been reported in the literature, but no comparative study has been done yet. Aim: This study aims to observe the change in the pH of saliva and to assess the efficacy of the herbal rinses-Tulsi and Black myrobalans on S...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Rafaela Rozza-de-Menezes, Paulo H C Souza, Fernando H Westphalen, Sérgio A Ignácio, Simone T Moysés, Viviane A Sarmento
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy of four methods to prevent chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with solid tumors (ST). In addition, the behaviour of OM was investigated in these oncological patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients, aged 27-84, were randomly allocated to different groups from the first day of chemotherapy (CT), in the following sequence: group 1: intensive oral care programme (IOCP); group 2: 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthrinse; group 3: 0...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Rosa María López-Pintor, Lucía Ramírez, Julia Serrano, Miguel de Pedro, Mónica Fernández-Castro, Elisabeth Casañas, Gonzalo Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of Xerostom® toothpaste and mouthwash in Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients with xerostomia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A double-blinded, randomized study where patients were assigned at baseline test or control products. Patients used the products 3 times/day/28 days. We used a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for xerostomia and an Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), baseline and after treatment, to assess possible improvement...
December 17, 2018: Oral Diseases
Christina Erbe, Malgorzata Klukowska, Hans C Timm, Matthew L Barker, Janneke van der Wielen, Heinrich Wehrbein
OBJECTIVES: To assess plaque and gingivitis reduction in orthodontic patients after 4 weeks' use of an oscillating-rotating power brush, irrigator, and mouthrinse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, examiner-blind, clinical trial comparing plaque and gingivitis outcomes for an experimental power brush/irrigator/mouthrinse oral hygiene routine vs a dental prophylaxis followed by regular manual brushing (positive control). Fifty-one participants with fixed orthodontic appliances in the upper and lower jaw and a minimum of 15 gingival bleeding sites were randomly assigned to experimental or positive control treatment...
December 5, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Ruoxi Dai, Otto L T Lam, Edward C M Lo, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVES: This study was to assess the effectiveness of a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) and an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) on prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens among patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 94 patients were randomized to two groups. Subjects were block randomized to: either (1) COHCP: manual toothbrushing with oral hygiene instruction (OHI); or (2) AOHCP: powered toothbrushing, mouthrinsing with chlorhexidine and OHI...
November 17, 2018: Oral Diseases
Chang Liu, Yubin Cao, Jie Lin, Linda Ng, Ian Needleman, Tanya Walsh, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia occurring in residents of long-term care facilities and nursing homes can be termed 'nursing home-acquired pneumonia' (NHAP). NHAP is the leading cause of mortality among residents. NHAP may be caused by aspiration of oropharyngeal flora into the lung, and by failure of the individual's defence mechanisms to eliminate the aspirated bacteria. Oral care measures to remove or disrupt oral plaque might be effective in reducing the risk of NHAP. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of oral care measures for preventing nursing home-acquired pneumonia in residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities...
September 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Candice A Bellis, Owen Addison, Angela H Nobbs, Peter F Duckworth, James A Holder, Michele E Barbour
OBJECTIVE: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a versatile material, offering the opportunity for ion exchange with the oral environment. The aim of this study was to develop a GIC that delivers a controlled, rechargeable dose of chlorhexidine (CHX) over an extended period without compromising mechanical properties. METHODS: GICs were supplemented with finely milled particles of chlorhexidine hexametaphosphate (CHX-HMP). CHX release into artificial saliva was measured over 660 days, and recharge with CHX and CHX-HMP was investigated...
September 21, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Shashibhushan Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa, Ramya Rai, Prashant Babaji, M C Pradeep
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of probiotic and green tea mouthrinse on salivary pH. Method: Study was conducted over a period of one month among 40 healthy school children aged between 6-8 years. The subjects who fulfilled inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups namely probiotic and green tea groups. Salivary pH was recorded at baseline (0 day) and at the end of the specified time period using GC pH strips...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Fahad Ali Alshehri
Background: Standard recommendations to maintain daily oral hygiene include tooth brushing and interdental cleaning. Evidence from literature indicates that using a mouthrinse as an adjunct provides benefit beyond mechanical methods. The objective of this article was to evaluate the short- and long-term effect of a mouthwash containing essential oils (LISTERINE®) in improving oral health. Methods: PubMed (MEDLINE) and bibliographies from the relevant retrieved reviews were searched to identify clinical studies involving the use of LISTERINE mouthrinse...
January 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Swara Shah, Seema Bargale, Bhavna H Dave, Anshula Deshpande, Pratik B Kariya, Anuradha Karri
Background: The chemomechanical plaque control measures are helpful in controlling dental plaque and thus caries, especially in pediatric age group. Aim: This study aims to compare effectiveness of herbal mouthrinse containing Terminalia chebula to that of 0.2% chlorhexidine against children's salivary mutans streptococci levels. Settings and Design: A double-blind, randomized, controlled study design will be framed for conducting this study...
July 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mustafa Hayati Atala, Gülbahar Ustağlu, Nagehan Atala, Elif Yeğin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tooth discoloration effect of the daily use protocol of six different mouthrinses. METHODS: 70 extracted caries-free central incisors were divided into seven groups (n=10/per group) : Group 1: Curasept Anti Discoloration System; Group 2: CB12; Group 3: Listerine Zero; Group 4: Listerine Cool Mint; Group 5: Colgate Plax; Group 6: Kloroben. The teeth were exposed to the mouthrinse for 2 minutes daily for 3 weeks. Color measurement was performed four times: at the beginning of the study, and after 1, 2 and 3 weeks, with a digital spectrophotometer (Vita Easyshade Advanced)...
August 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Cristina Garcia-Godoy, James Rothrock, Nataliya Gurich, Mary Kay Anastasia, Robert W Gerlach
PURPOSE: To assess use of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence versus chlorhexidine gluconate mouthrinse on gingivitis prevention after dental prophylaxis. METHODS: A 12-week, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness and safety of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence to a positive control in healthy adults with established gingivitis. After informed consent, gingivitis and stain levels were assessed by clinical examination. Eligible subjects received a dental prophylaxis and were randomly assigned to twice daily unsupervised use of either (1) two-step oral hygiene sequence:0...
July 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Mattia Pramstraller, Maria Elena Guarnelli, Chiara Fabbri, Elisa Maietti, Roberto Farina
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the postsurgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without antidiscoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). METHODS: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX + HA + ADS or CHX) for 21 days...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Aline Silva Braga, Giovana Bissoli Degand, Juliana Gonçalves Pires, Daiana Moreli Soares Dos Santos, Ana Carolina Magalhães
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of PerioGard, Listerine, Noplak, Malvatricin and Cepacol commercial mouthrinses containing alcohol on the viability of Streptococcus mutans strain and of a microcosm biofilm and on the prevention of enamel demineralization. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined against S. mutans (ATCC 25175). Microcosm biofilm formed from human saliva mixed with McBain saliva was created on bovine enamel for 5 days...
June 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Laura Fernández-Ferrer, María Vicente-Ruíz, Verónica García-Sanz, José María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
BACKGROUND: One of the adverse effects of orthodontic treatment is the appearance of white-spot lesions (WSLs) resulting from enamel demineralization. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of remineralization therapies on WSLs after orthodontic treatment. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In this systematic review, the authors identified relevant articles listed in 5 databases-PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science-by using a combination of search terms referring to orthodontics, demineralization, and treatment...
September 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
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