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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776784/3d-ordered-mesoporous-tio2-cmk-3-nanostructure-for-sodium-ion-batteries-with-long-term-and-high-rate-performance
#1
Dongyang Zhang, Limin Liu, Yuan Zhang, Hu Wu, Yuansuo Zheng, Guoxin Gao, Shujiang Ding
Abstract:Sodium ion battery is abundant in resources and costs low, making it very competitive in the large-scale energy storage devices. The anatase TiO2 electrode material with insertion/extraction mechanism shows stable cycling performance,which is more in line with the technical requirements of large-scale energy storage batteries. To improve the electrical conductivity and stability of the TiO2 electrode materials, we have synthesized anatase TiO2 and CMK-3 composite. TiO2 nanoparticles were deposited on the surface of CMK-3 by hydrothermal reaction, and the anode material of the sodium ion batteries with 3D network structure was prepared...
February 18, 2019: Nanotechnology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773455/prevalence-of-hoarding-in-an-adult-inpatient-population-and-its-association-with-axis-i-diagnoses
#2
Arnabh Basu, Nidhi Goel, Sowmya Puvvada, Theresa Jacob
OBJECTIVE: Hoarding behavior is not limited to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) alone. With the objective of highlighting the association between hoarding behavior and common psychiatric disorders, we explored its occurrence in psychiatric inpatients and co-occurrence with Axis I diagnoses. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled adult psychiatric inpatients by simple random sampling at an urban, community-based, academic medical center. Patients were screened for hoarding using the validated Hoarding Rating Scale-Interview, and those meeting criteria for clinically significant hoarding were assessed for Axis I disorders...
December 28, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772148/physical-activity-and-social-behaviors-of-urban-children-in-green-playgrounds
#3
Marcella A Raney, Colette F Hendry, Samantha A Yee
INTRODUCTION: Nature exposure is associated with many wellbeing benefits. However, the influence of green space on the physical activity and social behaviors of children is not completely understood. The purpose of the study was to complete a stepwise impact evaluation of a large-scale playground greening project at a Title 1 elementary school in Los Angeles, California. METHODS: Physical activity and social interaction data were collected with direct observation and accelerometers pre-, immediately post-, and 4 months post-greening at control (students enrolled=393) and experimental (students enrolled=538) locations from 2016 to 2017...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771681/maladaptive-nest-site-selection-by-a-sagebrush-dependent-species-in-a-grazing-modified-landscape
#4
Kyle A Cutting, Jay J Rotella, Sean R Schroff, Michael R Frisina, James A Waxe, Erika Nunlist, Bok F Sowell
Animals are expected to select habitats that maximize their fitness over evolutionary time scales. Yet in human-modified landscapes, habitat selection might not always lead to increased fitness because animals undervalue high-quality resources that appear less attractive than those of lower quality. In the American West, agriculture has modified landscapes, yet little is known about whether agricultural changes alter the reliability of the cues animals use to identify habitat quality; ultimately forming maladaptive breeding strategies where behavioral cues are mismatched with survival outcomes...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Environmental Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30769263/integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adhd-in-adult-substance-use-disorder-patients-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Katelijne van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, Ellen Vedel, Floor J Kramer, Matthijs Blankers, Jack J M Dekker, Wim van den Brink, Robert A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently co-occurs with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs). Standard ADHD pharmacotherapies are not effective in patients with this comorbidity and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has not been tested in this population. This RCT aimed to compare the efficacy of Integrated CBT (CBT/Integrated) directed at adult ADHD and SUD with CBT directed at SUD only (CBT/SUD) in patients with SUD and ADHD (SUD + ADHD). METHODS: Randomized clinical trial among 119 SUD + ADHD patients in a SUD treatment center...
February 5, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768960/stability-of-symptom-clusters-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy
#6
Jacquelyn Russell, Melisa L Wong, Lynda Mackin, Steven M Paul, Bruce A Cooper, Marilyn Hammer, Yvette P Conley, Fay Wright, Jon D Levine, Christine Miaskowski
CONTEXT: Lung cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy (CTX) experience multiple symptoms. Evaluation of how these symptoms cluster together and how these symptom clusters change over time are salient questions in symptom clusters research. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this analysis, in a sample of lung cancer patients (n=145) who were receiving chemotherapy were to evaluate for differences in the number and types of symptom clusters at three time points (i.e., before their next cycle of CTX, the week after CTX, and two weeks after CTX) using ratings of symptom occurrence and severity and to evaluate for changes in these symptom clusters over time...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768420/quantifying-the-optimal-structure-of-the-autism-phenotype-a-comprehensive-comparison-of-dimensional-categorical-and-hybrid-models
#7
Hyunsik Kim, Cara Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas Eaton, Matthew Lerner, Kenneth Gadow
OBJECTIVE: The two primary - seemingly contradictory - strategies for classifying child psychiatric syndromes are categorical and dimensional; conceptual ambiguities appear to be greatest for polythetic syndromes such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Recently, a compelling alternative has emerged that integrates both categorical and dimensional approaches (ie, hybrid model) thanks to the increasing sophistication of analytic procedures. This study aimed to quantify the optimal phenotypic structure of ASD by comprehensively comparing categorical, dimensional, and hybrid models...
October 29, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768411/a-longitudinal-follow-up-study-examining-adolescent-depressive-symptoms-as-a-function-of-prior-anxiety-treatment
#8
Jennifer S Silk, Rebecca B Price, Dana Rosen, Neal D Ryan, Erika E Forbes, Greg J Siegle, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Philip C Kendall, Cecile D Ladouceur
OBJECTIVE: Children who are fearful and anxious are at heightened risk for developing depression in adolescence. Treating anxiety disorders in pre/early adolescence may be one mechanism through which depressive symptoms later in adolescence can be prevented. We hypothesized that anxious youth who responded positively to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety would show reduced onset of depressive symptoms 2 years later compared to treatment non-responders, and that this effect would be specific to youth treated with CBT compared to an active supportive comparison treatment...
January 16, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768397/changes-in-general-and-specific-psychopathology-factors-over-a-psychosocial-intervention
#9
Matthew P Constantinou, Ian M Goodyer, Ivan Eisler, Stephen Butler, Abdullah Kraam, Stephen Scott, Stephen Pilling, Elizabeth Simes, Rachel Ellison, Elizabeth Allison, Peter Fonagy
OBJECTIVE: Recent research suggests that comorbidity among child and adolescent psychiatric symptoms can be explained by a single general psychopathology ('p') factor, as well as more specific factors summarizing clusters of symptoms. We investigated within- and between-person changes in the general and specific psychopathology factors over a psychosocial intervention. METHOD: We ran a secondary analysis of the Systemic Therapy for At-Risk Teens study, a pragmatic randomized controlled trial that compared the effects of multisystemic therapy to management-as-usual for reducing antisocial behavior in 684 adolescents (82% male; 11-18 at baseline) over an 18-month period...
January 14, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768383/treatment-gains-are-sustainable-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-three-year-follow-up-from-the-nordlots
#10
Karin Melin, Gudmundur Skarphedinson, Per Hove Thomsen, Bernhard Weidle, Nor Christian Torp, Robert Valderhaug, Davíð R M A Højgaard, Katja A Hybel, Judith Becker Nissen, Sanne Jensen, Kitty Dahl, Ingela Skärsäter, Bente Storm Haugland, Tord Ivarsson
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the long-term outcomes of a stepped care treatment for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and investigates whether response to first-step cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an important indicator of three-year outcomes. METHOD: This study is a part of the Nordic Long-term OCD Treatment study (NordLOTS), in which 269 children and adolescents were treated with CBT. Non-responders to CBT were randomized to an extended treatment with continued CBT or pharmacotherapy with sertraline...
February 13, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766669/a-dynamic-multi-scale-occupancy-model-to-estimate-temporal-dynamics-and-hierarchical-habitat-use-for-nomadic-species
#11
Adam W Green, David C Pavlacky, T Luke George
Distribution models are increasingly being used to understand how landscape and climatic changes are affecting the processes driving spatial and temporal distributions of plants and animals. However, many modeling efforts ignore the dynamic processes that drive distributional patterns at different scales, which may result in misleading inference about the factors influencing species distributions. Current occupancy models allow estimation of occupancy at different scales and, separately, estimation of immigration and emigration...
January 2019: Ecology and Evolution
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762976/a-single-integrated-behavioral-health-appointment-improves-patients-perceptions-of-behavioral-health-treatment
#12
Jennifer M Wray, Sandra Coulon, Nina Wong, Derek Szafranski, Daniel F Gros
Objective: To determine if a single behavioral health appointment in primary care would result in improvements in participants' perceptions of mental health treatment. Methods: Survey data from 32 patients seen in a Veterans Affairs medical center primary care clinic were collected (May 2017 to December 2017) before and after a brief appointment with a behavioral health provider. The primary outcome measure was change in pre- to post-session response to 6 items measuring perceptions of treatment taken from the Perceptions About Services Scale-Revised...
February 14, 2019: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762376/exploring-the-racial-diagnostic-bias-of-schizophrenia-using-behavioral-and-clinical-based-measures
#13
Elana K Schwartz, Nancy M Docherty, Gina M Najolia, Alex S Cohen
There is evidence that African Americans are 2.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with a schizophrenia-spectrum diagnosis compared with White individuals, who are more likely to receive an affective diagnosis. The reason for these diagnostic discrepancies is unclear, however, 2 explanations have garnered attention: epigenetic differences and systematic error or bias in the diagnostic process. The latter is the focus of the present study and it is hypothesized that the bias involves cultural insensitivity on the part of the clinician...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762151/homogenization-of-heterogeneous-brain-tissue-under-quasi-static-loading-a-visco-hyperelastic-model-of-a-3d-rve
#14
Morteza Kazempour, Majid Baniassadi, Hamid Shahsavari, Yves Remond, Mostafa Baghani
Researches, in the recent years, reveal the utmost importance of brain tissue assessment regarding its mechanical properties, especially for automatic robotic tools, surgical robots and helmet producing. For this reason, experimental and computational investigation of the brain behavior under different conditions seems crucial. However, experiments do not normally show the distribution of stress and injury in microscopic scale, and due to various factors are costly. Development of micromechanical methods, which could predict the brain behavior more appropriately, could highly be helpful in reducing these costs...
February 14, 2019: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760756/scaling-the-productivity-of-laser-structuring-processes-using-picosecond-laser-pulses-at-average-powers-of-up-to-420-w-to-produce-superhydrophobic-surfaces-on-stainless-steel-aisi-316l
#15
Sebastian Faas, Uwe Bielke, Rudolf Weber, Thomas Graf
We investigate the approach to scale up the productivity of the laser-based generation of superhydrophobic surfaces by means of increased average laser powers to enhance the surface structuring rates. Polished surfaces (mean roughness depth SRz  = 0.076 μm) of stainless steel AISI 316L were processed with a laser delivering 8 ps long pulses with a constant pulse energy of 1.4 mJ at pulse repetition rates of 100 kHz or 300 kHz corresponding to average laser powers of 140 W or 420 W, respectively...
February 13, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760657/can-the-latest-computerized-technologies-revolutionize-conventional-assessment-tools-and-therapies-for-a-neurological-disease-the-example-of-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Tetsuya Asakawa, Kenji Sugiyama, Takao Nozaki, Tetsuro Sameshima, Susumu Kobayashi, Liang Wang, Zhen Hong, Shujiao Chen, Candong Li, Hiroki Namba
Dramatic breakthroughs in the treatment and assessment of neurological diseases are lacking. We believe that conventional methods have several limitations. Computerized technologies, including virtual reality, augmented reality, and robot assistant systems, are advancing at a rapid pace. In this study, we used Parkinson's disease (PD) as an example to elucidate how the latest computerized technologies can improve the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. Dopaminergic medication and deep brain stimulation remain the most effective interventions for treating PD...
February 13, 2019: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760395/behavioral-activation-approach-to-parent-training-feasibility-of-promoting-routines-of-exploration-and-play-during-mealtime-mealtime-prep
#17
Angela R Caldwell, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Ketki D Raina, Joan C Rogers, Lauren Terhorst, Cynthia A Danford, Roxanna M Bendixen
OBJECTIVE: Systematic approaches are needed to help parents with young children adopt healthy routines. This study examined the feasibility (home data collection, protocol adherence, intervention acceptance) of using a behavioral activation (BA) approach to train parents of children with sensory food aversions. METHOD: Parents of young children (18-36 mo) were trained using the novel Promoting Routines of Exploration and Play During Mealtime intervention. Measures included video-recorded meals, Fidelity Checklist, Treatment Acceptability Questionnaire, and Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale...
November 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760038/parent-and-teacher-reporting-of-executive-function-and-behavioral-difficulties-in-preterm-and-term-children-at-kindergarten
#18
Sari O'Meagher, Kimberley Norris, Nenagh Kemp, Peter Anderson
The aim of the study was to compare parent and teacher ratings of executive function and behavioral difficulties of kindergarten-age preterm and term children. Parents of 82 and kindergarten teachers of 105 preterm (<33 weeks' gestation) children and parents of 49 and kindergarten teachers of 46 term four- to five-year-old children completed executive function (EF) and behavior questionnaires. The preterm children were rated to have more EF difficulties than the term children by parents and teachers. On the behavior scales, the preterm children were reported as having more attention control difficulties than the term group, but no other behavioral problems...
February 13, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759847/a-knowledge-driven-approach-for-3d-high-temporal-spatial-measurement-of-an-arbitrary-contouring-error-of-cnc-machine-tools-using-monocular-vision
#19
Xiao Li, Wei Liu, Yi Pan, Jianwei Ma, Fuji Wang
Periodic health checks of contouring errors under unloaded conditions are critical for machine performance evaluation and value-added manufacturing. Aiming at breaking the dimension, range and speed measurement limitations of the existing devices, a cost-effective knowledge-driven approach for detecting error motions of arbitrary paths using a single camera is proposed. In combination with the PNP algorithm, the three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of large-scale contouring error in relatively high feed rate conditions can be deduced from a priori geometrical knowledge...
February 12, 2019: Sensors
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758491/effect-of-augmenting-standard-care-for-military-personnel-with-brief-caring-text-messages-for-suicide-prevention-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Katherine Anne Comtois, Amanda H Kerbrat, Christopher R DeCou, David C Atkins, Justine J Majeres, Justin C Baker, Richard K Ries
Importance: Accessible and cost-effective interventions for suicidality are needed to address high rates of suicidal behavior among military service members. Caring Contacts are brief periodic messages that express unconditional care and concern and have been previously shown to prevent suicide deaths, attempts, ideation, and hospitalizations. Objective: To test the effectiveness of augmenting standard military health care with Caring Contacts delivered via text message to reduce suicidal thoughts and behaviors over 12 months...
February 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
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