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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739517/supporting-the-development-of-a-professional-identity-general-principles
#1
Sylvia R Cruess, Richard L Cruess, Yvonne Steinert
While teaching medical professionalism has been an important aspect of medical education over the past two decades, the recent emergence of professional identity formation as an important concept has led to a reexamination of how best to ensure that medical graduates come to "think, act, and feel like a physician." If the recommendation that professional identity formation as an educational objective becomes a reality, curricular change to support this objective is required and the principles that guided programs designed to teach professionalism must be reexamined...
February 11, 2019: Medical Teacher
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732839/tibetan-buddhist-monastic-debate-psychological-and-neuroscientific-analysis-of-a-reasoning-based-analytical-meditation-practice
#2
Marieke K van Vugt, Amir Moye, Joshua Pollock, Bryce Johnson, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Kalden Gyatso, Jampa Thakchoe, Lobsang Phuntsok, Ngawang Norbu, Lobsang Tenzin, Thabkhe Lodroe, Jampa Lobsang, Jampa Gyaltsen, Jampa Khechok, Thupten Gyaltsen, David M Fresco
Analytical meditation and monastic debate are contemplative practices engaged in by Tibetan Buddhist monastics that have up to now been largely unexplored in Western contemplative science. The highly physical form of contemplative debating plays an important role in the monastic curriculum. Based on discussions and recorded interviews Tibetan monastic teachers and senior students at Sera Jey Monastic University and preliminary experiments, we outline an initial theory that elucidates the psychological mechanisms underlying this practice...
2019: Progress in Brain Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30649017/fostering-transformative-learning-in-a-social-pediatrics-research-summer-studentship
#3
Susanna Talarico, Mohammad Zubairi, Denis Daneman, Angela Punnett, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis
PROBLEM: Teaching future doctors the skills necessary to address health disparities is a challenge for medical educators. In response, the authors developed and implemented the Social Pediatrics Research Summer Studentship (SPReSS) program for medical students at the University of Toronto. APPROACH: The curriculum incorporated research and clinical placements into a formal seminar series. Participating students were required to complete a research project and to write a reflection describing a situation that challenged their thinking...
January 14, 2019: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30608271/practical-implications-of-compassionate-off-ramps-for-medical-students
#4
Eva M Aagaard, Lisa Moscoso
Attrition from medical school remains uncommon even when a medical student performs poorly, has a change in interests, or experiences an unexpected life event that may alter his/her ability to succeed as a physician. In this issue, Bellini and colleagues describe the scope of this problem and make recommendations to support the implementation of compassionate off-ramps for students. These recommendations include enabling ongoing assessment of commitment to career path via a professional identity formation curriculum; implementing competency-based education and training to identify struggling learners; using career advisors and coaches who understand alternative career pathways; providing credit or credentials for competencies already achieved; requiring financial counseling and supporting debt forgiveness; and requiring schools to report on their remediation programs and handling of debt...
December 24, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30552690/engaging-the-struggle-for-decolonial-approaches-to-teaching-community-psychology
#5
Mary Watkins, Nuria Ciofalo, Susan James
Community psychology's history has traditionally been described within the context of U.S. history, silencing contributions from people of color from the Americas, Asia, the Pacific Islands, and Africa. In a MA/PhD specialization in Community Psychology, Liberation Psychology, Indigenous Psychologies, and Ecopsychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute, we are attempting to steer into critical dialogues about modernity, coloniality, and decoloniality, closely examining our curriculum and pedagogy, including our approaches to fieldwork and research...
December 14, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30371543/leveraging-technology-to-enhance-doctor-of-nursing-practice-student-health-policy-engagement
#6
Nicole Garritano, Melissa Stec
BACKGROUND: Doctor of nursing practice (DNP) students need to develop health policy competencies. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing formed the Faculty Policy Think Tank (FPTT) in 2015, which developed recommendations about health policy curriculum at all levels of nursing education including the DNP. PROBLEM: Prior to the FPTT recommendations, there were no standardized examples of health policy competencies and their evaluation. APPROACH: A DNP health policy course was redesigned based on the FPTT recommendations...
October 26, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30299185/medical-college-of-the-future-from-informative-to-transformative
#7
Hossam Hamdy
The complexity of medical education and healthcare systems is a 'wicked problem'. Change will be a continuous iteration between evaluation and revaluation. Medicine is a social science. It is about people, societies and human interaction and communication. Medical College of the future should be developed in the light of social constructivism theories. Students from year one, day one, should be embedded in the work environment. Academic Healthcare Systems will be the norm not the exceptional. The training of students will be in all healthcare related facilities in the community...
October 9, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#8
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#9
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
January 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28991843/beyond-dr-feel-good-a-role-for-the-humanities-in-medical-education
#10
Arno K Kumagai
Although educators embrace the values that are nominally included in the idea of "the art and science of medicine," the arts and humanities have remained at the edges of medical education. One reason for this exile is the overwhelming emphasis in the curriculum on biomedical science over the social sciences and humanities. Other causes are self-inflicted-a frequent lack of theoretical rigor in the design of educational offerings and, more important, no clear answer to the question of how the humanities can make better physicians...
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28876444/innovative-use-of-service-learning-to-enhance-baccalaureate-nursing-education
#11
Wanda Taylor, Rosanne Pruitt, Tracy Fasolino
BACKGROUND: Service-learning is an established pedagogical approach to nursing education found primarily in community nursing. With changing health care landscapes, the expansion of service-learning projects throughout the nursing program provides opportunities to enrich assessment and critical thinking and amplify exposure to determinants of health. METHOD: Implementing service-learning in foundational nursing courses allows students to be challenged with the application of complex care management within a context of caring, cultural competence, social responsibility, and self-care initiatives...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28792996/-the-legacy-of-cabanis-a-hypothesis-on-the-roots-of-medical-education-in-brazil
#12
Naomar Almeida-Filho
Georges Cabanis was a reformer of clinical practice and medical education who laid the conceptual foundations during the French Revolution for the development of education in France over the course of the 19th century. The model, in turn, marked the organization of educational systems in many Latin American countries. The objective of this article is to present and justify a hypothesis: the model of medical education still hegemonic in Brazil is still based upon the Cabanisian reform, holding a linear and Cartesian conceptual perspective, with a discipline-based curriculum, traditional teaching formats, and submission to corporate professional logic...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28631234/quality-matters-implementation-moderates-student-outcomes-in-the-paths-curriculum
#13
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Ann Lendrum
Analyses of the relationship between levels of implementation and outcomes of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions are relatively infrequent and are typically narrowly focused. Thus, our objective was to assess the relationship between variability in a range of implementation dimensions and intervention outcomes in the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum. Implementation of PATHS was examined in 69 classrooms across 23 schools in the first year of a major randomized controlled trial...
February 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#14
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28285042/learning-to-argue-via-apprenticeship
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lia Papathomas, Deanna Kuhn
We examined apprenticeship, in the form of interaction with a more capable other, as a mechanism of development of higher-order reasoning skills, specifically argumentation. Over a 1-year period, middle school students engaged in twice-weekly electronic dialogs with a sequence of different peers on a series of social issues. In one group, unbeknownst to participants, a highly capable adult substituted for peers in half of their dialogs. Beginning immediately, increasing with time, and extending to peer-only dialogs on a new topic, the quality of argumentation shown by the experimental group exceeded that of a comparison peer-only group, highlighting the power of apprenticeship as a mechanism in the development of reasoning, a demonstration of both theoretical and applied significance...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28027035/justice-and-u-s-occupational-therapy-practice-a-relationship-100-years-in-the-making
#16
Rebecca M Aldrich, Tessa L Boston, Claire E Daaleman
At 99 years old, occupational therapy is a global health care profession with a growing orientation toward justice. Because much of the occupational justice discourse has developed outside the United States, parallels between the profession's ethos and its current focus on justice must be examined more closely in this country. Although occupational therapy practitioners in the United States are better equipped than their predecessors with language and theories that explicitly emphasize justice, the potential for bringing that focus to bear depends on practitioners' willingness to think differently about their practices...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27893903/to-blog-or-not-to-blog-what-do-nursing-faculty-think
#17
Krista Jones, Mary Kate Garrity, Kathryn J VanderZwan, Iris Epstein, Arlene Burla de la Rocha
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators find themselves tasked with developing content that both is aesthetically appealing and engages today's technological learners while empowering them to apply their knowledge in clinical and classroom settings. Students engaging with social networking systems reported increased satisfaction with collaborative peer-to-peer learning experiences, socialization, self-reflection, peer critique, problem-solving skills, collation of evidence-based resources, and instructor performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27586071/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-promoting-alternative-thinking-strategies-paths-curriculum
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Michael Wigelsworth, Ann Lendrum, Kirsty Pert, Craig Joyce, Emma Stephens, Lawrence Wo, Garry Squires, Kevin Woods, Rachel Calam, Alex Turner
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies curriculum (PATHS; Kusche & Greenberg, 1994) as a means to improve children's social-emotional competence (assessed via the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS); Gresham & Elliot, 2008) and mental health outcomes (assessed via the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ); Goodman, 1997). Forty-five schools in Greater Manchester, England, were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27462696/comparative-evaluation-of-perceptions-of-dental-students-to-three-methods-of-teaching-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#19
T A Esan, E O Oziegbe
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 1994 recommended that dental education should be problem based, socially and culturally relevant, and community oriented. OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of Pre-phase II (pre-clinical II) dental students on three methods of teaching used during two academic sessions. METHODS: All part IV dental students in two consecutive sessions undergoing pre phase II course in the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife were recruited into the study...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27253377/particle-physics-in-high-school-a-diagnose-study
#20
Paula Tuzón, Jordi Solbes
The science learning process improves when the contents are connected to students' lives. Particle physics has had a great impact in our society in the last years and has changed the theoretical picture about matter fundamental dynamics. Thus, we think that academic contents about matter components and interactions should be updated. With this study we aim to characterize the level of knowledge of high school students about this topic. We built a test with questions about classical atomic models, particle physics, recent discoveries, social implications and students opinions about it...
2016: PloS One
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