Read by QxMD icon Read

Physical fitness and syndrome down

Thomas W Scheewe, Frederike Jörg, Tim Takken, Jeroen Deenik, Davy Vancampfort, Frank J G Backx, Wiepke Cahn
Introduction: The aim of this study was to objectively assess time spent in physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in patients with schizophrenia compared to healthy controls matched for age, gender and socioeconomic status. Associations between both PA and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and mental and physical health parameters in patients with schizophrenia were examined. Materials and Methods: Moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA), moderate PA, vigorous PA, total and active energy expenditure (TEE and AEE), number of steps, lying down and sleeping time was assessed with SenseWear Pro-2 body monitoring system for three 24-h bouts in patients with schizophrenia ( n = 63) and matched healthy controls ( n = 55)...
2019: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jenny Downs, Peter Jacoby, Helen Leonard, Amy Epstein, Nada Murphy, Elise Davis, Dinah Reddihough, Andrew Whitehouse, Katrina Williams
PURPOSE: Children with intellectual disability encounter daily challenges beyond those captured in current quality of life measures. This study evaluated a new parent-report measure for children with intellectual disability, the Quality of Life Inventory-Disability (QI-Disability). METHODS: QI-Disability was administered to 253 primary caregivers of children (aged 5-18 years) with intellectual disability across four diagnostic groups: Rett syndrome, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder...
November 20, 2018: Quality of Life Research
N M Hassan, K B Landorf, N Shields, S E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) often do not meet recommended guidelines for physical activity. The aim of this study was to systematically review available evidence that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity in individuals with ID. METHOD: Five electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched from inception of the database to July 2017 to identify randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among people with ID...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Oppewal, T I M Hilgenkamp
BACKGROUND: Gait deviations are often seen in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Their low physical fitness levels may be associated with these deviations. Understanding the impact of fitness on gait in this population is important for developing interventions to improve gait. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed the association between multiple physical fitness components and spatiotemporal gait parameters in adults with ID. METHOD: Gait characteristics of 31 adults (42...
May 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
V Silva, C Campos, A Sá, M Cavadas, J Pinto, P Simões, S Machado, E Murillo-Rodríguez, N Barbosa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) usually display reduced physical fitness (aerobic capacity, muscle strength and abnormal body composition), motor proficiency impairments (balance and postural control) and physical functional limitations. Exergames can be an appealing alternative to enhance exercise engagement and compliance, whilst improving physical fitness and motor function. This study aims to analyse the effects of a Wii-based exercise program on physical fitness, functional mobility and motor proficiency of adults with DS...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
V Segura-Jiménez, F Parrilla-Moreno, J R Fernández-Santos, I Esteban-Cornejo, S Gómez-Martínez, D Martinez-Gomez, A Marcos, J Castro-Piñero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The extent to which physical fitness (PF) attenuates or modifies the association between physical activity (PA) and clustered metabolic syndrome risk factors (CMetSRF) is controversial. We aimed: i) To examine the independent and combined association of objectively measured PA and PF with CMetSRF in children and adolescents; ii) To test the mediating effect of PF in the association of PA with CMetSRF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 226 children and 256 adolescents participated...
November 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
P H Boer, S J Moss
BACKGROUND: A large percentage of adults with Down syndrome (DS) are overweight and have extremely low aerobic capacities compared with the general population and persons with intellectual disability without DS. Previous aerobic training intervention studies showed limited potential to significantly ameliorate anthropometrical and cardiovascular variables. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of continuous aerobic training (CAT) vs. interval training (IT) on selected anthropometrical, health, physical and functional parameters of adults with DS...
January 25, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
P H Boer, S J Moss
AIM: The purpose of the study was to explore the test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of selected functional fitness test items in adults with Down syndrome. METHODS: Forty-three adults with Down syndrome (24 men and 19 women) aged 18-50 years completed a battery of tests twice in a two-week period. The battery of tests consisted of two balance items, two flexibility items, five muscular strength and endurance items, two aerobic items, and one functional task...
January 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Nora Shields, Juliette Hussey, Joan Murphy, John Gormley, Hilary Hoey
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between physical activity, cardiovascular fitness and body size among children with Down syndrome. METHOD: Physical activity, cardiovascular fitness and body size were measured by accelerometry, maximal fitness test and anthropometric measurements (BMI, waist circumference), respectively. RESULTS: Fourteen children with Down syndrome (8 boys, 6 girls; mean age 12.9 years) participated. There was no significant correlation between physical activity and cardiovascular fitness or physical activity and body size...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
R Izquierdo-Gomez, D Martínez-Gómez, B Fernhall, A Sanz, Ó L Veiga
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) exhibit higher levels of fatness and low levels of physical fitness compared with those without DS. In adolescents without DS, fatness is tightly associated with physical fitness, but this association is unclear in adolescents with DS. The aim of this study was to examine the association between several markers of fatness and physical fitness in a relative large sample of adolescents with and without DS. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 111 adolescents with DS (41 females) aged 11-20 years participated in this cross-sectional study...
January 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Roman Leischik
The possibility of myocardial damage as a result of endurance sport has been known about since ancient times. According to a leg-end, a soldier named Pheidippides (more likely Philippides) dropped dead after run-ning from war-torn Marathon to Athens with the news of victory. Millennia later, we do not know whether he was a soldier or a courier, or whether he really ran the entire 240 km from Athens to Sparta and then back from Marathon to Athens. What is clear however, is that his death went down in history as the first documented exercise-related death and provides a tangible starting-point for the discipline of sport cardiology...
2015: F1000Research
Alyt Oppewal, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ruud van Wijck, Josje D Schoufour, Heleen M Evenhuis
The ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is important for one's level of independence. A high incidence of limitations in IADL is seen in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), which is an important determinant for the amount of support one needs. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of physical fitness for the ability to perform IADL, over a 3-year follow-up period, in 601 older adults with ID. At baseline, an extensive physical fitness assessment was performed...
June 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Polly Qx Lim, Nora Shields, Nikolaos Nikolopoulos, Joanna T Barrett, Angela M Evans, Nicholas F Taylor, Shannon E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: Foot deformity, flat feet, and the use of ill-fitting footwear are common in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). The aim of this study was to determine whether these observations are associated with foot-specific disability in this group. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design. Foot structure (foot posture determined using the Arch Index, presence of hallux valgus and lesser toe deformities) and footwear fit (determined by length and width percentage differences between the participant's foot and footwear) were assessed in 50 participants with DS (22 females, 28 males) aged five to 18 with a mean (SD) age of 10...
2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Rocío Izquierdo-Gomez, David Martínez-Gómez, Ariel Villagra, Bo Fernhall, Oscar L Veiga
The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of objectively measured physical activity (PA) with several markers of fatness and fitness in a relatively large sample of adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). This study comprised a total of 100 adolescents with DS (37 females) aged 11-20 years-old, and a sex-matched sample of 100 adolescents without disabilities, participating in the UP&DOWN study. The ALPHA health-related fitness test battery for adolescents was used to assess fatness and fitness...
January 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ehab Mohamed Abd El Kafy, Omar Farouk Helal
PURPOSE: To examine effects of a rowing exercise regimen versus a chest physical therapy program on pulmonary function in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants of both sexes, between 8 to 12 years of age, participated in this study. They were assigned randomly into 2 study groups. The first group (A) received a chest physical therapy program, while the second group (B) received an aerobic exercise regimen using a rowing ergometer. Vital capacity, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume after 1 second, and peak expiratory flow rate were measured before and after 12 successive weeks of treatment...
2014: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Lindy M Rossow, Huimin Yan, Sushant M Ranadive, Christopher A Fahs, Robert W Motl, Bo Fernhall
Persons with Down syndrome (DS) have altered heart rate modulation and very low aerobic fitness. These attributes may impact the relationship between metabolic equivalent units (METs) and the heart rate index (HRindex-the ratio between heart rate during activity and resting heart rate), thereby altering the HRindex thresholds for moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity. This study examined whether the relationship between METs and HRindex differs between persons with and without DS and attempted to develop thresholds for activity intensity based on the HRindex for persons with DS...
October 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Alyt Oppewal, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ruud van Wijck, Josje D Schoufour, Heleen M Evenhuis
A high incidence of limitations in daily functioning is seen in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), along with poor physical fitness levels. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of physical fitness for daily functioning after 3 years, in 602 older adults with borderline to profound ID (≥ 50 years). At baseline, physical fitness levels and daily functioning (operationalized as basic activities of daily living [ADL] and mobility) were assessed. After 3 years, the measurements of daily functioning were repeated...
October 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Qian Zhao, Kazunori Okada, Kenneth Rosenbaum, Lindsay Kehoe, Dina J Zand, Raymond Sze, Marshall Summar, Marius George Linguraru
Down syndrome, the most common single cause of human birth defects, produces alterations in physical growth and mental retardation. If missed before birth, the early detection of Down syndrome is crucial for the management of patients and disease. However, the diagnostic accuracy for pediatricians prior to cytogenetic results is moderate and the access to specialists is limited in many social and low-economic areas. In this study, we propose a simple, non-invasive and automated framework for Down syndrome detection based on disease-specific facial patterns...
July 2014: Medical Image Analysis
José Castro-Piñero, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, David Martinez-Gomez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Catalina Santiago, Ana M Veses, Fernando Bandrés, Ana Gonzalez-Galo, Félix Gomez-Gallego, Oscar L Veiga, Jonatan R Ruiz, Ascensión Marcos
BACKGROUND: An objective diagnosis of sedentary behaviour as well as of the physical activity and fitness levels in youth and to better understand how lifestyle is associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors and other phenotypes is of clinical and public health interest, and might be informative for developing intervention studies focused on the promotion of physical activity in these population. The aim of this methodological paper is to describe the design and assessment in the UP&DOWN study...
April 25, 2014: BMC Public Health
Alyt Oppewal, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ruud van Wijck, Josje D Schoufour, Heleen M Evenhuis
A high incidence of falls is seen in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), along with poor balance, strength, muscular endurance, and slow gait speed, which are well-established risk factors for falls in the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of these physical fitness components for falls in 724 older adults with borderline to profound ID (≥ 50 years). Physical fitness was assessed at baseline and data on falls was collected at baseline and after three years...
June 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"