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Breast awareness

Laura Crucianelli, Lucy Serpell, Yannis Paloyelis, Lucia Ricciardi, Paul Robinson, Paul Jenkinson, Aikaterini Fotopoulou
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterised by restriction of energy intake, fears of gaining weight and related body image disturbances. The oxytocinergic system has been proposed as a pathophysiological candidate for AN. Oxytocin is a neuropeptide involved in bodily processes (eg, breast feeding) and in the onset of social behaviours (eg, bonding). Studies investigating the effect of intranasal oxytocin (IN-OT) in AN showed that it can improve attentional bias for high-calorie food and fat bodies stimuli, and related stress...
March 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, King-Jen Chang, Chen-Yang Hsu, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Cheng-Ping Yu, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Wen-Hung Kuo, László Tabár, Hsiu-Hsi Chen
Elucidating whether and how long-term survival of breast cancer is mainly due to cure after early detection and effective treatment and therapy or overdiagnosis resulting from the widespread use of mammography provides a new insight into the role mammography plays in screening, surveillance, and treatment of breast cancer. Given information on detection modes, the impact of overdiagnosis due to mammography screening on long-term breast cancer survival was quantitatively assessed by applying a zero (cured or overdiagnosis)-inflated model design and analysis to a 15-year follow-up breast cancer cohort in Dalarna, Sweden...
March 7, 2019: Cancers
Anita Gadgil, Catherine Sauvaget, Nobhojit Roy, Richard Muwonge, Eric Lucas, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
More than two thirds of breast cancers in developing countries are diagnosed at a late stage. Awareness-based screening programmes, integrated into existing infrastructure, are the way forward for cancer control in these countries. We aim to describe a structured screening programme established in an urban community in Mumbai, India. We conducted a breast cancer awareness survey in this urban community covered by employees' health scheme. A brochure was designed to inform women about early signs of breast cancer and was posted for the women in the community...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
M Jawad Hashim, Fatima A Al-Shamsi, Noura A Al-Marzooqi, Sarah S Al-Qasemi, Ali H Mokdad, Gulfaraz Khan
Epidemiology of breast cancer in the Arab region is understudied as compared with Western countries. We aimed to examine breast cancer epidemiology in Arab countries from 1990 to 2016. We analyzed the Global Burden of Disease, 2016 data for breast cancer among women in 22 Arab countries. Epidemiological measures including incidence, mortality, and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were analyzed for breast cancer in women from 1990 to 2016. We also measured the burden of breast cancer stratified by the sociodemographic index (SDI)...
December 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Logan W Carr, John Roberts, John D Potochny
INTRODUCTION: Breast implant selection is multifactorial and must assess risk profiles of the implants. Textured implants are available in an anatomically shaped form and are thought to have lower rates of capsular contracture. However, evidence is mounting that they carry a significantly higher risk of breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Given this relationship, we aimed to assess breast implant preferences and device selection for members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS)...
April 2019: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Yuanxin Liang, Christopher Muse-Fisher, Mishan Rambukwella, Stephen P Naber, Abhishek Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Large-volume displacement oncoplastic surgery using mastopexy/reduction mammaplasty designs is becoming increasingly popular in breast cancer surgery. A contralateral symmetry operation using similar mastopexy or breast reduction designs is also commonly performed by the plastic surgeon. Our goal was to analyze contralateral symmetry specimens to review the prevalence of high-risk or malignant lesions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the first consecutive 100 large-volume displacement oncoplastic surgeries at our institution between August 2015 and June 2018...
April 2019: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Carmen Webb, Natalie Jacox, Claire Temple-Oberle
In many cultures, the female breast is a potent symbol of beauty, motherhood, and vitality. When such breasts become diseased and a woman is faced with a mastectomy, multiple competing discourses converge to complicate the decision for or against breast reconstruction. This process can be fraught with tension and ambivalence. Women, along with surgeons working in the field of breast reconstruction, should be aware of the cultural history that shapes the understanding of breasts. When a woman considers her options, she is influenced by the personal and the evolving social and cultural discourse...
February 2019: Plastic Surgery
Vijay Zawar, Shailesh Bondarde, Manoj Pawar, Sudhir Sankalecha
BACKGROUND: Nail changes due to systemic drugs are common, especially with anticancer treatments due to involvement of nail plate, nail bed and peiungual area. OBJECTIVE: To study the pattern of nail changes occurring due to chemotherapy in patients suffering from various malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted at various health care centers, Nashik, India for 15 months. The timing of administration of chemotherapy and onset of nail changes were recorded and evaluated by a dermatologist at regular interval...
March 8, 2019: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Megan Fracol, Lauren N Feld, Wen-Kuan Chiu, John Y S Kim
Animation deformity is an unsightly complication after sub-pectoral breast reconstruction characterized by implant displacement with pectoralis muscle contraction. Recent increased awareness of this phenomenon has driven interest in pre-pectoral breast reconstruction but research is limited regarding the causes and implications of animation deformity. Specifically, no patient-specific risk factors have been identified as contributing to animation deformity. Placement in a sub-pectoral plane and division of the pectoralis are the only peri-operative factors associated with severity of animation deformity...
February 2019: Gland Surgery
G Koc, H Gulen-Savas, S Ergol, M Yildirim-Cetinkaya, N Aydin
Background: Breast cancer keeps its importance as an important health problem in developing countries like Turkey. Therefore, breast cancer screening and early diagnosis are more important for these countries. Although there are debates about breast self- examination, it is still involved in breast cancer screening programs in many countries. Aim: This study aimed to determine university students' knowledge and practice of Breast Self-Examination (BSE). Materials and Methods: The study universe consisted of all the female students studying at a public university...
March 2019: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E N Ossai, B N Azuogu, I O Ogaranya, A I Ogenyi, D O Enemor, M A Nwafor
Background: Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in both developed and developing countries. This study was designed to determine the predictors of practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduate students of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A three-stage sampling design was used to select 365 female students of the university. Data were collected using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
March 2019: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Racha Fadlallah, Fadi El-Jardali, Mohamed Nomier, Nour Hemadi, Khurram Arif, Etienne V Langlois, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: There is increased interest in using narratives or storytelling to influence health policies. We aimed to systematically review the evidence on the use of narratives to impact the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomised studies, non-randomised studies, process evaluation studies, economic studies, qualitative studies, stakeholder analyses, policy analyses, and case studies. The MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), WHO Global Health Library, Communication and Mass Media Complete, and Google Scholar databases were searched...
March 5, 2019: Health Research Policy and Systems
Fariba Taleghani, Maryam Kianpour, Maryam Tabatabaiyan
Background: Breast cancer is a very common cancer in women which is diagnosable using inexpensive, accessible, and easy screening programs in the early stages of the disease. Culture, beliefs, and opinions of women affect adoption of screening techniques. Nursing professionals are supposed to be aware of such influencing factors. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate barriers to breast self-examination (BSE) among women in Isfahan province. Materials and Methods: During a cross-sectional descriptive and correlational study in 2017, 1509 women in rural and urban areas of Isfahan province were selected using multistage sampling method...
March 2019: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Helene Retrouvey, Ogi Solaja, Anna R Gagliardi, Fiona Webster, Toni Zhong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to comprehensively summarize barriers of access to breast reconstruction and evaluate access using the Penchansky and Thomas conceptual framework based on the six dimensions of access to care. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic review that focused on (1) breast reconstruction, (2) barriers, and (3) breast cancer. Eight databases (i.e., EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, ePub MEDLINE, ProQuest, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched...
March 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
David J Collett, Hinne Rakhorst, Peter Lennox, Mark Magnusson, Rodney Cooter, Anand K Deva
BACKGROUND: With breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) now accepted as a unique (iatrogenic) subtype of ALCL directly associated with textured breast implants, we are now at a point where a sound epidemiologic profile and risk estimate are required. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date global review of the available epidemiologic data and literature relating to the incidence, risk, and prevalence of BIA-ALCL. METHODS: All current literature relating to the epidemiology of BIA-ALCL was reviewed...
March 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Roberto N Miranda, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Maria C Ferrufino-Schmidt, John A Keech, Garry S Brody, Daphne de Jong, Ahmet Dogan, Mark W Clemens
The first case of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (breast implant ALCL) was described by John Keech and the late Brevator Creech in 1997. In the following 2 decades, much research has led to acceptance of breast implant ALCL as a specific clinicopathologic entity, a process that we bring up to life through the memories of 6 persons who were involved in this progress, although we acknowledge that many others also have contributed to the current state of the art of this disease. Dr. Keech recalls the events that led him and Creech to first report the disease...
March 2019: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tsu-Yin Wu, Joohyun Lee
Objective: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women in the Philippines. Philippines has one of the highest breast cancer mortality rate and the lowest mortality-to-incidence ratio in Asia. This study has three objectives: 1) explore Filipino women's knowledge, attitudes toward, and practices of breast cancer and cancer screening, 2) examine if an educational program increases women's intention to seek future breast cancer screening, and 3) examine associations between demographic variables and breast cancer screening practices...
January 2019: European Journal of Breast Health
Figen Şengün İnan, Besti Üstün
Objective: To explore breast cancer survivors' life experiences and perceptions about participating in a psychoeducational intervention that aimed at reducing psychological distress and in improvement of the quality of life. Materials and Methods: This study was a post-trial qualitative descriptive study. Data were collected at semi-structured interviews three months after the psychoeducational intervention. Interviews were conducted with 32 Turkish breast cancer survivors...
January 2019: European Journal of Breast Health
Sarah C Vos, Jeannette Sutton, C Ben Gibson, Carter T Butts
Social media platforms have the potential to facilitate the dissemination of cancer prevention and control messages following celebrity cancer diagnoses. However, cancer communicators have yet to systematically leverage these naturally occurring interventions on social media as these events are difficult to identify as they are unfolding and little research has analyzed their effect on social media conversations. In this study, we add to the research by analyzing how a celebrity cancer announcement influenced Twitter conversations in terms of the volume of social media messages and the type of content...
January 2019: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Tingting Xie, Weijia Sun, Dandan Chen, Na Liu, Xinbo Wang, Wei Zhang
AIM: This investigation aimed to study the general self-efficacy level and its influential factors of breast cancer screening for the female college students in Changchun city of China. METHODS: A three-part questionnaire was designed to investigate 220 female college students' general self-efficacy for breast cancer screening and its associated factors and knowledge of breast cancer screening. The data were analyzed with spss 23.0 using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests and multiple regression analysis...
February 27, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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