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circular HIPK3

Daling Hu, Yin Zhang
This study aims to investigate whether circ-HIPK3 could promote the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells by upregulating STAT3 after binding to miR-124-3p, thus participating in the development of glioma. Expression levels of circ-HIPK3, miR-124-3p and STAT3 in glioma cell lines were determined using qRT-PCR. The regulatory effects of circ-HIPK3, miR-124-3p and STAT3 on proliferative and invasive capacities of glioma cells were accessed using EdU assay, CCK-8 assay and invasion assay, respectively. Cell cycle assay and cell apoptosis assay were performed by flow cytometry...
December 18, 2018: Gene
Simranjeet Kaur, Aashiq H Mirza, Flemming Pociot
Understanding distinct cell-type specific gene expression in human pancreatic islets is important for developing islet regeneration strategies and therapies to improve β-cell function in type 1 diabetes (T1D). While numerous transcriptome-wide studies on human islet cell-types have focused on protein-coding genes, the non-coding repertoire, such as long non-coding RNA, including circular RNAs, remains mostly unexplored. Here, we explored transcriptional landscape of human α-, β-, and exocrine cells from published total RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) datasets to identify circular RNAs (circRNAs)...
November 27, 2018: Non-Coding RNA
Ying Cao, Guohai Yuan, Ye Zhang, Rong Lu
High glucose (HG) induces vascular endothelial cell injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Circular RNA HIPK3 (circHIPK3) is a highly conserved non-coding RNA. Here we show that circHIPK3 is downregulated in HG-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in primary aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) from diabetic patients. In both HUVECs and HAECs, lentivirus-mediated circHIPK3 overexpression inhibited HG-induced cell death and apoptosis. Contrarily, circHIPK3 silencing by targeted siRNA exacerbated HG-induced endothelial cell death and apoptosis...
December 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Mingxia Shuai, Jangwei Hong, Donghai Huang, Xin Zhang, Yongquan Tian
Despite significant medical advancement, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains one of the most difficult types of cancer to detect and treat. Circular RNA (circRNA) signatures may be used as prognostic and predictive factors for cancer. Previous studies indicated that the biological role of circular homeodomain interacting protein kinase 3 (HIPK3) has cancer type-specificity. The HIPK3 gene locus formats three circRNA isoforms: circRNA_100783, circRNA_0000285 and circRNA_100782. However, their roles in NPC remain unknown...
November 2018: Oncology Letters
Hanqing Yu, Yu Chen, Ping Jiang
The current study tested the expression and potential functions of circular RNA HIPK3 (circHIPK3) in human lung cancer. Our results show that circHIPK3 expression is upregulated in established (A549 line) and primary human lung cancer cells, when compared to its low level in the lung epithelial cells. siRNA-mediated silencing of circHIPK3 potently inhibited survival and proliferation of lung cancer cells, but inducing significant apoptosis activation. Contrarily, forced overexpression of circHIPK3 by a lentiviral construct promoted lung cancer cell survival and proliferation...
October 20, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xin Liu, Baihui Liu, Menglong Zhou, Fan Fan, Mingrong Yu, Chao Gao, Yi Lu, Yi Luo
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of non-coding RNAs generated from back splicing. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated their vital regulation in several biological processes and ocular diseases. However, the role of circRNAs in age-related cataract (ARC), the leading cause of visual impairment worldwide, is still unknown. CircRNA sequencing reveals that 101 circRNAs are differentially expressed between the capsules of transparent and ARC lenses, including 75 down-regulated circRNAs and 26 up-regulated circRNAs transcripts...
September 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ding Kai, Liao Yannian, Chen Yitian, Gong Dinghao, Zhao Xin, Ji Wu
Recent studies have implied that circHIPK3, an abundant circular RNA (circRNA), participates in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Its expression and potential functions in human gallbladder cancer were examined in this study. We show that circHIPK3 is upregulated in human gallbladder cancer cells. But its level is low in gallbladder epithelial cells. circHIPK3 silencing by targeted siRNA potently inhibited survival and proliferation of established and primary human gallbladder cancer cells, while inducing cell apoptosis...
September 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ma Xiao-Long, Zhu Kun-Peng, Zhang Chun-Lin
Circular RNA (circRNA) is associated with human cancers, however, few studies have reported its value in the diagnosis and prognosis prediction of osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we investigated the expression level of eight selected cancer-related circRNAs including circ-Cdr1as, circ_HIPK3 and circ-ITCH in OS cell lines, tissues and plasmas by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and found that only circ_HIPK3 could stably down-regulate in the OS cell lines, tissues and plasmas than the corresponding controlled...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Andrea Conte, Giovanna Maria Pierantoni
The Homeodomain-Interacting Protein Kinases (HIPKs) HIPK1, HIPK2 and HIPK3 are Ser/Thr kinases which interact with homeobox proteins and other transcription factors, acting as transcriptional coactivators or corepressors. HIPKs contribute to regulate several biological processes, such as signal transduction, apoptosis, embryonic development, DNA-damage response, and cellular proliferation, in response to various extracellular stimuli. Recently it has emerged that, in addition to their role in cancer, fibrosis and diabetes, HIPKs may also be involved in other human diseases, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Rett syndrome, cerebellar diseases, and retinal vascular dysfunction...
2018: MicroRNA
Genwen Chen, Yanting Shi, Mengmeng Liu, Jianyong Sun
Noncoding RNAs plays an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we show that miR-124 was downregulated in HCC tissues and that the ectopic expression of miR-124 inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCC cells. We proposed that aquaporin 3 (AQP3) is a direct target of miR-124. AQP3 was upregulated in HCC tissues and inversely correlated with miR-124 expression. The overexpression of miR-124 decreased AQP3 expression. Indeed, AQP3 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and migration, whereas miR-124 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and migration...
February 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Kun Shan, Chang Liu, Bai-Hui Liu, Xue Chen, Rui Dong, Xin Liu, Yang-Yang Zhang, Ban Liu, Shu-Jie Zhang, Jia-Jian Wang, Sheng-Hai Zhang, Ji-Hong Wu, Chen Zhao, Biao Yan
BACKGROUND: The vascular complications of diabetes mellitus are the major causes of morbidity and mortality among people with diabetes. Circular RNAs are a class of endogenous noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. In this study, we investigated the role of circular RNA in retinal vascular dysfunction induced by diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Quantitative polymerase chain reactions, Sanger sequencing, and Northern blots were conducted to detect circular HIPK3 (circHIPK3) expression pattern on diabetes mellitus-related stresses...
October 24, 2017: Circulation
Qiupeng Zheng, Chunyang Bao, Weijie Guo, Shuyi Li, Jie Chen, Bing Chen, Yanting Luo, Dongbin Lyu, Yan Li, Guohai Shi, Linhui Liang, Jianren Gu, Xianghuo He, Shenglin Huang
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a class of widespread and diverse endogenous RNAs that may regulate gene expression in eukaryotes. However, the regulation and function of human circRNAs remain largely unknown. Here we generate ribosomal-depleted RNA sequencing data from six normal tissues and seven cancers, and detect at least 27,000 circRNA candidates. Many of these circRNAs are differently expressed between the normal and cancerous tissues. We further characterize one abundant circRNA derived from Exon2 of the HIPK3 gene, termed circHIPK3...
2016: Nature Communications
Stefan Starke, Isabelle Jost, Oliver Rossbach, Tim Schneider, Silke Schreiner, Lee-Hsueh Hung, Albrecht Bindereif
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), an abundant class of noncoding RNAs in higher eukaryotes, are generated from pre-mRNAs by circularization of adjacent exons. Using a set of 15 circRNAs, we demonstrated their cell-type-specific expression and circular versus linear processing in mammalian cells. Northern blot analysis combined with RNase H cleavage conclusively proved a circular configuration for two examples, LPAR1 and HIPK3. To address the circularization mechanism, we analyzed the sequence requirements using minigenes derived from natural circRNAs...
January 6, 2015: Cell Reports
William R Jeck, Jessica A Sorrentino, Kai Wang, Michael K Slevin, Christin E Burd, Jinze Liu, William F Marzluff, Norman E Sharpless
Circular RNAs composed of exonic sequence have been described in a small number of genes. Thought to result from splicing errors, circular RNA species possess no known function. To delineate the universe of endogenous circular RNAs, we performed high-throughput sequencing (RNA-seq) of libraries prepared from ribosome-depleted RNA with or without digestion with the RNA exonuclease, RNase R. We identified >25,000 distinct RNA species in human fibroblasts that contained non-colinear exons (a "backsplice") and were reproducibly enriched by exonuclease degradation of linear RNA...
February 2013: RNA
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