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Migraine AND "Executive Function"

Viviana Lo Buono, Lilla Bonanno, Francesco Corallo, Rosanna Palmeri, Cettina Allone, Riccardo Lo Presti, Rosario Grugno, Giuseppe Di Lorenzo, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
Migraine is neurological disorder with a complex pathophysiology. We described the neuropsychological profile of 100 migraineurs (50 with visual aura and 50 without aura), in interictal phase, compared to 50 matched healthy controls. A battery of standardized neuropsychological tests was used to assess attention, memory and executive functions. Beck Depression Inventory and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety were used to evaluate anxiety and depressive symptoms. Severity of disability during daily activities was assessed by Migraine Disability Assessment...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
Doga Vuralli, Cenk Ayata, Hayrunnisa Bolay
Cognitive dysfunction has recently gained attention as a significant problem among migraine sufferers. All of the clinical studies show poor cognitive performance during migraine attacks, though, the interictal data are conflicting. Migraineurs show impaired cognitive function interictally in most of the clinic-based studies. Population-based studies did not reveal a difference in cognitive functions between migraineurs and controls. The specific cognitive domains involved are information processing speed, basic attention, executive functions, verbal and non-verbal memory and verbal skills...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
Abdulkadir Tunç, Aysel Kaya Tekeşin, Belma Doğan Güngen, Esra Arda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the cognitive performance of migraine patients with (MwA) and without aura (MwoA) and investigate the correlation of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and psychological symptoms with their cognitive test scores. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred migraine patients aged 20-55 years and 80 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, and education level were enrolled. The total Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores were compared by age, sex, presence of aura, migraine duration, attack frequency, pain localization, presence and number of WMHs, and the scores of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
August 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
David R Spiegel, Justin Smith, Ryan R Wade, Nithya Cherukuru, Aneel Ursani, Yuliya Dobruskina, Taylor Crist, Robert F Busch, Rahim M Dhanani, Nicholas Dreyer
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a clinical syndrome characterized by the sudden onset of an extraordinarily large reduction of anterograde and a somewhat milder reduction of retrograde episodic long-term memory. Additionally, executive functions are described as diminished. Although it is suggested that various factors, such as migraine, focal ischemia, venous flow abnormalities, and epileptic phenomena, are involved in the pathophysiology and differential diagnosis of TGA, the factors triggering the emergence of these lesions are still elusive...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
P Ashley Wackym, Heather T Mackay-Promitas, Shaban Demirel, Gerard J Gianoli, Martin S Gizzi, Dale M Carter, David A Siker
Objective: Patients with third window syndrome and superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) symptoms whose surgical outcomes placed them as outliers were systematically studied to determine comorbidities that were responsible for their poor outcomes due to these confounding factors. Study Design: Observational analytic case-control study in a tertiary referral center. Methods: Twelve adult patients with clinical SSCD syndrome underwent surgical management and had outcomes that did not resolve all of their subjective symptoms...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Rachel Galioto, Kevin C O'Leary, John Gunstad, J Graham Thomas, Richard B Lipton, Jelena M Pavlović, Julie Roth, Lucille Rathier, Dale S Bond
AIM OF THE STUDY: While migraine and obesity are related and both conditions are associated with reduced executive functioning, no study has examined whether obesity exacerbates executive dysfunction in migraine. This cross-sectional study examined whether overweight/obesity moderated associations of migraine severity and associated features with inhibitory control, one aspect of executive function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women (n = 124) aged 18-50 years old with overweight/obesity body mass index (BMI) = 35...
January 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
X Michelle Androulakis, Kaitlin Krebs, B Lee Peterlin, Tianming Zhang, Nasim Maleki, Souvik Sen, Chris Rorden, Priyantha Herath
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intrinsic resting functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN), salience network (SN), and central executive network (CEN) network in women with chronic migraine (CM), and whether clinical features are associated with such abnormalities. METHODS: We analyzed resting-state connectivity in 29 women with CM as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Relationships between clinical characteristics and changes in targeted networks connectivity were evaluated using a multivariate linear regression model...
July 11, 2017: Neurology
Giovanna Viticchi, Lorenzo Falsetti, Marco Bartolini, Laura Buratti, Lara Pistelli, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
Conflicting results emerged from studies investigating cognitive performances in migraine patients. Based on clinical and neuroradiological aspects, the possible involvement of executive functions has been especially taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a population of subjects affected by migraine without aura (MwoA), frontal lobe cognitive functions. We enrolled all the consecutive patients affected by MwoA referred to our headache centre for a first evaluation. Each patient underwent a neuropsychological evaluation including Raven coloured progressive matrices (CPM)...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Lifang Huang, Hong Juan Dong, Xi Wang, Yan Wang, Zheman Xiao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the cognitive performance of migraine patients using a comprehensive series of cognitive/behavioral and electrophysiological tests. METHOD: A randomized, cross-sectional, within subject approach was used to compare neuropsychological and electrophysiological evaluations from migrane-affected and healthy subjects. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with migraine (6 males, 28 females, average 36 years old) were included...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
K Wen, N T Nguyen, A Hofman, M A Ikram, O H Franco
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Converging evidence suggests that migraine has, in part, a vascular basis. In turn, vascular pathology is a strong risk factor for cognitive decline. In this population-based study, we studied cognition amongst individuals with and without migraine. METHODS: In 6708 participants of the Rotterdam Study, migraine was assessed using a validated questionnaire. Cognition was assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a dedicated cognitive test battery...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Pablo Martin-Trias, Véronique Bragulat, Cleofé Peña-Gómez, Roser Sala-Llonch, Laura Lanteaume, Catherine Cassé-Perrot, Olivier Blin, Joëlle Micallef, Alexandra Auffret, David Bartrés-Faz
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) was proposed as a neurophysiological tool almost three decades ago. It now encompasses a very wide range of applications including clinical research and the treatment of psychiatric, neurologic and medical conditions such as depression, schizophrenia, addictions, post-traumatic stress disorders, pain, migraine, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, autism, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. By inducing electrical brain responses through the administration of magnetic pulses, TMS is in a unique position to painlessly modulate cortical regions and offers good spatial resolution and excellent temporal resolution, particularly when applied using single pulses...
2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Raquel Gil-Gouveia, António G Oliveira, Isabel Pavão Martins
BACKGROUND: Mig-SCog is a 9-item questionnaire developed to quantify attack-related cognitive complaints in migraine (M). The items relate to executive function and language, and the total Mig-SCog score is the sum of those scales. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Mig-SCog scores regarding cognitive symptoms during a variety of conditions. METHODS: We conducted a prospective comparative study of the Mig-SCog scores (1) between migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) patients during a headache; (2) in migraine patients between migraine attacks, non-headache pain and pain-free status; (3) in migraine patients during and outside a migraine attack...
June 2016: Headache
Michael H Irwin, Walter H Moos, Douglas V Faller, Kosta Steliou, Carl A Pinkert
Preclinical Research In this review, we discuss epigenetic-driven methods for treating neurodegenerative disorders associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, focusing on carnitinoid antioxidant-histone deacetylase inhibitors that show an ability to reinvigorate synaptic plasticity and protect against neuromotor decline in vivo. Aging remains a major risk factor in patients who progress to dementia, a clinical syndrome typified by decreased mental capacity, including impairments in memory, language skills, and executive function...
May 2016: Drug Development Research
Raquel Gil-Gouveia, António G Oliveira, Isabel Pavão Martins
BACKGROUND: A migraine attack aggregates a range of different symptoms, besides pain, that contribute to attack-related disability. Cognitive dysfunction is an unacknowledged part of the migraine attack. OBJECTIVE: To provide a profile of the frequency and character of migraine attack-related cognitive symptoms occurring during the headache phase of the attack. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Clinical-based sample of episodic migraine patients...
January 2016: Pain Physician
R Gil-Gouveia, A G Oliveira, I P Martins
BACKGROUND: Evidence of attack-related cognitive dysfunction in migraine is growing. Controversy exists on whether cognitive dysfunction, mainly executive, may persist between attacks. Measuring the impact of cognitive function is gaining importance in clinical and research settings in migraine. OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of interictal migraine patients to controls in an assembled neuropsychological battery focused on executive functions and to study the practice effect of its repeated applications...
September 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Brittany C LeMonda, Caleb P Peck, Katherine J Giles, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVE: Susac's syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by encephalopathy, retinal artery occlusions, hearing loss, and lesions to the corpus callosum. To date, only four papers (five cases) have described the neuropsychological effects of the syndrome. Extant case reports of Susac's syndrome have documented varying levels of cognitive impairment; some studies have identified diffuse cerebral dysfunction, while others describe more focal impairments in attention, memory, and executive functioning...
2015: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Vega Muriel, Alberto Garcia-Molina, Celeste Aparicio-Lopez, Antònia Ensenat, Teresa Roig-Rovira
INTRODUCTION: Alternating hemiplegic of childhood is a predominantly sporadic neurodevelopmental syndrome of uncertain etiology, characterized by alternating transient attacks of hemiplegia. Additional features include tonic fits, dystonic posturing, ocular motor abnormalities and deficits in cognitive functioning. CASE REPORT: A girl of 7 years-old with alternating hemiplegic of childhood. The first symptoms debut at 17 months of age in the form of lower limb weakness, migraine, nystagmus and hemiplegic crisis alternating both hemibodies...
July 1, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
Alessandro Tessitore, Antonio Russo, Francesca Conte, Alfonso Giordano, Manuela De Stefano, Luigi Lavorgna, Daniele Corbo, Giuseppina Caiazzo, Fabrizio Esposito, Gioacchino Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the executive control network connectivity integrity in patients with migraine with aura, in the interictal period, in comparison to patients with migraine without aura and healthy controls. METHODS: Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we compared executive control network functional connectivity in 20 patients with migraine with aura vs 20 sex and age-matched patients with migraine without aura and 20 healthy controls, and assessed the correlation between executive control network functional connectivity and clinical features of patients with migraine...
June 2015: Headache
Hugues Chabriat
CADASIL is an inherited small vessel disease of the brain caused by mutations of the NOTCH3 gene encoding a receptor of smooth muscle cells and pericytes within the wall of arterioles and capillaries. The mutated gene is responsible for accumulation of NOTCH3 protein and aggregation of various proteins in the vascular wall. The disease occurs during mid-adulthood and is responsible for attacks of migraine with aura, ischemic stroke, mood disorders and cognitive impairment ranging from mild alterations of attentional performances and executive functions to severe dementia...
June 2014: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Soyeon Park, Boram Park, Min Kyung Koh, Yeon Ho Joo
BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited cerebrovascular disease, clinically characterized by variable manifestations of migraine, recurrent transient ischemic attack or lacunar strokes, cognitive decline, and mood disturbances. However, manic episodes have rarely been documented as an initial symptom of CADASIL and bipolar disorder presenting as the first manifestation in CADASIL has not been reported previously from evaluations by psychiatrists or psychological testing by psychologists...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
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