Read by QxMD icon Read

Oral breathing in children

Cláudia Pena Galvão, Mariana Maciel Tinano, Carolina Maria Fontes Ferreira Nader, Letícia Paiva Franco, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in childhood has aroused great interest due to its cardiovascular repercussions and its adverse effects on the quality of life of the affected individuals. However, fundamental aspects of the syndrome remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: Herein we prospectively assessed pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and nasal flow in children with obstructive oral breathing with an indication for adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy and their relationship to the obstructive apnea and hypopnea index (OAHI)...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Yue-E Xu, Shu-Xiang Li, Xin Gao, Xian-Ping Wang
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to identify the risk factors of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in preschool children and provide effective measures for the prevention and reduction of the incidence of H. pylori infections. METHODS: A total of 204 children from two kindergartens in Suzhou city were recruited through a questionnaire survey. Risk factors were selected through the single factor paired data χ² test and multiple factor Logistic regression analysis...
February 1, 2019: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Basma Tamasas, Travis Nelson, Maida Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This aim of this study was to evaluate oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 31 children who had baseline polysomnography studies and in whom a diagnosis of OSA was made by a sleep physician. They were evaluated against 36 control patients who, based on parent responses to the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, were at very low risk for having sleep problems...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Cristina Grippaudo, Ester Giulia Paolantonio, Valeria Luzzi, Alice Manai, Giuseppe La Torre, Antonella Polimeni
Dental and stomatologic problems in childhood need to be diagnosed and managed with multidisciplinary protocols focusing around the children an appropriate prevention, diagnosis, and care program. Therefore, it is paramount to avail of screening tools that provide an indication of in-depth multidisciplinary diagnostic flow. The aim of this study is to detect and evaluate malocclusion problems and predisposing factors in an Italian preschooler population. Design-calibrated operators detected data through examination of 1,405 children (706 males and 699 females) aged between 2 and 7 years, in one hospital in Rome and in kindergartens of several Italian cities...
February 2019: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
Eun-Sil Choi, Jae-In Ryu, Lauren L Patton, Hae-Young Kim
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the associations between normative orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) at an item level as well as subscale and total score levels among schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 2,010 randomly selected children aged approximately 8, 10, 12, and 15 years residing in the Gyeonggi province, Korea. Children were clinically examined with the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN)...
March 2019: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
P Kg Gunathilaka, Aparna Mukherjee, Kana Ram Jat, Rakesh Lodha, S K Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To document clinical features and outcome of children with sarcoidosis. METHODS: Case records of 18 children (mean (SD) age 9 (2.2) years) diagnosed with sarcoidosis between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. All children were followed up every 2-3 months and monitored for clinical and laboratory parameters. Their treatment and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Clinical features at the time of diagnosis were fever (83%), uveitis (50%), difficulty in breathing (44%), hepatosplenomegaly, weight loss, arthritis and peripheral adenopathy...
January 15, 2019: Indian Pediatrics
I Vozza, F Capasso, F Calcagnile, A Anelli, D Corridore, C Ferrara, L Ottolenghi
AIM: the study has the purpose to evaluate the association between clinical data collected from dental screening carried out on children and their eating habits. Materials and methods: The dental screening was carried out on a sample of eight-year-old children attending the third grade of the elementary schools of Gaeta (Latina). Clinical data and periodontal status indexes were recorded. The descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency) of all data were calculated and anova analysis and chi square test have been performed...
January 2019: La Clinica Terapeutica
Gürkan Gürbüz, Peren Perk, Turgay Çokyaman, Özge Berfu Gürbüz
Background/aim: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the effectiveness of oral iron therapy in breath-holding spells and evaluation of electrocardiographical changes Materials and methods: Three hundred twelve children aged 1–48 months and diagnosed with breath-holding spells between January 2017 and April 2018 were included. Patients’ laboratory findings were compared with 100 patients who had one simple febrile seizure. Results: Cyanotic breath-holding spells were diagnosed in 85...
February 11, 2019: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Raza Mushtaq, Sarah M Desoky, Frank Morello, Dorothy Gilbertson-Dahdal, Geetha Gopalakrishnan, Aaron Leetch, Srinivasan Vedantham, Bobby Kalb, Diego R Martin, Unni K Udayasankar
Background Advances in abdominal MRI have enabled rapid, free-breathing imaging without the need for intravenous or oral contrast material. The use of MRI as the primary imaging modality for suspected appendicitis has not been previously studied. Purpose To determine the diagnostic performance of MRI as the initial imaging modality in children suspected of having acute appendicitis. Materials and Methods The study included consecutive patients 18 years of age and younger presenting with acute abdominal pain at a tertiary care institution from January 2013 through June 2016 who subsequently underwent an unenhanced MRI examination as the primary diagnostic imaging modality...
February 12, 2019: Radiology
Shoji Takenaka, Tatsuya Ohsumi, Yuichiro Noiri
Therapeutic mouthwash (MW) is an adjunctive tool along with a regular oral hygiene routine of daily tooth brushing and daily flossing. Previous systematic reviews have demonstrated that it is effective against dental biofilm and gingival inflammation, for prevention of dental caries, and for managing one's bad breath condition according to the active ingredients. MWs prevent the microorganisms from bacterial adhesion that corresponds to the initial step in biofilm formation. This review summarized the current state of evidence such as anti-biofilm, anti-gingivitis and cariostatic properties of MWs by evaluating systematic reviews from the past six years...
November 2019: Japanese Dental Science Review
Akram S Alyessary, Siti A Othman, Adrian U J Yap, Zamri Radzi, Mohammad T Rahman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to determine the effects of non-surgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on breathing and upper airway structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of the scientific literature from January 2005 to June 2016 was done using Web of Science, Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source and PubMed databases. A combination of search terms "rapid maxillary expansion", "nasal", "airway" and "breathing" were used...
February 4, 2019: International Orthodontics
Salim Sadruddin, Ibad Ul Haque Khan, Matthew P Fox, Abdul Bari, Attaullah Khan, Donald M Thea, Amanullah Khan, Inamullah Khan, Ijaz Ahmad, Shamim A Qazi
Background: Globally, most deaths due to childhood pneumonia occur at the community level. Some countries are still using oral co-trimoxazole, despite a World Health Organization recommendation of oral amoxicillin for the treatment of fast-breathing pneumonia in children at the community level. Methods: We conducted an unblinded, cluster-randomized, controlled-equivalency trial in Haripur District, Pakistan. Children 2-59 months of age with fast-breathing pneumonia were treated with oral amoxicillin suspension (50 mg/kg/day) for 3 days in 14 intervention clusters and oral co-trimoxazole suspension (8 mg trimethoprim/kg and 40 mg sulfamethoxazole/kg/day) for 5 days in 14 control clusters by lady health workers (LHW)...
December 28, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Maricianah Onono, Mohammed Abdi, Kennedy Mutai, Elijah Asadhi, Rachel Nyamai, Peter Okoth, Shamim Ahmad Qazi
AIM: To determine the accuracy and effectiveness of community health workers (CHWs) when compared to trained nurses for management of pneumonia in Kenyan children. METHODS: In Homabay County in western Kenya, children 2-59 months of age with lower chest indrawing pneumonia were identified, classified and treated by CHWs with oral amoxicillin (90 mg/kg per day) for five days at home. Trained nurses visited the child within 24 hours to verify diagnosis; and on day 4 and 14 to assess treatment outcomes...
December 2018: Acta Paediatrica
M Petrini, M Costacurta, V Biferi, D Benavoli, R Docimo, G Spoto
AIM: The aim of this work was to evaluate the oral health status in children and to correlate it with time spent in physical activity per week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children (mean age 9±2 years) attending the first visit at the Paediatric Dental Unit of the University of Rome "Tor Vergata" have been included in the study. The parents of all patients were interviewed about the medical history of the children and specific data, in particular, the time spent in physical activity per week...
December 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Joseph Samba Diouf, Youssouf Ouedraogo, Khady Seck, Alpha Badiane, Papa Ibrahima Ngom, Khady Diop-Ba, Ayoub Zouaki, Falou Diagne
INTRODUCTION: Enlarged adenoids are often associated with oral breathing. The latter can impact the dental arches. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between dental arch measurements and the size of adenoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 86 children. The dimensions of the adenoids were determined from nine radiographic evaluation methods and the dental arch measurements made on the casts. The association between the grade of adenoids and the dental arch measurements was sought by Spearman correlation...
December 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Isabela de Castro Souza, Tahyná Duda Deps Almeida, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors associated with the prevalence of reported bruxism in children/adolescents with Down Syndrome (DS). METHODS: The study included 112 children/adolescents with DS and their parents/caregivers. Oral habits, pacifier/finger sucking, upper respiratory infections (<six months), and breathing type (nasal/buccal) were diagnosed. Reported bruxism was recorded through parents' report ("Does your child have audible teeth grinding?")...
December 18, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Lola Madrid, Aina Casellas, Charfudin Sacoor, Llorenç Quintó, Antonio Sitoe, Rosauro Varo, Sozinho Acácio, Tacilta Nhampossa, Sergio Massora, Betuel Sigaúque, Inacio Mandomando, Simon Cousens, Clara Menéndez, Pedro Alonso, Eusebio Macete, Quique Bassat
BACKGROUND: Although the burden of postdischarge mortality (PDM) in low-income settings appears to be significant, no clear recommendations have been proposed in relation to follow-up care after hospitalization. We aimed to determine the burden of pediatric PDM and develop predictive models to identify children who are at risk for dying after discharge. METHODS: Deaths after hospital discharge among children aged <15 years in the last 17 years were reviewed in an area under demographic and morbidity surveillance in Southern Mozambique...
December 14, 2018: Pediatrics
Bing Li, Junqing Zheng, Xia Zhang, Shan Hong
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of oral administration of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota and amoxicillin-sulbactam in treating childhood fast breathing pneumonia. 518 children diagnosed of fast breathing pneumonia were enrolled and randomly assigned to be administered either amoxicillin-sulbactam +  Lactobacillus casei Shirota or amoxicillin-sulbactam + placebo. Primary outcome was defined as treatment failure before day 3, and secondary outcome was defined as treatment failure during follow-ups on day 6 and 12...
November 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Britt F Pados
Children with CHD often experience difficulty with oral feeding, which contributes to growth faltering in this population. Few studies have explored symptoms of problematic feeding in children with CHD using valid and reliable measures of oral feeding. The purpose of this study was to describe symptoms of problematic feeding in children with CHD compared to healthy children without medical conditions, taking into account variables that may contribute to symptoms of problematic feeding. Oral feeding was measured by the Pediatric Eating Assessment Tool, a parent report assessment of feeding with evidence of validity and reliability...
November 20, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
G Ottaviano, P Maculan, G Borghetto, V Favero, B Galletti, E Savietto, B Scarpa, A Martini, E Stellini, C De Filippis, L Favero
OBJECTIVES: Children can well detect and respond to odours in order to have information about food and environment. Rapid Maxillary Expansion seems to improve dental and skeletal crossbite and increase nasal patency correcting oral respiration in children. A previous pilot study suggested that Rapid Maxillary Expansion may lead to improved N-Butanol olfactory thresholds, and peak nasal inspiratory flow values (PNIF). The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate olfactory threshold, nasal flows and nasal resistances in children aged from 6 to 11 years before and after Rapid Maxillary Expansion, comparing treated children with a control group of similar age, growth stage (prepubertal) and transversal skeletal deficiency...
December 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"