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emergency sports

Kelly Sarmiento, Karen E Thomas, Jill Daugherty, Dana Waltzman, Juliet K Haarbauer-Krupa, Alexis B Peterson, Tadesse Haileyesus, Matthew J Breiding
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), including concussions, are at the forefront of public concern about athletic injuries sustained by children. Caused by an impact to the head or body, a TBI can lead to emotional, physiologic, and cognitive sequelae in children (1). Physiologic factors (such as a child's developing nervous system and thinner cranial bones) might place children at increased risk for TBI (2,3). A previous study demonstrated that 70% of emergency department (ED) visits for sports- and recreation-related TBIs (SRR-TBIs) were among children (4)...
March 15, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Sinéad O'Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, Siobhán O'Connor
CONTEXT: Gaelic football participation provides a wealth of benefits but a risk of musculoskeletal injury also exists. Injury is associated with physical consequences, including pain, discomfort, loss of function, time absent from school/sport, considerable medical expenses along with placing undue pressure on emergency services and hospital staff. Concurrent psychological consequences, such as fear-avoidance, can also occur causing psychological distress. There is a current dearth of available research examining the psychology of injury in male adolescent Gaelic footballers...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Walter Hardesty, Bhavna Singichetti, Honggang Yi, Julie C Leonard, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Although concussion-related emergency department (ED) visits increased after the passage of concussion laws, little is known about how the laws may disproportionately impact ED utilization and associated health care costs among children in different demographic groups. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the patient and clinical characteristics of pediatric ED visits and associated health care costs for sports- and recreation-related concussions (SRRCs) before and after concussion law enactment...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tae Hoon Kong, Jae Woo Lee, Yoon Ah Park, Young Joon Seo
Background and Objectives: Temporal bone fracture (TBF) is a common occurrence in cases of head trauma. Although the incidence of temporal bone concussion (TBC) has increased in cases of head trauma, it has not been extensively studied. We assessed the characteristics of TBF and TBC in patients with head trauma. Subjects and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 432 patients with head injury who visited our hospital between January 2011 and April 2016...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Traci R Snedden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Dustin W Currie, R Dawn Comstock, Joseph A Grubenhoff
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a primary care provider (PCP) follow-up visit after emergency department evaluation of concussion improved the children's likelihood of receiving academic support. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. Concussed children, aged 8-18 years, presenting to a regional pediatric trauma center emergency department (n = 160) were contacted 7 and 30 days after injury to gather data on PCP follow-up, symptoms, quality of life, and receipt of academic support instituted after and because of the concussion...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
Cyril Archambault, Caroline Gabias, Nicole Fallaha, Caroline Bélanger, Rosanne Superstein
BACKGROUND: Ocular traumas represent the most common cause of noncongenital blindness in children. Sports are the second most common cause in children less than 14 years old in Canada. To our knowledge, there have not yet been any reports regarding the causes of pediatric ocular trauma in the Quebec population. The goal of our study was to gather data from the Quebec pediatric population to determine high-risk age groups, sports, or other activities. METHODS: A retrospective study evaluating all patients younger than 18 years who presented with ocular trauma to the Ste-Justine Hospital emergency department between 2007 and 2010...
February 2019: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Patrick Scheffler, Nikolaus E Wolter, Amirpouyan Namavarian, Evan J Propst, Yvonne Chan
OBJECTIVES: To describe the type and frequency of sports related pediatric head and neck trauma. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was searched for football, basketball, soccer, lacrosse and ice hockey related facial injuries. Cross-sectional analysis of incidence, age, and sex and specific injury diagnoses, mechanisms, and facial locations were performed. We focused on craniofacial and soft tissue injuries and excluded patients with concussion or other neurological injuries...
February 27, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Di Hu, Marc van Zeyl, Krisztina Valter, Jason R Potas
Red-light treatment is emerging as a novel therapy for promoting tissue recovery but data on red-light penetration through human tissues are lacking. We aimed to: i) determine the effect of light irradiance, tissue thickness, skin tone, sex, and bone/muscle content on 660 nm light penetration through common sites of sports injuries, and ii) establish if cadaver tissues serve as a useful model for predicting red-light penetration in live tissues. Live and cadaver human tissues were exposed to 660 nm light at locations across the skull, spinal cord and upper and lower limbs...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Biophotonics
Robert P Olympia, Abigail Nelson, Kelly Patterson, Andrew Groff, Jodi Brady
The perception that children and adolescents have of injury and illness may be influenced by their depiction in sport-related films. The objective of this study was to determine the depiction of injury and illness in a select number of running-related films. A sample of 31 running-related films were analyzed, with a total of 77 injuries/illnesses depicted. The most common injuries/illnesses depicted were categorized as exertional heat exhaustion/stroke (26%), lower leg muscle cramps/not heat related (12%), ankle sprain (9%), knee ligamentous/meniscus injury (6%), exercise-associated collapse/not heat related (6%), and blister of the toe/foot (6%)...
March 6, 2019: Clinical Pediatrics
Nicole T Gabana, Jasmin Hutchinson, James Beauchemin, Matthew Powless, Julia Cawthra, Aaron Halterman, Jesse Steinfeldt
Music use in golf receives minimal attention from both applied and empirical perspectives. Golfers, coaches, and sport psychology practitioners alike may benefit from understanding and utilizing music within their work. Since music use in golf has become an increasingly common practice, the purpose of the current study was to investigate current music use among golfers using a qualitative approach. Researchers aimed to identify potential psychological and physiological effects derived from music use during golf practice and pre-performance, given the limited empirical research in this area to date...
March 5, 2019: Sports
Franklin N Glozah, Barry Tolchard, David J Pevalin
Purpose There is little information on youth gambling in Ghana even though there is an unprecedented emergence of various types of gambling and gambling venues throughout the country. The aim of this cross-sectional exploratory study was to examine the role of perceived social difficulties and perceived protective social factors in participation and attitudes of Ghanaian youth towards gambling using data from a school-based survey (n = 770). Methods Participants completed measures on perceived social difficulties, perceived protective social factors, attitudes towards gambling and participation in four types of gambling...
March 6, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Suguru Watanabe, Jun Kido, Mika Ogata, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Tomoyuki Mizukami
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are the most severe acute complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). HHS is characterized by severe hyperglycemia and hyperosmolality without significant ketosis and acidosis. A 14-year-old Japanese boy presented at the emergency room with lethargy, polyuria and polydipsia. He belonged to a baseball club team and habitually drank sugar-rich beverages daily. Three weeks earlier, he suffered from lassitude and developed polyuria and polydipsia 1 week later...
March 5, 2019: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Lynn S Scruby, Hazel A Rona, Beverly D Leipert, Heather L Mair, Wanda M Snow
BACKGROUND: Health and well-being are multifaceted, with several lifestyle factors contributing (positively or negatively) to one's health status. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the health of rural women in the context of the sport of curling and curling clubs. As part of a national study, this study highlights findings from 17 female participants from two rural communities in Manitoba. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected using photovoice...
February 26, 2019: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research
Gregory W Poorman, Frank A Segreto, Bryan M Beaubrun, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Olivia J Bono, Rafael DE LA Garza-Ramos, John Y Moon, Charles Wang, Brandon P Hirsch, Jared C Tishelman, Peter L Zhou, Michael Gerling, Peter G Passias
Background: The study aimed to characterize trends in incidence, etiology, fracture types, surgical procedures, complications, and concurrent injuries associated with traumatic pediatric cervical fracture using a nationwide database. Methods: The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was queried. Trauma cases from 2003 to 2012 were identified, and cervical fracture patients were isolated. Demographics, etiologies, fracture levels, procedures, complications, and concurrent injuries were assessed...
January 2019: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Chris G Harwood, Emine Caglar, Sam N Thrower, Jonathan M J Smith
This paper presents a series of studies that progresses the development and validation of the Parent-Initiated Motivational Climate in Individual Sport Competition Questionnaire (MCISCQ-Parent). Study 1 examined the face and content validity of an initial pool of 26 items based on the principles of achievement goal theory and prior research. In Study 2, data from an adolescent sample of individual sport athletes was subjected to an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of items pertaining to the perceived task and ego involving characteristics of fathers and mothers in the competition setting...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Kameron Shams, Christopher A DiCesare, Brian M Grawe, Eric Wall, Shital N Parikh, Marc Galloway, Katie Kitchen, Kim Barber Foss, Staci M Thomas, Alicia M Montalvo, Angelo J Colosimo, Gregory D Myer
Background: Previous studies have acknowledged the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) as the primary stabilizer of the patella, preventing lateral displacement. MPFL reconstruction (MPFL-R) restores stability and functionality to the patellofemoral joint and has emerged as a preferred treatment option for recurrent lateral patellar instability. Purpose: To objectively measure biomechanical characteristics of athletes cleared for return to sport after MPFL-R compared with healthy controls...
February 2019: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
John S Strickland, Marie Crandall, Grant R Bevill
Background: Softball is a popular sport played through both competitive and recreational leagues. While head and facial injuries are a known problem occurring from games, little is known about the frequency or mechanisms by which they occur. Purpose: To analyze head/face injury diagnoses and to identify the mechanisms associated with such injuries. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiological study. Methods: A public database was used to query data related to head/facial injuries sustained in softball...
February 2019: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Kunal Mohan, Prasad Ellanti, Marc Lincoln, Tom McCarthy
Acute traumatic patellar dislocations are encountered with relative frequency, making up 3% of all knee injuries. Typically witnessed in younger patients following sporting injuries, this injury can be debilitating, potentially leading to recurrent dislocation, pain, reduction in activity and patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Management of this injury remains controversial, and as such detailed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly recommended to help illustrate the exact nature of osteochondral and soft tissue injury, with a view to assessing the anatomical sequelae of patellar dislocation as well as the potential of recurrence and dictating the need for either conservative or surgical management in the acute setting...
December 14, 2018: Curēus
Breton M Asken, Zachary M Houck, Russell M Bauer, James R Clugston
OBJECTIVE: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT), fifth Edition, Symptom Evaluation (S5SE) differs from previous versions by having examinees report trait (i.e. "typical" feelings) as opposed to state (i.e., "how you feel right now") concussion-like symptoms at baseline. This study assessed differences among, and convergent validity of, scores on the S5SE, SCAT3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE), and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18). METHODS: A total of 113 University of Florida varsity athletes completed symptom questionnaires on the same day in a counterbalanced administration...
February 23, 2019: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Sidra Zafar, Joseph K Canner, Tahreem Mir, Divya Srikumaran, Roomasa Channa, Morton F Goldberg, Jennifer Thorne, Fasika A Woreta
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiological trends, risk factors, and hospital-associated charges for patients presenting with hyphema to emergency departments (EDs) throughout the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of all hyphema-related ED cases in the U.S. Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) between 2006 and 2015 to determine population-based incidence rates, patient demographics, visit characteristics and associated charges. RESULTS: Between 2006 and 2015, there were a total of 16,222 cases with hyphema as primary visit diagnosis (0...
February 22, 2019: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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