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Endoscopic ultrasound description of liver segmentation and anatomy

Vikram Bhatia, Susumu Hijioka, Kazuo Hara, Nobumasa Mizuno, Hiroshi Imaoka, Kenji Yamao
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) can demonstrate the detailed anatomy of the liver from the transgastric and transduodenal routes. Most of the liver segments can be imaged with EUS, except the right posterior segments. The intrahepatic vascular landmarks include the major hepatic veins, portal vein radicals, hepatic arterial branches, and the inferior vena cava, and the venosum and teres ligaments are other important intrahepatic landmarks. The liver hilum and gallbladder serve as useful surface landmarks. Deciphering liver segmentation and anatomy by EUS requires orienting the scan planes with these landmarkstructures, and is different from the static cross-sectional radiological images...
May 2014: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
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