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"Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews"

Désirée Schliemann, Jayne V Woodside
OBJECTIVE: To summarise findings of systematic reviews that distinctively report dietary intervention components and their effects on diet-, health- and economic-related outcomes in the workplace setting. DESIGN: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were searched in December 2014 and the search was updated in August 2017. RESULTS: The search identified 1137 titles, of which nineteen systematic reviews from the initial search and two systematic reviews from the updated search met the inclusion criteria (twenty-one systematic reviews, published in twenty-two papers)...
February 1, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Natalie J Collins, Harvi F Hart, Kathryn A G Mills
OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from the past year evaluating rehabilitation for people with osteoarthritis, and provide narrative synthesis of findings focused on core recommended treatments for osteoarthritis (exercise, education, biomechanical interventions, weight loss). DESIGN: A comprehensive search strategy was used to search PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases (16th May 2017 to 22nd March 2018)...
December 7, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Lesley Price, Jennifer MacDonald, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, Tracey Howe, Paul Flowers, Lesley Shepherd, Yvonne Watt, Jacqui Reilly
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the existing evidence base of systematic reviews of interventions to improve healthcare worker (HCW) hand hygiene compliance (HHC). METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed, and 10 information sources were searched in September 2017, with no limits to language or date of publication, and papers were screened against inclusion criteria for relevance. Data were extracted and risk of bias was assessed. RESULTS: Overall, 19 systematic reviews (n=20 articles) were included...
December 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Kim De Groot, Mattanja Triemstra, Wolter Paans, Anneke L Francke
AIM: To obtain an overview of existing evidence regarding quality criteria, instruments and requirements for nursing documentation. DESIGN: Systematic review of systematic reviews. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched the databases PubMed and CINAHL for the period 2007 - April 2017. We also performed additional searches. REVIEW METHODS: Two reviewers independently selected the reviews using a stepwise procedure, assessed the methodological quality of the selected reviews and extracted the data using a pre-defined extraction format...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Tae-Hun Kim, Jung Won Kang, Tae Hee Lee
Aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia (AIA) is a common problem in breast cancer survivors and is associated with noncompliance with aromatase inhibitor therapy. The aim of this research was to assess the current evidence for the various therapeutic options available for AIA. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects for systematic reviews of trials investigating treatments for AIA to June 2018. Eligible systematic reviews were subjected to evidence mapping and the randomized controlled trials included in the systematic reviews were hand-searched for a network meta-analysis...
December 2018: Maturitas
Dean Giustini, Syed Mustafa Ali, Matthew Fraser, Maged N Kamel Boulos
Introduction: Research examining the effective uses of social media (SM) in public health and medicine, especially in the form of systematic reviews (SRs), has grown considerably in the past decade. To our knowledge, no comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted to date. Aims and methods: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews of the benefits and harms ("effects") of SM tools and platforms (such as Twitter and Facebook) in public health and medicine...
2018: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
B Patro-Gołąb, B M Zalewski, M Kołodziej, S Kouwenhoven, L Poston, K M Godfrey, B Koletzko, J B van Goudoever, H Szajewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Salmaan Kanji, Lisa Burry, Andrew Beck, Claire Butler, Leila Esmaeilisaraji, Candyce Hamel, Mona Hersi, Becky Skidmore, David Moher, Brian Hutton
BACKGROUND: Preventable adverse drug reactions (PADRs) in inpatients are associated with harm, including increased length of stay and potential loss of life, and result in elevated costs of care. We conducted an overview of reviews (i.e., a systematic review of systematic reviews) to determine the incidence of PADRs experienced by inpatients. Secondary review objectives were related to assessment of the effects of patient age, setting, and clinical specialty on PADR incidence. METHODS: The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016043220)...
2018: PloS One
Simin Dokht Kalani, Parviz Azadfallah, Hamidreza Oreyzi, Peyman Adibi
Occupational burnout is a common syndrome among physicians, and several individual-directed and organization-directed interventions have been implemented to reduce it. Until now, several review studies have tried to identify and introduce the most appropriate interventions. The aim of this article was to systematically review systematic review studies of interventions for physician burnout to evaluate and summarize their results, and ultimately guide researchers to select appropriate interventions. A search was conducted to find review studies and systematic reviews in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Google Scholar, PubMed, and PsycINFO...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fiona Crawford-Williams, Sonja March, Belinda C Goodwin, Nicholas Ralph, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for interventions addressing key domains of the American Cancer Society (ACS) and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Prostate Cancer Survivorship Care Guidelines: health promotion, surveillance, physical side effects, psychosocial management, and care coordination. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of interventions targeting ACS/ASCO guideline domains. All titles and abstracts were independently assessed for inclusion based on predetermined criteria...
October 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sandra Martins Pereira, Pablo Hernández-Marrero
Several outcome measures have been systematically implemented to be used in palliative care. However, routine use in clinical practice is not without ethical challenges, which are not commonly addressed. The objectives of this study are therefore (I) to identify the ethical challenges/issues of outcome measurement in palliative care and (II) to understand how these ethical challenges/issues are addressed in palliative care clinical practice. The study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, which is a type of review that brings together a summary of reviews in one place...
October 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Angharad Kate Woolley, Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Samuel Seidu
AIMS: Online patient education is a growing form of support to patients with chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes (Type 2 DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Multiple systematic reviews have been undertaken on this topic with conflicting results. We aim to explore the applications of online patient education in Type 2 DM and CVD and synthesise current evidence. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews was performed. Ovid Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Database were searched between January 2005 and May 2018...
August 18, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
Mehdi Jafari, Seyed Masood Mousavi, Asra Asgharzadeh, Neda Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: This article is an attempt to provide an overview of systematic reviews to determine the efficacy of CQ10 supplementation in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHOD AND MATERIAL: All reviews were identified through a systematic search of the following databases: Cochrane, DARE, Ovid, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, and PubMed. Check references studies and the quality of the studies was assessed by means of AMSTTAR. No meta-analyses were performed due to the heterogeneity of studies...
July 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jeffrey S Johnson, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: In recent years there has been increasing clinical and empirical interest in neurocognitive functioning in eating disorders (EDs), which has resulted in numerous quantitative and qualitative reviews. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive synthesis or critical review of this literature to identify future directions to advance the field in this area. Therefore the aim of this systematic review of systematic reviews was to (a) characterize the existing literature on neurocognitive functioning in EDs based on recent reviews (i...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rafael G Dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Mood, anxiety, and substance-use disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the population. Although several pharmacological treatments are available, they are not effective for a significant proportion of patients and are associated with several adverse reactions. Therefore, new treatments should be explored. Recent studies suggest that serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics including ayahuasca, psilocybin, and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) have anxiolytic, antidepressive, and antiaddictive effects...
September 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Leidy Johana Rangel-Rincón, Annie M Vivares-Builes, Javier Enrique Botero, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez
OBJECTIVE: In the recent years, efforts have been made to reduce epidemiologic indicators of periodontal disease in pregnant women. This umbrella review aims to analyze the systematic reviews/meta-analyses investigating the effect of periodontal therapy in pregnant women on the frequency of obstetric complications (low birth weight, preterm delivery, and preeclampsia) and to identify the gaps in the scientific literature. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews with and without meta-analysis of intervention studies was conducted...
September 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Fatimah Jackson-Best, Nancy Edwards
BACKGROUND: Stigma across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability can be co-occurring and may interact with other forms of stigma related to social identities like race, gender, and sexuality. Stigma is especially problematic for people living with these conditions because it can create barriers to accessing necessary social and structural supports, which can intensify their experiences with stigma. This review aims to contribute to the knowledge on stigma by advancing a cross-analysis of HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability stigma, and exploring whether and how intersectionality frameworks have been used in the systematic reviews of stigma...
July 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Niklas Bobrovitz, Carl Heneghan, Igho Onakpoya, Benjamin Fletcher, Dylan Collins, Alice Tompson, Joseph Lee, David Nunan, Rebecca Fisher, Brittney Scott, Jack O'Sullivan, Oliver Van Hecke, Brian D Nicholson, Sarah Stevens, Nia Roberts, Kamal R Mahtani
BACKGROUND: Rates of emergency hospitalisations are increasing in many countries, leading to disruption in the quality of care and increases in cost. Therefore, identifying strategies to reduce emergency admission rates is a key priority. There have been large-scale evidence reviews to address this issue; however, there have been no reviews of medication therapies, which have the potential to reduce the use of emergency health-care services. The objectives of this study were to review systematically the evidence to identify medications that affect emergency hospital admissions and prioritise therapies for quality measurement and improvement...
July 26, 2018: BMC Medicine
Michael H K Chu, Irene X Y Wu, Robin S T Ho, Charlene H L Wong, Anthony L Zhang, Yan Zhang, Justin C Y Wu, Vincent C H Chung
Background: Pharmacotherapy, including prokinetics and proton pump inhibitors for functional dyspepsia (FD) have limited effectiveness, and their safety has been recently questioned. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) could be considered as an alternative. A systematic review (SR) of SRs was performed to evaluate the potential effectiveness and safety of CHM. Method: We conducted a comprehensive literature search for SRs with meta-analyses in eight international and Chinese databases...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
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