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Core training effects on power

Xiaozheng Li, Huazhen Wang, Huixin He, Jixiang Du, Jian Chen, Jinzhun Wu
BACKGROUND: Benefiting from big data, powerful computation and new algorithmic techniques, we have been witnessing the renaissance of deep learning, particularly the combination of natural language processing (NLP) and deep neural networks. The advent of electronic medical records (EMRs) has not only changed the format of medical records but also helped users to obtain information faster. However, there are many challenges regarding researching directly using Chinese EMRs, such as low quality, huge quantity, imbalance, semi-structure and non-structure, particularly the high density of the Chinese language compared with English...
February 1, 2019: BMC Bioinformatics
Amy Shepherd, Tracy D Zhang, Ariel M Zeleznikow-Johnston, Anthony J Hannan, Emma L Burrows
Cognitive decline appears as a core feature of dementia, of which the most prevalent form, Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects more than 45 million people worldwide. There is no cure, and therapeutic options remain limited. A number of modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that contribute to cognitive decline in dementia. Sedentary lifestyle has emerged as a major modifier and accordingly, boosting mental and physical activity may represent a method to prevent decline in dementia. Beneficial effects of increased physical activity on cognition have been reported in healthy adults, showing potential to harness exercise and cognitive stimulation as a therapy in dementia...
December 12, 2018: Brain Plasticity
Elizabeth A Hubbard, Robert W Motl, Bo Fernhall
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis(MS) is an immune-mediated, neurological disease that results in physiological deconditioning with increasing disability. High-intensity interval training exercise(HIIT) has induced significant improvements in physiological conditioning in healthy and clinical populations, and might be appropriate for persons with MS who have mobility disability. The feasibility and acute effects of HIIT using recumbent stepping in persons with MS who have mobility disability are relatively unknown...
December 7, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Janko Tackmann, Natasha Arora, Thomas Sebastian Benedikt Schmidt, João Frederico Matias Rodrigues, Christian von Mering
BACKGROUND: The identification of body site-specific microbial biomarkers and their use for classification tasks have promising applications in medicine, microbial ecology, and forensics. Previous studies have characterized site-specific microbiota and shown that sample origin can be accurately predicted by microbial content. However, these studies were usually restricted to single datasets with consistent experimental methods and conditions, as well as comparatively small sample numbers...
October 24, 2018: Microbiome
Luis Suarez-Arrones, Eduardo Saez de Villarreal, Francisco Javier Núñez, Valter Di Salvo, Cristian Petri, Alessandro Buccolini, Rafael Angel Maldonado, Nacho Torreno, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
The aim of this study was to describe the changes in body composition, strength and sprint performance in response to an entire competitive season of football training supplemented with 2 inertial eccentric-overload training sessions a week in young male professional soccer players. Whole body and regional composition (assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), power output in half-squat and 40-m sprinting performance were evaluated in fourteen players. The eccentric-overload training consisted of training sessions a week of 1-2 sets of 10 exercises of upper-body and core (Day 1) and lower-body (Day 2), during the entire competitive season (27 weeks)...
2018: PloS One
Tracy A Axel, Jill A Crussemeyer, Kevyn Dean, Douglas E Young
Lower body and core muscular strength are essential for optimal performance in many sports and competitive surfers have similar strength demands when maneuvering a surfboard to achieve competition success. Presently, the use of unstable surfaces is excessively utilized by surf coaches and trainers and to date, research does not support this as an effective training method for long-term improvements. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an 8-week Core Strength Training Program (CSTP) on a battery of field tests specific to assessing core musculature and lower body strength for junior competitive surf athletes...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Tengche Qi, Chunnan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of rehabilitation training (RT) combined with intradermal needling, RT combined with acupuncture and RT alone on core muscle stability in children with cerebral palsy, and to explore the superior therapy to improve core muscle stability in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A total of 120 children with cerebral palsy aged from 2 to 4 years old were randomly divided into a RT and intradermal needling group (group A), a RT and acupuncture group (group B) and a RT group (group C), 40 cases in each one...
June 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Christian K Garcia, Alex J Mattingly, Gerard P Robinson, Orlando Laitano, Michelle A King, Shauna M Dineen, Lisa R Leon, Thomas L Clanton
With increasing participation of females in endurance athletics and active military service, it is important to determine if there are inherent sex-dependent susceptibilities to exertional heat injury or heat stroke. In this study we compared responses of male and female adult mice to exertional heat stroke (EHS). All mice were instrumented for telemetry core temperature measurements and were exercise-trained for 3 wk before EHS. During EHS, environmental temperature was 37.5°C (35% RH) while the mice ran on a forced running wheel, using incremental increases in speed...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Martin Asker, Hannah L Brooke, Markus Waldén, Ulrika Tranaeus, Fredrik Johansson, Eva Skillgate, Lena W Holm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for risk factors and prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports. DESIGN: Systematic review with best-evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: Medline (Ovid), PubMed (complementary search), Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane (Wiley), SPORTDiscus (Ebsco) and Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters), from 1 January 1990 to 15 May 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and case-control studies on risk factors or prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports...
October 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Megan Rose Stafford, Mick Cooper, Michael Barkham, Jeni Beecham, Peter Bower, Karen Cromarty, Andrew J B Fugard, Charlie Jackson, Peter Pearce, Rebekah Ryder, Cathy Street
BACKGROUND: One in ten children in Britain have been identified as experiencing a diagnosable mental health disorder. School-based humanistic counselling (SBHC) may help young people identify, address, and overcome psychological distress. Data from four pilot trials suggest that SBHC may be clinically effective. However, a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) is needed to provide a robust test of its effectiveness, to assess its cost-effectiveness, and to determine the process of change...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Muhammad Tahir, Bismillah Jan, Maqsood Hayat, Shakir Ullah Shah, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Discriminative and informative feature extraction is the core requirement for accurate and efficient classification of protein subcellular localization images so that drug development could be more effective. The objective of this paper is to propose a novel modification in the Threshold Adjacency Statistics technique and enhance its discriminative power. METHODS: In this work, we utilized Threshold Adjacency Statistics from a novel perspective to enhance its discrimination power and efficiency...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Michael J Mello, Sara J Becker, Julie Bromberg, Janette Baird, Mark R Zonfrillo, Anthony Spirito
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons mandates universal screening for alcohol misuse and delivery of an intervention for those screening positive as a requirement for certification as a level 1 trauma center. Though this requirement has been mandated for over a decade, its implementation has been challenging. Our research team completed an implementation study supporting seven pediatric trauma centers' compliance with the requirement by developing and implementing an institutional alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) policy for adolescent trauma patients...
February 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Georgina L Kent, Brian Dawson, Gregory R Cox, Chris R Abbiss, Kurt J Smith, Kevin D Croft, Zi Xiang Lim, Annette Eastwood, Louise M Burke, Peter Peeling
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether reported improvements in blood flow distribution, and the possible related effects on thermoregulation during exercise following supplementation with beetroot juice (BR), a rich source of dietary nitrate (NO3 - ), are mitigated in the heat. METHODS: 12 male endurance-trained cyclists (age 27 ± 6 years, VO2peak 68.6 ± 8.1 ml kg-1  min-1 ) completed two 60 min submaximal cycling trials at 60% of VO2peak power output...
March 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Cyril Schmit, Rob Duffield, Christophe Hausswirth, Jeanick Brisswalter, Yann Le Meur
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of high- versus low-intensity training in the heat and ensuing taper period in the heat on endurance performance. METHODS: In total, 19 well-trained triathletes undertook 5 days of normal training and a 1-wk taper including either low- (heat acclimation [HA-L], n = 10) or high-intensity (HA-H, n = 9) training sessions in the heat (30°C, 50% relative humidity). A control group (n = 10) reproduced their usual training in thermoneutral conditions...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Julia R Casadio, Adam G Storey, Fabrice Merien, Andrew E Kilding, James D Cotter, Paul B Laursen
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of heated resistance exercise on thermal strain, neuromuscular function and hormonal responses in power athletes. METHODS: Sixteen (n = 8 female; 8 male) highly trained power athletes completed a combined strength and power resistance exercise session in hot (HOT ~30 °C) and temperate (CON ~20 °C) conditions. Human growth hormone (hGH), cortisol and testosterone concentrations in plasma, peak power (counter-movement jump, CMJ) and peak force (isometric mid-thigh pull) were measured before and after each training session; thermoregulatory responses were monitored during training...
October 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Sebastian Mathes, Niklas Lehnen, Tobias Link, Wilhelm Bloch, Joachim Mester, Patrick Wahl
PURPOSE: To examine if chronic endurance training by means of simultaneously applied, superimposed electromyostimulation (EMS) can be used to improve performance and physiological core parameters compared to the traditional cycling. METHODS: Twenty-one male subjects (VO2peak 55.2 ± 5.1 ml min- 1  kg- 1 ) were assigned to either a cycling (C) or cycling with superimposed EMS (C + E) group. Before and after the 4-week training period, including 14 sessions of moderate cycling [60 min at 60% peak power output (PPO)], participants performed a 20-min time-trial, a step test to exhaustion, a 30-s isokinetic sprint test, and maximum force- and power-tests...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Albert P C Chan, Y Yang, Francis K W Wong, Michael C H Yam, Del P Wong, W F Song
Cooling treatment is regarded as one of good practices to provide safe training conditions to athletic trainers in the hot environment. The present study aimed to investigate whether wearing a commercial lightweight and portable hybrid cooling vest that combines air ventilation fans with frozen gel packs was an effective means to reduce participants' body heat strain. In this within-subject repeated measures study, 10 male volunteers participated in two heat-stress trials (one with the cooling vest - COOL condition, and another without - CON condition, in a randomized order) inside a climatic chamber with a controlled ambient temperature 33 °C and relative humidity (RH) 75% on an experimental day...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Carl A James, Alan J Richardson, Peter W Watt, Ashley G B Willmott, Oliver R Gibson, Neil S Maxwell
This study investigated the effect of 5 days of controlled short-term heat acclimation (STHA) on the determinants of endurance performance and 5-km performance in runners, relative to the impairment afforded by moderate heat stress. A control group (CON), matched for total work and power output (2.7 W·kg(-1)), differentiated thermal and exercise contributions of STHA on exercise performance. Seventeen participants (10 STHA, 7 CON) completed graded exercise tests (GXTs) in cool (13 °C, 50% relative humidity (RH), pre-training) and hot conditions (32 °C, 60% RH, pre- and post-training), as well as 5-km time trials (TTs) in the heat, pre- and post-training...
March 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Iker Leoz-Abaurrea, Mikel Izquierdo, Miriam Gonzalez-Izal, Roberto Aguado-Jiménez
The efficacy of the use of an upper body compression garment (UBCG) as an ergogenic aid to reduce thermoregulatory strain in older adults remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of UBCG on thermoregulatory, cardiorespiratory, and perceptual responses during cycling in a temperate environment (~25 °C, 66% rh) in trained older adults. Twelve cyclists aged 66 ± 2 years performed an intermittent 1-hr cycling trial at 50% of the peak power output followed by 10 min of passive recovery...
January 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Yingkai Yang, Songfeng Cao, Grant S Shields, Zhaojun Teng, Yanling Liu
BACKGROUND: Rumination has been thought to relate to deficits in core executive functions (EFs), but the empirical findings for this idea are mixed. The aim of the present study is to synthesize existing literature to clarify these relations. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search revealed 34 published as well as unpublished studies on the associations between rumination and core EF. These studies report on 3,066 participants. The effect size in the meta-analyses was obtained by the z transformation of correlation coefficients...
January 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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