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Nanna Mik-Meyer, David Silverman
This article seeks to develop our understanding of the agency of vulnerable groups who at first sight may not seem to have much agency in their lives. It explores the co-constructed nature of agency in three Danish homeless shelters. Unlike earlier interview-based studies, our research is based on naturalistic data drawn from 23 video-recorded placement meetings. Using concepts from Goffman, we examine how versions of the neediness and worthiness of homeless people are negotiated verbally and bodily between staff and clients...
January 9, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
Dena Goffman, Leslie Moroz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
Dena Goffman, Cande V Ananth, Adiel Fleischer, Mary D'Alton, Jessica A Lavery, Richard Smiley, Kristin Zielinski, Cynthia Chazotte
OBJECTIVE:  To determine the effects of the Safe Motherhood Initiative's (SMI) obstetric hemorrhage bundle in New York State (NYS). METHODS:  In 2013, the SMI convened interprofessional workgroups on hemorrhage, venous thromboembolism, and hypertension tasked with developing evidence-based care bundles. Participating hospitals submitted data measured before, during, and after implementation of the hemorrhage bundle: maternal mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, cardiovascular collapse, hysterectomy, and transfusion of ≥4 units of red blood cells (RBCs)...
January 4, 2019: American Journal of Perinatology
De-Jung Chen
Couchsurfing is a website to facilitate hospitality exchange between global travelers and local hosts. As Couchsurfing was initiated, it was just an alternative accommodation for budget travelers. However, now Couchsurfing has been recognized as a stylish way of travel, which brings new forms of tourist experiences and scenarios. In the light of the transformation of Couchsurfing, this study tries to explore how social-media technologies, hosts, surfers, and spaces are mobilized to perform Couchsurfing. Goffman's performance theory as well as the extended concepts about online performance and tourist performance is adopted to analyze the Couchsurfing practice...
March 2018: Tourist studies
Jessica Spiegelman, Jean-Ju Sheen, Dena Goffman
Postpartum hemorrhage is an important contributor to maternal morbidity, and is one of the most common worldwide causes of preventable maternal mortality. Preventing significant morbidity and mortality from postpartum hemorrhage necessitates preparedness on both a unit and patient level. Our objectives are to define a bundle, to review the elements of the Council on Patient Safety in Women's Healthcare Obstetric Hemorrhage Bundle and to highlight simulation-based training opportunities, focusing on readiness for this significant obstetric emergency...
November 14, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
Janet Vuolo, Lisa Goffman
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between language load and articulatory variability in children with language and speech sound disorders, including childhood apraxia of speech. Method: Forty-six children, ages 48-92 months, participated in the current study, including children with speech sound disorder, developmental language disorder (aka specific language impairment), childhood apraxia of speech, and typical development. Children imitated (low language load task) then retrieved (high language load task) agent + action phrases...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Beth A Payne, Helen Ryan, Jeffrey Bone, Laura A Magee, Alice B Aarvold, J Mark Ansermino, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Mary Bowen, J Guilherme Cecatti, Cynthia Chazotte, Tim Crozier, Anne-Cornélie J M de Pont, Oktay Demirkiran, Tao Duan, Marlot Kallen, Wessel Ganzevoort, Michael Geary, Dena Goffman, Jennifer A Hutcheon, K S Joseph, Stephen E Lapinsky, Isam Lataifeh, Jing Li, Sarka Liskonova, Emily M Hamel, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Colm O'Herlihy, Ben W J Mol, P Gareth R Seaward, Ramzy Tadros, Turkan Togal, Rahat Qureshi, U Vivian Ukah, Daniela Vasquez, Euan Wallace, Paul Yong, Vivian Zhou, Keith R Walley, Peter von Dadelszen
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) outcome prediction models, such as Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE), were designed in general critical care populations and their use in obstetric populations is contentious. The aim of the CIPHER (Collaborative Integrated Pregnancy High-dependency Estimate of Risk) study was to develop and internally validate a multivariable prognostic model calibrated specifically for pregnant or recently delivered women admitted for critical care...
October 30, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Johanne Jean-Pierre
This article explores the experiences of linguicism of Quebec English-speaking and Franco-Ontarian postsecondary students and how they respond to these experiences. Using Goffman's theory of stigma and a qualitative approach, this article presents findings that emerged from interviews conducted between January and June 2014 in Quebec and Ontario. Both Quebec English-speaking and Franco-Ontarian participants report experiences of linguicism, which are fueled by certain stigma theories. Participants in both groups use similar strategies to avoid conflict, but diverge in their attitudes...
October 23, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Christopher Holmberg, Christina Berg, Thomas Hillman, Lauren Lissner, John Eric Chaplin
Background: Emerging research suggests that social media has the potential in clinical settings to enhance interaction with and between pediatric patients with various conditions. However, appearance norms and weight stigmatization can make adolescents with obesity uncomfortable about using these visual-based media. It is therefore important to explore these adolescents' perspectives to identify the implications and concerns regarding the use of social media in clinical settings. Objective: To explore the experiences of adolescents in treatment for obesity in terms of how they present themselves on social media, their rationale behind their presentations, and their feelings related to self-presentation...
January 2018: Digital Health
Sara Benham, Lisa Goffman, Richard Schweickert
Purpose: Network science has been a valuable tool in language research for investigating relationships between complex linguistic elements but has not yet been applied to sound sequencing in production. In the present work, we used standard error-based accuracy and articulatory kinematic approaches as well as novel measures from network science to evaluate variability and sequencing errors in speech production in children with developmental language disorder (DLD; aka specific language impairment)...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jean-Ju Sheen, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Adina R Kern-Goldberger, Whitney Booker, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the risk for severe maternal morbidity and other pregnancy complications by maternal age during delivery hospitalizations. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis used the Perspective database to characterize the risk for adverse maternal outcomes from 2006 to 2015 based on maternal age. Women were divided into seven categories based on maternal age: 15-17 years of age, 18-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44 and 45-54...
August 25, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marta Spranzi
The prevention of abuse is a crucial issue in medical ethics. At the very least, the hospital setting should respect basic human rights, including dignity and life. In this respect, the normative reference to the concept of humanity plays a crucial role. However, the public as well as health-care professionals need to be aware of a more subtle and invisible form of abuse, "ordinary abuse." It can be defined as the undue suspension of the implicit rules of ordinary interactions, whose importance has been stressed by Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel...
2018: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Timothy Wen, Victoria X Yu, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Frank Attenello, William J Mack, Mary D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: How hospital length of stay after delivery for women with preeclampsia is associated with risk for readmission is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate risk for 60-day hypertension-related postpartum readmission based on length of stay after delivery. METHODS: The 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's (HCUP) Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to analyze risk for readmission for a hypertension-related diagnosis within 60 days from cesarean delivery hospitalization for women with preeclampsia who underwent cesarean delivery...
August 19, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Eyal Bigal, Danny Morick, Aviad P Scheinin, Harold Salant, Asaf Berkowitz, Roni King, Yaniv Levy, Mar Melero, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Oz Goffman, Nir Hadar, Mia Roditi-Elasar, Dan Tchernov
Toxoplasma gondii has been described in several marine mammals around the world including numerous species of cetaceans, yet infection and transmission mechanisms in the marine environment are not clearly defined. The Israel Marine Mammal Research and Assistance Center has been collating a database of all marine mammal stranding events along the country's national coastlines since 1993. In this study, we describe the molecular detection and characterisation of T. gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) including one case of coinfection with herpesvirus...
July 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Timothy Wen, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Mary E D'Alton, William J Mack, Frank J Attenello, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on when postpartum readmissions for thromboembolism occur after delivery hospitalizations on a population basis in the United States. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize risk factors for and timing of postpartum venous thromboembolism readmission after delivery hospitalization discharge. STUDY DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmissions Database for calendar years 2013 and 2014 was used to perform a retrospective cohort study evaluating risk for readmission for venous thromboembolism within 60 days of discharge from a delivery hospitalization...
October 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ian Rivers, Cesar Gonzalez, Nuno Nodin, Elizabeth Peel, Allan Tyler
Evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people are more likely to attempt to take their own lives in their youth when compared to heterosexual and/or cisgender people. This study draws on in-depth interviews with 17 LGBT individuals living in England, and explores the narratives used by participants to better understand their perceptions of risk and protective circumstances to explain suicide attempts in youth. Using a Goffman-informed thematic analysis, results identified three key themes that were linked to attempts to end life in youth...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
James Rupert Fletcher
The dyad is increasingly recognised as a key site of experiences of dementia, yet theoretical accounts of the dyad remain poor; 21st-century political developments regarding dementia have changed the ways in which the dyad is perceived, from the carer as victim to the person with dementia as victim. Across both approaches, a problematic dichotomy of two individuals remains. The concept of 'joint career', developed from Goffman's 'moral career', offers an alternative approach to shared dyadic experiences of dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Sindhu K Srinivas, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: How race is associated with adverse outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how race is associated with adverse maternal outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for the years 2012-2014...
August 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sebastian Deterding
The social meanings of play sit at odds with norms of responsible and productive adult conduct. To be "caught" playing as an adult therefore risks embarrassment. Still, many designers want to create enjoyable, nonembarrassing play experiences for adults. To address this need, this article reads instances of spontaneous adult play through the lens of Erving Goffman's theory of the interaction order to unpack conditions and strategies for nonembarrassing adult play. It identifies established frames, segregated audiences, scripts supporting smooth performance, managing audience awareness, role distancing, and, particularly, alibis for play: Adults routinely provide alternative, adult-appropriate motives to account for their play, such as child care, professional duties, creative expression, or health...
May 2018: Games and Culture
Asam Latif, Justin Waring, Deborah Watmough, Matthew J Boyd, Rachel A Elliott
Reconfiguration of the healthcare division of labour is becoming increasingly attractive in the context of increased patient demand and resource constraints. One example is the introduction of extended roles for pharmacists to provide patients additional support to manage their medicines, while also reducing work pressures experienced by other health professionals. Understanding how such policies are framed by those delivering and receiving care has been under-theorised. Using Goffman's frame theory, we examine one newly introduced community pharmacy service (New Medicines Service (NMS)) to illustrate how a policy intended to support patient medicine-taking through the extended roles of pharmacists is framed and where this deviates from its proposed aims...
July 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
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