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Jennifer Todd, Jane E Aspell, David Barron, Viren Swami
Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. An online sample of 646 British adults (447 women) aged 18-76 years completed the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), the Body Appreciation Scale-2, the Functionality Appreciation Scale, the Authentic Pride subscale from the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale, and the Appearance Orientation and Overweight Preoccupation subscales from the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire...
February 13, 2019: Body Image
Sanjay Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: Science
James S Wheeler, Chelsea P Renfro, Junling Wang, Yanru Qiao, Kenneth C Hohmeier
OBJECTIVES: To compare viewpoints of nationally certified and noncertified technicians and explore the perceived value of technician certification in the job performance domains of medication safety, skills and abilities, experience, engagement and satisfaction, and productivity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of pharmacy technicians, from 6 states representing 4 regions of the United States, was conducted. Technician mailing lists were purchased from Boards of Pharmacy, and randomly selected technicians were sent survey invitations...
February 8, 2019: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Rahsaan Maxwell
Globalization poses many challenges for national cultural unity, especially in Europe. Some doubt whether national cultures will be able to survive, but there are many counter-trends pushing to maintain national cultural unity. I analyse the dual trends of global diversity and maintaining unity through an everyday manifestation of French culture: elementary school lunches. French school lunch programmes are part of the nation-building process because they are designed to teach students how to eat, which is especially important in France where the art of gastronomy is a key source of identity and pride...
February 11, 2019: British Journal of Sociology
Shaimaa Abdelmegid, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Mohamed Abo-Ismail, Jeff Caswell, David Kelton, Gordon Kirby
This dataset is associated with our research article 'Identification of host-defence related proteins using label-free quantitative proteomic analysis of milk whey from cows with Staphylococcus aureus Subclinical mastitis' published in International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Milk samples were collected from cows suffering from S. aureus -associated subclinical mastitis and the proteins abundance were identified in comparison with samples collected from the control cows using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based label free proteomics analysis...
February 2019: Data in Brief
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi, Grace Oluwatoyin Faronbi, Sunday Joseph Ayamolowo, Adenine Ayobola Olaogun
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of the elderly with chronic illnesses are exposed to the burden associated with their caregiving activities. This study described the lived experience of caregivers of older adults in Nigeria. METHODS: A qualitative design guided by interpretive phenomenology informed the design of the research, whereby 15 in-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of older adults with chronic illnesses. The interview sessions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim and analysed using constant comparison analysis method...
January 25, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hunny Sharma, Swati Verma
Achieving a place in the authorship of published scientific research is a matter of pride and fame associated with creativity, recognition, better evaluation, and financial gains. This had made assigning of authorship in a scientific publication, a complex and challenging issue. Gaining a position in authorship in scientific publications not only prompts or encourages authors to carry out more research but also recourse many of them to the unethical practice of different kinds of authorship abuses. These authorship abuses are done so cleverly and skillfully that neither the journal editors nor the readers of the journals realize that bias had crept in authorship of the publication...
July 2018: Tropical Parasitology
Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, Herbert W Marsh, Thomas Goetz, Anne C Frenzel
A theoretical model linking achievement and emotions is proposed. The model posits that individual achievement promotes positive achievement emotions and reduces negative achievement emotions. In contrast, group-level achievement is thought to reduce individuals' positive emotions and increase their negative emotions. The model was tested using one cross-sectional and two longitudinal datasets on 5th to 10th grade students' achievement emotions in mathematics (Studies 1-3: Ns = 1,610, 1,759, and 4,353, respectively)...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Anita Horvatić, Nicolas Guillemin, Haider Kaab, Dorothy McKeegan, Emily O'Reilly, Maureen Bain, Josipa Kuleš, Peter David Eckersall
Data herein describe the quantitative changes in the plasma proteome in chickens challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a bacterial endotoxin known to stimulate the host innate immune system obtained by shotgun quantitative proteomic tandem mass tags approach using high-resolution Orbitrap technology. Statistical and bioinformatic analyses were performed to specify the effect of bacterial endotoxin. Plasma from chicken (N=6) challenged with Escherichia coli (LPS) (2 mg/kg body weight) was collected pre (0 h) and at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h post injection along with plasma from a control group (N=6) challenged with sterile saline...
December 2018: Data in Brief
Teyim Pride Mbuh, Irene Ane-Anyangwe, Wandji Adeline, Benjamin D Thumamo Pokam, Henry Dilonga Meriki, Wilfred Fon Mbacham
BACKGROUND: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as any bacteriologically confirmed or clinically diagnosed case of TB involving organs other than the lungs. It is frequently a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge with paucity of data available. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bacteriologically confirmed EPTB; to determine the most affected organs and to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of EPTB patients treated under program conditions in the littoral region of Cameroon...
January 17, 2019: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Lee Shepherd
Women may respond to being sexual objectified in different ways, such as confronting the perpetrator, ignoring the action, blaming oneself or considering the action as flattering. However, there has been little research looking at what predicts each of these different responses. The present research assessed the role of emotions in promoting and deterring different anticipated responses to sexual objectification. In both Studies 1 ( n  = 189) and 2 ( n  = 187), female participants were asked to imagine themselves in a situation where they received an inappropriate sexual comment...
2019: Sex Roles
Anna-Karin Lindqvist, Marie Löf, Anna Ek, Stina Rutberg
There has been a decline in children's use of active school transportation (AST) while there is also limited research concerning AST in winter conditions. This study aimed to explore the prerequisites and experiences of schoolchildren and parents participating in an empowerment- and gamification-inspired intervention to promote students' AST in winter conditions. Methods: Thirty-five students, who were aged 12⁻13 years, and 34 parents from the north of Sweden participated in the study. Data were collected using photovoice and open questions in a questionnaire and analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
January 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz, Jeanine Botha
Despite the increasing prominence of competitive disability sport, the literature on the experiences of disabled athletes, particularly in low- and middle- income countries, is sparse. We aimed to describe the participation experiences of a group of athletes in competitive disability sport in South Africa, as well as exploring the ways they talk about issues of identity and self-representation in the context of elite disability sport. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews with a purposefully sampled group of 22 athletes competing at a national level...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Fanli Jia, Lihong Li, Tobias Krettenauer
This study investigated adolescents' self- and other-evaluative moral emotions in prosocial contexts across cultures (Chinese and Canadian). The sample consisted of 341 adolescents from three age groups: early adolescents (Grade 7-8), middle adolescents (Grade 10-11), and late adolescents (1st-2nd-year university). Approximately equal numbers of participants were recruited across genders, age groups, and cultures. Participants were presented eight different scenarios depicting the self or others in prosocial contexts...
January 10, 2019: PsyCh Journal
Victoria Shender, Georgij Arapidi, Ivan Butenko, Nikolay Anikanov, Olga Ivanova, Vadim Govorun
Despite a large number of proteomic studies of biological fluids from ovarian cancer patients, there is a lack of sensitive screening methods in clinical practice (Kim et al., 2016) (DOI:[1]). Low molecular weight endogenous peptides more easily diffuse across endothelial barriers than proteins and can be more relevant biomarker candidates (Meo et al., 2016) (DOI:[2], (Bery et al., 2014) DOI:[3], (Huang et al...
February 2019: Data in Brief
Elizabeth J D'Amico, Daniel L Dickerson, Ryan A Brown, David J Klein, Denis Agniel, Carrie Johnson
OBJECTIVES: There are limited public health data on urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations, particularly adolescents. The current study attempted to address gaps by providing descriptive information on experiences of urban AI/AN adolescents across northern, central, and southern California. DESIGN: We describe demographics and several behavioral health and cultural domains, including: alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, risky sexual behavior, mental and physical health, discrimination experiences, involvement in traditional practices, and cultural pride and belonging...
January 9, 2019: Ethnicity & Health
Marleen M H J van Gelder, Lutea A A de Jong, Bernke Te Winkel, Erik J H Olyslager, Saskia Vorstenbosch, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, André L M Verbeek, Nel Roeleveld
OBJECTIVE: To compare assessment of early pregnancy medication exposure using three methods of data collection. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 752 women participating in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study before gestational week 17. For 52 women using medication at the date of blood sampling according to Web-based questionnaires or pharmacy records, we analysed serum samples using untargeted liquid chromatography time-of-flight spectrometry...
January 4, 2019: Reproductive Toxicology
Srividhya Raghavendran, Leeberk Raja Inbaraj
Background: The need of the hour in Indian healthcare is well-qualified, competent family physicians, but there is an overwhelming importance given to specialized medical care. Family physicians feel that they do not get the recognition they deserve. This study was undertaken to explore the views and perceptions of family physicians and residents about their specialty. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 doctors who are undergoing family medicine (FM) residency and practicing family physicians in Bangalore...
November 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Devon M Price, Jennifer L Howell, Amanda N Gesselman, Stephanie Finneran, Diane M Quinn, Lisa A Eaton
The present study examined how three psychosocial barriers-anticipated HIV stigma, HIV infectiousness-reduction beliefs, and optimism about available HIV treatments-related to HIV testing history and acceptance of an at-home HIV test among men who have sex with men. We also examined the mediating role of a variable that affects medical screening for other health conditions but has not yet been investigated in HIV contexts: the tendency to avoid psychologically threatening information. Volunteers completed a paper and pencil survey and were offered a free at-home HIV test during the 2015 Atlanta Pride Festival in Atlanta, GA...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Morgan E Bartholomew, Bruce Smith, Sheri L Johnson
BACKGROUND: Mania is associated with social conflict, reduced social support, and reduced social interaction quality (Breyer et al., 2003; Coryell et al., 1998; Morriss et al., 2007). Chronic stress in interpersonal relationships is related to the worsening of mood symptoms (Kim et al., 2007), suggesting the importance of characterizing the mechanism of interpersonal relationship disruption in bipolar disorder. The current study was designed to investigate exaggerated dominance tendencies present in at-risk individuals (Gardner, 1982; Wilson and Price, 2006), which may represent one such mechanism...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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