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Down Syndrome and Sport

Vicente Lizondo, Jordi Caplliure-Llopis, Dolores Escrivá, Jose Enrique De La Rubia, Carlos Barrios
The objective of this study was to analyse bone quality parameters of football players with intellectual disability (ID) participating in adapted competitive football. Sixty-seven male football players with ID were studied: 22 with Down syndrome (DS) and 45 without DS. The average age was 26 years (range: 16 ̶ 50 years). A group of 25 age-matched sedentary individuals with ID (11 DS and 14 non-DS) and another group of 20 healthy participants of the same age group not involved in competitive football were comparatively analysed...
January 9, 2019: European Journal of Sport Science
A Ateschrang, M D Ahrend, S Ahmad, D Körner, T Stein, M Yesil, U Stöckle, A J Schreiner
OBJECTIVE: Simultaneous arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior and/or posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) using the GraftLink® system (Arthrex) to obtain stable treatment and good functional results. The transplant is protected by the safety belt like biomechanical GraftLink® principle, which is used to secure the intraoperatively obtained stability in the long term. INDICATIONS: ACL, PCL, or combined cruciate ligament rupture, especially multiligament injuries...
February 2019: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Eduardo N Novais, Mariana G Ferrer, Kathryn A Williams, Sarah D Bixby
BACKGROUND: Leverage of the femoral head against the acetabular rim may lead to posterior hip dislocation during sports activities in hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) deformity. Abnormal concavity of the femoral head and neck junction has been well described in association with posterior hip dislocation. However, acetabular morphology variations are not fully understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to compare the acetabular morphology in terms of acetabular version and coverage of the femoral head in adolescents who sustained a posterior hip dislocation during sports and recreational activities with a control group of patients without a history of hip disease matched by age and sex...
September 27, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Christopher Tomlinson, Alastair Campbell, Alison Hurley, Eoin Fenton, Neil Heron
Down syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in every 1000 babies born in the United Kingdom affected. Patients with Down syndrome are at risk of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Although AAI can occur in other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, this position statement deals specifically with patients with DS and asymptomatic AAI. Atlantoaxial instability, also referred to as atlantoaxial subluxation, is defined as increased movement between the first (atlas) and second (axial) cervical vertebra joint articulation, the atlantoaxial joint...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Nancy L Segal
Twin research in Brazil twin has expanded enormously in recent years, engaging the interests and efforts of many investigators, students and twins. Descriptions and brief summaries of this work and talks given by investigators at local conferences are presented, based on my four-city lecture tour. This is followed by summaries of twin research on infants' viewing of social scenes, religiosity and substance abuse, Down syndrome, and chronic periodontitis. This article concludes with twin-related news and information of general interest, including identical twin property designers, twins with cerebral palsy, twins affected with the Zika virus, a pair of twin writers, twins in sports, and a set of quadruplets from my childhood neighborhood in Riverdale, New York...
October 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Victoria A Books, Lauriece L Zittel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2002: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Alon Rabin, Sigal Portnoy, Zvi Kozol
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Altered hip and knee kinematics have been associated with several knee disorders, including anterior cruciate ligament tear, patellofemoral pain, and iliotibial band syndrome. Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), which has been linked with some of these disorders, has also been associated with altered knee kinematics. Objective To explore the association of ankle DF ROM with hip and knee kinematics during a step-down task. Methods Thirty healthy participants underwent a 3-D analysis of hip and knee kinematics during a lateral step-down test, followed by measurement of ankle DF ROM in weight bearing (WB) and non-weight bearing (NWB)...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Adam Love, Stamatis Agiovlasitis
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) tend to have low physical activity levels, which may relate to how they perceive participation in physical activities. The current study entailed interviews with 30 adults with DS (age 18-71 yr, 18 women) to examine how they perceived physical activity, exercise, and sport. Through qualitative analysis informed by grounded theory, the investigators found that adults with DS have positive perceptions of physical activity that center on enjoyment. Three facets of enjoyment were identified: interaction, achievement, and process...
July 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Andrzej Myśliwiec, Adam Posłuszny, Edward Saulicz, Iwona Doroniewicz, Paweł Linek, Tomasz Wolny, Andrzej Knapik, Jerzy Rottermund, Piotr Żmijewski, Paweł Cieszczyk
Atlanto-axial instability (AAI) is a developmental anomaly often occurring in persons with Down's syndrome (DS). According to various reports, AAI affects from 6.8 to 27% of the population with DS. The aim of this review was to illustrate the issue of AAI with regard to the progressively changing state of scientific knowledge. The extended distance between the rear surface of the frontal arcus of the C1 cervical vertebra and the anterior surface of C2 cervical vertebra dens (anterior atlanto-odontoid distance, AAOD) indicates the occurrence of AAI and is detectable through X-ray examination...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
Marianna Alesi, Annamaria Pepi
BACKGROUND: Despite the wide documentation of the physical/psychological benefits derived from regular physical activity (PA), high levels of inactivity are reported among people with Down syndrome. This study aims to explore parental beliefs concerning involvement, facilitators/barriers and benefits of PA in young people. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 parents of young people with Down syndrome. RESULTS: Three facilitation themes were identified: (i) the support derived from family; (ii) the availability of APA (Adapted Physical Activity) expert instructors and coaches; (iii) the challenging nature of sport activities...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Amir Curcio dos Reis, João Carlos Ferrari Correa, André Serra Bley, Nayra Deise dos Anjos Rabelo, Thiago Yukio Fukuda, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the biomechanical strategies of the trunk and lower extremity during the transition period between the first and second hop of a single-leg triple hop test in women with and without patellofemoral pain (PFP). BACKGROUND: Recent literature has shown that PFP is associated with biomechanical impairments of the lower extremities. A number of studies have analyzed the position of the trunk and lower extremities for functional activities such as walking, squatting, jumping, and the step-down test...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Janet L Hauck, Dale A Ulrich
PURPOSE: The purpose of this feasibility study was to provide an opportunity to increase physical activity (PA) and heart rate (HR) for children with Down syndrome (DS) during unstructured group exercise utilizing a riding device called the Power Pumper®. METHOD: Twenty-four children aged 5 to 7 years old participated in this case-control study, including 12 children with DS and 12 children without DS. Those without DS participated as age-matched controls. A 30-min unstructured PA session utilizing the Power Pumper was provided to both groups on 2 occasions...
2015: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Roman Leischik
The possibility of myocardial damage as a result of endurance sport has been known about since ancient times. According to a leg-end, a soldier named Pheidippides (more likely Philippides) dropped dead after run-ning from war-torn Marathon to Athens with the news of victory. Millennia later, we do not know whether he was a soldier or a courier, or whether he really ran the entire 240 km from Athens to Sparta and then back from Marathon to Athens. What is clear however, is that his death went down in history as the first documented exercise-related death and provides a tangible starting-point for the discipline of sport cardiology...
2015: F1000Research
Piersandro Sette, Mauro Carlini, Damiano Berti, Igor Rucci, Francesco Marchiori, Fausto Toffali, Alberto Schonsberg, Giorgio Ricci, Stefano Tardivo
Mountain sporting activities are an increasingly popular practice that exposes mountaineers to a high risk of adverse events. This report describes a unique case of recovery in an austere environment that involved explosives. In June 2012, a 52-year-old man ascended a cliff tower in the Eastern Alps, Italy. A landslide occurred, and a boulder crushed the climber against a large stone located farther down the cliff, causing compression of the lower limbs and the pelvis with consequent severe musculoskeletal trauma...
June 2015: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Matthew Duenas, Greg Whyte, Rahul Jandial
BACKGROUND: The risks of repeat concussions and returning to play (RTP) prior to the resolution of concussive symptoms are medically established. However, RTP guidelines for high school sports are varied and often notably absent. The island of Guam, a US territory, has a robust athletics program but lacks structure to reduce concussions or establish RTP protocols. Consequently, there is an opportunity to limit the incidence of "second-hit syndrome" and other harmful effects through education and testing...
2014: Surgical Neurology International
Scott R Freedman, Lori Thein Brody, Michael Rosenthal, Justin C Wise
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is the most prevalent orthopaedic condition among physically active individuals, contributing to an estimated 30% to 40% of all sports medicine visits. Techniques using Kinesio Tape (KT) have become increasingly popular; however, there has been scant research supporting its use on patients with PFPS. HYPOTHESIS: The use of patellar KT to treat patients with PFPS will provide a statistically significant improvement in short-term pain and single-leg hop measures as compared with sham placement of KT...
July 2014: Sports Health
Marcelo El-Khouri, Marcelo Alves Mourão, Andrea Tobo, Linamara Rizzo Battistella, Carlos Fernando Pereira Herrero, Marcelo Riberto
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the presence of atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial instabilities as well as their clinical significance in patients with Down syndrome. METHODS: The present study retrospectively evaluated 80 adults with Down syndrome for the presence of atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial instability in lateral craniocervical radiographic images. Atlanto-occipital instability was defined by the Rules of 12 or Harris measurements, using the values of the basion-dens interval or the basion-axial interval...
July 2014: World Neurosurgery
Ryan Solinsky, Gary S Beaupre, Michael Fredericson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the frequency of bracing, geographic region, clinical specialty, or percentage of practice devoted to knee pain influences the criteria used by sports medicine professionals to determine whether a brace should be prescribed for treating patients with nontraumatic patellofemoral pain syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sports medicine practices in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1307 athletic trainers, physical therapists, and sports medicine physicians recruited from the e-mail listings of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, the American Osteopathic Academy of Sports Medicine, the American Physical Therapy Association Sports Physical Therapy Section, the International Patellofemoral Study Group, the International Patellofemoral Retreat list, and National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 athletic team registries...
June 2014: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Manuel Rosety-Rodriguez, Alejandra Camacho, Ignacio Rosety, Gabriel Fornieles, Miguel A Rosety, Antonio J Diaz, Manuel Rosety, Francisco J Ordonez
BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted that muscle strength plays a key role on functional tasks of daily living and employability in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Recent studies have also reported resistance training may improve chronic inflammation in other clinical situations. This is the first study conducted to determine the effect of resistance circuit training on low-grade systemic inflammation in adults with DS. MATERIAL/METHODS: A total of 40 young male adults with DS were recruited for the trial through different community support groups for people with intellectual disabilities and their families...
2013: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Yeshayahu Hutzler, Mali Oz, Sharon Barak
Based on social-learning and self-determination motivational theories, the purpose of this study was to determine the sources of motivation in youth and young adults with intellectual disability (ID) who participate in Special Olympics (SO) competitions and those of typically developed (TD) age- and activity-matched athletes. A convenience sample of 63 SO (25 females and 38 males) and 59 TD (16 females and 43 males) athletes was retrieved through communication with local club coaches. Three sub-groups of SO athletes were identified based on disability, including non specified intellectual disability (NSID=39), Down syndrome (DS=17), and Autism (Aut=7)...
July 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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