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Hypertension prevention

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785634/risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-canada
#1
Alexander A Leung, Tracey Bushnik, Deirdre Hennessy, Finlay A McAlister, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (or high blood pressure) affects almost one in four adults in Canada. Quantifying risk factors associated with hypertension may help to inform prevention efforts. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the first four cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (including 13,407 respondents) were used to identify hypertension status by systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the use of antihypertensive medications. Logistic regression analysis was employed to estimate the association between six cardiovascular risk factors (individually and as a composite score) and hypertension...
February 20, 2019: Health Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784906/lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-strain-mitigated-the-development-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-induced-hypertension-in-a-high-salt-diet-via-regulating-tmao-level-and-cd4-t-cell-induced-type-i-inflammation
#2
Jing Liu, Tianxiang Li, Hui Wu, Haoze Shi, Jinmei Bai, Wei Zhao, Donghui Jiang, Xiufeng Jiang
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and high salt content in modern diet has been particularly implicated in systemic hypertension, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Gut dysbiosis, associated with increased risk of systemic immunological imbalance, plays a causal role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we investigated the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG strain (LGG) on the development of hypertension induced by OSA and high salt diet. In this study, hypertension was modeled in rats by feeding a high salt diet (HSD) for 6 wk and exposuring to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) during the sleep cycle...
February 18, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784677/editor-in-chief-s-top-picks-from-2018
#3
Valentin Fuster
Each week, I record audio summaries for every article in JACC, as well as an issue summary. Although this process is quite time-consuming, I have become familiar with every paper that we publish. Thus, I have personally selected the top 100 papers (both Original Investigations and Review Articles) from 15 distinct specialties each year. In addition to my personal choices, I have included papers that have been the most accessed or downloaded on our websites, as well as those selected by the JACC Editorial Board members...
February 26, 2019: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784422/analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-an-internet-based-self-administered-intervention-living-better-to-promote-healthy-habits-in-a-population-with-obesity-and-hypertension-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Marinna S Mensorio, Ausiàs Cebolla-Martí, Enrique Rodilla, Gonzalo Palomar, Juan Francisco Lisón, Cristina Botella, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Rosa M Baños
INTRODUCTION: Changes in unhealthy lifestyles are key elements in the prevention and treatment of obesity and hypertension. Internet-based programs offer great potential for the implementation of evidence-based interventions focused on promoting healthy habits. We evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based self-administered program ("Living Better") that addresses people diagnosed as being overweight or having type I obesity and hypertension. METHODS: The sample was composed of a total of 106 participants (age Mean = 53; 59 males) from a public hospital in Spain, diagnosed as being overweight or having type I obesity and hypertension and randomized into two groups-the intervention group (IG; Internet-based intervention) and the control group (CG; usual medical treatment)...
April 2019: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783525/are-we-there-yet-with-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-for-secondary-prevention-in-cryptogenic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#5
Pradyumna Agasthi, Kantha Ratnam Kolla, Charan Yerasi, Sibghat Tullah, Venkata Siva Pulivarthi, Boshra Louka, Reza Arsanjani, Eric H Yang, Farouk Mookadam, F David Fortuin
Background: We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the benefit of patent foramen ovale closure in stroke prevention. Methods: We searched Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane central database for randomized control trials assessing the incidence of recurrent stroke after patent foramen ovale closure when compared to medical therapy. Pooled odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using a random effects model. The heterogeneity among studies was tested using the χ2 test and inconsistency was quantified using the I2 statistic...
2019: SAGE Open Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783445/expression-of-hcy-and-blood-lipid-levels-in-serum-of-chd-patients-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-chd
#6
Weijing Liu, Tao Wang, Pengfei Sun, Yanju Zhou
Expression of homocysteine (Hcy) and blood lipid levels in serum of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD) patients was investigated and the related risk factors were analyzed. A total of 148 CHD patients were selected as study group and another 120 healthy people attending Weifang People's Hospital for physical examination in the same period as control group. Hcy and blood lipid levels in serum were measured in the two groups, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)...
March 2019: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783410/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-in-2010-and-2016-a-single-center-study-in-guilan-province-iran
#7
Heidar Dadkhah-Tirani, Tolou Hasandokht, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Arsalan Salari, Bijan Shad, Soheil Soltanipour
BACKGROUND: There has been a change in the risk factor profile of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in the western world. We sought to compare the risk factor profile of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in northern part of Iran in 2010 and 2016. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, medical records of 296 CABG patients in 2010 and 500 patients in 2016 were collected from a referral university hospital in Guilan province, Iran...
September 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782915/does-care-in-a-specialised-stroke-prevention-clinic-improve-poststroke-blood-pressure-control-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-comparative-effectiveness-study
#8
Anjail Z Sharrief, Evelyn Hinojosa, Gail Cooksey, Munachi N Okpala, Elenir B Avritscher, Claudia Pedroza, Mary Carter Denny, Joshua Samuels, Jon E Tyson, Sean I Savitz
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a major risk factor for recurrent stroke, and blood pressure (BP) reduction is associated with decreased risk of stroke recurrence. However, many stroke survivors have poorly controlled BP after their initial stroke. The Stroke Transitions Education and Prevention (STEP) Clinic was established to provide a comprehensive approach to stroke risk factor reduction. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This randomised comparative effectiveness study was designed to assess the impact of care in the STEP clinic versus usual care on poststroke BP reduction...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782721/association-of-lifestyle-modification-and-pharmacological-adherence-on-blood-pressure-control-among-patients-with-hypertension-at-kenyatta-national-hospital-kenya-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Samuel Kimani, Waithira Mirie, Margaret Chege, Okubatsion Tekeste Okube, Samuel Muniu
OBJECTIVE: Association of lifestyle modification and pharmacological adherence among patients with hypertension attending a national referral hospital in Kenya. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional. SETTING: Medical wards and outpatient clinic of a national referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=229) diagnosed with primary hypertension for at least 6 months. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Clinical makers, cholesterol levels, anthropometrics, lifestyle/dietary habits adjusted for age, gender and education; antihypertensive adherence; views on prevention of hypertension and adequacy of hypertension information...
January 17, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30780153/pulmonary-hypertension-secondary-to-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-factors-and-pathways-involved-in-pulmonary-vascular-remodeling
#10
REVIEW
Louise Montalva, Lina Antounians, Augusto Zani
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect that is characterized by pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PHTN). PHTN secondary to CDH is a result of vascular remodeling, a structural alteration in the pulmonary vessel wall that occurs in the fetus. Factors involved in vascular remodeling have been reported in several studies, but their interactions remain unclear. To help understand PHTN pathophysiology and design novel preventative and treatment strategies, we have conducted a systematic review of the literature and comprehensively analyzed all factors and pathways involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular remodeling secondary to CDH in the nitrofen model...
February 19, 2019: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779818/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-uncontrolled-blood-pressure-among-hypertensive-patients-in-the-rural-communities-in-the-central-areas-in-thailand-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Suprawee Meelab, Itsara Bunupuradah, Jitrada Suttiruang, Salisa Sakulrojanawong, Nisanat Thongkua, Chattarin Chantawiboonchai, Prim Chirabandhu, Sasanpin Lertthanaporn, Krissada Suwanthip, Chindanai Songsaengthum, Boonyagorn Keattisaksri, Peeranut Trakulsuk, Apichat Pittapun, Naowanit Nata, Ram Rangsin, Boonsub Sakboonyarat
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease at present. Uncontrolled blood pressure leads to further complications including heart attack, stroke and chronic kidney disease. In Thailand, most of the information related to this issue is collected by hospitals or hospital-based organizations rather than at the community level. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension and to assess the relationship between patient characteristics (socio-behavioral and clinical) and uncontrolled blood pressure among hypertensive patients in the rural communities in the central areas in Thailand...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779485/-treatment-dilemmas-in-fulminant-intracranial-hypertension
#12
Eyal Aloni, Majd Arow, Moris Harstein, Zina Almer, Galina Sholohov
Fulminant intracranial hypertension is a rare, acute presentation of idiopathic intracranial hypertension with rapid and devastating visual loss that can lead to blindness. As vision deteriorates quickly and often irreversibly, prevention of further visual loss requires emergent treatment to decrease intracranial pressure. The case presented is that of an 18 years old male with new symptoms of headaches and visual obscurations that had rapid progressive visual loss with findings of severe bilateral swollen discs...
February 2019: Harefuah
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30779105/taste-olfactory-and-texture-related-genes-and-food-choices-implications-on-health-status
#13
V Precone, T Beccari, L Stuppia, M Baglivo, S Paolacci, E Manara, G A D Miggiano, B Falsini, A Trifirò, A Zanlari, K L Herbst, V Unfer, M Bertelli
OBJECTIVE: The food choices are due to a mixture of sensory signals including gustatory, olfactory, and texture sensations. The aim of this quality review was to update data about studies concerning genetics of taste, olfactory and texture receptors and their influence on the health status in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in MEDLINE, Pubmed database and Scopus, for articles published in English until December 2018. Two independent researches selected the studies and extracted the data...
February 2019: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777552/relationship-between-peripheral-central-blood-pressure-and-cardiac-renal-damage-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#14
Ahmet Firat, Bulent Kaya, Mustafa Balal, Saime Paydas, Rabia Akilli
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is a common and important problem in kidney transplant recipients, directly affecting graft and patient survival. Here, we evaluated the relationship between renal-cardiac damage and peripheral and central aortic blood pressure levels in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured peripheral blood pressure (office, daytime ambulatory, and central aortic) in 46 kidney transplant recipients. Biochemical parameters were simultaneously measured...
January 2019: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30776863/-investigation-of-hearing-loss-and-speech-recognition-ability-of-the-elderly-and-analysis-of-its-high-risk-factors
#15
H L Zhang, X C Gong, X J Hao, J Deng, H Y Liu, D Wu, X X Huo, R Guo
Objective: To investigate the hearing loss and speech disorders in the elderly, to analyze the risk factors of the elderly deafness, as well as to provide reference for the clinical research of the elderly deafness. Methods: From March 2016 to March 2018, 913 elderly people, who were tested for hearing and speech disorders, were examined by a unified questionnaire to investigate the demographic data of the subjects and the related factors of deafness, and the hearing and speech recognition tests were carried out...
February 7, 2019: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775995/white-matter-hyperintensities-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-lesion-probability-mapping-study
#16
Anna Damulina, Lukas Pirpamer, Stephan Seiler, Thomas Benke, Peter Dal-Bianco, Gerhard Ransmayr, Walter Struhal, Edith Hofer, Christian Langkammer, Marco Duering, Franz Fazekas, Reinhold Schmidt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Higher white matter hyperintensity (WMH) load has been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients in different brain regions when compared to controls. We aimed to assess possible differences of WMH spatial distribution between AD patients and age-matched controls by means of lesion probability maps. METHODS: The present study included MRI scans of 130 probable AD patients with a mean age of 73.4±8.2 years from the Prospective Dementia Registry Austria Study and 130 age-matched healthy controls (HC) from the Austrian Stroke Prevention Family Study...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775849/cardiometabolic-health-in-turner-syndrome
#17
Shanlee M Davis, Mitchell E Geffner
Individuals with Turner syndrome (TS) have a higher morbidity and mortality compared to the general population. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are the major contributors to this burden. Precursors to diabetes and cardiovascular disease make up what is known as metabolic syndrome, including abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and elevated fasting glucose. These features of poor cardiometabolic health are also prevalent among women with TS. Youth with TS also exhibit many of these features, indicating that the pathogenesis of these cardiometabolic conditions may begin early in life...
February 18, 2019: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774836/appropriate-interventions-for-pregnant-women-with-indicators-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Farideh Mohsenzadeh-Ledari, Ziba Taghizadeh, Zahra Motaghi, Afsaneh Keramat, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ali Najafi
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a series of symptoms, including abdominal obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and insulin metabolism, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, is considered as the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes that can predispose a pregnant women to serious health problem, women in the developed as well as the developing countries. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of appropriate interventions on pregnant women with indicators of MetS to further improve the outcome of pregnancy...
2019: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774601/exercise-and-arterial-modulation-in-children-the-examin-youth-study
#19
Katharina Endes, Sabrina Köchli, Lukas Zahner, Henner Hanssen
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains to be one of the most frequent causes of death worldwide. Cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypertension and obesity often manifest in childhood. The study examines the associations of blood pressure, body mass index and physical activity with cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and psychosocial health of children in a systems physiology approach. Methods/Design: This cross-sectional study will be performed in a cohort of 6 to 8 year old school children ( n = 1000)...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774358/the-effect-of-the-behavior-modification-program-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-on-reducing-the-risk-of-hypertension-among-elderly-patients-in-the-rural-community-of-phayao-thailand
#20
Katekaew Seangpraw, Nisarat Auttama, Prakasit Tonchoy, Pitakpong Panta
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) program with self-efficacy on reducing the risk of hypertension among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao Province in Northern Thailand. Patients and methods: A quasi-experimental study was employed among elderly patients in the rural community of Phayao. Multistage random sampling was used to select a study area with similar characteristics...
2019: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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