Read by QxMD icon Read

puerperal fever

T L Tan, L Y Lee, W C Lim
The occurrence of Leptospirosis and Escherichia coli coinfection in the post-partum period is a novel case. This report illustrated a previously well woman from a suburban area presented with acute neurological deterioration following a two days history of fever during her puerperal period. Early interventions with fluids, broad spectrum antibiotics and intensive supportive care were given. Despite that, she deteriorated rapidly and developed pulmonary hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, and multi-organ failure...
December 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Cassia Roth
This article explores women's reproductive health in early twentieth-century Rio de Janeiro, showing that elevated and sustained stillbirth and maternal mortality rates marked women's reproductive years. Syphilis and obstetric complications during childbirth were the main causes of stillbirths, while puerperal fever led maternal death rates. Utilizing traditional sources such as medical dissertations and lesser-used sources including criminal investigations, this article argues that despite official efforts to medicalize childbirth and increase access to clinical healthcare, no real improvements were made to women's reproductive health in the first half of the twentieth century...
October 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Nicholas Kadar
Ignaz Semmelweis was a Hungarian obstetrician who discovered the cause of puerperal or childbed fever (CBF) in 1847 when he was a 29 year old Chief Resident ('first assistant') in the first clinic of the lying-in division of the Vienna General Hospital. Childbed fever was then the leading cause of maternal mortality, and so ravaged lying-in hospitals that they often had to be closed. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) from CBF at the first clinic where Semmelweis worked, and where only medical students were taught, was three times greater than at the second clinic, where only midwives were taught, and Semmelweis was determined to find out why...
November 13, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
S Čermáková, T Fait
OBJECTIVE: To describe unusual cause of diplopia in early puerperal period. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital Motol. CASE REPORT: 34-year-old patient at 39 weeks of gestation complaining fever, headache and blurring of vision was referred to our medical center. She underwent caesarean section for tachycardia of fetus. Symptoms remained during early puerperium...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Amihai Rottenstreich, Shmuel Benenson, Gabriel Levin, Geffen Kleinstern, Allon E Moses, Sharon Amit
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, risk factors, clinical course and outcomes of pregnancy-related group A streptococcus (GAS) infection. METHODS: A retrospective 13-year cohort study of culture-proven pregnancy-related GAS infection was performed at two university hospitals, serving heterogeneous, multicultural, urban and rural populations. RESULTS: Of 124 women diagnosed with pregnancy-related GAS infection, 115 (93%) were in the puerperium, an incidence of 0...
October 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Bruno Atalić
Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis's significance for the history of medicine lies in his discovery of the cause of puerperal fever. He discovered it during his work at the First Obstetrics Clinic of the Vienna's Allgemeines Krankenhaus. Since the mentioned Clinic, led by the doctors, had much higher mortality rates of the child-bearing women than the Second Obstetrics Clinic, led by the midwives, he wanted to determine the causes of such a state. He came to the conclusion that puerperal sepsis was transmitted by the doctors and medical students, who after performing the anatomical sections started to perform the births with their hands beforehand washed only with soap...
June 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Michal Fishel Bartal, Baha M Sibai, Tali Ben-Mayor Bashi, Ayelet Dangot, Irit Schushan Eisen, Mordechai Dulitzki, Yael Inbar, Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Israel Hendler
INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography (CT) imaging should be employed judiciously, given its cost, use of intravenous contrast, and ionizing radiation. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical benefit of a CT scan in the evaluation of refractory puerperal fever and to identify the appropriate candidates for its use. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in a single tertiary care center between January 2007 to April 2017. Indications for CT scan were refractory postpartum fever of ≥3 days and/or ultrasound findings suggesting complex abdominal fluid collection...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Joseph Ngonzi, Lisa M Bebell, Yarine Fajardo, Adeline A Boatin, Mark J Siedner, Ingrid V Bassett, Yves Jacquemyn, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Jerome Kabakyenga, Blair J Wylie, David R Bangsberg, Laura E Riley
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of recent prospective data on the incidence of postpartum infections and associated risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective studies estimate that puerperal sepsis causes approximately 10% of maternal deaths in Africa. METHODS: We enrolled 4231 women presenting to a Ugandan regional referral hospital for delivery or postpartum care into a prospective cohort and measured vital signs postpartum. Women developing fever (> 38...
June 28, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
László Rosivall
Semmelweis finally achieved results from his persistent research work. Those being the scientific analysis of clinical statistical data and his animal experiments, which recognized the dreadful disease of puerperal fever and its prevention. "He not only discovered the real cause of puerperal fever but he also created antiseptic prophylaxis, which he introduced in obstetrics and laid the foundations of modern surgery (asepsis). The theory and practice of asepsis stemmed from the discovery of the etiology of puerperal fever and therefore originating from the genius idea of Semmelweis...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
István Gazda
In this article we examine why Semmelweis's seemingly simple, logical and practical discovery was categorically dismissed by the majority of his contemporaries, and why even many years after his death it was accepted with such reservation. We invoke wherever possible Semmelweis's own words citing from the series of articles appearing in the 'Orvosi Hetilap' [Hungarian Medical Weekly Journal] published in 1858 in Hungary, and also from the German language summary of the Journal published in 1860. We came to the conclusion that although Semmelweis did everything in his power to show the causal relationship between the development of puerperal fever (childbed fever) and some infectious substance on the hands of examining doctors and medical students, this was not convincing enough...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
László Kiss
Ignác Semmelweis did not publish his discovery in Vienna - i.e., that the puerperal fever may be prevented by careful washing of the hand in chlorine solution (asepsis) - for ten years. The Medical Weekly started its publications edited by Lajos Markusovszky in Pest in 1857. Semmelweis as a professor of theoretical and practical obstetrics at the University of Pest published a study about puerperal fever in the first volume, and Hungarian physicians became familiar with Semmelweis' opinion from this medical journal...
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
László Iffy
Originally published in the Hungarian Postgraduate Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics (2016; 18: 209-2013). Reprint with the contribution and permission of the Professional Publishing Hungary Kft., Budapest. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(26): 1079-1083.
July 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Margarida da Silva Cunha, Ana Beatriz Godinho, Rosário Botelho, José Pinto de Almeida
Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis is a rare puerperal complication. It is an important differential diagnosis of postpartum fever and abdominal pain and although the condition is well known its diagnosis can be challenging. We report a case of a 41-year-old woman with fever and right abdominal pain three days after an uncomplicated caesarean delivery. Clinical, laboratory and imaging exams were unremarkable and the patient was treated for endometritis. In the absence of improvement despite an antibiotic adjustment, a clinical diagnosis of septic pelvic thrombophlebitis was made, and the patient presented a good response to anticoagulation in conjunction with broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy...
January 2018: Case Reports in Women's Health
Akke Alberts, Agneta Blanck Olerup, Pelle Gustafson
Puerpural fever still exist. A rare condition that must be kept in mind All 33 claims to the Swedish National Patient Insurance (LÖF) in 2010-2014 related to obstetric infections, of which 14 were due to endometritis, were examined. Nine women suffered from fulminant infections consistent with classical puerperal fever (childbed fever), 2 of which were life-threatening. They occurred unexpectedly, mainly after uncomplicated deliveries, and were usually caused by Group A streptococci. Five women suffered from endometritis with a mild or moderate clinical course...
January 26, 2018: Läkartidningen
Sarah Rae Easter, Rose L Molina, Kartik K Venkatesh, Anjali Kaimal, Ruth Tuomala, Laura E Riley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with maternal bacteremia in febrile peripartum women. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of women with fevers occurring between 7 days before and up to 42 days after delivery of viable neonates at two academic hospitals. Women with positive blood cultures were matched with the next two febrile women meeting inclusion criteria with negative blood cultures in the microbiology data without other matching parameters...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Q Feng, J L Tang
Puerperal fever was a major cause of maternal death in Europe in the 19(th) century. Many efforts were made to investigate the cause of the epidemic but failed. In 1846, Semmelweis, a young obstetrician in Vienna General Hospital, started his historical investigation. His breakthrough was largely due to his doctor friend's accidental injury during autopsy and his consequential death. Semmelweis found the pathological findings in his friend's post mortem examination were very similar to puerperal fever. He postulated his friend's death might be caused by "cadaverous particles" from cadavers and further inferred that puerperal fever might also be caused by the cadaverous particles that doctors brought to the delivering women after autopsy classes...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Lisa M Bebell, Joseph Ngonzi, Joel Bazira, Yarine Fajardo, Adeline A Boatin, Mark J Siedner, Ingrid V Bassett, Dan Nyehangane, Deborah Nanjebe, Yves Jacquemyn, Jean-Pierre van Geertruyden, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, David R Bangsberg, Laura E Riley, Yap Boum
INTRODUCTION: Puerperal sepsis causes 10% of maternal deaths in Africa, but prospective studies on incidence, microbiology and antimicrobial resistance are lacking. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 4,231 Ugandan women presenting to a regional referral hospital for delivery or postpartum care, measured vital signs after delivery, performed structured physical exam, symptom questionnaire, and microbiologic evaluation of febrile and hypothermic women...
2017: PloS One
Liuying Zhong, Dunjin Chen, Mei Zhong, Yutian He, Chunhong Su
This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics and to manage patients with retained placenta left in situ accompanied by fever following vaginal delivery.Twenty-one patients with retained placenta in association with fever following vaginal delivery were enrolled and managed at the maternity department of our university hospital between 2012 and 2014.All patients had risk factors for development of placenta accreta: previous cesarean sections (4/21), previous curettage (15/21), or uterine malformations (7/21)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Claire Oluwalana, Bully Camara, Christian Bottomley, Sean Goodier, Abdoulie Bojang, Beate Kampmann, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Anna Roca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We have recently completed a proof-of-concept trial showing that bacterial colonization decreased in women and newborns after the administration of azithromycin during labor. Here, we aim to assess the effect of the intervention on maternal and neonatal clinical infections. METHODS: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. Gambian women in labor were given either an oral dose of azithromycin (2 g) or placebo. Follow-up was conducted for 8 weeks after delivery...
February 2017: Pediatrics
M Freick, H Enbergs, J Walraph, R Diller, J Weber, A Konrath
Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) is the causative agent of Q fever both in humans and animals. The objectives of this study were to investigate seropositivity and bacterial shedding in heifers and primiparous cows in an endemically infected herd and to assess the effects on post-partum diseases, fertility and milk production. At the age of 9 months, 96 Holstein heifers were included. Sampling was performed reproduction-orientated: at the beginning of the study, at detection of first pregnancy, 3 weeks before expected calving date (blood serum), at parturition and after 21, 42, 100 and 150 days in milk (DIM) (blood serum, vaginal swabs and milk)...
February 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"