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sleep AND disorder

Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi
Current study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between emotional eating and night eating syndrome (NES) with sleep quality among adolescents in Tabriz-Iran. The current study was conducted among eighty adolescent boys aged 12-16 years old from Tabriz-Iran. Night eating syndrome and Emotional eating were measured by validated specific questionnaires. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used for assessment of sleep quality. Emotional and very emotional eaters had significantly higher protein and fat intake...
March 16, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Luís Miguel Martín-López, Enric Álvarez, Soledad Romero, Matilde Elices, Víctor Pérez
Bipolar disorder (BD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share numerous clinical features, which can make the differential diagnosis challenging. Studies conducted in adults suggest that patients with BD and ADHD have different sleep patterns. However, in pediatric populations, data on these potential differences are scant. The present preliminary study was conducted to identify potential differences in sleep alterations among youths diagnosed with BD or ADHD compared to healthy controls (HC)...
March 7, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Péter Halász, Péter Przemyslaw Ujma, Dániel Fabó, Róbert Bódizs, Anna Szűcs
We report on a peculiar way of chronic cognitive impairment associated with interictal epileptic activity during NREM sleep. We review three major groups of epilepsy: mesiotemporal epilepsy (MTLE) involving the epileptic derailment of the hippocampal declarative memory system; childhood developmental epileptic encephalopathies; and the spectrum disorders of the perisylvian communication network with the centrotemporal spike phenomenon, overarching child- and adulthood epilepsies, totaling up the majority of epilepsies in childhood...
February 10, 2019: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Rachel E Kaskie, Bianca Graziano, Fabio Ferrarelli
Sleep spindles are NREM sleep EEG oscillations, which are initiated within the thalamus and are regulated by thalamo-cortical circuits. Previous work from our and other research groups has shown marked spindle deficits in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ). However, the presence of spindle impairments at illness onset, including which parameters are most affected, their topographic characteristics, and their relationships with clinical symptoms have yet to be characterized. In this study we performed sleep high density (hd)-EEG recordings in twenty-seven first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and twenty-three healthy controls (HC)...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Chi Nguyen, Gillian Murray, Sarah Anderson, Allan Filipowicz, Krista K Ingram
BACKGROUND: Young adults are disproportionately affected by depression and related mental disorders. Circadian misalignment (a phase advance or delay in the body's internal clock timing) is thought to exert adverse effects on downstream physiological processes regulating mood. Circadian disruption may represent an additional, under-appreciated risk factor affecting young adults. Here, we test the hypothesis that depression in young adults is associated with circadian misalignment-the lack of concordance between an individual's endogenous rhythm and their external social and academic environment...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
A Jakubczyk, J Skrzeszewski, E M Trucco, H Suszek, J Zaorska, M Nowakowska, A Michalska, M Wojnar, M Kopera
BACKGROUND: Interoception may contribute to substance use disorder as it relates to the body's experience of substance use or withdrawal. However, only a few studies have directly investigated associations between interoception and alcohol use. The objective of this study was to compare individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and healthy controls on interoceptive sensibility and accuracy. METHODS: The sample was comprised of two groups: individuals meeting criteria for AUD (N = 114) and healthy controls (N = 110) not meeting criteria for AUD...
March 8, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Georgios Liakakis
Subcortical small-vessel disease (SSVD) is a disorder that has been fully described in clinical, neuropathological and imaging aspects. It is considered as the most prevalent ischemic CNS disorder and has been associated to arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and obstructive sleep apnea. The hallmark of SSVD is the ischemic white matter lesions which can be presented as lacunar infracts and global brain hypoperfusion in a common and homogeneous subtype of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) which is often unrecognized...
January 2019: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Amaryllis Chryssi Malegiannaki, Dimitra Katsarou, Antonios Liolios, Vasiliki Zisi
Individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) are commonly characterized by unique neurocognitive and neurobehavioural profiles that emerge within specific stages in the developmental continuum. A plethora of studies have confirmed DS's relationship to premature aging and subsequent cognitive decline. Due to having three copies of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene which results in amyloid-beta plaque deposition, the cognitive decline often resembles the decline observed in Alzheimer's disease. More specifically, as individuals with DS mature in age (>40) they experience a dramatic increase in difficulties in several cognitive domains, such as language, visuo-spatial abilities, executive functions, working memory, etc...
January 2019: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Eun Jin Yoon, Jee Young Lee, Hyunwoo Nam, Han Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Jae Min Jeong, Yu Kyeong Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify a metabolic network reflecting neurodegeneration in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). METHODS: We recruited a prospective cohort comprising patients with de novo Parkinson's disease (PD) with probable REM sleep behavior disorder (PDRBD, n =21), polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients ( n =28), and age-matched healthy controls (HC) ( n =24). PDRBD-related spatial covariance pattern (PDRBD-RP) were determined from 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET images of the PDRBD group and validated by reproduction in a separate PD cohort with polysomnography-confirmed REM sleep behavior disorder ( n =11)...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Piroska Fehér, Dorina Annár, Annamária Zsákai, Éva Bodzsár
INTRODUCTION: Subjective health complaints are common among children as well. Age, gender, health status, etc. can modify the prevalence, intensity, frequency and the dimensions of the psychosomatic complaints. AIM: The main purposes were to analyse the frequency pattern of psychosomatic complaints in children as well as to study the influence of physical status and lifestyle factors on psychosomatic status. METHOD: The subjects of the present analysis represented a random sample of the Hungarian National Growth Study (n = 13 331; 8-17-year-old)...
March 2019: Orvosi Hetilap
Daniela Fracassetti, Ileana Vigentini, Alfredo Fabrizio Francesco Lo Faro, Patrizia De Nisi, Roberto Foschino, Antonio Tirelli, Marica Orioli, Marcello Iriti
Melatonin (MEL) is an indoleamine produced mainly by the pineal gland in vertebrates. It plays a significant role in the regulation of circadian rhythms, mitigation of sleeping disorders, and jet lag. This compound is synthetized from tryptophan (TRP) and it has been found in seeds, fruits, and fermented beverages, including wine. Wine is also a source of other tryptophan derivatives, the tryptophan ethylester (TEE) and MEL isomers (MISs), for which the biological properties need to be elucidated. An analytical method for the simultaneous quantification of TRP, TEE, and MEL was developed by a Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) of a preconcentration of wine followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis either with fluorescence or mass spectrometer detectors...
March 14, 2019: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Nienke Fleuren, W F Scholte
Nigerian victims of human trafficking often fear revenge of voodoo spirits after escaping from their offenders. Human traffickers usually tell them that voodoo spirits will disturb their sleep and their peace of mind and eventually drive them crazy in case the victim would break the contract. In the Nigerian context, this fear is real and threatening. Western health care professionals should not consider this fear of voodoo as an anxiety disorder, especially because treatment would improperly challenge the validity of deeply rooted religious beliefs...
March 1, 2019: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Dimitrios Poulikakos, Katerina Hnatkova, Sofia Skampardoni, Darren Green, Philip Kalra, Marek Malik
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) is the leading cause of cardiovascular death in dialysis patients. This review discusses potential underlying arrhythmic mechanisms of SCD in the dialysis population. It examines recent evidence from studies using implantable loop recorders and from electrophysiological studies in experimental animal models of chronic kidney disease. The review summarizes advances in the field of non-invasive electrophysiology for risk prediction in dialysis patients focusing on the predictive value of the QRS-T angle and of the assessments of autonomic imbalance by means of heart rate variability analysis...
2019: Frontiers in Physiology
Juan F Masa, Jean-Louis Pépin, Jean-Christian Borel, Babak Mokhlesi, Patrick B Murphy, Maria Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as a combination of obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg·m-2 ), daytime hypercapnia (arterial carbon dioxide tension ≥45 mmHg) and sleep disordered breathing, after ruling out other disorders that may cause alveolar hypoventilation. OHS prevalence has been estimated to be ∼0.4% of the adult population. OHS is typically diagnosed during an episode of acute-on-chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure or when symptoms lead to pulmonary or sleep consultation in stable conditions...
March 31, 2019: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Marie Bruyneel
Telemedicine (TM) is a current tool in the landscape of medicine. It helps to address public health challenges such as increases in chronic disease in an ageing society and the associated burden in healthcare costs. Sleep TM refers to patient data exchange with the purpose of enhancing disease management. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome is a chronic disorder associated with a significant morbidity, mainly cardiometabolic, and mortality. Obtaining adequate compliance to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains the greatest challenge related to OSA treatment, and the adoption of TM to support OSA management makes sense...
March 31, 2019: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Maggie Zhou, Sophie J Bakri, Suzann Pershing
AIM: To evaluate clinical comorbidities and steroid use as risk factors for central serous retinopathy (CSR). METHODS: Using national insurance databases, we conducted a case-control study of beneficiaries with an incident diagnosis of CSR between 2007 and 2015 (n=35 492) and randomly selected controls matched on age-based and sex-based propensity scores (n=1 77 460). RESULTS: The mean age (SD) of cases was 49.1 (12.2) years, and the majority (69...
March 14, 2019: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Erika J Wolf, Filomene G Morrison, Danielle R Sullivan, Mark W Logue, Rachel E Guetta, Annjanette Stone, Steven A Schichman, Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Mark W Miller
BACKGROUND: Longevity gene klotho (KL) is associated with age-related phenotypes but has not been evaluated against a direct human biomarker of cellular aging. We examined KL and psychiatric stress, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is thought to potentiate accelerated aging, in association with biomarkers of cellular aging. METHODS: 309 white, non-Hispanic genotyped veterans with measures of epigenetic age (DNA methylation age), telomere length (n = 252), inflammation (C-reactive protein), psychiatric symptoms, metabolic function, and white matter neural integrity (diffusion tensor imaging; n = 185)...
March 11, 2019: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Penghui Song, Hua Lin, Siran Li, Li Wang, Jianghong Liu, Ning Li, Yuping Wang
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive method, and its application in the treatment of primary insomnia (PI) is poorly researched. PI is considered to be a functional disorder with abnormal brain network connections. TMS combined electroencephalography (EEG) is a valuable method for directly probing excitability and dynamic connectivity of different regions in the brain. We aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of rTMS and its impact on brain network connections in PI patients...
January 17, 2019: Sleep Medicine
Susanna Esposito, Daniela Laino, Renato D'Alonzo, Annalisa Mencarelli, Lorenza Di Genova, Antonella Fattorusso, Alberto Argentiero, Elisabetta Mencaroni
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines concerning the best approach to improving sleep, but it has been shown that it can benefit the affected children and their entire families. The aim of this review is to analyse the efficacy and safety of melatonin in treating pediatric insomnia and sleep disturbances. MAIN BODY: Sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in children and, without appropriate treatment, can become chronic and last for many years; however, distinguishing sleep disturbances from normal age-related changes can be a challenge for physicians and may delay treatment...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Translational Medicine
Shala G Berntsson, Helena Gauffin, Atle Melberg, Anders Holtz, Anne Marie Landtblom
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) treatment is considered a powerful tool in the management of severe spasticity in neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and traumatic spinal cord and brain injury. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the ITB in patients with inherited ataxia suffering from severe painful spasms and/or spasticity. METHOD: A total of 5 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia 3 or 7 or Friedreich's ataxia were included in this observational multicenter study...
March 14, 2019: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
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