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Acute And Kidney And Disease

Elizabeth M Anderson, Jin Zhang, Greg Russell, Isai G Bowline, Braghadheeswar Thyagarajan, DengFeng Li, Lijun Ma, Erica R Anderson, Mariana Murea
Introduction: Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathophysiology of kidney disease. Inhibitors of mitochondrial metabolism are being developed for the treatment of solid organ and hematologic malignancies. We describe the incidence and clinical features of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients treated with the antimitochondrial drug CPI-613. Methods: We identified 33 patients with relapsed or refractory malignancy, previously enrolled in 3 open-label phase II studies, who received single-agent CPI-613 chemotherapy...
February 2019: KI Reports
Alexander J Sharp, Nishith Patel, Barney C Reeves, Gianni D Angelini, Francesca Fiorentino
Objective: Quantify the efficacy of strategies to prevent contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in high-risk patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: CI-AKI remains a common problem. The renoprotective efficacy of existing pharmacological agents remains uncertain in high-risk populations. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to compare different strategies versus hydration in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing CAG±PCI...
2019: Open Heart
Bindu Ganapathineedi, Alaap Mehta, Susmitha Dande, Anjali Shinde, Gary Barsky, Nadew Sebro
BACKGROUND The hallmark of bullous pemphigoid (BP) is widespread tense blisters arising on normal or erythematous skin, often with marked pruritus, the diagnosis of which is confirmed by direct immunofluorescence (DIF). BP is an autoimmune process that can be induced, though rarely, by medications. Drug-induced BP often has atypical clinical presentation, which requires a good understanding of other dermatological conditions with similar presentations, in particular, bullous subtype of erythema multiforme. End organ involvement warrants differentiating it from one of the severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) syndromes...
February 18, 2019: American Journal of Case Reports
Olivette Laure Matafack Dongmo, Nadine Joissy Epoh, Herve Tchoumbou Tadjoua, Sammer Yousuf, Phelix Bruno Telefo, Leon Azefack Tapondjou, M Iqbal Choudhary
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tetrapleura tetrapteura Taub. is a leguminous multipurpose tree (Fabaceae) indigenous to tropical Africa. Fruits, seeds and stem bark infusions or decoctions of Tetrapleura tetrapteura Taub. are used to treat many diseases, such as gastric ulcer, rheumatism, malaria, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work was conducted to evaluate the acute and sub-acute toxicity of the aqueous extract of Tetrapleura tetrapteura Taub...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kristin K Clemens, Niamh O'Regan, Jinnie J Rhee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Older adults often live with chronic disease including diabetes and its complications. In this review, we examine the complexity and heterogeneity of older adults with diabetes and chronic kidney disease, explore the nuances in their diabetes-related monitoring, and discuss their best diabetes management. RECENT FINDINGS: Although there remains an overall lack of studies in older adults with diabetes and chronic kidney disease, recent reports have highlighted their vulnerabilities...
February 15, 2019: Current Diabetes Reports
Alessandro Tonacci, Paolina Quattrocchi, Sebastiano Gangemi
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 family, playing a role in inflammatory, infectious and autoimmune diseases and expressed in the cellular nucleus in several tissues. High levels of IL-33 are expressed in epithelial barrier tissues and endothelial barriers. ST2 is a receptor for IL-33, expressed selectively on a subset of Th2 cells, mediating some of their functions. The IL-33/ST2 axis plays an important role in several acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, including asthma and rheumatoid arthritis...
February 14, 2019: Medicina
Hayley Abbiss, Garth L Maker, Robert D Trengove
Diseases of the kidney are difficult to diagnose and treat. This review summarises the definition, cause, epidemiology and treatment of some of these diseases including chronic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy, acute kidney injury, kidney cancer, kidney transplantation and polycystic kidney diseases. Numerous studies have adopted a metabolomics approach to uncover new small molecule biomarkers of kidney diseases to improve specificity and sensitivity of diagnosis and to uncover biochemical mechanisms that may elucidate the cause and progression of these diseases...
February 14, 2019: Metabolites
Alberto Ortiz
Kidney disease is one of the fastest growing causes of death worldwide, disclosing an unmet clinical need for early diagnosis and optimized risk stratification that allows high risk patient selection for clinical trials and for more intensive nephroprotective interventions in the clinic. The current issue of PROTEOMICS - Clinical Applications contains four manuscripts that explore different aspects of clinical proteomics implementation in the context of acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease and, more specifically, diabetic kidney disease, and kidney transplantation from a diagnostic and risk stratification point of view...
February 15, 2019: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
D Alan Nelson, Eric S Marks, Patricia A Deuster, Francis G O'Connor, Lianne M Kurina
Importance: Concern about the renal effects of nonsteroidand al anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) among young, healthy adults has been limited, but more attention may be warranted given the prevalent use of these agents. Objective: To test for associations between dispensed NSAIDs and incident acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease while controlling for other risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective, longitudinal cohort study used deidentified medical and administrative data on 764 228 active-duty US Army soldiers serving between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014...
February 1, 2019: JAMA network open
Yoojin M Kim, David J Polzin, Aaron Rendahl, Jennifer L Granick
BACKGROUND: Active kidney injury may play a role in chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression in dogs. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a novel tubular kidney injury biomarker, may help differentiate progressive CKD from stable CKD in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To determine if urinary NGAL : creatinine ratio (UNCR) differentiates stable and progressive CKD in dogs. We hypothesized that UNCR would be higher in dogs with progressive CKD versus stable CKD...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Frederick Odun-Ayo, Georgina Odaibo, David Olaleye
Background: Influenza is an acute respiratory disease that continues to cause global epidemics and pandemics in human with significant mortality and morbidity. Objectives: This study was designed to identify the circulating influenza virus in Ibadan, Nigeria during the 2006/2007 season. Methods: Throat swab samples were collected from patients presenting with acute respiratory tract infection at the Out-Patient Departments of major hospitals in Ibadan over a period of seven months from November 2006 to May 2007...
December 2018: African Health Sciences
Wenji Wang, Guihua Hao, Yu Pan, Shuai Ma, Tianye Yang, Peng Shi, Qiuyu Zhu, Yingxin Xie, Shaojun Ma, Qi Zhang, Hong Ruan, Feng Ding
BACKGROUND: Protein-bound uremic toxins are associated with poor outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between indoxyl sulfate (IS), a protein-bound solute, and 90-day mortality in patients with acute kidney injury. METHODS: Adults with hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI) were enrolled in this prospective cohort study between 2014 and 2015, according to the KDIGO creatinine criteria. The primary end point was all-cause death during follow-up...
February 14, 2019: BMC Nephrology
Dana Y Fuhrman, Lan G Nguyen, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Priyanka Priyanka, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing number of young adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD). The goal of this study was to ascertain the frequency of acute kidney injury (AKI) as well as the risk factors and outcomes associated with AKI in young adults with CHD after a surgical procedure. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective cohort study including all patients 18-40 years of age with a diagnosis of CHD admitted to a quaternary care children's hospital cardiac intensive care unit postoperatively from 2004-2015...
February 11, 2019: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, Wen-Chi Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Chao-Jung Chen, An-Kuo Chou, Chia-Hung Kao
Few studies have investigated the risk of physiological sequelae in living kidney donors (KDs). We conducted a population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, which covers more than 99% of citizens.We comprehensively investigated the risk of medical disorders after kidney donation in living KDs using a maximum follow-up of 13 years. From January 1997 to December 2010, 1081 living KDs and 1082 age- and sex-matched non-KDs were eligible. Primary outcomes comprised end-stage renal disease, chronic kidney disease, stroke, cancer, acute myocardial infarction, acute renal failure (ARF), and diabetes...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eun-Ho Lee, Sung-Cheol Yun, Ye-Ji Lim, Jun-Young Jo, Dae-Kee Choi, In-Cheol Choi
We assessed whether perioperative fluid management with balanced solutions and a limited volume of hydroxyethyl starch (renal-protective fluid management [RPF] strategy) could improve renal outcomes after cardiovascular surgery.For this retrospective observational study, we evaluated 2613 patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013. The control group were given intravenous fluids with saline-based solutions and unlimited volumes of hydroxyethyl starch solutions and the RPF group were given intravenous fluids with RPF...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
C Roberto Simons-Linares, Sunguk Jang, Madhusudan Sanaka, Amit Bhatt, Rocio Lopez, John Vargo, Tyler Stevens, Prabhleen Chahal
The triad of acute pancreatitis (AP) coexisting with diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) and hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) has been reported, but no impact on mortality has been found to date. We aim to assess if patients with this triad are at a higher inpatient mortality compared to patients with acute pancreatitis only.Retrospective cohort. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2003 to 2013 was queried for patients with a discharge diagnosis of AP and presence of DKA and HTG was ascertained based on International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision (ICD9) codes...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yu L Naboka, M I Kogan, I A Gudima, E V Mitusova, S K Bedzhanyan, M L Chernitskaya
The generally accepted standard of antibiotic therapy aimed at causative agent does not exclude the risk of acute obstructive pyelonephritis (AOP) to become chronic after the end of antibiotic therapy, resulting in a high incidence of relapses. To assess the outcomes of the AOP, we undertook a prospective clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 51 consistently selected patients (12 men and 39 women) with AOP occurred as a result of unilateral ureteric calculus obstruction. Inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: no history of urological diseases, including urinary stones; the first presentation to the urologist with AOP; the level of the bladder bacteriuria before the drainage of the obstructed kidney more or equal 103 CFU/ml...
October 2018: Urologii︠a︡
Jen-Chun Wang, Wu-Chien Chien, Pauling Chu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chih-Yuan Lin, Shih-Hung Tsai
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that several critical illnesses are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Nonetheless, studies of the association between heat-related illnesses (HRIs) and subsequent CVDs are still limited. We sought to evaluate whether heat stroke (HS) was associated with an increased CVD incidence. METHODS: The data from the nationwide, population-based, retrospective, cohort study described herein were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
2019: PloS One
In O Sun, Lilach O Lerman
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding single-stranded RNA oligonucleotides that modulate physiological and pathological processes by modulating target gene expression. Many miRNAs display tissue-specific expression patterns, the dysregulation of which has been associated with various disease states, including kidney disease. Mounting evidence implicates miRNAs in various biological processes, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and cancer. Because miRNAs are relatively stable in tissue and biological fluids, particularly when carried by extracellular vesicles, changes in their levels may reflect development of human disease...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Deidra C Crews, Aminu K Bello, Gamal Saadi
Kidney disease is a global public health problem, affecting over 750 million persons worldwide. The burden of kidney disease varies substantially across the world, as does its detection and treatment. In many settings, rates of kidney disease and the provision of its care are defined by socio-economic, cultural, and political factors leading to significant disparities. World Kidney Day 2019 offers an opportunity to raise awareness of kidney disease and highlight disparities in its burden and current state of global capacity for prevention and management...
February 13, 2019: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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