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Kelly N Sawyer, Michael Mooney, Gregory Norris, Thomas Devlin, Justin Lundbye, Pratik B Doshi, Jonathan Kyle Hewett, Alan T Kono, Jesse P Jorgensen, Brian J O'Neil
Targeted temperature management (TTM) is recommended postcardiac arrest. The cooling method with the highest safety and efficacy is unknown. The COOL-ARREST pilot trial aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the most contemporary ZOLL Thermogard XP Intravascular Temperature Management (IVTM) system for providing mild TTM postcardiac arrest. This multicenter, prospective, single-arm, observational pilot trial enrolled patients at eight U.S. hospitals between July 28, 2014, and July 24, 2015. Adult (≥18 years old), out-of-hospital cardiac arrest subjects of presumed cardiac etiology who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were considered for inclusion...
June 8, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Noel Watson, Matt Potter, Grigoris Karamasis, Max Damian, Richard Pottinger, Gerald Clesham, Reto Gamma, Rajesh Aggarwal, Jeremy Sayer, Nicholas Robinson, Rohan Jagathesan, Alamgir Kabir, Kare Tang, Paul Kelly, Maria Maccaroni, Ramabhadran Kadayam, Raghu Nalgirkar, Gyanesh Namjoshi, Sali Urovi, Anirudda Pai, Kunal Waghmare, Vincenzo Caruso, James Hampton-Till, Marko Noc, John R Davies, Thomas R Keeble
Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH 33°C) post out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is widely accepted as standard of care. However, uncertainty remains around the dose and therapy duration. OHCA patients are usually kept sedated±paralyzed and ventilated for the first 24-36 hours, which allows for targeted temperature management, but makes neurological prognostication challenging. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and safety of assessing the unconscious OHCA patient after 12 hours for early waking/extubation while continuing to provide MTH for 24 hours, and fever prevention for 72 hours by using an intravenous temperature management (IVTM) system and established conscious MTH anti-shiver regimens...
September 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
T Kerz, C Beyer, S Oswald, R Moringlane
We report on a case of catheter-related thrombosis after 7‑day catheter placement during intravascular temperature management (IVTM), in spite of the use of prophylactic anticoagulants. There were no clinical sequelae. According to the literature, occult thrombosis during ITVM could be more frequent than previously reported and dedicated monitoring for potential thrombosis may be indicated. However, a study comparing IVTM with surface cooling found no differences in clinical outcome. Therefore, n either of the methods can be recommended over the other...
July 2016: Der Anaesthesist
M-I V Kontaxaki, E Kattoulas, N Smyrnis, N C Stefanis
Cognitive impairment is a core feature of schizophrenia and it is considered by many researchers as one of the dimensional components of the disorder. Cognitive dysfunction occurs in 85% of schizophrenic patients and it is negatively associated with the outcome of the disorder, the psychosocial functioning of the patients, and non-compliance with treatment. Many different cognitive domains are impaired in schizophrenia, such as attention, memory, executive functions and speech. Nowadays, it is argued that apart from clinical heterogeneity of schizophrenia, there is probable heterogeneity in the accompanying neurocognitive dysfunction...
January 2014: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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