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Genital warts

Nagwa Essa, Medhat A Saleh, Rasha M Mostafa, Emad A Taha, Taghreed A Ismail
Background: Warts are one of the most common, persistent, and frustrating cutaneous problems encountered in dermatology clinical practice especially in younger generations. Objective: To determine the prevalence of warts in primary school children in Tema District, Sohag, Egypt, and to determine possible factors associated with transmission. Participants and methods: A school-based cross-sectional (prevalence) study was carried out during the academic year 2015-2016 in six primary schools in Tema District, Sohag Governorate, Egypt...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Carmen Lisboa, Irene Santo, Jacinta Azevedo, Luis Azevedo, Angela Pista, Camila Dias, Maria Joaõ Cunha
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is highly prevalent in the sexually active population. This study estimates the prevalence of HPV DNA in anal and oral samples from a cohort of men and women with incident anogenital warts. Anal and/or oral samples from 541 patients with anogenital warts were tested for 35 HPV genotypes using a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) assay. The overall prevalence of anal HPV and oral HPV DNA was 59.9% (n = 305/509; 95% confidence interval (CI) 55.6-64.1%) and 14.5% (n = 78/538; 95% CI 11...
February 6, 2019: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Pam Sonnenberg, Clare Tanton, David Mesher, Eleanor King, Simon Beddows, Nigel Field, Catherine H Mercer, Kate Soldan, Anne M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of, and describe risk factors for, genital warts (GWs) in the British population, following the introduction of the bivalent (human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18) vaccination programme in girls, and prior to the switch to quadrivalent (HPV-6/11/16/18) vaccine (offering direct protection against GWs) and compare this with GW diagnoses in the prevaccination era. METHODS: Natsal-3, a probability sample survey in Britain, conducted in 2010-2012, interviewed 9902 men and women aged 16-44...
February 5, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Dara Grennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Marta Domenech-Viñolas, Leith León-Maldonado, Paula Ramírez-Palacios, Yvonne N Flores, Víctor Granados-García, Brandon Brown, Edgar Corona, Stephanie Liu, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Jorge Salmerón
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of genital warts (GW)in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated the annual incidence of GW based on data reported by specialist physicians. We also assessed GW treatment practices, the average cost of treatment, and the psychosocial burden of GW among patients. RESULTS: The annual incidence of GW in Mexico was estimated to be 547 200 cases. Treatment procedures vary by specialist and patient gender. The estimated annual cost was $195 million USD...
November 2018: Salud Pública de México
T Baldovin, C Bertoncello, S Cocchio, M Fonzo, D Gazzani, A Buja, S Majori, V Baldo
HPV is involved in cervical, anal, penile, vulvar and oropharyngeal cancers, as well as genital warts. It is important to investigate knowledge and attitudes among university students, considering in this age a shift in healthcare decision-making from parents to students themselves. The aim of this study was to estimate knowledge and perception of HPV in terms of potential shame for HPV-related conditions, trust in vaccine efficacy and worry for potential side effects. The study involved students (18-25 years old) from the Universities of Padua and Verona, Italy...
January 28, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Jin-Kyoung Oh, Hwa Young Choi, Minji Han, Jae-Kwan Lee, Kyung-Jin Min, Moran Ki
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate trends in the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related diseases in the era before the introduction of organised HPV vaccination programmes in the Republic of Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used National Health Insurance Service data from 2002 to 2015 and included participants who were diagnosed with the following HPV-related diseases (codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision): genital warts (A63...
January 24, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Marina I Salvadori
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to cause genital warts, cervical cancer, penile cancer, anal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. In North America, the lifetime cumulative incidence of HPV infection is estimated at more than 70% for all HPV types combined. A safe and effective vaccine against nine HPV types is available. HPV vaccine should be administered routinely to all girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 13 years of age. All youth who have not received the vaccine in a routine program should receive the vaccine in a 'catch-up' program...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
Seemitha Shetty, Sumathi Prabhu, Veena Shetty, Avinash K Shetty
PURPOSE: To evaluate knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students in South India. METHODS: Using a post-test study design, a convenience sample of 988 students (age 18-26 years) were surveyed. The primary outcome was vaccine acceptability (likely to intend to receive the vaccine). Bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test of independence and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with vaccine acceptability...
January 16, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Dilip Meena, Shilpi Sharma, Payal Chauhan
Genital warts have a big psychological impact on the affected individuals, as the treatment requires time and multiple sessions at a time. They can also increase the chances of acquiring other sexually transmitted diseases. Various treatment options are available including the topical application of imiquimod, podophyllin, trichloroacetic acid application, cryotherapy, and radiofrequency cautery. However, all of these require multiple sessions, and chances of recurrences are high. Some of them also have multiple local side effects as burning, irritation, erythema, and swelling...
July 2018: Indian journal of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS
Eileen O Dareng, Sally N Adebamowo, Ayotunde Famooto, Oluwatoyosi Olawande, Michael K Odutola, Yinka Olaniyan, Richard A Offiong, Paul P Pharoah, Clement A Adebamowo
BACKGROUND: Genital warts are important causes of morbidity and their prevalence and incidence can be used to evaluate the impact of HPV vaccination in a population. METHODS: We enrolled 1020 women in a prospective cohort study in Nigeria and followed them for a mean (SD) of 9 (4) months. Nurses conducted pelvic examinations and collected ectocervical samples for HPV testing. We used exact logistic regression models to identify risk factors for genital warts. RESULTS: The mean age of study participants was 38 years, 56% (535/962) were HIV-negative and 44% (427/962) were HIV-positive...
January 7, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
M Ginieri-Coccossis, E Triantafillou, N Papanikolaou, R Baker, C Antoniou, S M Skevington, G N Christodoulou
This is a comparative study aiming to investigate quality of life (QoL) and depression in individuals diagnosed either with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), or genital warts (GW) and genital herpes (GH), in two healthcare settings, in the United Kingdom (UK) or in Greece (Gr). Using a matched-pairs design, two equalized patient samples with sexually transmitted infections (STI) were recruited: from UK (n=43) and from Greece (n=43). QoL was assessed with WHOQOL-HIV BREF for HIV patients and WHOQOL-STI BREF -a newly adapted instrument- for genital warts and genital herpes patients...
July 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Min-A Kim, Gwan Hee Han, Jae-Hoon Kim, Kyung Seo
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection and is associated with the development of cervical cancer. The purpose of this report is to provide the literature evidences on selecting the HPV vaccine for national immunization program (NIP) in Korea. To complete these tasks, we reviewed domestic and foreign literature on the current status of HPV infection, efficacy and effectiveness of HPV vaccine, safety of vaccine and cost effectiveness analysis of vaccination business...
December 24, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Babak Javanmard, Mohammad Reza Barghi, Davar Amani, Morteza Fallah Karkan, Mohammad Mohsen Mazloomfard
PURPOSE: There are some previous reports on the relationship between pathological grades and HPV detection. To determine the Human Papilloma Virus(HPV)  DNA in Tumor Tissue and Urine in Different Stage of Bladder Cancer conducted this study.Materials and Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect general HPV and HPV16 and 18 subtypes in 110 bladder tumor tissue and urine specimens of patients with TCC of bladder between January 2014 to May 2016 that underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor...
December 8, 2018: Urology Journal
Kostas Chondros, Konstantinos Graikos, Athanasios Klambatsas, Nikolaos Dimasis
Genital warts are a major worldwide healthcare problem of sexually active population. Apart from direct association with cervical cancer, male patients experience HPV-related condylomata in several locations in the anogenital area. Extensive growth, multifocality and difficult accessibility wart sites are demanding and often require multidisciplinary surgical management. In our case, we present a male patient with extensive anogenital warts treated by a team of surgeons in several steps.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Jelena Krtanjek, Paola Đurinec, Lidija Žele-Starčević, Mihael Skerlev, Igor Bartenjev
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic, inflammatory, mucocutaneous disorder of the genital and extragenital skin. Anogenital warts are benign proliferative lesions caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), which is found in > 95% of lesions. We present two cases of the coexistence of LS and genital warts: one patient with and one without a previous history of genital warts. According to our knowledge and a literature search, only a few cases of the coexistence of LS and genital warts have been reported.
December 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Kayoll V Galbraith-Gyan, Julia Lechuga, Coretta M Jenerette, Mary H Palmer, Angelo D Moore, Jill B Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: To increase our understanding about the health beliefs of African-American parents and their daughters toward HPV infection and HPV vaccine acceptance. METHODS: The Health Belief Model was used as a guiding framework. Principles of grounded theory, theoretical sampling, and constant comparison analysis were used to qualitatively analyze data generated from personal interviews of African-American parents (n = 30) and their 12- to 17-year-old daughters (n = 34)...
December 11, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Nicola L Bragazzi, Charlie Bridgewood, Kassem Sharif, Mohamad Kamal, Howard Amital, Abdulla Watad, Yehuda Shoenfeld
If not properly treated, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may evolve from a common sexually transmitted disease to genital warts and cervical cancer. Various prophylactic HPV vaccines (HPVv), approved to reduce the incidence of the infection, have been found to be effective and safe; however, accounts of post-vaccination autoimmune phenomena, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), have been reported in genetically susceptible individuals. Areas covered: Infectious agents play a role in breaking the immunologic tolerance to self-antigens, resulting in autoimmune events...
December 10, 2018: Expert Review of Vaccines
Hannah Trøstrup, Steen H Matzen
INTRODUCTION: Verrucous carcinoma is an uncommon variant of low-grade squamous cell malignancy with a low malignant potential but a high risk of recurrence. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a Human Papilloma Virus negative local verrucous carcinoma in the perianal area of a 45-year old otherwise healthy female. The tumor presented clinically as a persistent genital wart not responding to usual dermatologic local therapy. The patient was referred to the Department of Plastic Surgery and Breast Surgery after primary excision in a private practice setting of a general surgeon...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Laura M Mann, Eloisa Llata, Elaine W Flagg, Jaeyoung Hong, Lenore Asbel, Juli Carlos-Henderson, Roxanne P Kerani, Robert Kohn, Preeti Pathela, Christina Schumacher, Elizabeth A Torrone
Background: Approximately 90% of genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. In the US, HPV vaccination has been recommended for females ≤26 years; and since 2011, males ≤21 years and gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) ≤26 years. Methods: Data were obtained from 27 clinics participating in the STD Surveillance Network (SSuN). Trends in the annual prevalence of anogenital warts (AGW) from 2010-2016 were described by sex and sex of sex partners...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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