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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772949/risk-factors-and-self-perception-for-facial-aging-among-nepalese-population
#1
Navin Bhatt, Sudha Agrawal, Kabindra Mehta
BACKGROUND: Facial appearance has increasing importance to individuals and women, in particular. Till date, there are no reports of the extrinsic factors influencing skin aging in Nepalese population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk factors and self-perception for facial aging in Nepalese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 attendees aged 30-70 years visiting the dermatology outpatient department of B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences...
February 17, 2019: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771600/facilitators-and-barriers-to-enrolling-in-falls-prevention-programming-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Sheri R Kiami, Rebecca Sky, Shelley Goodgold
The purpose of this cross-sectional survey study was to identify factors that increase the likelihood of enrolling in falls prevention programming among community dwelling older adults. A convenience sample of 369 participants completed a written, selfadministered questionnaire on history and beliefs related to falls, and facilitators and barriers associated with enrollment. History of falling, fear of falling, self-efficacy, and recognition of program benefits were all associated with a greatly likelihood to enroll in falls prevention programming...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770935/arterial-stiffness-and-its-relationship-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-children-and-young-adults-with-a-fontan-circulation
#3
Laurien C M Noortman, Eero A Haapala, Tim Takken
There are no previous studies on arterial stiffness and its associations with cardiorespiratory fitness in young Fontan patients. Therefore, we examined the arterial stiffness and its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in children and young adults with a Fontan circulation. Altogether, 17 Fontan patients and 26 healthy controls (16 females and 27 males aged 8-40 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. The cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer and was defined as the standard deviation scores (SDS) of peak oxygen uptake per body mass (VO2peak /kg) based on the national reference values and assessed with cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer...
February 15, 2019: Pediatric Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30769769/greek-graviera-cheese-assessment-through-elemental-metabolomics-implications-for-authentication-safety-and-nutrition
#4
Georgios Danezis, Charis Theodorou, Theofilos Massouras, Evangelos Zoidis, Ioannis Hadjigeorgiou, Constantinos A Georgiou
This study presents the comprehensive elemental profile of Greek Graviera (Gruyère) cheeses. In total, 105 samples from nine different geographic regions produced from sheep, goat and cow milk and their mixtures were assessed. Elemental signatures of 61 elements were investigated for determination of geographic origin and milk type. Regional and milk type classification through Linear Discriminant Analysis was successful for almost all cases, while a less optimistic cross validation exercise presented lower classification rates...
February 14, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768632/leisure-time-physical-activity-and-dna-damage-among-japanese-workers
#5
Ryoko Kawakami, Ikuko Kashino, Hiroshi Kasai, Kazuaki Kawai, Yun-Shan Li, Akiko Nanri, Mitsuru Higuchi, Tetsuya Mizoue
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether daily physical activity is associated with DNA damage. This cross-sectional study examined the association between leisure-time physical activity and urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage, or urinary 7-methylguanine (m7Gua), a biomarker of methylating DNA damage. METHODS: Participants included 501 workers (294 men and 207 women), aged 20-65 years, from municipal offices in Japan. Urinary 8-OH-dG and m7Gua were measured using column-switching HPLC...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768448/unilateral-strength-training-and-mirror-therapy-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-pilot-randomised-trial
#6
Monika Ehrensberger, Daniel Simpson, Patrick Broderick, Catherine Blake, Frances Horgan, Paula Hickey, Joanne O'Reilly, Kenneth Monaghan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and potential effectiveness of mirror-aided cross-education compared to cross-education alone in post-stroke upper limb recovery. DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled parallel group study was carried out. Thirty-two chronic stroke patients followed a 4-week isometric strength-training programme performed with the less-affected upper limb 3 times per week. Participants in the mirror and strength training group observed the reflection of the exercising arm in the mirror; Participants in the strength training only group exercised without a mirror entirely...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30766590/exercise-capacity-and-muscle-fatiguability-alterations-following-a-progressive-maximal-exercise-of-lower-extremities-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Walid K Abdelbasset, Gaber S Soliman, Ahmed A Elshehawy, Saud M Alrawaili
Background: Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle fatiguability and exercise capacity in children with cystic fibrosis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive maximal exercise training of the lower extremities on exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability in children with cystic fibrosis...
December 2018: African Health Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762265/psychosocial-adjustment-to-a-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-in-a-cohort-of-radical-prostatectomy-patients-in-quebec-canada
#8
Michel D Wissing, Simone Chevalier, Ana O'Flaherty, Ginette McKercher, Saro Aprikian, Fred Saad, Michel Carmel, Louis Lacombe, Marc Hamel, Armen Aprikian
OBJECTIVE: The psychosocial impact of a prostate cancer diagnosis significantly affects a patient's quality of life. We studied patient communication at the time of diagnosis and its impact on psychosocial adjustment of patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional data analysis from self-administered questionnaires in the PROCURE biobank study, consisting of a cohort of patients with localized prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy in Québec (Canada), 2006-2013...
February 14, 2019: Psycho-oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761597/accuracy-of-self-monitoring-does-experience-ability-or-case-difficulty-matter
#9
Wolf E Hautz, Sebastian Schubert, Stefan K Schauber, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Stefanie C Hautz, Juliane E Kämmer, Kevin W Eva
CONTEXT: The ability to self-monitor one's performance in clinical settings is a critical determinant of safe and effective practice. Various studies have shown this form of self-regulation to be more trustworthy than aggregate judgements (i.e. self-assessments) of one's capacity in a given domain. However, little is known regarding what cues inform learners' self-monitoring, which limits an informed exploration of interventions that might facilitate improvements in self-monitoring capacity...
February 14, 2019: Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761194/agreement-among-six-methods-of-predicting-the-anaerobic-lactate-threshold-in-elite-cross-country-skiers
#10
Sean L Carter, Ian Newhouse
The anaerobic lactate threshold (LTan) is used to prescribe training intensity and measure endurance capacity. The LTan identifies a critical point where small increases in workload result in large increases in blood lactate concentration. LTan is usually predicted through visual inspection of a blood lactate (bLa) vs workload plot. Numerous other methods for predicting LTan exist, and the literature lacks a consensus regarding validity of prediction methods. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement among visual inspection (VI), maximum distance (Dmax) and modified maximum distance (Dmod) from the lactate curve, Baldari & Guidetti (BG), Dickhuth & Heck (DH) and Keul (K) methods for predicting the LTan...
2019: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761046/long-term-tai-chi-experience-promotes-emotional-stability-and-slows-gray-matter-atrophy-for-elders
#11
Sijia Liu, Lin Li, Zhiyuan Liu, Xiuyan Guo
Brain adverse structural changes, especially the atrophy of gray matter, are inevitable in aging. Fortunately, the human brain is plastic throughout its entire life. The current cross-section study aimed to investigate whether long-term Tai Chi exercise could slow gray matter atrophy and explore the possible links among gray matter volume (GMV), long-term Tai Chi experience and emotional stability in a sequential risk-taking task by using voxel-based morphometry. Elders with long-term Tai Chi experience and controls, who were matched to Tai Chi group in age, gender, physical activity level, participated in the study...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759119/cardiopulmonary-responses-to-maximal-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Craig A Williams, Kyle C A Wedgwood, Hossein Mohammadi, Katie Prouse, Owen W Tomlinson, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a debilitating chronic condition, which requires complex and expensive disease management. Exercise has now been recognised as a critical factor in improving health and quality of life in patients with CF. Hence, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is used to determine aerobic fitness of young patients as part of the clinical management of CF. However, at present there is a lack of conclusive evidence for one limiting system of aerobic fitness for CF patients at individual patient level...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758975/arterial-vascular-pruning-right-ventricular-size-and-clinical-outcomes-in-copd
#13
George R Washko, Pietro Nardelli, Samuel Y Ash, Gonzalo Vegas Sanchez-Ferrero, Farbod N Rahaghi, Carolyn E Come, Mark T Dransfield, Ravi Kalhan, MeiLan K Han, Surya Bhatt, J Michael Wells, Carrie P Aaron, Alejandro A Diaz, James C Ross, Michael J Cuttica, Wassim W Labaki, Gabriela Querejeta Roca, Amil M Shah, Kendra Young, Gregory L Kinney, John E Hokanson, Alvar Agusti, Raúl San José Estépar
BACKGROUND: Cor pulmonale (right ventricular dilation) and cor pulmonale parvus (right ventricular shrinkage) are both described in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The identification of emphysema as a shared risk factor suggests that additional disease characterization is needed to understand these widely divergent cardiac processes. Here, we explored the relationship between CT measures of emphysema and distal pulmonary arterial morphology with RV volume, as well as their association with exercise capacity and mortality in ever-smokers with COPD enrolled in the COPDGene Study...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758665/dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-in-multiple-sclerosis-progression-results-from-a-5-year-longitudinal-mri-study
#14
Dejan Jakimovski, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Sirin Gandhi, Yi Guan, Jesper Hagemeier, Deepa P Ramasamy, Tom A Fuchs, Richard W Browne, Niels Bergsland, Michael G Dwyer, Murali Ramanathan, Robert Zivadinov
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the role, if any, of dietary and lifestyle factors in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of lifestyle-based risk factors linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD) on clinical and MRI-derived MS outcomes. METHODS: The study enrolled 175 MS or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients and 42 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) who were longitudinally followed for 5...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755550/study-on-serum-total-cholesterol-fasting-serum-glucose-serum-glucose-2-hours-after-meal-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#15
J A Chowdhury, A Nessa
The present cross-sectional analytical study was carried out in the department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, from January 2016 to December 2016 to observe serum total cholesterol in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. For this purpose, a total number of 200 subjects of both sexes with age ranged from 30-60 years were selected of whom 100 were type 2 diabetic person and 100 were apparently healthy. Serum total cholesterol was significantly higher (p<0.0001) in both male and female of the study group in comparison to healthy control group...
January 2019: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755154/moderate-intensity-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-is-safe-and-favorably-influences-body-composition-in-patients-with-quiescent-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#16
Owen Cronin, Wiley Barton, Carthage Moran, Donal Sheehan, Ronan Whiston, Helena Nugent, Yvonne McCarthy, Catherine B Molloy, Orla O'Sullivan, Paul D Cotter, Michael G Molloy, Fergus Shanahan
BACKGROUND: Overweight and metabolic problems now add to the burden of illness in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. We aimed to determine if a program of aerobic and resistance exercise could safely achieve body composition changes in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. METHODS: A randomized, cross-over trial of eight weeks combined aerobic and resistance training on body composition assessed by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry was performed. Patients in clinical remission and physically inactive with a mean age of 25 ± 6...
February 12, 2019: BMC Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753951/predicting-need-for-advanced-illness-or-palliative-care-in-a-primary-care-population-using-electronic-health-record-data
#17
Kenneth Jung, Sylvia E K Sudat, Nicole Kwon, Walter F Stewart, Nigam H Shah
Timely outreach to individuals in an advanced stage of illness offers opportunities to exercise decision control over health care. Predictive models built using Electronic health record (EHR) data are being explored as a way to anticipate such need with enough lead time for patient engagement. Prior studies have focused on hospitalized patients, who typically have more data available for predicting care needs. It is unclear if prediction driven outreach is feasible in the primary care setting. In this study, we apply predictive modeling to the primary care population of a large, regional health system and systematically examine the impact of technical choices, such as requiring a minimum number of health care encounters (data density requirements) and aggregating diagnosis codes using Clinical Classifications Software (CCS) groupings to reduce dimensionality, on model performance in terms of discrimination and positive predictive value...
February 9, 2019: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747775/the-association-between-yoga-use-physical-function-and-employment-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Heather M Greysen, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz
Mind-body exercises such as yoga offer patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) a symptom management strategy for improving physical and mental health. Studies have evaluated yoga to manage symptoms of RA and improve physical function; however, none has examined the relationship between yoga and work status in adults with RA. The objective was to describe differences in RA symptomatology, physical function scores, and work status between adults with RA who participate in yoga and those who do not. This cross-sectional study surveyed adults with rheumatologist-diagnosed RA regarding yoga use in the past year, symptoms, physical function, and work status...
March 2019: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747558/contemporary-nutrition-strategies-to-optimize-performance-in-distance-runners-and-race-walkers
#19
Louise M Burke, Asker E Jeukendrup, Andrew M Jones, Martin Mooses
Distance events in Athletics include cross country, the 10,000 m track race, half marathon and marathon road races, and 20 and 50 km race walking events, over different terrain and environmental conditions. Race times for elite performers span ~26 min to >4 h, with key factors for success being a high aerobic power, the ability to exercise at a large fraction of this power, and high economy of movement. Nutrition-related contributors include body mass and anthropometry, capacity to use fuels, particularly carbohydrate (CHO) to produce ATP economically over the duration of the event, and maintenance of reasonable hydration status in the face of sweat losses induced by exercise intensity and the environment...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747555/barriers-and-levels-of-physical-activity-in-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-patients-comparison-between-women-and-men
#20
Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G Cucato, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
This cross-sectional study compared physical activity levels and barriers between 212 men and women with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer. Barriers to physical activity were obtained using a validated questionnaire. Women reported higher amounts of light physical activity (P<0.001) and lower moderate to vigorous physical activity (P<0.001) than men. Women more often reported barriers such as "not having anyone to accompany" (P=0...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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