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Mullite Membrane

Mahdi Nikbakht Fini, Sepideh Soroush, Mohammad Mehdi Montazer-Rahmati
In the present work, ceramic-supported chitosan hybrid membranes were prepared for the pervaporation dehydration of ethanol. Mullite and combined mullite-alumina (50% alumina content) tubular low-cost ceramic supports were fabricated, and their influence on membrane performance was compared to a commercial α-alumina support. The membrane preparation parameters were different ceramic supports and the concentration of chitosan solution (varying from 2 wt.% to 4 wt.%). The supports and hybrid membranes were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and contact angle measurements...
November 30, 2018: Membranes
Li Liang, Meihua Zhu, Le Chen, Caijun Zhong, Yiming Yang, Ting Wu, Heli Wang, Izumi Kumakiri, Xiangshu Chen, Hidetoshi Kita
Continuous and high silica SSZ-13 zeolite membranes were prepared on porous mullite supports from high SiO₂/Al₂O₃ ratio or aluminum-free precursor synthesis gel. Single gas permeance (CO₂ and CH₄) of the high silica SSZ-13 zeolite membrane was decreased with the SiO₂/Al₂O₃ ratio in the precursor synthesis gel, while the ideal CO₂/CH₄ selectivity of the membrane was gradually increased. Moreover, effects of synthesis conditions (such as H₂O/SiO₂ and RNOH/SiO₂ ratios of precursor synthesis gel, crystallization time) on the single gas permeance performance of high silica SSZ-13 zeolite membranes were studied in detail...
July 13, 2018: Membranes
Asimina Tremouli, John Greenman, Ioannis Ieropoulos
Two ceramic stacks, terracotta (t-stack) and mullite (m-stack), were developed to produce energy when fed with neat undiluted urine. Each stack consisted of twelve identical microbial fuel cells (MFCs) which were arranged in cascades and tested under different electrical configurations. Despite voltage reversal, the m-stack produced a maximum power of 800 μW whereas the t-stack produced a maximum of 520 μW after 62.6 h of operation. Moreover, during the operation, both systems were subject to blockage possibly due to struvite...
October 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
Yadong Zhang, Ming Li, Dong Liu, Xulian Hou, Jinglun Zou, Xiaotong Ma, Fanyi Shang, Zhaowen Wang
In this work, aluminum and iron existing in coal fly ash were extracted by the method of hydrochloric acid leaching. Effects of solid-liquid ratio, reaction temperature, reaction time, acid concentration, and raw ash mesh on recovery efficiencies of Al2 O3 and Fe2 O3 were investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that anhydrite, hematite, mullite and quartz were the dominant minerals in the raw fly ash sample. X-ray fluorescence technique was applied to determine the mass fractions of chemical components in the raw ash and leached residues, while the concentrations of Al2 O3 and Fe2 O3 in leaching solutions were measured by titration method...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Technology
Yaser Rasouli, Mohsen Abbasi, Seyed Abdollatif Hashemifard
In this research, four types of low cost and high performance ceramic microfiltration (MF) membranes have been employed in an in-line adsorption-MF process for oily wastewater treatment. Mullite, mullite-alumina, mullite-alumina-zeolite and mullite-zeolite membranes were fabricated as ceramic MF membranes by low cost kaolin clay, natural zeolite and α-alumina powder. Powdered activated carbon (PAC) and natural zeolite powder in concentrations of 100-800 mg L-1 were used as adsorbent agent in the in-line adsorption-MF process...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Li Zhu, Mingliang Chen, Yingchao Dong, Chuyang Y Tang, Aisheng Huang, Lingling Li
Oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion is considered to be difficult to treat. In this work, a low-cost multi-layer-structured mullite-titania composite ceramic hollow fiber microfiltration membrane was fabricated and utilized to efficiently remove fine oil droplets from (O/W) emulsion. In order to reduce membrane cost, coal fly ash was effectively recycled for the first time to fabricate mullite hollow fiber with finger-like and sponge-like structures, on which a much more hydrophilic TiO2 layer was further deposited...
March 1, 2016: Water Research
Grzegorz Pasternak, John Greenman, Ioannis Ieropoulos
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) made with different types of ceramic membranes were investigated to find a low-cost alternative to commercially available proton exchange membranes. The MFCs operated with fresh human urine as the fuel. Pyrophyllite and earthenware produced the best performance to reach power densities of 6.93 and 6.85 W m(-3), respectively, whereas mullite and alumina achieved power densities of 4.98 and 2.60 W m(-3), respectively. The results indicate the dependence of bio-film growth and activity on the type of ceramic membrane applied...
January 8, 2016: ChemSusChem
Lingling Li, Xinfa Dong, Yingchao Dong, Li Zhu, Sheng-Jie You, Ya-Fen Wang
In order to reduce environment risk of zinc, a spinel-based porous membrane support was prepared by the high-temperature reaction of zinc and bauxite mineral. The phase evolution process, shrinkage, porosity, mechanical property, pore size distribution, gas permeation flux and microstructure were systematically studied. The XRD results, based on a Zn/Al stoichiometric composition of 1/2, show a formation of ZnAl2O4 structure starting from 1000°C and then accomplished at 1300°C. For spinel-based composite membrane, shrinkage and porosity are mainly influenced by a combination of an expansion induced by ZnAl2O4 formation and a general densification due to amorphous liquid SiO2...
April 28, 2015: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Qikai Lü, Xinfa Dong, Zhiwen Zhu, Yingchao Dong
Porous mullite ceramic supports for filtration membrane were successfully fabricated via recycling of coal gangue and bauxite at sintering temperatures from 1100 to 1500°C with corn starch as pore-forming agent. The dynamic sintering behaviors, phase evolution, shrinkage, porosity and pore size, gas permeation flux, microstructure and mechanical property were systematically studied. A unique volume-expansion stage was observed at increased temperatures from 1276 to 1481°C caused by a mullitization-crystal-growth process...
May 30, 2014: Journal of Hazardous Materials
H Shokrkar, A Salahi, N Kasiri, T Mohammadi
In this paper, results of an experimental and modeling of separation of oil from industrial oily wastewaters (desalter unit effluent of Seraje, Ghom gas wells, Iran) with mullite ceramic membranes are presented. Mullite microfiltration symmetric membranes were synthesized from kaolin clay and alpha-alumina powder. The results show that the mullite ceramic membrane has a high total organic carbon and chemical oxygen demand rejection (94 and 89%, respectively), a low fouling resistance (30%) and a high final permeation flux (75 L/m2 h)...
2011: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Yingchao Dong, Stuart Hampshire, Jian-er Zhou, Bin Lin, Zhanlin Ji, Xiaozhen Zhang, Guangyao Meng
In order to effectively utilize industrial waste fly ash, porous mullite ceramic membrane supports were prepared from fly ash and calcined bauxite with chemically pure titania as sintering additive. The effects of TiO(2) on the sintering behaviors and main properties of porous mullite were studied in detail. Due to the addition of titania, the sintering of the flyash-based mullite was inhibited at low temperatures, but effectively improved at high temperatures, the latter is suitable for preparing porous mullite membrane supports by incomplete sintering...
August 15, 2010: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yingchao Dong, Jian-Er Zhou, Bin Lin, Yongqing Wang, Songlin Wang, Lifeng Miao, Ying Lang, Xingqin Liu, Guangyao Meng
Bulk porous mullite supports for ceramic membranes were prepared directly using a mixture of industrial waste fly ash and bauxite by dry-pressing, followed by sintering between 1200 and 1550 degrees C. The effects of sintering temperature on the phase composition and shrinkage percent of porous mullite were studied. The XRD results indicate that secondary mullitization reaction took place above 1200 degrees C, and completed at 1450 degrees C. During sintering, the mixture samples first shrunk, then expanded abnormally between 1326 and 1477 degrees C, and finally shrunk again above 1477 degrees C...
December 15, 2009: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ying Cui, Hidetoshi Kita, Ken-ichi Okamoto
Zeolite T membranes were synthesized on tubular porous mullite tubes by hydrothermal synthesis. The membranes selectively permeated carbon dioxide from CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 mixtures with high separation performances, which were due to combined effects of molecular sieving and competitive adsorption.
September 7, 2003: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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