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Journal of orthopaedic

Fady Y Hijji, Andrew D Schneider, Michael Pyper, Richard T Laughlin
BACKGROUND: Outcome measures are frequently employed in clinical studies to determine the efficacy of orthopaedic surgical procedures. However, substantial variability exists among the outcome instruments utilized in foot and ankle (F&A) literature. The purpose of this study is to determine the number of outcome measures reported in F&A literature recently published in major orthopaedic journals and the association between study characteristics and the use of particular outcome measurement categories...
February 17, 2019: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Yuki Fujihara, Nasa Fujihara, Michiro Yamamoto, Hitoshi Hirata
BACKGROUND: To date, little is known about the characteristics of highly cited studies in hand surgery compared with other orthopaedic subspecialties. We aimed to assess the position of hand surgery within the orthopedic surgery literature. METHODS: We conducted a bibliographic analysis using the Web of Science database to review 1,568 articles published between January 2012 and December 2012 in 4 relevant general orthopedic and 2 hand surgery journals. We used the number of citations within 3 years of publication to measure the impact of each paper...
March 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Jonathan D Hughes, Jason J Shin, Marcio Albers, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu
Background: A recent study demonstrated that discrepancies exist between disclosures reported by authors publishing in The American Journal of Sports Medicine and disclosures listed in the Physician Payments Sunshine Act-initiated Open Payments database, managed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). However, no study to date has explored the relationship between the biopharmaceutical and device industry (industry) and the membership base of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM)...
January 2019: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
James P Waddell, Marius M Scarlat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2019: International Orthopaedics
Zhi-Chao Hu, Xiao-Bin Li, Zhen-Hua Feng, Ji-Qi Wang, Lan-Fang Gong, Jiang-Wei Xuan, Xin Fu, Bing-Jie Jiang, Long Wu, Wen-Fei Ni
INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment for burst fractures of the thoracolumbar spine is controversial. The addition of screws in the fractured segment has been shown to improve construct stiffness, but can aggravate the trauma to the fractured vertebra. Therefore, optimised placement of two pedicle screws at the fracture level is required for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures. This randomised controlled study is the first to examine the efficacy of diverse orders of pedicle screw placement and will provide recommendations for the treatment of patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures...
January 28, 2019: BMJ Open
Nicola Piolanti, Andrea Poggetti, Anna Maria Nucci, Agnese Nesti, Stefano Marchetti, Paolo Domenico Parchi, Michelangelo Scaglione
The purpose was to establish a ranking of the 50 most cited articles about wrist surgery and analyse their features. Science Citation Index Expanded was used to identify the 50 most frequently cited orthopaedic journal articles written in English, searching for the topic "wrist surgery" in the subject category ''Orthopaedics''. Then, we analysed the number of citations, citation density, authorship, article institution, the year of publication, the country of origin of the article, name and impact factor of the journal, and publication type of the article...
December 6, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
Nicholas W Karlson, Teron A Nezwek, Mariano E Menendez, David Tybor, Matthew J Salzler
Introduction: Administrative databases and clinical registries provide large sample sizes that characterize specific outcomes and trends over time in orthopaedic surgery. Methods: A literature review of all English-language orthopaedic surgery journals was conducted. All publications from 1996 to 2016 were reviewed for the utilization of an administrative database or clinical registry. We performed a linear regression with logarithmic transformation to identify trends in database utilization...
November 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews
Drake G LeBrun, Tram Tran, David Wypij, Mininder S Kocher
Background: Orthopaedic research may involve multiple observations from the same patient because of bilateral joint involvement, multiple disease sites, or recurrent disease episodes. These situations violate statistical independence and need to be accounted for via appropriate statistical techniques. Failing to account for nonindependence may lead to biased and overly precise effect estimates. Purpose: To determine the degree to which orthopaedic sports medicine studies analyze dependent observations and the proportion of these failing to account for nonindependence...
January 2019: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Yu Jiang, Renjing Hu, Guoxing Zhu
PURPOSE: The infection is an essential problem in the clinical practice in orthopedics. The bibliometric analysis was conducted to evaluate the top 100 cited articles on infection in orthopaedics. METHODS: The Web of Science (WoS) Core Database was comprehensively searched from 1975 to 2017, and the literature search was limited in Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-E). The subject terms included "infection", "infectious", and "infect*"...
January 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sandeep Mannava, Alexander H Jinnah, Mark E Cinque, Johannes F Plate, Riyaz H Jinnah, Robert F LaPrade, David F Martin, L Andrew Koman
Introduction: Orthopaedic surgery residency training requires 5 clinical years; fellowship subspecialty training requires an additional year. Orthopaedic surgery fellowship training has financial implications regarding potential career earnings and opportunity cost. To evaluate the effect of fellowship training on employment, 30 years of orthopaedic job advertisements were analyzed to determine fellowship requirements for academic centers, private practices, urban areas, and rural areas...
August 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews
Mingjing Li, Jian Xu, Tao Hu, Ming Zhang, Fan Li
The aim of this study was to analyse the management of Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures in children older than 10 years at our paediatric orthopaedics and to determine the clinical and radiographic long-term effects following open reduction by the small medial approach and cross-fixation with three kirschner wires. Eighty-three cases of Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures in children older than 10 years were treated by open reduction by the small medial approach and cross-fixation with three kirschner wires from January 2010 to December 2015...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Drake G LeBrun, Tram Tran, David Wypij, Mininder S Kocher
BACKGROUND: Case-control studies are a common method of analyzing associations between clinical outcomes and potential risk factors. Matching cases to controls based on known confounding variables can decrease bias and allow investigators to assess the association of interest with increased precision. However, the analysis of matched data generally requires matched statistical methods, and failure to use these methods can lead to imprecise or biased results. The appropriate use of matched statistical methods in orthopaedic case-control studies has not been documented...
December 21, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Seth S Leopold, Fares S Haddad, Linda J Sandell, Marc Swiontkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Seth S Leopold, Fares S Haddad, Linda J Sandell, Marc Swiontkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2019: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Seth S Leopold, Fares S Haddad, Linda J Sandell, Marc Swiontkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Julie Bruce, Sonia Davis, Susie Hennings, Keith Willett, Stavros Petrou, Steven Jeffery, Damian Griffin, Ben Parker, James Masters, Sarah E Lamb, Elizabeth Tutton, Nick Parsons
BACKGROUND: Open fractures of the lower limb occur when a broken bone penetrates the skin and is exposed to the outside environment. These are life-changing injuries. The risk of deep infection may be as high as 27%. The type of dressing applied after surgical debridement could potentially reduce the risk of infection in the open-fracture wound. OBJECTIVES: To assess the disability, rate of deep infection, quality of life and resource use in patients with severe open fracture of the lower limb treated with negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) versus standard wound management after the first surgical debridement of the wound...
December 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Julie Woodfield, Ingrid Hoeritzauer, Aimun A B Jamjoom, Savva Pronin, Nisaharan Srikandarajah, Michael Poon, Holly Roy, Andreas K Demetriades, Philip Sell, Niall Eames, Patrick F X Statham
INTRODUCTION: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a potentially devastating condition caused by compression of the cauda equina nerve roots. This can result in bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction plus lower limb weakness, numbness and pain. CES occurs infrequently, but has serious potential morbidity and medicolegal consequences. This study aims to identify and describe the presentation and management of patients with CES in the UK. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Understanding Cauda Equina Syndrome (UCES) is a prospective and collaborative multicentre cohort study of adult patients with confirmed CES managed at specialist spinal centres in the UK...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Xiang-Dong Wu, Meng-Meng Liu, Ya-Ying Sun, Zhi-Hu Zhao, Quan Zhou, Joey S W Kwong, Wei Xu, Mian Tian, Yao He, Wei Huang
INTRODUCTION: Joint arthroplasty is a particularly complex orthopaedic surgical procedure performed on joints, including the hip, knee, shoulder, ankle, elbow, wrist and even digit joints. Increasing evidence from volume-outcomes research supports the finding that patients undergoing joint arthroplasty in high-volume hospitals or by high-volume surgeons achieve better outcomes, and minimum case load requirements have been established in some areas. However, the relationships between hospital/surgeon volume and outcomes in patients undergoing arthroplasty are not fully understood...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Asma S Alrushud, Alison B Rushton, Gurjit Bhogal, Fraser Pressdee, Carolyn A Greig
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic illness among older adults. Up to the submission date of this protocol, there are no published UK studies reporting the efficacy of a combined intervention programme of physical activity and dietary restriction on the musculoskeletal function of obese older adults with knee OA in spite of the clinical recommendation for exercise and diet for people with knee OA. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a combined dietary restriction and physical activity intervention programme and collect preliminary data...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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