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Pharmacy preparedness disaster

Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mohammad Alkhalili, Janice Ma, Sylvain Grenier
Ongoing provision of pharmaceuticals and medical supplies is of key importance during and following a disaster or other emergency event. An effectively coordinated response involving locally available pharmacy personnel-drawing upon the efforts of licensed pharmacists and unlicensed support staff-can help to mitigate harms and alleviate hardship in a community after emergency events. However, pharmacists and their counterparts generally receive limited training in disaster medicine and emergency preparedness as part of their initial qualifications, even in countries with well-developed professional education programs...
August 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Heath Ford, Shane Trent, Stephen Wickizer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of an accidental release of volatilized acrylonitrile on pharmacy services in Blount County, Tennessee. METHODS: A paper questionnaire was mailed to all pharmacies located in Blount County, Tennessee. The questionnaire assessed 5 domains relevant to pharmacy services after the derailment disaster: (1) disaster preparedness, (2) disaster response, (3) disaster information source awareness, (4) Pharmacy Practice Act amendment preference, and (5) pharmacy impact...
January 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Vibhuti Arya, Eric Medina, Allison Scaccia, Cathleen Mathew, David Starr
Hurricane Sandy was one of the most severe natural disasters to hit the Mid-Atlantic States in recent history. Community pharmacies were among the businesses affected, with flooding and power outages significantly reducing services offered by many pharmacies. The objectives of our study were to assess the impact of Hurricane Sandy on community pharmacies, both independently owned and chain, in the severely affected areas of New York City (NYC), including Coney Island, Staten Island, and the Rockaways, using qualitative methods, and propose strategies to mitigate the impact of future storms and disasters...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Mark J Sharp, Mingzeng Sun, Tatiana Ledneva, Ursula Lauper, Cristian Pantea, Shao Lin
OBJECTIVE: This investigation assessed changes in utilization of inpatient, outpatient, emergency department, and pharmacy services in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy in 8 counties in New York affected by the storm. METHODS: Medicaid data for enrollees residing in 8 counties in New York were used to obtain aggregated daily counts of claims for 4 service types over immediate, 3-month, and 1-year periods following the storm. Negative binomial regression was used to compare service utilization in the storm year with the 2 prior years, within areas differentially affected by the storm...
June 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Adam Pate, Jeffrey P Bratberg, Courtney Robertson, Gregory Smith
Objective. To describe the implementation and effect of an emergency preparedness laboratory activity on student knowledge, willingness to participate in emergency preparedness training, current level of preparedness, and the importance of a pharmacist's role in disaster response. Design. Second-year pharmacy students in the infectious disease module participated in a laboratory activity based on a basic disaster response tabletop exercise format. Three case-based scenarios involving infectious diseases were created by participating faculty members...
April 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Ashley N Hannings, Trina von Waldner, Deanna W McEwen, Catherine A White
Objective. To determine the impact of emergency preparedness simulations in mass triage and mass dispensing on student pharmacist performance and perceived competency when assuming pharmacist roles in disaster situations. Design. Second-year student pharmacists (144) completed two 3-hour simulations focusing on mass triage and mass dispensing. The mass triage simulation consisted of virtual and live victims to be triaged and assigned a transport order. In the mass dispensing simulation, students assumed patient and pharmacist roles in a point-of-dispensing exercise for influenza...
March 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Heath Ford, Shane Trent, Stephen Wickizer
Objective. To estimate pharmaceutical emergency preparedness of US states and commonwealth territories. Methods. A quantitative content analysis was performed to evaluate board of pharmacy legal documents (ie, statutes, rules, and regulations) for the presence of the 2006 Rules for Public Health Emergencies (RPHE) from the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy's (NABP) Model Pharmacy Practice Act. Results. The median number of state-adopted RPHE was one, which was significantly less than the hypothesized value of four...
March 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
John J Lewin, Eugene J Choi, Geoffrey Ling
PURPOSE: Developmental pharmaceutical manufacturing systems and techniques designed to overcome the shortcomings of traditional batch processing methods are described. SUMMARY: Conventional pharmaceutical manufacturing processes do not adequately address the needs of military and civilian patient populations and healthcare providers. Recent advances within the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Battlefield Medicine program suggest that miniaturized, flexible platforms for end-to-end manufacturing of pharmaceuticals are possible...
January 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Nadia I Awad, Craig Cocchio
OBJECTIVES: To assess the preparedness of hospital pharmacies in New Jersey to provide pharmaceutical services in mass casualty scenarios. METHODS: An electronic cross-sectional survey was developed to assess the general knowledge of available resources and attitudes toward the preparedness of the pharmacy department. RESULTS: Out of 60 invitations to participate, 18 surveys (30%) were completed. Respondents practiced at community hospitals (12, 66...
April 2015: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Randy D Kearns, Mary Beth Skarote, Jeff Peterson, Michael W Hubble, James E Winslow
The purpose of this work was to examine the creation and evolution of the North Carolina state medical response system (SMRS). During the past 30 years, states and local communities have developed a somewhat incongruent patchwork of medical disaster response systems. Several local or regional programs participated in the National Disaster Medical System; however, aside from the Disaster Medical Assistance Teams, most of these local resources lacked national standards and national direction. The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in Washington, DC and New York, and the anthrax-laced letters mailed to prominent individuals in the US media and others (bioterrorism) in the months that followed were tragic, but they served as both a tipping point and a unifying factor to drive preparedness activities on a national level...
September 2014: Southern Medical Journal
Terri Rebmann, Travis M Loux, Zachary Swick, David Reddick, Harlan Dolgin, John Anthony, Rohan Prasad
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends using open points of dispensing (PODs) and alternative modalities, such as closed PODs, for mass dispensing of medical countermeasures. However, closed POD existence has not been assessed. In 2013 we sent an online questionnaire to US Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI) and non-CRI public health disaster planners. Chi-square tests were used to determine differences between CRIs and non-CRIs when comparing having at least 1 closed POD, and to compare having a closed POD and perceived mass dispensing preparedness...
July 2014: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
Christopher Bell, Sarah Daniel
The Director's Forum column is designed to guide pharmacy leaders in establishing patient-centered services in hospitals and health systems. Environmental disasters and terrorist attacks demonstrate that it is imperative for both a hospital and community to have an emergency preparedness plan. The goal of this article is to provide health-system pharmacy leaders with a practical approach in developing an emergency operations plan (EOP) that can be activated in the event of a disaster. Pharmacy leaders should (1) review government and community disaster responses and understand the movement of drug supply for each response, (2) create a pharmacy disaster plan, (3) list the essential medications and determine their inventory levels, and (4) establish a staff training program to enhance understanding and implementation of the EOP...
April 2014: Hospital Pharmacy
Heath Ford, Randall L Tackett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Pharmaceutical Historian
Joshua Lawrenz, Joseph Puetz, Stephanie Kuschel, John Rudzinski
In October 2012, more than 120 student and faculty volunteers from six different health professional schools (medical, pharmacy, and nursing) vaccinated 430 individuals against influenza at five point of distribution sites in Winnebago County, IL, at no cost to the recipients. In total, 18 organizations, including faith-based and nonprofit groups, organized this vaccination drive, targeting an at-risk population of homeless and impoverished individuals. Preclinical students were provided just-in-time training in vaccine administration and Incident Command System methodology...
2013: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Sharon See
Hoboken, New Jersey, is a town of 50,000 residents located across the Hudson River from New York City. Most of Hoboken's infrastructure was compromised during Hurricane Sandy as a result of flooding and power outages that rendered many businesses inoperable, including all of the pharmacies in town. Despite a focus on emergency preparedness since Hurricane Katrina and 9/11, there were no contingencies in place to facilitate and assess the medication needs of the community in the event of a natural disaster. This essay describes how the author rediscovered the meaning of community, and through working with colleagues in other health care disciplines and non-health care volunteers, provided care to patients in suboptimal circumstances...
November 2013: Annals of Family Medicine
Deon V Canyon, Ashmita Adhikari, Thomas Cordery, Philippe Giguère-Simmonds, Jessica Huang, Helen Nguyen, Michael Watson, Daniel Yang
The practice of crisis-probing in proactive organisations involves meticulous and sustained investigation into operational processes and management structures for potential weaknesses and flaws before they become difficult to resolve. In health organisations, crisis probing is a necessary part of preparing to manage emerging health threats. This study examined the degree of pre-emptive probing in health organisations and the type of crisis training provided to determine whether or not they are prepared in this area...
2011: Emerging Health Threats Journal
Brooke Noe, April Smith
OBJECTIVE: To share an independent pharmacy's experience creating a practical manual for disaster preparedness that incorporates applicable pharmacy regulations, provides a plan to prepare a community pharmacy for disasters, and addresses the pharmacy's duty to the community during disasters. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed to determine if such a manual or a guide had been published previously. The search returned examples of expectations of hospitals during disasters, but few results were specific to community pharmacy...
July 2013: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Katherine Seib, Cindy Gleason, Jennifer L Richards, Allison Chamberlain, Tracey Andrews, Lin Watson, Ellen Whitney, Alan R Hinman, Saad B Omer
OBJECTIVES: Emergency response involving mass vaccination requires the involvement of traditional vaccine providers as well as other health-care providers, including pharmacists, obstetricians, and health-care providers at correctional facilities. We explored differences in provider experiences administering pandemic vaccine during a public health emergency. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of H1N1 vaccine providers in Washington State, examining topics regarding pandemic vaccine administration, participation in preparedness activities, and communication with public health agencies...
May 2013: Public Health Reports
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