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Subacromial bursa

M C Lim, P L See, S Y Wang, A T Wee, U L Tee
A 38-year-old female presented with a 10-month history of right shoulder pain with impingement symptoms. She was diagnosed on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to have supraspinatus tendon tear and degenerative changes contributing to subacromial impingement. She also had lipoma arborescens of the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, an uncommon condition in a particularly rare location. Lipoma arborescens is a benign intra-articular condition characterized by lipomatous proliferation of synovium with replacement of subsynovial tissue by mature adipocytes...
December 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Sophie Moerman, Marijn Vis, Joost W Colaris
A 65-year-old woman, who had been suffering from erosive rheumatoid arthritis, presented with swollen shoulders. Also, she experienced a weary feeling in her left arm. An MRI scan of the left shoulder showed multiple nodules ('rice bodies') in the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa. We extracted the nodules via a deltopectoral approach, after which the symptoms disappeared.
December 17, 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Michael D Feldman
Although the exact function of the subacromial bursa as it relates to rotator cuff repair is still debatable, most surgeons would agree that the more invasive the procedure, the more likely there will be scarring and/or adhesions, which can lead to decreased motion. So, when performing subacromial bursectomy during rotator cuff repair, "Observe due measure, moderation is best in all things [subacromial]."
December 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
David McKean, Philip Yoong, Rebecca Brooks, Joseph Papanikitas, Richard Hughes, Aniruddha Pendse, Bernard John McElroy
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the outcome following shoulder manipulation under rotator interval block for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with adhesive capsulitis referred by our local orthopaedic shoulder surgeons consented to targeted ultrasound-guided injection of the glenohumeral joint via the rotator interval. Inclusion criteria included a failure to respond to conservative treatment and the absence of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear...
November 16, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Felix Dyrna, Philip Zakko, Leo Pauzenberger, Mary Beth McCarthy, Augustus D Mazzocca, Nathaniel A Dyment
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow aspirate is a primary source for cell-based therapies with increasing value in the world of orthopaedic surgery, especially in revision cases of tendon and ligament repairs. However, cells within peritendinous structures, such as the paratenon and surrounding bursa, contribute to the native tendon-healing response and offer promising cell populations for cell-based repair strategies. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of cells derived from human subacromial bursa as compared with the current gold standard, bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), for tendon repairs in an established in vivo immunodeficient murine patellar tendon defect model...
December 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ke-Vin Chang, Kamal Mezian, Ondřej Naňka, Wei-Ting Wu, Chih-Peng Lin, Levent Özçakar
Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder of variable etiology, ranging from rotator cuff pathology to peripheral nerve entrapment. Advances in ultrasound (US) technology have allowed static and dynamic evaluation of shoulder problems and most importantly, offer real-time, radiation-free guidance for interventions. The present review aims to describe shoulder anatomy in detail using information from cadaveric models and to illustrate US-guided techniques using clearly labeled figures and videos. The review will also present evidence of specific US-guided therapies for shoulder pain by summarizing landmark studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Liyun Wang, Xi Xiang, Yuanjiao Tang, Yujia Yang, Li Qiu
Background: High frequency ultrasound is often used to measure the thickness of fluid in peripheral joints and bursae of healthy asymptomatic populations. Two major steps critical to this procedure are obtaining the detection rates and analyzing the relevant factors. Methods: Healthy Chinese adult volunteers with no history of arthritis, past trauma or surgery and joint pain were enrolled in this study. Ultrasonography was performed on the bilateral shoulders, elbows, wrists, metacarpophalangeal joints (MCP) 1-5, proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) 1-5, distal interphalangeal joints (DIP) 2-5, suprapatellar knees, ankles, metatarsophalangeal joints (MTP) 1-5, subacromial and subdeltoid bursae, deep infrapatellar bursae, retrocalcaneal bursae and long biceps tendons in B mode...
September 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
R Fawcett, A Grainger, P Robinson, M Jafari, E Rowbotham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2018: Clinical Radiology
R Papalia, G Torre, G Papalia, M H Baums, P Narbona, V Di Lazzaro, V Denaro
PURPOSE: To understand the role of camptocormia (increased kyphosis) and postural alteration in Parkinson's disease in the development of shoulder pathology, with a special concern for adhesive capsulitis and shoulder stiffness. METHODS: A preliminary online search was carried out, with combination of keywords including "Parkinson," "Shoulder stiffness," "Frozen shoulder," "Adhesive capsulitis," "Postural alteration," "Camptocormia"...
October 1, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Balakrishnan M Acharya, Pramod Devkota, Suman K Shrestha, Nabeesman S Pradhan, Shiraz Ahmad
Synovial chondromatosis is a benign arthropathy rarely seen in diarthrodial joints. Extra-articular bilateral symmetrical synovial chondromatosis of shoulder is the rarest variety. The diagnosis is established with the help of imaging modalities and histopathological examinations. This report describes a case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with symmetrical, progressively increasing swelling over the bilateral shoulder region, of 12-18 months duration, with dull ache and restricted movements of the shoulder joints...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Brandi Cole, Patrick Lam, Lisa Hackett, George A C Murrell
Background: Subacromial corticosteroid injections are frequently performed for pain associated with supraspinatus tendinopathy. Glucose prolotherapy has been used clinically for multiple tendinopathies and is hypothesized to be an alternate injection therapy for supraspinatus tendinopathy. Methods: A prospective, randomized, double blinded clinical trial was conducted. Thirty-six patients with supraspinatus tendinopathy were randomized into two groups: 17 received an ultrasound-guided injection of glucose into the tendinopathic parts of the supraspinatus tendon and 19 received an ultrasound-guided injection of corticosteroid into the subacromial bursa...
July 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
R Fawcett, A Grainger, P Robinson, M Jafari, E Rowbotham
AIM: To assess shoulder pain and disability in patients undergoing corticosteroid injection into the subacromial-subdeltoid (SA-SD) bursa under ultrasound guidance, evaluating both short and long-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, longitudinal, analytical study 376 patients referred for SA-SD bursa injection during a 6 month period were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing shoulder pain and disability in the form of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI)...
August 2018: Clinical Radiology
Himanshu Bhayana, Puneet Mishra, Anupama Tandon, Amite Pankaj, Rohit Pandey, Raskesh Malhotra
Objective: Impingement syndrome is the most common differential in a patient presenting to an orthopaedic OPD with shoulder pain. Impingement syndrome is often managed with subacromial corticosteroid injection, which can be instilled using either landmark guided (LMG) approach or with the assistance of ultrasound (US). This study was envisaged to enquire whether ultrasound assistance improves the accuracy, efficacy or safety profile of the injection. Methods: 60 patients of rotator cuff syndrome underwent diagnostic ultrasound...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Wesley M Nottage
Most descriptions of shoulder anatomy note that the axillary nerve lies approximately 5 cm below the anterolateral corner of the acromion, and the nerve has been reported to range from 2 to 7 cm from the acromial edge, depending on the patient and measuring technique. The safe trans-deltoid operable area has been described as up to 4 cm below the acromion. A useful clinical guide I use is that the inferior extent of the subacromial bursa ends above the axillary nerve.
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Vito Chianca, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Federico Midiri, Giovanni Mauri, Alberto Aliprandi, Michele Catapano, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Cristian Giuseppe Monaco, Salvatore Gitto, Anna Pisani Mainini, Angelo Corazza, Santi Rapisarda, Grazia Pozzi, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) is a very common condition caused by the presence of calcific deposits in the rotator cuff (RC) or in the subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa when calcification spreads around the tendons. The pathogenetic mechanism of RCCT is still unclear. It seems to be related to cell-mediated disease in which metaplastic transformation of tenocytes into chondrocytes induces calcification inside the tendon of the RC. RCCT is a frequent finding in the RC that may cause significant shoulder pain and disability...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Takeshi Suzuki, Ryochi Yoshida, Yuka Hidaka, Yu Seri
Semiquantitative scoring for subacromial bursa (SAB), subdeltoid bursa (SDB), and subcoracoid bursa by both gray-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasonography was performed in 15 patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) (72.6 ± 7.7 years old) and 15 patients with elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis with PMR-like onset (pm-EORA) (70.7 ± 7.0 years old) before starting treatment. The GS grades of SAB were significantly higher in the shoulders with pm-EORA than in the shoulders with PMR. The GS and PD scores of SAB and the PD scores of SDB were significantly higher in pm-EORA than in PMR cases...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Christina Garving, Sascha Jakob, Isabel Bauer, Rudolph Nadjar, Ulrich H Brunner
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is the third most common musculoskeletal complaint in orthopedic practice. It is usually due to a defect of the rotator cuff and/or an impingement syndrome. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent literature retrieved by a selective search of the Medline database. RESULTS: Patients with shoulder impingement syndrome suffer from painful entrapment of soft tissue whenever they elevate the arm. The pathological mechanism is a structural narrowing in the subacromial space...
November 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Christelle Darrieutort-Laffite, Frédéric Blanchard, Benoit Le Goff
Calcific tendonitis of the rotator cuff is due to apatite deposits in the shoulder tendons. Patients affected by calcific tendonitis have chronic shoulder pain and disability. Although the disease is frequent, about 10 to 42% of painful shoulders, mechanisms leading to this pathological mineralization are still largely unknown. Research reported in the 1990s suggested that the formation of calcific deposits is linked to cells looking like chondrocytes identified around calcium deposits within a fibrocartilage area...
December 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Masoud Anvar, Anna Cecilia Karlberg, Jens Ivar Brox, Kaia Beck Engebretsen, Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Niels Gunnar Juel, Erik Bautz-Holter, Leiv Sandvik, Cecilie Roe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on shoulder patients have suggested that the prevalence of rotator cuff or bursa abnormalities are weakly related to symptoms and that similar findings are often found in asymptomatic persons. In addition, it is largely unknown whether structural changes identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affect outcome after treatment for shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the presence of structural changes on MRI in patients with subacromial pain syndrome and to determine to what extent these changes are associated with symptoms and predict outcome after treatment (evaluated by the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI))...
November 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Shu-Jui Kuo, Feng-Sheng Wang, Jih-Yang Ko, Chih-Hsin Tang, Ka-Kit Siu, Ya-Hung Hsu, Tsai-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Shoulder stiffness is a disease manifested by pain, limited range of motion, and functional disability. The inflammatory and fibrosis processes play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of shoulder stiffness. The CB1 receptor has been recognized to mediate the processes of pathologic fibrosis. This study investigated the role of the CB1 pathway in pathogenesis of rotator cuff lesions with shoulder stiffness. METHODS: All of the patients undergoing repair surgery for rotator cuff lesions were recruited and subcategorized into subjects with and without shoulder stiffness...
February 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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