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Glutamate receptor trafficking and excitotoxicity

Fred Yeboah, Hongqiu Guo, Anke Bill
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDAR) are classified as ionotropic glutamate receptors and have critical roles in learning and memory. NMDAR malfunction, expressed as either over- or under-activity caused by mutations, altered expression, trafficking, or localization, can contribute to numerous diseases, especially in the central nervous system. Therefore, understanding the receptor's biology as well as facilitating the discovery of compounds and small molecules is crucial in ongoing efforts to combat neurological diseases...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yingxiao Shi, Shaoyu Lin, Kim A Staats, Yichen Li, Wen-Hsuan Chang, Shu-Ting Hung, Eric Hendricks, Gabriel R Linares, Yaoming Wang, Esther Y Son, Xinmei Wen, Kassandra Kisler, Brent Wilkinson, Louise Menendez, Tohru Sugawara, Phillip Woolwine, Mickey Huang, Michael J Cowan, Brandon Ge, Nicole Koutsodendris, Kaitlin P Sandor, Jacob Komberg, Vamshidhar R Vangoor, Ketharini Senthilkumar, Valerie Hennes, Carina Seah, Amy R Nelson, Tze-Yuan Cheng, Shih-Jong J Lee, Paul R August, Jason A Chen, Nicholas Wisniewski, Victor Hanson-Smith, T Grant Belgard, Alice Zhang, Marcelo Coba, Chris Grunseich, Michael E Ward, Leonard H van den Berg, R Jeroen Pasterkamp, Davide Trotti, Berislav V Zlokovic, Justin K Ichida
An intronic GGGGCC repeat expansion in C9ORF72 is the most common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but the pathogenic mechanism of this repeat remains unclear. Using human induced motor neurons (iMNs), we found that repeat-expanded C9ORF72 was haploinsufficient in ALS. We found that C9ORF72 interacted with endosomes and was required for normal vesicle trafficking and lysosomal biogenesis in motor neurons. Repeat expansion reduced C9ORF72 expression, triggering neurodegeneration through two mechanisms: accumulation of glutamate receptors, leading to excitotoxicity, and impaired clearance of neurotoxic dipeptide repeat proteins derived from the repeat expansion...
March 2018: Nature Medicine
Haiying Li, Shankai Liu, Xiaofeng Sun, Junjie Yang, Ziying Yang, Haitao Shen, Xiang Li, Yizhi Liu, Gang Chen
Glutamate excitotoxicity has been implicated in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury (SBI). Synaptosome associated protein 23 (SNAP23) and SNAP25 are respectively participate in presynaptic glutamate release and postsynaptic glutamate receptor (NMDA receptor) trafficking, both of which are essential for glutamate-mediated excitatory toxicity. SNAP23 and SNAP25 exhibit high homology and SNAP23 has been shown to interact with Annexin A7 (ANXA7). This study was to examine the role of ANXA7 in ICH-induced neuronal damage...
February 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
Donají Chi-Castañeda, Edna Suárez-Pozos, Arturo Ortega
Glutamate (Glu) is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system. During synaptic activity, Glu is released into the synaptic cleft and binds to Glu receptors activating a wide variety of signal transduction cascades. Extracellular Glu concentrations are maintained exclusively within physiological levels mainly by glial Glu transporters. Inefficient clearance of synaptic Glu may be neurotoxic owing to prolonged hyperactivation of postsynaptic Glu receptors, causing a multitude of intracellular events in the postsynaptic neuron, which ultimately results in neuronal cell death...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
Tingting Chen, Motoki Tanaka, Ya Wang, Sha Sha, Kishio Furuya, Ling Chen, Masahiro Sokabe
Neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been reported to exert a potent neuroprotective effect against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. One of the possible mechanisms may be an involvement of astrocytic glutamate transporter subtype-1 (GLT-1) that can quickly clear spilled glutamate at the synapse to prevent excitotoxicity. To examine the effect of DHEA on GLT-1 activity, we measured synaptically induced glial depolarization (SIGD) in the dentate gyrus (DG) of adult rats by applying an optical recording technique to the hippocampal slices stained with voltage-sensitive dye RH155...
September 2017: Glia
Luan T Tran, Benoit J Gentil, Kathleen E Sullivan, Heather D Durham
Excitotoxicity and disruption of Ca(2+) homeostasis have been implicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and limiting Ca(2+) entry is protective in models of ALS caused by mutation of SOD1. Lomerizine, an antagonist of L- and T-type voltage-gated calcium channels and transient receptor potential channel 5 transient receptor potential channels, is well tolerated clinically, making it a potential therapeutic candidate. Lomerizine reduced glutamate excitotoxicity in cultured motor neurons by reducing the accumulation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) and protected motor neurons against multiple measures of mutant SOD1 toxicity: Ca(2+) overload, impaired mitochondrial trafficking, mitochondrial fragmentation, formation of mutant SOD1 inclusions, and loss of viability...
August 2014: Journal of Neurochemistry
Patrick J Maier, Khaled Zemoura, Mario A Acuña, Gonzalo E Yévenes, Hanns Ulrich Zeilhofer, Dietmar Benke
Cerebral ischemia frequently leads to long-term disability and death. Excitotoxicity is believed to be the main cause for ischemia-induced neuronal death. Although a role of glutamate receptors in this process has been firmly established, the contribution of metabotropic GABAB receptors, which control excitatory neurotransmission, is less clear. A prominent characteristic of ischemic insults is endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress associated with the up-regulation of the transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP)...
May 2, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Anna Di Vito, Maria Mele, Antonella Piscioneri, Sabrina Morelli, Loredana De Bartolo, Tullio Barni, Rosa Maria Facciolo, Marcello Canonaco
It's known that neurons in mammalian hibernators are more tolerant to hypoxia than those in non-hibernating species and as a consequence animals are capable of awakening from the arousal state without exhibiting cerebral damages. In addition, evidences have suggested that euthermic hamster neurons display protective adaptations against hypoxia, while those of rats are not capable, even though molecular mechanisms involved in similar neuroprotective strategies have not been yet fully studied. In the present work, overstimulation of glutamatergic receptors NMDA recognized as one of the major death-promoting element in hypoxia, accounted for altered network complexity consistent with a moderate reduction of hippocampal neuronal survival (p < 0...
May 2014: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Elena Blanco-Suarez, Jonathan G Hanley
Brain ischemia occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, leading to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). This triggers a cascade of events causing a synaptic accumulation of glutamate. Excessive activation of glutamate receptors results in excitotoxicity and delayed cell death in vulnerable neurons. Following global cerebral ischemia, hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons are more vulnerable to injury than their cortical counterparts. The mechanisms that underlie this difference are unclear. Cultured hippocampal neurons respond to OGD with a rapid internalization of AMPA receptor (AMPAR) subunit GluA2, resulting in a switch from GluA2-containing Ca(2+)-impermeable receptors to GluA2-lacking Ca(2+)-permeable subtypes (CP-AMPARs)...
February 21, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Guang Yang, Xun Zhou, Jingyan Zhu, Rui Liu, Si Zhang, Ainsley Coquinco, Yongting Chen, Yanhua Wen, Luba Kojic, William Jia, Max S Cynader
Secretory trafficking through the Golgi complex is critical for neuronal development, function, and stress response. Altered secretion is associated with the pathogenesis of various neurological diseases. We found that c-Jun amino-terminal kinase 3 (JNK3) inhibited secretory trafficking by promoting the depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) in the Golgi complex of COS7 cells and primary rat neurons. Exposure of cultured primary rat neurons to excitotoxic concentrations of NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate), an agonist of a class of ionotropic glutamate receptors, or overexpression of zD17 (a palmitoyl transferase) resulted in JNK3 palmitoylation and association with the Golgi complex...
July 9, 2013: Science Signaling
Jarrah R Spencer, Keturah M E Darbyshire, Aurelie A Boucher, Mohammed A Kashem, Leonora E Long, Iain S McGregor, Tim Karl, Jonathon C Arnold
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia and cannabis dependence. Mice that are hypomorphic for Nrg1 (Nrg1 HET mice) display schizophrenia-relevant behavioral phenotypes and aberrant expression of serotonin and glutamate receptors. Nrg1 HET mice also display idiosyncratic responses to the main psychoactive constituent of cannabis, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). To gain traction on the molecular pathways disrupted by Nrg1 hypomorphism and Nrg1-cannabinoid interactions we conducted a proteomic study...
2013: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Fan Zhang, Ailan Guo, Chunli Liu, Micheal Comb, Bingren Hu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Overassembly of synaptic glutamate receptors leads to excitotoxicity. The goal of this study is to investigate phosphorylation and assembly of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors after brain ischemia with reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: Rats were subjected to 15 minutes of global ischemia followed by 0.5, 4, and 24 hours of reperfusion. Phosphotyrosine peptides of glutamate receptors in synaptosomal fraction after I/R were identified and quantified by state-of-the-art immuno-affinity purification of phosphotyrosine peptides followed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry analysis (immunoaffinity purification-coupled liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry)...
January 2013: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Martina Kaniakova, Barbora Krausova, Vojtech Vyklicky, Miloslav Korinek, Katarina Lichnerova, Ladislav Vyklicky, Martin Horak
N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are glutamate ionotropic receptors that play critical roles in synaptic transmission, plasticity, and excitotoxicity. The functional NMDA receptors, heterotetramers composed mainly of two NR1 and two NR2 subunits, likely pass endoplasmic reticulum quality control before they are released from the endoplasmic reticulum and trafficked to the cell surface. However, the mechanism underlying this process is not clear. Using truncated and mutated NMDA receptor subunits expressed in heterologous cells, we found that the M3 domains of both NR1 and NR2 subunits contain key amino acid residues that contribute to the regulation of the number of surface functional NMDA receptors...
July 27, 2012: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ping He, Qiang Liu, Jie Wu, Yong Shen
The distribution of postsynaptic glutamate receptors has been shown to be regulated by proimmunocytokine tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling. The role of TNF-α receptor subtypes in mediating glutamate receptor expression, trafficking, and function still remains unclear. Here, we report that TNF receptor subtypes (TNFR1 and TNFR2) differentially modulate α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) clustering and function in cultured cortical neurons. We find that genetic deletion of TNFR1 decreases surface expression and synaptic localization of the AMPAR GluA1 subunit, reduces the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC), and reduces AMPA-induced maximal whole-cell current...
January 2012: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Joel M Brittain, Liang Chen, Sarah M Wilson, Tatiana Brustovetsky, Xiang Gao, Nicole M Ashpole, Andrei I Molosh, Haitao You, Andy Hudmon, Anantha Shekhar, Fletcher A White, Gerald W Zamponi, Nickolay Brustovetsky, Jinhui Chen, Rajesh Khanna
Neurological disabilities following traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be due to excitotoxic neuronal loss. The excitotoxic loss of neurons following TBI occurs largely due to hyperactivation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), leading to toxic levels of intracellular Ca(2+). The axon guidance and outgrowth protein collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) has been linked to NMDAR trafficking and may be involved in neuronal survival following excitotoxicity. Lentivirus-mediated CRMP2 knockdown or treatment with a CRMP2 peptide fused to HIV TAT protein (TAT-CBD3) blocked neuronal death following glutamate exposure probably via blunting toxicity from delayed calcium deregulation...
October 28, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Neng-Wei Hu, Tomas Ondrejcak, Michael J Rowan
The cognitive and related symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are mainly attributable to synaptic failure. Here we review recent research on how the Alzheimer's disease amyloid ß-protein (Aß) affects glutamate receptors and fast excitatory synaptic transmission and plasticity of that transmission. l-glutamate, the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain, has long been implicated in causing NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity leading to neurodegeneration in the late stages of the disease. However there is now extensive evidence that soluble Aß oligomers disrupt synaptic transmission and especially synaptic plasticity via non-excitotoxic glutamatergic mechanisms...
February 2012: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Diana L Price, Edward Rockenstein, Kiren Ubhi, Van Phung, Natalie MacLean-Lewis, David Askay, Anna Cartier, Brian Spencer, Christina Patrick, Paula Desplats, Mark H Ellisman, Eliezer Masliah
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's Disease (PD) are neurodegenerative disorders of the aging population characterized by the abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn). Previous studies have suggested that excitotoxicity may contribute to neurodegeneration in these disorders, however the underlying mechanisms and their relationship to alpha-syn remain unclear. For this study we proposed that accumulation of alpha-syn might result in alterations in metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR), particularly mGluR5 which has been linked to deficits in murine models of PD...
November 16, 2010: PloS One
Alice Y C Liu, Rohan Mathur, Newton Mei, Christopher G Langhammer, Bruce Babiarz, Bonnie L Firestein
Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) mediates the cellular response to stress to increase the production of heat shock protein (HSP) chaperones for proper protein folding, trafficking, and degradation; failure of this homeostatic mechanism likely contributes to neurodegeneration. We show that the neuroprotective drug riluzole increased the amount of HSF1 in NG108-15 neuroprogenitor cells by slowing the specific turnover of HSF1 and supporting a more robust and sustained activation of HSF1. Using Hsp70-luciferase as a functional readout of the activity of HSF1, we show that riluzole amplified the heat shock induction of the reporter gene with an optimal increase at 1 μM...
January 28, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Michael S Beattie, Adam R Ferguson, Jacqueline C Bresnahan
AMPA receptors (AMPARs) are critical for synaptic plasticity, and are subject to alterations based on subunit composition and receptor trafficking to and from the plasma membrane. One of the most potent regulators of AMPAR trafficking is the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, which is involved in physiological regulation of synaptic strength (Beattie et al., (2002) Science, 295, 2282-2285; Stellwagen and Malenka, (2006) Nature, 440, 1054-1059) and is also present at high concentrations after CNS injury...
July 2010: European Journal of Neuroscience
Thor S Thorsen, Kenneth L Madsen, Nelson Rebola, Mette Rathje, Victor Anggono, Anders Bach, Irina S Moreira, Nicolai Stuhr-Hansen, Tino Dyhring, Dan Peters, Thijs Beuming, Richard Huganir, Harel Weinstein, Christophe Mulle, Kristian Strømgaard, Lars Christian B Rønn, Ulrik Gether
Proteins containing PSD-95/Discs-large/ZO-1 homology (PDZ) domains play key roles in the assembly and regulation of cellular signaling pathways and represent putative targets for new pharmacotherapeutics. Here we describe the first small-molecule inhibitor (FSC231) of the PDZ domain in protein interacting with C kinase 1 (PICK1) identified by a screening of approximately 44,000 compounds in a fluorescent polarization assay. The inhibitor bound the PICK1 PDZ domain with an affinity similar to that observed for endogenous peptide ligands (K(i) approximately 10...
January 5, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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