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Pietro Cipresso, Desirée Colombo, Giuseppe Riva
The goal of this study was to provide reliable quantitative analyses of psycho-physiological measures during acute mental stress. Acute, time-limited stressors are used extensively as experimental stimuli in psychophysiological research. In particular, the Stroop Color Word Task and the Arithmetical Task have been widely used in several settings as effective mental stressors. We collected psychophysiological data on blood volume pulse, thoracic respiration, and skin conductance from 60 participants at rest and during stressful situations...
February 14, 2019: Sensors
Brigitte Wirth, Fabienne Riner, Cynthia Peterson, Barry Kim Humphreys, Mazda Farshad, Susanne Becker, Petra Schweinhardt
Background: A close collaboration between surgeons and non-surgical spine experts is crucial for optimal care of low back pain (LBP) patients. The affiliation of a chiropractic teaching clinic to a university hospital with a large spine division in Zurich, Switzerland, enables such collaboration. The aim of this study was to describe the trajectories and outcomes of patients with chronic LBP referred from the spine surgery division to the chiropractic teaching clinic. Methods: The patients filled in an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) for pain intensity and the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) (bio-psycho-social measure) at baseline and after 1 week, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months...
2019: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Peter L Fisher, Angela Byrne, Louise Fairburn, Helen Ullmer, Gareth Abbey, Peter Salmon
Background: Adult cancer survivors often experience substantial psychological morbidity following the completion of acute cancer treatment. Unfortunately, current psychological interventions are of limited efficacy. This study explored if metacognitive therapy (MCT); a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention was potentially efficacious and could be delivered effectively to adult cancer survivors with psychological morbidity. Methods: An open trial with 3- and 6-month follow-up evaluated the treatment effects of MCT in 27 consecutively referred individuals to a clinical psychology health service specializing in psycho-oncology...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Gourdas Choudhuri, Varun Gupta, Tajinder Singh Negi, Rajesh Ojha
Background: In a developing country like India with intermediate level of prevalence of hepatitis B, most of the patients remain undiagnosed as they are asymptomatic. The purpose of the study was to diagnose asymptomatic HBsAg positive patients from the general population and evaluate further the potential clinical implications of IDAHS. Methods: Asymptomatic subjects with unknown HBV status were screened free of cost for hepatitis-B surface antigen. Those who tested positive for HBsAg were further tested to identify those who were potential candidates for anti-viral therapy...
January 2019: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Philippe Thomas, Cyril Hazif-Thomas
Cognitive disorders of Alzheimer's disease are not the only determinants of the behavioral disorders of the elderly. A transgressive will may be underlying, related to the life story or archaic psychological defense mechanisms. As a result, their human environment is distressed which sometimes aggravates behavioral problems. In institutions, this situation increases the psycho-social risks.
January 2019: Soins. Gérontologie
Ellen Backman, Mats Granlund, Ann-Kristin Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Everyday routines play a vital role in child functioning and development. This study explored health professionals' documentation of everyday life and health care during the first year following gastrostomy tube placement in children and the content of intervention goals. METHODS: The medical records of 39 children (median age 38 months, min-max: 15-192) in one region of Sweden were analysed. A content analysis approach was used with an inductive qualitative analysis supplemented by a deductive, quantitative analysis of documented intervention goals following the ICF-CY...
February 14, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Vera Atema, Marieke van Leeuwen, Jacobien M Kieffer, Hester S A Oldenburg, Marc van Beurden, Miranda A Gerritsma, Marianne A Kuenen, Peter W Plaisier, Alexander M F Lopes Cardozo, Yvonne E A van Riet, Gijsbert Heuff, Herman Rijna, Suzan van der Meij, Eva M Noorda, Gert-Jan Timmers, Bart C Vrouenraets, Matthé Bollen, Henk van der Veen, Nina Bijker, Myra S Hunter, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT), with or without therapist support, on the perceived impact of hot flushes and night sweats (HF/NS) and overall levels of menopausal symptoms (primary outcomes), sleep quality, HF/NS frequency, sexual functioning, psychological distress, and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors with treatment-induced menopausal symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomly assigned 254 breast cancer survivors to a therapist-guided or a self-managed iCBT group or to a waiting list control group...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Mary Jo Kupst, Joanna Breyer
Presents an obituary for Andrea Farkas Patenaude (1946-2018). Patenaude was a pioneer in pediatric and adult psycho-oncology. Researcher, clinician, administrator, educator, mentor, and ardent patient advocate, she was a brilliant scientist-practitioner. She combined the highest academic standards with compassionate care for patients and families, demonstrating the important role psychologists can have in cutting-edge medical care. She was a founding member of the Pediatric Oncology Group Psychology Committee (later, COG Behavioral Science)...
February 2019: American Psychologist
L J van der Donk, K A Tovote, T P Links, J L N Roodenburg, J C Kluin-Nelemans, H J G Arts, V E M Mul, R J van Ginkel, P C Baas, C Hoff, R Sanderman, J Fleer, M J Schroevers
OBJECTIVE: In line with screening guidelines, cancer survivors were consecutively screened on depressive symptoms (as part of standard care), with those reporting elevated levels of symptoms offered psychological care as part of a trial. Due to the low uptake, no conclusions could be drawn about the interventions' efficacy. Given the trial set-up (following screening guidelines and strict methodological quality criteria), we believe that this observational study reporting the flow of participation, reasons for and characteristics associated with non-participation, adds to the debate about the feasibility and effiency of screening guidelines...
February 14, 2019: Psycho-oncology
Frank W Paulus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
A V Kuzmenko, V V Kuzmenko, T A Gyaurgiev
INTRODUCTION: Androgens play a key role in the male development. All the physiological processes in the body, including the production of testosterone, have their chronobiological features. Aging is accompanied by a disruption in the regulation of chronobiological processes. With androgen deficiency, these changes occur at any age. In recent years, transdermal forms of testosterone have become very popular in the treatment of this condition. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and chronobiological features of various regimens of testosterone gel therapy for external use in men with androgen deficiency...
October 2018: Urologii︠a︡
Christopher C Hemond, Bonnie I Glanz, Rohit Bakshi, Tanuja Chitnis, Brian C Healy
BACKGROUND: Serum hematological indices such as the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) or monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) have been used as biomarkers of pathogenic inflammation and prognostication in multiple areas of medicine; recent evidence shows correlation with psychological parameters as well. OBJECTIVES/AIMS: To characterize clinical, neuroimaging, and psycho-neuro-immunological associations with NLR and MLR in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We identified a large cohort of clinically well-defined patients from our longitudinal database that included MS-related outcomes, disease-modifying therapy, patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures, and quantified cerebral MRI at 1...
February 12, 2019: BMC Neurology
Maria Luisa Mondolfi Miguel, Margarita Rosa Pino-Juste
In Spain, a country of great cultural diversity, there is an increasing demand for psychosocial care for victims of gender-based violence. The objective is to describe the psychosocial profile of these women residing in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. In a sample (n = 40) of victims of intimate partner violence, it was found a high incidence of PTSD, depression, and low self-esteem associated with greater severity of PTSD and depression. A prolonged relationship increases the types of violence experienced, which is associated with particular psychosocial conditions that are analyzed quanti-qualitatively in order to recommend interventions consistent with the problems detected...
February 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
M A Feofilova, O G Pavlov, V E Geimerling
The prospective observation of women with uterus myoma being on operative treatment in gynecological department of the Tula oblast clinical hospital during 2011-2012 was implemented. The regular female donors of the department of transfusiology of the given medical institution were used as the comparison group. It is established that female contingent with uterus myoma has a complex of such predisposing medical social risk factors as lower motion activity, financial neediness, increased stress load, diet of lower quality and its limitations, increased liquid intake, inobservance of work and rest regime, with passive character of longer day rest, certain occupational hazards...
November 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Hui-Ling Lai, Chun-I Chen, Chu-Yun Lu, Yu-Chun Yao, Chiung-Yu Huang
BACKGROUND: Theory has suggested that personality plays an important role related to health behavior and results in health outcomes, but inconsistent with the findings exist. Moreover, limited research has focused on style of coping with personality traits and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with breast cancer. We tested how ways of coping and personality traits are associated with HRQOL in patients with breast cancer, after controlling for age, education, disease severity, and sleep disorders...
February 12, 2019: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
M M Duțescu, R E Popescu, L Balcu, L C Duica, L M Strunoiu, D O Alexandru, M C Pîrlog
Schizophrenia remains one of the major psychiatric disorder with huge social and economic costs for the individual and community. The role of psycho-social factors is important both on the etiopathogenesis of the illness and its evolution, lack of social functioning and associated stress have impact on everyday life of people with this diagnosis. Our study of 100 subjects with schizophrenia has showed significant correlations between clinical and social items: bigger number of admissions, longest duration of the evolution, cognitive deficits, smoking, suicidal behavior, age, marital status, smoking, level of perceived stress...
April 2018: Current Health Sciences Journal
Charles Masulani-Mwale, Felix Kauye, Melissa Gladstone, Don Mathanga
BACKGROUND: The burden of intellectual disabilities in low and middle income countries (LMIC) is high and is associated with parental psychological distress. There are few services for children and parents in most developing countries and few interventions have been created that target the psychological issues among parents of such children. This study aimed to develop a contextualized intervention to provide psychological support for parents of children with intellectual disabilities in an African setting...
2019: PloS One
Shizheng Du, Yan Hu, Yamei Bai, Lingli Hu, Jianshu Dong, Shengji Jin, Heng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) has become a worldwide health concern, and emotional distress is an important issue for CLBP management. However, it remains poorly understood how emotional distress happens and develops. This study aimed to systematically explored the correlates of emotional distress of CLBP patients. METHODS: The study was a multisite, cross-sectional survey with a sample of 252 CLBP patients in urban communities. A battery of questionnaires were used to collect data...
February 9, 2019: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Yu I Pigolkin, M A Shilova, S N Zakharov, A P Sereda, A V Zholinskiy, I V Kruglova, S V Shigeev
The present review of the literature publications concerns the problem of sudden death (SD) among the young persons under effect of the different forms of physical loads. The statistical data on the frequency of sudden death are presented together with information about risk factors of SD, the morphological substrates and structural changes that promote death coming. The cases of sudden death among the young persons associated with the amateur sports activities and the professional sport of records are presented...
2019: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
N A Fudin, A A Khadartsev, S V Moskvin
RATIONALE: At sports submaximal loads accompanied by muscle fatigue due to metabolic transformations, the conditions are created for the development of combined endogenous and exogenous emotional stresses. An important role in the development of stress is played by the state of adaptation mechanisms, in which sintoxic and catatoxic programs are involved, as well as the GABA-dopaminergic system. There is insufficient information on the possibilities for reducing the manifestations of stress...
2019: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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