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Hossein Arfaeinia, Sina Dobaradaran, Masoud Moradi, Hasan Pasalari, Ehsan Abouee Mehrizi, Farhad Taghizadeh, Abdolhamid Esmaili, Mohammad Ansarizadeh
In the present study, a total of 41 sediment samples were collected from the areas with different land uses: industrial (IS), urban (US), agricultural (AGS), and natural field (NS) in the northern coasts along the Persian Gulf from November 2016 to January 2017. Samples were analyzed to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Ni). The mean concentration of Ʃ6 heavy metals in the samples taken from IS, US, AGS, NS were 2300.24, 251.02, 553.21, and 40.93 mg/kg, respectively. The predominant metals were Zn, Cu, and Pb and the mean concentrations of Ʃ3 metals (Zn, Cu, and Pb) in IS, US, AGS, NS areas were 2245...
February 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Samira Dodangeh, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Shirzad Gholami, Elham Kialashaki, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Shahabeddin Sarvi
Objectives: Freshwater snails, as first intermediate hosts of trematodes, can cause health hazards in animals and humans. Recently, WHO has included Iran among six countries known to have a serious problem with fascioliasis. In addition, Cercarial dermatitis is a job-related disease that is seen often in paddy workers and swimmers of Iran particularly in the Mazandaran province. In our country, many studies have been conducted to survey larval trematodes in freshwater snails. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no comprehensive data regarding the infection of gastropods...
January 7, 2019: Epidemiology and Health
Vahid Sepahvand, Terue Cristina Kihara, Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
A new clausidiid copepod was found associated with the ghost shrimp Neocallichirus jousseaumei (Nobili) in the Persian Gulf, on the Iranian coast. The new species shares the armature formula of swimming legs 2 to 4 with C. persiaensis, but can be easily distinguished from its congeners by unique characteristics of the females: the prominent spine on endopodal segment 1 of the antenna, the armature of the maxilliped, and the elongated basis of the swimming legs. Distinguishing features observed in males include the distinct projections on the maxilliped and the armature of legs 1 and 4...
February 11, 2019: Systematic Parasitology
Saber Esmaeili, Ashraf Mohabati Mobarez, Mohammad Khalili, Ehsan Mostafavi, Pardis Moradnejad
Q fever is a major zoonotic disease in the world. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in animal milk in Iran. We systematically reviewed the literature to identify eligible studies from January 2008 to June 2016 in English or Farsi (Persian) databases. We extracted the molecular prevalence of C. burnetii in milk from cows, goats, sheep, and camels in Iran. The total prevalence of C. burnetii in cow milk was 15.09% (95% CI 11.08-19.10) by PCR methods. The highest and lowest prevalence of Q fever agent were seen in the East Azerbaijan (25...
February 11, 2019: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Virginia Boccardi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Sina Amirjani, Sadegh Jafarnejad
The aim of the comprehensive meta-analysis was to systematically explore the reductive effect of α-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The related records were selected from PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Persian databases including SID and Magiran from earliest date 1980 until August 2018. The heterogeneities were assessed by I2 test (I2 < 50%) and χ2 test on Cochrane's Q statistic. Standardized mean difference (SMD) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for change in SBP and DBP...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Human Hypertension
Hadi Charati, Min-Sheng Peng, Wei Chen, Xing-Yan Yang, Roghayeh Jabbari Ori, Mohsen Aghajanpour-Mir, Ali Esmailizadeh, Ya-Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: The ability to digest dietary lactose is associated with lactase persistence (LP) in the intestinal lumen in human. The genetic basis of LP has been investigated in many populations in the world. Iran has a long history of pastoralism and the daily consumption of dairy products; thus, we aim to assess how LP has evolved in the Iranian population. We recruited 400 adult individuals from seven Iranian ethnic groups, from whom we investigated their lactose tolerance and screened the genetic variants in their lactase gene locus...
February 11, 2019: Human Genomics
Chung-Ying Lin, Anders Broström, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) using classical test theory and modern test theory among elderly Iranian individuals with heart failure (HF). Individuals with objectively verified HF ( n = 388, 234 males, mean age = 68.9 ± 3.4) completed the (i) eHEALS, (ii) Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, (iii) Short Form 12, (iv) 9-item European Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior Scale, and (v) 5-item Medication Adherence Report Scale...
February 11, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
A Amraee, M R Evazi, M Shakeri, N Roozbeh, M Ghazanfarpour, M Ghorbani, J Ansari, L Darvish
AIMS: The primary standard treatment for classic Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) is chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, some patients get relapsed, or their diseases become resistant. PD1 blocking antibodies have been used to increase the response of treatment in solid tumors, and led to potentially stable responses that are acceptable. Our purpose in this study is to investigate the effect of nivolumab as a PD1 blocking antibody on the survival rate of patients with Hodgkin's cancer...
February 9, 2019: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Ertan Şahinoğlu, Gülbin Ergin, Bayram Ünver
PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of self-administered patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires which were used in non-surgical homogeneous populations with musculoskeletal shoulder disorders. METHODS: The included studies were identified using eligibility criteria. The methodological quality of each article was assessed using the COSMIN checklist. The psychometric properties of original versions and translated versions of PROs were also assessed...
February 9, 2019: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Mahboube Shirzad, Elham Shakibazadeh, Ana Pilar Betran, Meghan A Bohren, Mehrandokht Abedini
BACKGROUND: Iran has one of the highest national caesarean section rates worldwide. Few studies explored in-depth the health-facility and health-system level factors that affect women's choices on mode of delivery in Iran. The aim of this study was to explore the health-facility and health-system level factors affecting women's preferences on mode of delivery in Tehran. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth face-to-face interviews with women between October 2017 and May 2018...
February 8, 2019: Reproductive Health
Soheil Hassanipour, Majid Mohammadzadeh, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Mohammad Fathalipour, Farahnaz Joukar, Hamid Salehiniya, Elham Abdzadeh, Ali Akbar Samadani, Hossein-Ali Nikbakht, Morteza Arab-Zozani
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma or liver cancer (LC) is one of most important cancer around the world. There are several reports about LC incidence from various Iranian locations with conflicting results. The present study aimed to accomplish a systematic review to estimate the accurate incidence rate of LC among Iranian people. METHODS: This systematic review was performed based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist in 2018...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Stefano Romagnoli, Chiara Bensaia, Lluis Ferré-Dolcet, Hasan Besim Sontas, Calogero Stelletta
OBJECTIVES: Fertility and reproductive management were investigated, via questionnaires, in breeding establishments of Norwegian Forest Cats, Maine Coon, Persian and Bengal cats in Italy. METHODS: Six Bengal, five Maine Coon, eight Norwegian Forest Cat and seven Persian breeders responded for a total of 128 queens, 565 heats, 337 litters and 1424 kittens spanning the period 1998-2012. The mean number of queens per cattery was 4.9 ± 2.3, with primiparous queens constituting 20...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Mohammad Saadati, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Mahdieh Heydari, Naser Derakhshani, Ramin Rezapour
Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of self-immolation epidemiology and characteristics in Iran. Methods: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis study. PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Science Direct were searched for English literature and SID and Magiran for Persian in the time period of 2000 to 2016. The retrieved studies were screened and reviewed then quality assessed. Random Effect model was applied for meta-analysis. The qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis method...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Leila Ebrahimi, Hamidreza Pouretemad, Ali Khatibi, John Stein
The visual magnocellular system is thought to play a crucial role in learning to read. Here therefore, we examined whether magnocellular based training could improve reading in children with visual reading problems. The participants were 24 male primary school students aged between 9-11 (Mean = 9.76, SD = 0.59) with specific reading difficulty. Experimental and control groups were matched for age, sex, educational level, IQ, reading abilities (measured by APRA), magnocellular performance as assessed by a random dot kinematogram (RDK) paradigm and recordings of their saccadic eye movements...
February 4, 2019: Scientific Reports
Laura Grauso, Afsaneh Yegdaneh, Mohsen Sharifi, Alfonso Mangoni, Behzad Zolfaghari, Virginia Lanzotti
The saponin composition of a specimen of black sea cucumber, Holothuria atra collected in the Persian Gulf was studied by a combined approach including LC-MS/MS, Molecular Networking, pure compound isolation, and NMR spectroscopy. The saponin composition of Holothuria atra turned out to be more complex than previously reported. The most abundant saponins in the extract ( 1 ⁻ 4 ) were isolated and characterized by 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments. Compound 1 was identified as a new triterpene glycoside saponin, holothurin A5...
February 1, 2019: Marine Drugs
Min Yao, Bao-Ping Xu, Zi-Rui Tian, Jie Ye, Ying Zhang, Yong-Jun Wang, Xue-Jun Cui
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common and uncomfortable symptom, adversely affecting the work and life of those affected. The Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPDS) is widely used in neck pain assessment. It has been cross-culturally adapted into several languages to extend its reach to non-English-speaking countries. The aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the translation procedures and measurement properties of cross-cultural adaptations of the NPDS. METHOD: We searched multiple databases, including PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SciELO, PsycINFO, Medline, SinoMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus, using the keywords "Neck Pain and Disability Scale", "NPDS", "cross-cultural" and "translation"...
January 29, 2019: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Ashok K Tuteja, Nicholas J Talley, Gregory J Stoddard, Matthew H Samore, G Nicholas Verne
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but its role in other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) is less clear. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of FGIDs in Gulf War (GW) Veterans before, during, and after deployment and to determine whether gastroenteritis was a risk factor for upper and lower FGIDs. METHODS: The Veterans who served during the Persian GW were mailed validated questionnaires inquiring about their bowel habits, psychological and extra-intestinal symptoms, and quality of life (QOL)...
January 29, 2019: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Khadije Saket, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Ehsan Saburi, Mahdi Yousefi, Roshanak Salari
From ancient times, medicinal plants have been usually utilized to treat many disorders, but today, interest in these herbs is again aroused, because of their fewer side effects and low-cost. In traditional medicine, for many diseases, various medicinal herbs have been suggested so far. Drimia maritime, also named squill, is an important medicinal plant for the treatment of many diseases, especially respiratory diseases. In the current evidence-based study, we conducted a review of the general characteristics, ingredients, administration form, and side effects of squill in traditional medicine...
January 25, 2019: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Nemat Azizi, Mahmood Karimy, Rezvan Abedini, Bahram Armoon, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Health literacy has received growing attention in recent years to reduce health disparities. Health literate individuals can gain access, understand and use health information to maintain, improve and promote good health. OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess the psychometric properties of a tool for the measurement of health literacy among workers, the Health Literacy Scale for Workers (HELSW). METHODS: 15 companies were selected from the factories of the industrial city of Saveh...
January 2019: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Aminolah Vasigh, Alireza Abdi, Milad Borji, Asma Tarjoman
Introduction Neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes, which causes many problems for diabetic patients. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of neuropathy among type 1 diabetic adolescents by systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and methods This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis, which reviewed articles published from 2001 to September 1, 2018. The search process was carried out in the Google Scholar search engine and domestic and international databases such as Magiran, SID, Iranmedex, IranDoc, Medlib, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Springer, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science, Ebsco and Cochrane using Persian and English keywords based on MESH conformity...
January 26, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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