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Life style

Jacques Joubert, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan, Christopher Levi, Graeme Gonzales, Lynette Joubert, Graeme J Hankey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After an initial stroke, the risk of recurrent stroke is high. Models that implement best-practice recommendations for risk factor management in stroke survivors to prevent stroke recurrence remain elusive. We examined a model which focuses on vascular risk factor management to prevent stroke recurrence in survivors returning to their primary care physicians. This model is coordinated from the stroke unit, integrates specialist stroke services with primary care physicians, and directly involves patients and carers in risk factor management...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Marinna S Mensorio, Ausiàs Cebolla-Martí, Enrique Rodilla, Gonzalo Palomar, Juan Francisco Lisón, Cristina Botella, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Rosa M Baños
INTRODUCTION: Changes in unhealthy lifestyles are key elements in the prevention and treatment of obesity and hypertension. Internet-based programs offer great potential for the implementation of evidence-based interventions focused on promoting healthy habits. We evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based self-administered program ("Living Better") that addresses people diagnosed as being overweight or having type I obesity and hypertension. METHODS: The sample was composed of a total of 106 participants (age Mean = 53; 59 males) from a public hospital in Spain, diagnosed as being overweight or having type I obesity and hypertension and randomized into two groups-the intervention group (IG; Internet-based intervention) and the control group (CG; usual medical treatment)...
April 2019: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Javier Salvador García, Susel Góngora Alonso, Isabel de la Torre Díez, Begoña Garcia-Zapirain, Cristiane Castillo, Miguel López Coronado, Javier Cabo Salvador
BACKGROUND: Information and communications technologies are transforming our social interactions and life-styles. One of the most promising applications of information technology is healthcare and wellness management that characterized by early detection of conditions, prevention, and long-term healthcare management. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this document is to do a study, first about the actual literature about mobile phone applications to measure and control heart-rate and second a study about these applications themselves, analyzing the different app stores more popular nowadays, Google Play Store and iTunes (for Android and iOS devices respectively)...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Medical Systems
Cornelia Weise, Gudrun Kaiser, Carolyn Janda, Johanna N Kues, Gerhard Andersson, Jana Strahler, Maria Kleinstäuber
BACKGROUND: Given the high prevalence of clinically relevant premenstrual symptoms and the associated impairment, there is a need for effective treatments. Initial evidence suggests cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) as an effective treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The aim of the current randomized clinical trial was to evaluate an Internet-based CBT (iCBT) to reduce the burden of PMDD. METHODS: In all, 174 women with PMDD were recruited via newspaper articles, flyers, and social media...
February 19, 2019: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
John R Paterson, Gregory D Edgecombe, Michael S Y Lee
Trilobites are often considered exemplary for understanding the Cambrian explosion of animal life, due to their unsurpassed diversity and abundance. These biomineralized arthropods appear abruptly in the fossil record with an established diversity, phylogenetic disparity, and provincialism at the beginning of Cambrian Series 2 (∼521 Ma), suggesting a protracted but cryptic earlier history that possibly extends into the Precambrian. However, recent analyses indicate elevated rates of phenotypic and genomic evolution for arthropods during the early Cambrian, thereby shortening the phylogenetic fuse...
February 19, 2019: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Niala den Braber, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Milou M Oosterwijk, Christina M Gant, Ilse J M Hagedoorn, Bert-Jan F van Beijnum, Hermie J Hermens, Gozewijn D Laverman
Adherence to a healthy diet and regular physical activity are two important factors in sufficient type 2 diabetes mellitus management. It is recognized that the traditional treatment of outpatients does not meet the requirements for sufficient lifestyle management. It is hypothesised that a personalized diabetes management mHealth application can help. Such an application ideally measures food intake, physical activity, glucose values, and medication use, and then integrates this to provide patients and healthcare professionals insight in these factors, as well as the effect of lifestyle on glucose values in daily life...
February 15, 2019: Nutrients
Alistair Wardrope, Becky Green, Paul Norman, Markus Reuber
BACKGROUND: Seizure disorders affect not only the individual living with seizures, but also those caring for them. Carer-patient relationships may be influenced by, and have an influence on, some aspects of living with seizure disorders - with potentially different interactions seen in epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). OBJECTIVES: We studied the influence of patient and carer attachment style and relationship quality on carer wellbeing and psychological distress, and explored whether these associations differ between carers for people with epilepsy and for those with PNES...
February 16, 2019: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Ts P Korolenko, A A Ovchinnikov, A N Sultanova, A Yu Neustroeva
AIM: To study social-psychological predictors of different types of addictive behavior. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients, aged 22-50 years, with different addictions (nicotine dependence, alcohol dependence, drug dependence, Internet addiction, extreme sports addiction) were studied. A questionnaire for assessment of personality accentuation, the Life Style Index, The world assumptions scale and the Rokeach Value Survey were administered. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Social-psychological predictors of the types of addictive behavior were identified...
2019: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Khalid M Malik, Rena Beckerly, Farnad Imani
Musculoskeletal disorders are the leading source of pain and disability globally but are especially prevalent in the industrialized nations including the U.S. In addition to the substantial individual suffering caused the rising monetary costs of these disorders are noteworthy. In the U.S. alone the annual costs have been estimated to be $874 billion 5.7% of the annual U.S. G.D.P. Despite these expenditures the care provided to patients with musculoskeletal disorders is highly variable and has regularly been shown to have suboptimal outcomes...
December 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Sema Baki Yildirim, Özlem Koşar Can
The aim of this study is to investigate vitamin D deficiency and the associated risk factors in pregnant women and their infants in the Black Sea region of Turkey. One hundred and twenty healthy pregnant women in the last trimester and their healthy newborn pairs were observed between June and August 2017 in Giresun province. The serum 25(OH)D3 and calcium levels were measured through the samples collected from maternal and neonatal cord blood. The effects of maternal lifestyle on the maternal vitamin D levels were assessed by multiple regression analysis...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Cristina Morsiani, Maria Giulia Bacalini, Aurelia Santoro, Paolo Garagnani, Salvatore Collura, Antonia D'Errico, Magda de Eguileor, Gian Luca Grazi, Matteo Cescon, Claudio Franceschi, Miriam Capri
An appraisal of recent data highlighting aspects inspired by the new Geroscience perspective are here discussed. The main findings are summarized as follows: i) liver has to be considered an immunological organ, and new studies suggest a role for the recently described cells named telocytes; ii) the liver-gut axis represents a crucial connection with environment and life style habits and may influence liver diseases onset; iii) the physiological aging of liver shows relatively modest alterations. Nevertheless, several molecular changes appear to be relevant: a) an increase of microRNA-31-5p; -141-3p; -200c-3p expressions after 60 years of age; b) a remodeling of genome-wide DNA methylation profile evident until 60 years of age and then plateauing; c) changes in transcriptome including the metabolic zones of hepatocyte lobules; d) liver undergoes an accelerated aging in presence of chronic inflammation/liver diseases in a sort of continuum, largely as a consequence of unhealthy life styles and exposure to environmental noxious agents...
February 14, 2019: Ageing Research Reviews
Galit Weinstein, Kendra L Davis-Plourde, Sarah Conner, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa S Beiser, Anne Lee, Andreea M Rawlings, Sanaz Sedaghat, Jie Ding, Erin Moshier, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michal S Beeri, Elizabeth Selvin, M Arfan Ikram, Lenore J Launer, Mary N Haan, Sudha Seshadri
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether classes of diabetes medications are associated with cognitive health and dementia risk, above and beyond their glycemic control properties. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Findings were pooled from 5 population-based cohorts: the Framingham Heart Study, the Rotterdam Study, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, the Aging Gene-Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study (AGES) and the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA)...
2019: PloS One
Sonya V Troller-Renfree, George A Buzzell, Daniel S Pine, Heather A Henderson, Nathan A Fox
OBJECTIVE: Children with the temperament of Behavioral Inhibition (BI) face increased risk for developing an anxiety disorder later in life. However, not all children with BI manifest anxiety symptoms, and cognitive-control-strategy use may moderate the pathway between BI and anxiety. Individuals vary widely in the strategy used to instantiate control; the present study examined whether a more planful style of cognitive control (i.e. proactive control) or a more impulsive strategy of control (i...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Wen Wen, Robert F Schwabe
Nearly 25% of the world's population is suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is closely associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. NAFLD may progress to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). With efficient medical therapies lacking, modifications of life style and diet are considered the best options for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD. For the latter, it is thought that besides reducing fat, sugar and caloric intake, increasing fiber may exert beneficial effects on NAFLD, e...
February 14, 2019: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Qian Qi, Pin Lv, Xiao-Ming Chen, Hang Chen, Ming-Shun Chen, Pu Yang
The scale insect, Ericerus pela Chavannes, shows a typical sexual dimorphism. Males and females are different not only in morphology, but also in their ability to secrete wax and ecological adaptability. Here we report the morphological and structural characteristics of wax glands on E. pela females and males. The differences in wax glands and wax secretion between females and males reflect their different needs for living habitats and different ecological strategies. Sciophilous male nymphs are with five types of wax glands, and the wax glands on the dorsum secrete a layer of wax filaments plausibly for protection against direct light irradiation...
February 13, 2019: Environmental Entomology
Manik Chhabra, Amit Sharma, Kumar Rathore Ajay, Mahendra Singh Rathore
INTRODUCTION: Increased prevalence of stroke, and the subsequent increased economic burden on the healthcare system and society is a raising concern in India. Objectives of this study were to assess risk factors, cost of treatment and therapy outcomes in stroke patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 130 patients of either sex at a government tertiary care hospital of India. Relevant information was collected from available records and through patient interview after permission from ethics committee...
February 12, 2019: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
M A Feofilova, O G Pavlov, V E Geimerling
The prospective observation of women with uterus myoma being on operative treatment in gynecological department of the Tula oblast clinical hospital during 2011-2012 was implemented. The regular female donors of the department of transfusiology of the given medical institution were used as the comparison group. It is established that female contingent with uterus myoma has a complex of such predisposing medical social risk factors as lower motion activity, financial neediness, increased stress load, diet of lower quality and its limitations, increased liquid intake, inobservance of work and rest regime, with passive character of longer day rest, certain occupational hazards...
November 2018: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Hui-Ling Lai, Chun-I Chen, Chu-Yun Lu, Yu-Chun Yao, Chiung-Yu Huang
BACKGROUND: Theory has suggested that personality plays an important role related to health behavior and results in health outcomes, but inconsistent with the findings exist. Moreover, limited research has focused on style of coping with personality traits and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with breast cancer. We tested how ways of coping and personality traits are associated with HRQOL in patients with breast cancer, after controlling for age, education, disease severity, and sleep disorders...
February 12, 2019: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Giuliana Guggino, Claudia Schinocca, Marianna Lo Pizzo, Diana Di Liberto, Domenico Garbo, Stefania Raimondo, Riccardo Alessandro, Filippo Brighina, Piero Ruscitti, Roberto Giacomelli, Guido Sireci, Giovanni Triolo, Roberto Casale, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Francesco Dieli
OBJECTIVES: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used as treatment for different clinical conditions, including fibromyalgia (FM). HBOT modulates brain activity, ameliorates chronic pain and modifies the ratio of immune cells. Clinical studies have provided evidence that FM is associated with immune system dysregulation. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the effect of HBOT on immune system and on the quality of life-style of FM patients. METHODS: Patients with primary FM and controls were treated with HBOT...
January 2019: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Kriti Sharma, Shashidhar Acharya, Deepak Kumar Singhal, Nishu Singla
Aim: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of use and need for dental prostheses and to associate need with the life course determinants in young adults of age 18-35 years in Udupi taluk, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional survey conducted on a total of 580 individuals those attended dental screening camps organized at random locations. A self-administered questionnaire was administered to participants to assess their life course determinants such as socioeconomic, behavioral, and psychological circumstances followed by an oral examination to assess their prosthetic status (WHO, 1997)...
January 2019: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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