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Luke S Harmer, Kevin D Phelps, Colin V Crickard, Katherine M Sample, Erica B Andrews, Nady Hamid, Joseph R Hsu
OBJECTIVES: A debate exists over the optimal approach for addressing fractures of the scapula and glenoid. The purpose of this study is to (1) quantify and compare osseous exposure using modified Judet (MJ) and classic Judet (CJ) approaches and (2) assess the change in scapular exposure after triceps release from the inferior glenoid. METHODS: Ten arms on 5 fresh-frozen torsos underwent MJ and CJ approaches. A triceps release was performed following the CJ approach in all specimens...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jan Bartoníček, Vladimír Frič, Michal Tuček
Anatomical neck fractures of the scapula are rare. The authors have found in the literature only four radiologically documented fractures of the anatomical neck of the scapula. Two of them were published by Hardegger et al., the third case was published by Arts and Louette. The last case, in fact only a radiograph and a rather poor 3D CT reconstruction of a fracture of the anatomical neck of scapula, was published by Jeong and Zuckerman. Together with author's two patients, the group of radiologically verified anatomical neck fractures of the scapula comprises six cases in total (four men, one woman, one gender unspecified)...
August 2013: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Toby O Smith, Benjamin T Drew, Andoni P Toms
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) have gained increasing favour in the assessment of patients with suspected glenoid labral injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI or MRA in the detection of gleniod labral lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken of the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and CINAHL, in addition to a search of unpublished literature databases...
July 2012: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Xiang-yong Zeng, Yong-jun Zhu
Femora acetabular impingement (FAI) is thought as the major reason leds to hip osteoarthritis. FAI results to destruction of the arthrodial cartilage. Prognoses of hip osteoarthritis is affected by the degree of arthrodial cartilage destruction. The hip osteoarthritis could be prevented if FAI is diagnosed and treated in earlier period. How can we diagnose FAI in earlier period? Recent studies showed that MRI was the best way for FAI diagnosis. It has higher resolution and signal-noise ratio. Cartilage and gleniod labrum of hip could be shown by MRI...
May 2011: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Björn Salomonsson, Anders von Heine, Mats Dahlborn, Hassan Abbaszadegan, Susanne Ahlström, Nils Dalén, Ulf Lillkrona
It would be a great advantage if it were possible to categorise the patients with first time dislocations to an initial treatment with the most beneficial outcome. MRI could be a useful method for finding lesions after shoulder dislocation. Fifty-eight patients with traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation were treated by closed reduction and were examined by MRI after a maximum of 2 weeks. The hemarthrosis or effusion present in the joint after the primary dislocation could be used as a contrast for arthrography to identify the lesions present on MRI...
October 2010: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
R Silverstein, S Dunn, R Binder, A Maganzini
A new analysis, the Projective Invariant Analysis, was developed for the evaluation of magnetic resonance images of the temporomandibular joint. This method was used because it takes into account factors such as linear and angular measurements that simple Euclidean geometric methods fail to address. Forty "normal" joints (20 subjects) and 65 "abnormal" joints were analyzed. Joints were defined as normal if they had a Class I skeletal pattern and a Class I occlusion. In addition, a history was obtained and a clinical examination was performed on each of these subjects to rule out any temporomandibular joint dysfunction, masticatory muscle myalgia, or cervicalgia...
May 1994: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
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