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acne and adiponectin

T Brément, C Cossec, C Roux, A C Knol, B Dréno, A Khammari, P Bourdeau, V Bruet
Adipokines are biologically active cytokines that are mainly produced in adipose tissue. There is evidence, in man and mice, that some adipokines may be secreted in other tissues including the vascular endothelium, epithelia and sebaceous glands. Moreover, modified serum levels of adipokines have been detected in people with acne vulgaris or psoriasis; it is suspected that adipokines could contribute to local and systemic inflammatory conditions. We aimed to evaluate the expression of three adipokines (i.e...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Hatice Soguktas, Kursat Oguz Yaykasli, Hakan Turan, Ertugrul Kaya, Emine Yaykasli
Acne vulgaris is the most frequent and multifactorial inflammatory skin disorder in all races. Obesity is considered to be a risk factor for acne due to its contribution to inflammation. The involvements of inflammatory (leptin and resistin) and anti-inflammatory (adiponectin) adipokines in the pathogenesis of acne were reported. Omentin resembles adiponectin in terms of having inhibitory effect on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induced inflammation, a vital process in the acne formation. This study was designed to investigate the putative involvement of omentin in acne formation...
September 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Kadriye Aydin, Fatma Çetinözman, Gonca Elcin, Duygu Yazgan Aksoy, Fatma Ucar, Bulent O Yildiz
BACKGROUND/AIM: Isotretinoin, the drug of choice for severe acne, might be associated with a decrease in insulin sensitivity. Adiponectin is an adipose tissue-derived protein that increases insulin sensitivity. In this study, we aimed to investigate adiponectin levels in postadolescent severe acne and the effect of isotretinoin on adiponectin levels. METHODS: Participants included 18 female patients with severe acne and 18 healthy women matched for age and body mass index (BMI)...
2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Lourdes Ibáñez, Sharon E Oberfield, Selma Witchel, Richard J Auchus, R Jeffrey Chang, Ethel Codner, Preeti Dabadghao, Feyza Darendeliler, Nancy Samir Elbarbary, Alessandra Gambineri, Cecilia Garcia Rudaz, Kathleen M Hoeger, Abel López-Bermejo, Ken Ong, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Reinehr, Nicola Santoro, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Rachel Tao, Bulent O Yildiz, Haya Alkhayyat, Asma Deeb, Dipesalema Joel, Reiko Horikawa, Francis de Zegher, Peter A Lee
This paper represents an international collaboration of paediatric endocrine and other societies (listed in the Appendix) under the International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology (ICPE) aiming to improve worldwide care of adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)1. The manuscript examines pathophysiology and guidelines for the diagnosis and management of PCOS during adolescence. The complex pathophysiology of PCOS involves the interaction of genetic and epigenetic changes, primary ovarian abnormalities, neuroendocrine alterations, and endocrine and metabolic modifiers such as anti-Müllerian hormone, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, adiposity, and adiponectin levels...
2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Christina Wei, Christine P Burren
Two Caucasian girls, both of normal weight and body mass indices, were diagnosed with type A insulin resistance (IR) in childhood. Case 1 presented with premature adrenarche aged 7 years, then by age 12 years had hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, and asymptomatic diabetes. Subsequent investigation revealed raised adiponectin (15.3 mg/L) and heterozygous p.Pro1205Leu mutation in the INSR gene encoding the insulin receptor. She experienced postprandial hypoglycaemia on metformin; acarbose was trialled and discontinued aged 16 years, as she became normoglycaemic...
December 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Havva Hilal Ayvaz, Gulfer Ozturk, Can Ergin, Havva Kaya Akıs, Muzeyyen Gonul, Ercan Arzuhal
INTRODUCTION: Isotretinoin has been successfully used for the treatment of acne vulgaris. AIM: To investigate the effects of isotretinoin on body mass index (BMI), to determine whether isotretinoin causes any changes in serum adiponectin, leptin, and ghrelin levels in acne vulgaris patients, and to correlate variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients were included in this study. Oral isotretinoin was begun at a dose of 0.5-0.6 mg/kg and raised to 0...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Aslı Aksu Çerman, Ezgi Aktaş, İlknur Kıvanç Altunay, Janset Erkul Arıcı, Aysın Tulunay, Feyza Yener Ozturk
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence to support the relationship between acne vulgaris and diet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate possible associations among dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, milk consumption, insulin resistance, and adiponectin levels in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. METHODS: The dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, milk consumption, fasting glucose, insulin, insulin-like growth factor)-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3, adiponectin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance values of 50 patients with acne vulgaris and 36 healthy control subjects were measured...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
P Ozuguz, S D Kacar, G Asik, U Ozuguz, S Karatas
BACKGROUND: The research evaluating adipokines are very few in patients with acne vulgaris. The hypothesis that hyperinsulinemic and high glycemic index diet plays a role in the pathogenesis of acne is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to evaluate adipokines such as leptin (L), adiponectin (A), ghrelin and A levels, and A/L rates that indicate insulin resistance in nonobese patients with severe acne vulgaris. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thirty patients who are nonobese with moderate acne vulgaris, aged 18 to 25 years, and 15 age-sex compatible controls were included in our study...
February 9, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Dóra Kovács, Marianna Lovászi, Szilárd Póliska, Attila Oláh, Tamás Bíró, Imre Veres, Christos C Zouboulis, Mona Ståhle, Ralph Rühl, Éva Remenyik, Dániel Törőcsik
In addition to producing sebum, sebocytes link lipid metabolism with inflammation at a cellular level and hence, greatly resemble adipocytes. However, so far no analysis was performed to identify and characterize the adipocyte-associated inflammatory proteins, the members of the adipokine family in sebocytes. Therefore, we determined the expression profile of adipokines [adiponectin, interleukin (IL) 6, resistin, leptin, serpin E1, visfatin, apelin, chemerin, retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1)] in sebaceous glands of healthy and various disease-affected (acne, rosacea, melanoma and psoriasis) skin samples...
March 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Ayse Serap Karadag, Derun Taner Ertugrul, Zennure Takci, Serap Gunes Bilgili, Mehmet Namuslu, Naim Ata, Ramazan Sekeroglu
BACKGROUND: The effect of isotretinoin (ISO) on adipokines and insulin resistance has been investigated in a few studies, and the results are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ISO treatment on insulin resistance and adipokines. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with acne vulgaris and a control group of 30 healthy volunteers were included in our study. Screening for the biochemical parameters was performed just before the initiation and after 3 months of ISO treatment...
2015: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Gaspare Stabile, Irene Borrielli, Alfredo Carducci Artenisio, Lucia Maria Bruno, Salvatore Benvenga, Loretta Giunta, Antonio La Marca, Annibale Volpe, Alfonsa Pizzo
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine cause of menstrual irregularities, hirsutism and acne. Women with PCOS present elevated plasma insulin levels, both fasting and after a glucose load, as an indirect evidence of insulin resistance. PCOS women may also present hypertension, low levels of HDL cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, visceral obesity and a higher level of CRP and fibrinogen that can predict an atherosclerotic risk. METHODS: This study was carried out on 15 young women with PCOS selected according to the 2003 diagnostic criteria of The Rotterdam Consensus Statement and 15 Control women...
June 2014: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Lourdes Ibáñez, Marta Diaz, Giorgia Sebastiani, David Sánchez-Infantes, Cristina Salvador, Abel Lopez-Bermejo, Francis de Zegher
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to perform a first comparison between the effects of a classic therapy and those of a novel treatment for androgen excess in adolescent girls. DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a randomized, open-labeled trial at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four adolescents with hyperinsulinemic androgen excess and without risk of pregnancy participated in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Ethinyl estradiol-cyproterone acetate (EE-CA) vs...
November 2011: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Maikki K Heliövaara, Anita Remitz, Sakari Reitamo, Anna-Maija Teppo, Sirkka-Liisa Karonen, Pertti Ebeling
13-cis-Retinoic acid treatment causes insulin resistance and disturbances in lipid and glucose metabolism. We studied how 13-cis-retinoic acid affects inflammatory factors and adiponectin. A total of 23 healthy patients (age, 24.9 +/- 0.9 years; body mass index, 22.6 +/- 0.7 kg/m(2)) who received 13-cis-retinoic acid treatment of acne participated in the study. The patients were studied before the treatment, after 3 months of therapy, and 1 month after the treatment. Inflammatory parameters were measured, and a 4-hour oral glucose tolerance test was performed at each visit...
June 2007: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
H A Koistinen, A Remitz, V A Koivisto, P Ebeling
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We previously reported that treatment of acne with 13-cis-retinoic acid causes insulin resistance and disturbances in lipid metabolism resembling those of the insulin-resistance syndrome. It is not known whether this is associated with alterations in the concentrations of serum adiponectin, an insulin-sensitising hormone secreted by adipocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven men (age 24+/-2 years, BMI 22.1+/-0.9 kg/m(2)) received 13-cis-retinoic acid (Roaccutan) treatment for acne for an average of 5 months...
February 2006: Diabetologia
F J Cisneros, B J Gough, R E Patton, S A Ferguson
Currently used to treat severe acne, 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA) is under investigation for its anticancer effects as is the isomer, all-trans-retinoic acid (all-trans-RA). Here, the effects of oral 13-cis-RA or all-trans-RA treatment on serum chemistry, leptin and adiponectin levels were evaluated. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were gavaged once daily for 7 consecutive days with 13-cis-RA (7.5 or 15 mg kg(-1)), all-trans-RA (10 or 15 mg kg(-1)) (n=24/sex/dose), or soy oil (n=16/sex) and blood was sampled 30-480 min after the last gavage...
November 2005: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
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