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flat feet malalignment

Takumi Matsumoto, Ichiro Nakamura, Ayumi Miura, Gen Momoyama, Katsumi Ito
OBJECTIVE: Foot and ankle deformities greatly affect the quality of life of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate the pattern of destruction of the RA foot and its impact on patients. METHODS: We cross-sectionally investigated RA patients (274 patients and 542 feet) using radiographs. The grade of joint destruction was assigned using Larsen's grading system for 12 joints in the foot and ankle. Cluster analysis was performed using the K-means method to classify the pattern of joint destruction...
April 2014: Arthritis Care & Research
R A Fuhrmann, T Pillukat
OBJECTIVE: Fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint and realignment of the great toe in patients with painful arthritis to achieve pain-free walking. INDICATIONS: Hallux rigidus grade 3/4, hallux valgus et rigidus, claw toe deformity of the great toe, salvage after endoprosthesis or cheilectomy, avascular necrosis of the first metatarsal head arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Infection, painful arthritis of the interphanageal joint (relative contraindication), and severe osteoporosis (relative contraindication)...
November 2012: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Sam Khamis, Ziva Yizhar
Hyperpronation may cause malalignment of the lower extremity, frequently leading to structural and functional deficits both in standing and walking. Our aim was to study the effect of induced foot hyperpronation on pelvic and lower limb alignment while standing. Thirty-five healthy subjects were requested to remain in a natural standing position for 20s in four different modes: feet flat on the floor, and on wedges angled at 10 degrees, 15 degrees and 20 degrees, designed to induce hyperpronation. Sequencing was random, repeated three times and captured by eight computerized cameras using the VICON three-dimensional motion analysis system...
January 2007: Gait & Posture
J Jerosch, H Mamsch
PURPOSE: purpose of this study was to evaluate paediatric feet and to document possible problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 345 high school pupils of the 5th and 6th class aged 10 to 13 the feet as well as leg alignment were evaluated with a standardised protocol. RESULTS: Only 36.5% showed regular feet. In almost 2/3rd of the pupils malalignements or even deformities were present. The valgus foot showed the highest incidence with 39.4% followed by a flat foot with 19...
May 1998: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
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