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Mental health pregnancy

Getinet Ayano, Getachew Tesfaw, Shegaye Shumet
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder during pregnancy, can alter fetal development and have a lasting impact on the offspring's neurological and behavioral development. However, no review has been conducted to report the consolidated magnitude of antenatal depression (AND) in Ethiopia. Therefore, this review aimed to systematically summarize the existing evidence on the epidemiology of AND in Ethiopia. METHODS: Using PRISMA guideline, we systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed studies that examined the prevalence and associated factors of AND from three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and SCOPUS)...
2019: PloS One
Nathalie V Kizirian, Kirsten I Black, Loretta Musgrave, Charlotte Hespe, Adrienne Gordon
BACKGROUND: Preconception care (PCC) defines health interventions prior to conception aimed at improving pregnancy and infant outcomes. AIM: To explore the understanding and provision of PCC by general practitioners (GPs) within the Sydney Local Health District. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire developed with GPs assessed structure and content of PCC provided, attitudes toward PCC and perceived barriers and facilitators. RESULTS: One hundred and ten GPs completed the survey: 84% reported that GPs should be the main providers of PCC; however, only 53% were aware of PCC guidelines...
February 17, 2019: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Alice Cavenagh, Sohini Chatterjee, William Davies
X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a rare X-linked dermatological condition arising from deficiency for the enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS). STS is normally expressed in the brain, and males with XLI exhibit personality differences from males in the general population, and are at increased risk of developmental and mood disorders. As the STS gene escapes X-inactivation, female carriers of XLI-associated genetic mutations have reduced STS expression/activity relative to non-carrier females, and could manifest similar behavioural phenotypes to males with XLI...
2019: PloS One
Judith van der Waerden, Aurelie Nakamura, Laura Pryor, Marie-Aline Charles, Fabienne El-Khoury, Patricia Dargent-Molina
The potential beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy on postpartum depressive symptoms (PPD) remain inconclusive. Using data from two prospective French birth cohorts, we aimed to examine the relationship between domain-specific physical activity (including leisure-time sedentary behavior) in pregnancy and the occurrence of PPD. Participants of the ELFE cohort (n = 15,538) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ), which assesses the following physical activity/sedentary behavior domains: household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise, transportation and leisure-time sedentary behavior during the third pregnancy trimester...
February 11, 2019: Preventive Medicine
Angela C Incollingo Rodriguez, A Janet Tomiyama, Christine M Guardino, Christine Dunkel Schetter
OBJECTIVE: Weight stigma adversely affects the health of the general population, but almost no studies have examined possible negative consequences of weight stigma in the context of pregnancy. The present study tested whether experiencing weight stigma in pregnancy is inversely related to mental and physical health in mothers during the first postpartum year. METHOD: This study examined associations between weight-related experiences of discrimination in everyday life, measured at 1 month after the birth of a child, and physical and mental health outcomes measured concurrently and at 6 months and 1 year postpartum in a sample of 214 women in the Community Child Health Network study...
March 2019: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Franziska Tole, Juliane Kopf, Katrin Schröter, Viola Stella Palladino, Christian P Jacob, Andreas Reif, Sarah Kittel-Schneider
Gene-environment-development interactions are suggested to play a crucial role in psychiatric disorders. However, it is not clear if there are specific risk gene interactions with particular pre-, peri-, and postnatal risk factors for distinct disorders, such as adult attention-deficit-/hyperactivity disorder (aADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD). In this pilot study, the first aim was to investigate retrospective self-reports of pre-, peri-, and postnatal complications and risk factors from 126 participants (aADHD, BD, and healthy controls) and their mothers...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Neural Transmission
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated prenatal care use among women who use alcohol during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate rates of prenatal care usage of women who have given birth to children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of women with children born in Manitoba between Apr. 1, 1984, and Mar. 31, 2012, with follow-up until 2013, using linkable administrative data. The study group included women whose child(ren) was (were) diagnosed with FASD ( n = 702) between Apr...
January 2019: CMAJ Open
Aditi Wahi, Kristen L Zaleski, Jacob Lampe, Patricia Bevan-Hively, Alissa Koski
Despite international and domestic calls to end child marriage, 48 U.S. states permit the marriage of minors younger than age 18 as of August 2018. In developing nations, child marriage is associated with a wide range of adverse economic, health, and mental health outcomes, yet little research has been done to understand its effects on developed nations such as the United States. This study is the first to interview adults who were married as children in the United States, to investigate the reasons why the marriages occurred, and qualitatively understand the experiences of married American children...
February 12, 2019: Social Work in Public Health
P Y Su, J H Hao, K Huang, Z H Huang, F B Tao
Objective: To study the dose-response relationship between maternal thyroid hormone levels in the first twenty weeks of pregnancy and the infant physical and neuropsychological development. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, a total of 945 women and their children were included. Maternal serum samples during first half of the pregnancy were collected and analyzed for levels of thyroid hormones by using the electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay. Maternal social demographic information was collected by using the a self-administered questionnaire...
February 10, 2019: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Tharanga Navodani, Deirdre Gartland, Stephanie J Brown, Elisha Riggs, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Migrant women of non-English speaking background make up an increasing proportion of women giving birth in high income countries, such as Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common physical and psychosocial health problems during pregnancy and up to 18 months postpartum among migrant women of non-English speaking background compared to Australian-born women. METHODS: Prospective pregnancy cohort study of 1507 nulliparous women...
2019: PloS One
Laurel M Hicks, Carolyn J Dayton
BACKGROUND: Nearly a third of adults report childhood trauma in their youth and approximately 700,000 cases of child maltreatment were reported in 2016. Both history of childhood trauma and current trauma symptoms in adults are linked to child maltreatment, although many trauma-exposed individuals are warm and nurturing parents. Identifying resiliency factors in adults with risk factors for harsh parenting may illuminate new pathways to sensitive parenting. Mindfulness is reported to improve trauma and mental health symptoms but the relationship between mindfulness, trauma, and child abuse potential is not yet understood...
February 6, 2019: Child Abuse & Neglect
Sara Holton, Jane Fisher, Hau Nguyen, Wendy J Brown, Thach Tran
BACKGROUND: While the physical health risks of obesity during pregnancy for women are well understood, little is known about the mental health implications. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and symptoms of antenatal depression and anxiety. METHODS: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data contributed by the younger cohort (born 1973-78) of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health who were pregnant at the time of the survey (Waves 4-6: aged 28-39years)...
February 4, 2019: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Anna Wikman, Cathrine Axfors, Stavros I Iliadis, John Cox, Emma Fransson, Alkistis Skalkidou
Maternal perinatal depression (PND), a common mental disorder with a prevalence of over 10%, is associated with long-term health risks for both mothers and offspring. This study aimed at describing characteristics related to background and lifestyle, pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum of different PND trajectories defined according to the onset of depressive symptoms. Participants were drawn from a large population-based cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden (n = 2,466). Five trajectory groups of depressive symptom onset were created using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ≥13 (pregnancy) or ≥12 points (postpartum): (a) healthy (60...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Rand S Eid, Aarthi R Gobinath, Liisa A M Galea
Depression represents a global mental health concern, and disproportionally affects women as they are twice more likely to be diagnosed than men. In this review, we provide a summary of evidence to support the notion that differences in depression between men and women span multiple facets of the disease, including epidemiology, symptomology, treatment, and pathophysiology. Through a lens of biological sex, we overview depression-related transcriptional patterns, changes in neuroanatomy and neuroplasticity, and immune signatures...
February 2, 2019: Progress in Neurobiology
Christopher R Sudfeld, Karim P Manji, Anne Marie Darling, Rodrick Kisenge, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, David C Belinger, Tor A Strand, Christopher P Duggan, Wafaie W Fawzi
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that nutritional interventions in the first 1000 days of life may influence long-term health and development outcomes. Few studies have examined the effect of maternal and infant micronutrient supplementation on development outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of two randomized trials of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We assessed the effect of maternal multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation in pregnancy on development of children at 11-14 years of age...
February 4, 2019: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Katri Lahti, Mervi Vänskä, Samir R Qouta, Safwat Y Diab, Kaisa Perko, Raija-Leena Punamäki
We examined, first, how prenatal maternal mental health and war trauma predicted mothers' experience of their infant crying, indicated by emotions, cognitions, and behavior; and second, how these experiences influenced the mother-infant interaction and infant development. Participants were 511 Palestinian mothers from the Gaza Strip, reporting their war trauma, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and perceived stress during pregnancy (Time 1). They reported experiences of infant crying at 4 months (Time 2), and the mother-infant interaction and infant sensorimotor and language development at 12 months of infants' age (Time 3)...
February 4, 2019: Infant Mental Health Journal
Mohammadali Nikoo, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Nooshin Nikoo, Sanam Javidanbardan, Alireza Kazemi, Fiona Choi, Marc Vogel, Ali Gholami, Saeed Tavakoli, Reza Givaki, Majid Jazani, Fatemeh Mohammadian, Nader Markazi Moghaddam, Nasser Goudarzi, Christian Schutz, Kerry Jang, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Michael Krausz
OBJECTIVES: This is the first study to compare the safety and efficacy of opium tincture (OT) with methadone for treatment of opioid use disorder. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, noninferiority controlled trial, a stratified sample of 204 participants with opioid use disorder were recruited from community outreach, drop-in centers, and triangular clinics. Participants were excluded in case of active participation in another treatment program for opioid use disorder, hypersensitivity to trial medications, pregnancy, and certain serious medical conditions...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Ko Ling Chan, Mengtong Chen
BACKGROUND: The use of social media and mobile health (mHealth) apps has been increasing in pregnancy care. However, the effectiveness of these interventions is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the effectiveness of these interventions with regard to different health outcomes in pregnant and postpartum women and investigate the characteristics and components of interventions that may affect program effectiveness. METHOD: We performed a comprehensive literature search of major electronic databases and reference sections of related reviews and eligible studies...
January 30, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Abby D Altazan, Leanne M Redman, Jeffrey H Burton, Robbie A Beyl, Loren E Cain, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Intensive lifestyle interventions in pregnancy have shown success in limiting gestational weight gain, but the effects on mood and quality of life in pregnancy and postpartum are less known. The purpose was to quantify changes in mental and physical quality of life and depressive symptoms across pregnancy and the postpartum period, to determine the association between gestational weight gain and change in mood and quality of life, and to assess the effect of a behavioral intervention targeting excess gestational weight gain on these outcomes...
January 29, 2019: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Amanda Yeaton-Massey, Tiffany Herrero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal mental health disorders, including anxiety and depression, are one of the most common obstetric complications, presenting in pregnancy and postpartum. RECENT FINDINGS: Maternal mental health disorders are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Screening women in pregnancy and postpartum for mental health disorders is key to early identification and treatment of anxiety and depression in the perinatal population. Although universal screening is now recommended by numerous professional organizations, rates of screening are low and often not performed with a validated screening instrument...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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