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Exercise youngers child

Chandu Sadasivan, Andrew Cave
Purpose: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction which is common in asthmatic patients also occurs in individuals with no prior asthma diagnosis. Despite this and the fact that soccer is a high ventilation sport, there are no validated asthma management protocols in place for soccer coaches. This study aims to address 1) soccer coaches' current knowledge on asthma, 2) whether there is a need for asthma-related training, and 3) any barriers to administration of such training...
2019: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Simone Kreimeier, Mark Oppe, Juan M Ramos-Goñi, Amanda Cole, Nancy Devlin, Michael Herdman, Brendan Mulhern, Koonal K Shah, Elly Stolk, Oliver Rivero-Arias, Wolfgang Greiner
BACKGROUND: Valuations of health states were affected by the wording of the two instruments (EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-Y) and by the perspective taken (child or adult). OBJECTIVES: There is a growing demand for value sets for the EQ-5D-Y (EQ-5D instrument for younger populations). Given the similarities between EQ-5D-Y and EQ-5D-3L, we investigated whether valuations of health states were affected by the differences in wording between the two instruments and by the perspective taken in the valuation exercise (child or adult)...
November 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Maija Huttunen-Lenz, Sylvia Hansen, Pia Christensen, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Finn Sandø-Pedersen, Mathijs Drummen, Tanja C Adam, Ian A Macdonald, Moira A Taylor, J Alfredo Martinez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Svetoslav Handjiev, Sally D Poppitt, Marta P Silvestre, Mikael Fogelholm, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Jennie Brand-Miller, Agnes Am Berendsen, Anne Raben, Wolfgang Schlicht
Purpose: Onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often gradual and preceded by impaired glucose homeostasis. Lifestyle interventions including weight loss and physical activity may reduce the risk of developing T2D, but adherence to a lifestyle change is challenging. As part of an international T2D prevention trial (PREVIEW), a behavior change intervention supported participants in achieving a healthier diet and physically active lifestyle. Here, our aim was to explore the influence of this behavioral program (PREMIT) on social-cognitive variables during an 8-week weight loss phase...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Sumant Kumar, Eniang E Offiong, Sweta Sangita, Nahin Hussain
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a genetic neuromuscular disorder characterized by episodes of painless muscle paralysis associated with low serum potassium, exclusively, during the attack. This may be precipitated by heavy exercise, fasting, or high-carbohydrate meals. We report two siblings, presenting at different ages with varying symptomatology-older sibling with episodic weakness in the morning associated with reduced physical exercise and consumption of large carbohydrate meal, whereas younger sibling complained of muscle stiffness following large carbohydrate meal and at the end of physical exercise...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Sha Liu, Yumin Zhou, Shiliang Liu, Weifeng Zou, Xiaochen Li, Chenglong Li, Zhishan Deng, Jinzhen Zheng, Bing Li, Pixin Ran
BACKGROUND: Criteria of obstruction that establish a diagnosis of COPD have been debated in recent years. We carried out a follow-up study to assess the impact of the new LLN reference equation for Chinese on detecting COPD compared with the traditional 0.7fixed criteria. METHODS: We examined the prevalence and characteristics of airflow limitation for a non-child population using post-bronchodilator airflow with both age-dependent predicted lower limit of the normal value and fixed-ratio spirometric criterion...
June 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Alexandra L MacMillan Uribe, Beth H Olson
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention is often a significant contributor to overweight and obesity. Lactation is typically not sufficient for mothers to return to pre-pregnancy weight. Modifiable health behaviors (e.g., healthy eating and exercise) are important for postpartum weight loss; however, engagement among mothers, especially those who are resource-limited, is low. A deeper understanding of low-income breastfeeding mothers' healthy-eating and exercise experience, a population that may have unique motivators for health-behavior change, may facilitate creation of effective intervention strategies for these women...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Ting Zhang, Li Cai, Jin Jing, Lu Ma, Jun Ma, Yajun Chen
OBJECTIVE: Parents commonly fail to correctly recognize the weight status of their child. Whether parental perception of child weight is associated with weight-related parenting behaviours and child behaviours is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the distribution of parental perception of child weight and its associations with weight-related parenting behaviours and child behaviours in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Seven provinces in China...
June 2018: Public Health Nutrition
M N Baig, C Egan
Introduction Paediatric patient bone fractures are the source of a large number of orthopaedic outpatient visits, especially for fracture clinics. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline NG38 provides guidance on assessing and managing non-complex fractures, such as buckle (i.e., torus) fractures in paediatric patients. Objective We retrospectively audited outpatient records of children younger than 12 years presenting with distal radius buckle fractures for May and June 2017...
November 8, 2017: Curēus
Mónica López-Vicente, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Jaume Torrent-Pallicer, Joan Forns, Jesús Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Llúcia González, Desirée Valera-Gran, Maties Torrent, Payam Dadvand, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of extracurricular physical activity and sedentary behavior at preschool and primary school age on working memory at primary school age and adolescence, respectively. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was based on a birth cohort across 4 Spanish regions. In the 3 younger subcohorts (n = 1093), parents reported lifestyle habits of child at age 4 years of age on a questionnaire, and children performed a computerized working memory task at 7 years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Brenda L Wong, Irina Rybalsky, Karen C Shellenbarger, Cuixia Tian, Mary A McMahon, Meilan M Rutter, Hemant Sawnani, John L Jefferies
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes and steroid side effects in a cohort of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) treated with long-term daily glucocorticoid therapy. Although daily glucocorticoid therapy has been shown to extend ambulatory function in DMD, less frequent dosing is often used because of side effect concerns. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 97 patients with DMD aged 10 to <16 years treated with daily glucocorticoid (89% on deflazacort) for a mean of 8...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Andrew M Gordon, Eugène Rameckers, Jean-Louis Thonnard, Carlyne Arnould
AIM: ABILHAND-Kids is a parent-reported questionnaire measuring manual ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Its psychometric properties have been established, with the exception of responsiveness, which is examined here. METHOD: In this cohort study, 98 children (46 males, 52 females; range 6-19y, mean 11y, standard deviation [SD] 3.3y) with unilateral CP underwent three assessments of upper extremity function: at baseline (T1); after 80 to 90 hours of intensive training (T2); and at follow-up (T3)...
May 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Flora Antwi, Natalya Fazylova, Marie-Carmel Garcon, Liliana Lopez, Rosagna Rubiano, Jason T Slyer
REVIEW OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to synthesise the best available evidence on the effectiveness of web-based programs on the reduction of childhood obesity in school age children. BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.[1] The prevalence has increased at an alarming rate globally...
2012: JBI Library of Systematic Reviews
Kerli Mooses, Jarek Mäestu, Eva-Maria Riso, Aave Hannus, Martin Mooses, Priit Kaasik, Merike Kull
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to compare the average and the days method in exploring the compliance of children with physical activity guidelines and describe their physical activity patterns in different school day segments. METHODS: Physical activity was objectively measured in 472 children aged 6-13 for one school week. Children were compliant when fulfilling PA recommendations 1) on average over all measured days (average method) or 2) on at least four measured days (days method)...
2016: PloS One
Salvatore Tripodi, Mario Barreto, Andrea Di Rienzo-Businco, Oriano Grossi, Ifigenia Sfika, Giovanni Ragusa, Martina Campisano, Stefano Miceli-Sopo
BACKGROUND: Poor asthma control can lead to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), but the relationship between subjective disease control and EIB is unclear. No studies have compared asthma control test (ACT) scores of children with those of their parents regarding EIB. We assessed whether ACT scores predict the occurrence of EIB in two age groups. We also evaluated ACT scores and objective measures as explanatory variables for airway response to exercise. METHODS: Patients (71, aged <12 years; 93, aged ≥12 years) and their parents completed an ACT questionnaire separately...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Antje Hebestreit, Gianvincenzo Barba, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Éva Kovács, Vittorio Krogh, Luis A Moreno, Valeria Pala, Toomas Veidebaum, Maike Wolters, Claudia Börnhorst
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effect of dietary energy on BMI z-scores in young children is limited. We aim to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of daily energy intake (EI) on BMI z-scores of European boys and girls considering growth-related height dependencies of EI using residual EI. METHODS: To investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal effects of daily energy intake (EI) on BMI z-scores of European boys and girls considering growth-related height dependencies of EI using residual EI...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Renata Prestes Martins, Renata Rocha Maciel, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Paulo Floriani Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify factors associated with the occurrence of distoclusion among preschool children in southern Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1026 children aged two to five years enrolled at public preschools in the city of Canoas, Southern Brazil. Interviews were held with parents/caregivers to acquire demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral data. Six examiners who had undergone a training and calibration exercise performed the oral examinations...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rachel F Rodgers, Eleanor H Wertheim, Stephanie R Damiano, Karen J Gregg, Susan J Paxton
BACKGROUND: Beliefs surrounding the usefulness of dietary restriction and physical activity as means of body shape and size modification is already present in children as young as 5-years-old, and these beliefs may increase the risk of unhealthy weight control behaviours later in life. To date, however, little is known regarding the development of these beliefs in younger children. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to explore young (aged 3- to 5-years old) children's conceptualisations of dietary restriction and physical activity as means to change body size using a prospective approach...
2015: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Julie E Bayley, Katherine E Brown
BACKGROUND: With ongoing concerns about the sexual health and wellbeing of young people, there is increasing need to innovate intervention approaches. Engaging parents as agents to support their children, alongside capitalising on increasingly sophisticated technological options could jointly enhance support. Converting existing programmes into interactive game based options has the potential to broaden learning access whilst preserving behaviour change technique fidelity. However the acceptability of this approach and viability of adapting resources in this way is yet to be established...
2015: BMC Public Health
Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Jiri Chomiak, Jiri Dvorak, Oliver Faude
BACKGROUND: As part of a risk-management approach, sound epidemiological data are needed to develop prevention programs. A recent review on soccer injuries of players younger than 19 years concluded that prospective data concerning children are lacking. PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence and characteristics of soccer injuries in children aged 7 to 12 years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: The present survey was a prospective descriptive epidemiological study on soccer injuries over 2 seasons in the Czech Republic and Switzerland...
February 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
John D Childs, Samuel S Wu, Robert L Andrade, Vanessa E Bonner, Julie A Bowman, Aaron M Butler, Deydre S Teyhen, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: Studies that have relied exclusively on web-based surveys to secure follow-up have yielded inadequate follow-up rates, resulting in the need to explore whether supplementing with other methods results in incremental improvements. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of each follow up strategy that was used to collect the follow up data in our ongoing Prevention of Low Back Pain in the Military (POLM) trial. METHODS: This study represents a secondary analysis of the POLM trial...
October 2015: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
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