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American College Of Sport Medicine

Luke Haile, Fredric L Goss, Joseph L Andreacci, Elizabeth F Nagle, Robert J Robertson
Self-selected intensity exercise has resulted in greater affective responses (AR) compared to prescribed exercise of similar intensity and many individuals self-select intensity at a moderate level identified by metabolic analysis. As such, self-selected intensity may be an effective alternative for exercise prescription designed to promote adherence and result in health and fitness benefits. Self-selected intensity has not been well described for many subject populations and exercise modes. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to measure affective and metabolic responses during self-selected intensity cycle exercise in college-aged men...
February 11, 2019: Physiology & Behavior
Samantha E Hall, Oluwaseyi A Lawal, Cameron M Clark, Amanda V Tyndall, Michael D Hill, Tolulope T Sajobi, Marc J Poulin
PURPOSE: Exercise intervention studies for brain health can be difficult to interpret due to heterogeneity in exercise intensity, exercise duration, and in adherence to the exercise intervention. This study aimed to characterize heterogeneity in these components in a cohort of healthy middle-aged and older adults who participated in a prescribed six-month supervised aerobic exercise intervention as part of the Brain in Motion (BIM) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Group-based multi-trajectory analysis (GBMTA) was used to characterize variation in the trajectory of exercise intensity and duration for male and female participants in the first three-months of the exercise program...
January 25, 2019: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Lara Grobler, Wayne Derman, Sebastien Racinais, Aston Seng Huey Ngai, Peter van de Vliet
BACKGROUND: Heat related illness, including heat exhaustion and heat stroke, is seen as a major risk for athletes with a physical impairment. With the anticipation of hot and humid conditions at the Para Athletic World Championships 2015, the incidence rate of illness was determined. OBJECTIVE: Primary: To survey the illness statistics during the 2015 Para Athletic World Championships and report on any cases of significant heat related illnesses. Secondary: To document the heat countermeasures taken on behalf of the organzing committee...
January 28, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Gavin Williams, Leanne Hassett, Ross Clark, Adam Bryant, John Olver, Meg E Morris, Louise Ada
The purpose of this paper is to discuss how knowledge of the biomechanics of walking can be used to inform the prescription of resistance exercises for people with mobility limitations. Muscle weakness is a key physical impairment that limits walking in commonly occurring neurological conditions such as cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Few randomised trials to date have shown conclusively that strength training improves walking in people living with these conditions. This appears to be because 1) the most important muscle groups for forward propulsion when walking have not been targeted for strengthening, and 2) strength training protocols have focused on slow and heavy resistance exercises, which do not improve the fast muscle contractions required for walking...
January 25, 2019: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Bennie Westra, Sander de Wolf, Eline Bij de Vaate, Monique Legemaat, André Nyberg, Peter Klijn
INTRODUCTION: Limb muscle dysfunction is a common manifestation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Optimising of limb muscle function is therefore an important goal during pulmonary rehabilitation of patients with COPD. Resistance training (RT) is the best available intervention to achieve this goal. Previous systematic reviews on RT primarily focused on methodological quality. However, the intervention holds the essence of each experimental study. Replication of RT interventions requires clear, complete and accessible reporting of the essential components...
January 21, 2019: BMJ Open
Manon A T Bloemen, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons, Matthijs Tuijt, Carla F J Nooijen, Tim Takken, Frank J G Backx, Marleen Vos, Janke F de Groot
BACKGROUND: Even though typically developing youth are already at risk for physical inactivity, youth with spina bifida may be even at higher risk as a consequence of their reduced mobility. No objective data is available for youth with spina bifida who use a manual wheelchair, so the seriousness of the problem is unknown. The purpose of this observational study was to quantify physical activity in wheelchair-using youth with spina bifida and evaluate the intensity of activities. METHODS: Fifty-three children and adolescents (5-19 years) with spina bifida who use a manual wheelchair for daily life, long distances or sports were included...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Shinichiro Morishita, Atsuhiro Tsubaki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoshi Nashimoto, Jack B Fu, Hideaki Onishi
The American College of Sports Medicine and American Heart Association recommends resistance training involving 60-70% of 1-repetition maximum (1RM) for 8-12 repetitions on 2 or 3 nonconsecutive days per week for the elderly. The Borg 6-20 scale, Borg category ratio (CR-10) scale, and OMNI scale are used to determine the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) for resistance training. Areas covered: RPE scales for resistance training performed by elderly individuals are described. The RPE has been related to resistance training intensity, and the RPE scale was used to determine the resistance training intensity of elderly or ill individuals...
February 2019: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Mihiretu Kebede, Berit Steenbock, Stefanie Maria Helmer, Janna Sill, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: Regular moderate to vigorous physical activity is essential for maintaining health and preventing the onset of chronic diseases. Both global rates of smartphone ownership and the market for physical activity and fitness apps have grown rapidly in recent years. The use of physical activity and fitness apps may assist the general population in reaching evidence-based physical activity recommendations. However, it remains unclear whether there are evidence-informed physical activity apps and whether behavior change techniques (BCTs) previously identified as effective for physical activity promotion are used in these apps...
December 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Donguk Jo, Michael J Del Bel, Daniel McEwen, Jennifer O'Neil, Olivia S Mac Kiddie, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Lucie Brosseau
RATIONALE: Exercise programs for the management of fibromyalgia are well recognized as being effective. However, the incomplete descriptions of exercise programs make replication and implementation difficult. Also, existing reporting tools have not been validated in relation to pain relief as well as with each other. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the description of exercise programs in randomized control trials for the management of fibromyalgia using different assessment tools, and the correlations of each tool in relation to effectiveness of pain relief of fibromyalgia, and the correlations between each tool...
December 5, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Joanna C Nicholas, Kirsty A McDonald, Peter Peeling, Ben Jackson, James A Dimmock, Jacqueline A Alderson, Cyril J Donnelly
Nicholas, JC, McDonald, KA, Peeling, P, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA, Alderson, JA, and Donnelly, CJ. Pole dancing for fitness: The physiological and metabolic demand of a 60-minute class. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Little is understood about the acute physiological or metabolic demand of pole dancing classes. As such, the aims of this study were to quantify the demands of a standardized recreational pole dancing class, classifying outcomes according to American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) exercise-intensity guidelines, and to explore differences in physiological and metabolic measures between skill- and routine-based class components...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Valentin Benzing, Mirko Schmidt
Exergaming, or active video gaming, has become an emerging trend in fitness, education and health sectors. It is defined as digital games that require bodily movements to play, stimulating an active gaming experience to function as a form of physical activity (PA). Since exergaming is becoming more popular, claims have been made on the usefulness of exergaming. It has, for example, been entitled as being "the future of fitness" by the American College of Sports Medicine, promoting PA and health in children and adolescents...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
William Evans, Quentin Willey, Erik D Hanson, Lee Stoner
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a key measure in predicting risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related events, independent of other risk factors. Resistance training (RT) has been shown to increase AS in young healthy subjects. However, the effects of RT on AS in persons with or at risk for CVD remain unclear; this uncertainty is a barrier to RT prescription in this population. Considering RT may be as effective as or superior to aerobic exercise prescription in treating some co-morbidities associated with CVD, it would be helpful to clarify whether RT does lead to clinically meaningful increases (detrimental) in AS in those with CVD or CVD risk factors...
December 2018: Sports Medicine
Mimi Thyregod, Anders Løkke, Uffe Bodtger
Introduction: In patients with COPD, severe physical inactivity (SPI, which is defined as total daily energy expenditure/resting energy expenditure; physical activity level [PAL] ratio, <1.4) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) increases physical capacity in COPD, but the impact on SPI is unknown. In this study, we aimed at elucidating the prevalence of SPI in COPD patients attending standard PR, the impact of PR on SPI prevalence, and the relationship between SPI and time spent in moderate physical activity thus whether American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations are clinically useful in excluding SPI in COPD...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lee Min Chul, Lee Sung Ki, Jung Suk Yool, Moon Hyung Hoon
PURPOSE: Exercise effectively enhances physiological adaptation, performance, and health-related markers in healthy individuals and diseased populations. However, the type and amount of optimal exercise remain controversial. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) took the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine worldwide survey on fitness trends in 2018. METHODS: We review information on the effect of HIIT on physiological adaptation and the novel role on brain functions...
September 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Dulce H Gomez, James R Bagley, Nicole Bolter, Marialice Kern, C Matthew Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the exercise intensity of active virtual reality games (AVRGs) by oxygen consumption (VO2 ), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). A second aim was to compare the AVRG intensities to current American College of Sports Medicine exercise guidelines using metabolic equivalents (METs) and %VO2 reserve (%VO2 R). MATERIALS & METHODS: HR, VO2 , and RPE were collected on participants (N = 41; age: 25...
October 2018: Games for Health
Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Julia Bidonde, Angela Busch, Marie Westby, Glen P Kenny, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Ana Carbonell-Baeza, Prinon Rahman, Gino De Angelis, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: This study aimed (1) to evaluate the therapeutic validity of exercise interventions included in a previous umbrella systematic review of high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the management of fibromyalgia; and (2) to explore whether exercise interventions with high therapeutic validity and that meet the 2013 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines are positively associated with greater pain relief. METHODS: Therapeutic validity was evaluated based on the CONsensus on Therapeutic Exercise and Training (CONTENT) scale, in high methodological quality RCTs found in the nine systematic reviews of a previous umbrella review on exercise interventions in the management of fibromyalgia...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Felipe A Cunha, Gabrielle S M Gomes, Joana Carvalho, Nádia Silva
The present study investigated whether a single bout of concurrent exercise (Ex Rx) at Third Age Academies (TAAs) of Rio de Janeiro City meets the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines for energy cost and metabolic intensity in older adults. Nine subjects (5 males and 4 females, aged 63-80 years) visited the laboratory for clinical screening, anthropometrical, resting and maximal VO2 assessments. Thereafter, subjects performed an Ex Rx circuit, consisting of a single circuit alternating aerobic and resistance exercises at outdoor exercise equipment using body mass as the load (total of 9 exercises, 1-2 sets of 15 repetition)...
October 1, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Ram Jagannathan, Susan Lynn Ziolkowski, Mary Beth Weber, Jason Cobb, Nhat Pham, Jin Long, Shuchi Anand, Felipe Lobelo
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis are physically inactive, with most reporting activity levels below the fifth percentile of healthy age-matched groups. Several small studies have reported efficacy of diverse exercise interventions among persons with CKD and those on dialysis. However, no single intervention has been widely adopted in real-world practice, despite a clear need in this vulnerable population with high rates of mortality, frailty, and skilled nursing hospitalizations. METHODS/DESIGN: We describe a pragmatic clinical trial for an exercise intervention among patients transitioning to dialysis...
September 12, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Daniel Puciato, Władysław Mynarski, Michał Rozpara, Agnieszka Nawrocka
Background: Modern research of health determinants and health-related behavior patterns places a particular emphasis on the assessment of physical activity levels in various social and professional groups. The deficit of physical activity has become a common cause of serious diseases. Following the ecological model of health behavior, physical activity as a biological and cultural phenomenon can be indirectly modified by such interpersonal factors as age, sex, somatic traits and education...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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