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Gastric carditis cancer

Yunsheng Wang, Shuhui Liu, Ying Zhang, Chao Bi, Yinping Xiao, Runhua Lin, Bo Huang, Dongping Tian, Songmin Ying, Min Su
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection represents the most important risk factor for gastric cancer, while its association with gastric cardia cancer (GCC) has not been recognized yet. In this current study, we aim to investigate the status of H. pylori infection in the gastric cardia tissue samples from high-risk populations in Chaoshan littoral region, and the relationship between H. pylori infection and chronic inflammation as well as the proliferative activity of the gastric cardia epithelial cells. A total of 706 gastric cardia biopsy specimens were obtained from 372 GCC cases and 334 tumor-free controls in Chaoshan littoral, a high-risk region for esophageal and gastric cardia cancer...
October 2014: Microbes and Infection
Robert D Odze
CONTEXT: At present, Barrett esophagus is the most common cause of esophageal adenocarcinoma. In the past 20 years, the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma in white males has exceeded that of tumors of the colorectum, lung, prostate, and skin. OBJECTIVES: To (1) provide an evidence-based review of the diagnosis, classification, and histologic differentiation of Barrett esophagus from gastric carditis, (2) provide a summary of the key pathologic features of precursor lesions, such as dysplasia, and (3) evaluate adjunctive markers of dysplasia and predictive markers for the development of cancer...
October 2008: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Masoud Sotoudeh, Mohammad H Derakhshan, Behnoosh Abedi-Ardakani, Mehdi Nouraie, Abass Yazdanbod, Seyyed Mohammad Tavangar, Javad Mikaeli, Shahin Merat, Reza Malekzadeh
We have investigated the role of Helicobacter pylori infection and of other risk factors of gastritis and carditis in residents of a high-risk area for gastric cardia cancer. During a national population-based endoscopic survey, 508 randomly-selected participants aged > or =40 were enrolled. Mucosal biopsies were obtained from six standard sites. Polymorphonuclear (PMN) and mononuclear (MN) infiltration and combined inflammatory scores (CIS) for chronic gastritis and H.pylori were assessed. Relationships of H...
January 2008: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Katsunori Iijima, Tooru Shimosegawa
During the last decade, inflammation (carditis) and intestinal metaplasia localized to immediately below the human gastro-oesophageal junction have received much attention in relation to the rising incidence of cancer at this site. Since these histological findings are frequently observed even among those who are H pylori-negative, the causative factors for such histologic events at the human gastro-oesophageal junction remain obscure. A series of recent studies have demonstrated that a high level of salivary nitrite is sustained over several hours after the ingestion of a high nitrate meal, and that the nitrite in swallowed saliva is rapidly converted to nitric oxide by an acid catalyzed chemical reaction at the gastro-oesophageal junction...
September 28, 2006: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Robert D Odze
The gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) is a poorly defined anatomic area that represents the junction etween the distal esophagus and the proximal stomach (cardia). The true anatomic GEJ corresponds to the most proximal aspect of the gastric folds, which represents an endoscopically apparent transition oint in most individuals. Many, if not most, adults, particularly those with either physiologic or logic GERD, have a proximally displaced Z-line indicating that the histologic squamocolumnar nction (SCJ) is located above the anatomic GEJ...
November 2005: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Robert D Odze
The gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), which is defined as the point where the distal esophagus joins the proximal stomach (cardia), is a short anatomic area that is commonly exposed to the injurious effects of GERD and/or Helicobacter pylori infection. These disorders often lead to inflammation and intestinal metaplasia (IM) of this anatomic region. The true gastric cardia is an extremely short segment (<0.4 mm) of mucosa that is typically composed of pure mucous glands, or mixed mucous/oxyntic glands that are histologically indistinguishable from metaplastic mucinous columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus...
August 2005: American Journal of Gastroenterology
U Peitz, M Vieth, P Malfertheiner
Inflammation of the gastric cardia ('carditis') is a histological diagnosis. It seems reasonable to transfer histological criteria of the updated Sydney classification from the distal stomach to the cardia as long as a special classification of inflammation of the esophagogastric junction is lacking. The two best characterized causes of carditis are Helicobacter pylori infection and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the causal contribution and interference of these two factors are highly controversial, as is the clinical relevance of carditis in terms of eliciting symptoms or conferring an increased cancer risk...
2004: Digestive Diseases
M Moretó
It has been suggested that certain histological criteria may serve to indicate a good prognosis in patients with esophageal carcinoma. These include absence of subepithelial extension of the carcinoma cells, stage no higher than m2, and no neoplastic involvement near the resection margin. As endoscopic mucosal resection is becoming an accepted treatment option in this type of tumor, prognostic parameters of this type are of particular interest. By contrast, when metastases are detected in the celiac lymph nodes, it implies that the tumor is unresectable and that palliative treatment is required...
January 2003: Endoscopy
Kazuyoshi Yagi, Atsuo Nakamura, Atsuo Sekine, Manabu Oyamatsu, Yoichi Tamiya, Hedenobu Watanabe
We describe an early gastric cardiac cancer in a patient who had suffered long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) but showed no evidence of infection with Helicobacter pylori. Proximal gastrectomy and partial resection of the lower esophagus was performed. Histological examination revealed the lesion to be a gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma, which had partially invaded the submucosal layer. Intestinal metaplasia was also found in some areas. Inflammation, however, appeared to be limited to the gastric cardia...
November 2002: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
M Conio, R Filiberti, S Blanchi, A Giacosa
Barrett's oesophagus is a precancerous condition in which the normal squamous epithelium is replaced by intestinal metaplasia (IM). IM can then progress through increasingly severe dysplasia to oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). In the gastric cardia the normal gastric mucosa, when inflamed (carditis), can be replaced by IM and can then progress to gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). The same histopathological sequence can take place on either side of the oesophagogastric junction. Since the location of that junction can be uncertain this can result in confused diagnosis between EAC and GAC...
December 2001: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
S Lanzafame, A Torrisi, C Favara, V Russo, C Emmanuele
BACKGROUND/AIMS: IMC (intestinal metaplasia of the cardia) has been a subject of great interest, given the rapidly increasing incidence of adenocarcinoma in this location, over the past two decades. Whether this histological alteration is a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or a manifestation of an H. pylori-related multifocal atrophic gastritis, is unclear. Furthermore, whether IMC should be considered a premalignant lesion of gastric cardia is still unknown. We performed a prospective study in order to determine the prevalence of IMC in patients presenting for elective esophagogastric-duodenal endoscopy and to evaluate a potential association between IMC and some clinical, endoscopic and histological variables...
July 2001: Hepato-gastroenterology
H Rotterdam
Adenocarcinomas of the cardia and distal esophagus have increased in incidence more rapidly than any other type of human cancer in recent years. Whereas the sequence of events leading to esophageal adenocarcinoma (esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, dysplasia, and carcinoma) has been well described, that of cardiac adenocarcinoma has yet to be defined. We have examined 100 consecutive biopsies of the gastroesophageal (GE) junction in patients with symptoms of GERD, in order to answer the following questions: (1) What is the spectrum of cardiac pathology? (2) Can "carditis" due to GERD be histologically distinguished from carditis due to Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection? (3) Is intestinal metaplasia of the cardia more frequently related to GERD, or to HP infection? (4) What types of esophageal and gastric pathology coexist with carditis? Out of the 100 GE junction biopsies only 63 contained cardiac mucosa and all showed carditis...
1999: Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft Für Pathologie
M Voutilainen, M Färkkilä, M Juhola, K Nuorva, K Mauranen, T Mäntynen, I Kunnamo, J P Mecklin, P Sipponen
OBJECTIVES: In Barrett's esophagus (BE) normal squamous esophageal epithelium is replaced by specialized columnar epithelium (SCE). BE is related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and is a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. SCE is detected also at normal-appearing esophagogastric junction without BE (junctional SCE). The relationships between junctional SCE, GERD, and cardia adenocarcinoma are obscure and controversial. The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and demographics of junctional SCE and to compare these figures with those reported for BE, and esophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma...
April 1999: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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