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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765686/psychobiological-factors-of-resilience-and-depression-in-late-life
#1
Kelsey T Laird, Beatrix Krause, Cynthia Funes, Helen Lavretsky
In contrast to traditional perspectives of resilience as a stable, trait-like characteristic, resilience is now recognized as a multidimentional, dynamic capacity influenced by life-long interactions between internal and environmental resources. We review psychosocial and neurobiological factors associated with resilience to late-life depression (LLD). Recent research has identified both psychosocial characteristics associated with elevated LLD risk (e.g., insecure attachment, neuroticism) and psychosocial processes that may be useful intervention targets (e...
February 14, 2019: Translational Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765300/the-biological-measurements-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Carol Reive
BACKGROUND: Chronic Stress disrupts homeostasis, resulting in adverse physiologic and psychologic sequela. Research on the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) have primarily used self-report measures or biological measurements of a single body system. There has been no attempt to synthesize the literature of the biological measurements of MBSR. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to: (1) identify the biological markers of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and (2) determine if the identified markers support the theories of allostasis and top-down, bottom-up processes...
January 18, 2019: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758158/-relationships-between-medicine-and-spirituality
#3
Simonetta Pulciani, Emanuele Nutile
This review aims at analysing the links between medicine and spirituality, two seemingly distant concepts. Medicine at its beginnings was imbued with rituals that invoked the intervention of supernatural powers, as man were unable to treat diseases and struggled to bear the suffering caused by them and the fragility of their own bodies. Today, in the post-genomic era, medicine has gained great benefits from new and extraordinary scientific and technological achievements, permitting sophisticated therapeutic and diagnostic approaches, which assure cures not previously possible...
February 2019: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739006/the-next-generation-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-research-what-have-we-learned-and-where-are-we-headed
#4
REVIEW
Melissa A Rosenkranz, John D Dunne, Richard J Davidson
The previous two decades have seen an exponential increase in the number of published scientific investigations on the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training to improve function in a wide range of physical and psychological processes. The resulting body of work provides strong evidence that MBSR has salubrious effects. Yet, when compared directly to groups with training that matches MBSR in factors common to most legitimate interventions, such as learning new skills, expectation of benefit, social engagement and support, and attention from expert instructors, both groups tend to improve to a similar extent...
January 4, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734089/personalised-and-progressive-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-in-patients-with-cancer-a-clinical-case-series
#5
Dominic O'Connor, Matilde Mora Fernandez, Gabriel Signorelli, Pedro Valero, Brian Caulfield
PURPOSE: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a pragmatic short-term alternative to voluntary exercise to augment cancer rehabilitation. However, previous attempts to use NMES as an exercise modality in this cohort have been unsuccessful, largely due to the use of NMES protocols that were developed for other rehabilitation contexts. We assessed the effects of a personalised and progressive NMES exercise intervention, designed with early-stage cancer rehabilitation in mind, on exercise capacity, lower body functional strength and quality of life in (QoL) in patients who are currently undergoing or have recently completed treatment for cancer...
February 8, 2019: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724578/mindfulness-and-fertility-quality-of-life-in-chinese-women-with-infertility-assessing-the-mediating-roles-of-acceptance-autonomy-and-self-regulation
#6
Jing Li, Hong Luo, Ling Long
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether high dispositional mindfulness was associated with heightened specific aspects of fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) in infertile women, and whether acceptance, autonomy and self-regulation, mediated any association. BACKGROUND: Quality of life is one of the most important issues to be addressed in infertility counselling. A large body of evidence reveals that populations with higher dispositional mindfulness fare better than their less mindful counterparts on psychological well-being...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714983/impact-of-yoga-based-mind-body-intervention-on-systemic-inflammatory-markers-and-co-morbid-depression-in-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Surabhi Gautam, Madhuri Tolahunase, Uma Kumar, Rima Dada
BACKGROUND: Recovery of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) depends on several physical and psychological factors, besides pharmacological treatment. Co-morbid depression adversely affects the outcome in RA. Usual medical therapies have a limited scope and fail to cure the psychological component of the disease. With advanced therapeutic options, achieving a state of remission has become the treatment goal, yoga based mind body intervention (MBI) may provide a holistic approach to its treatment dimension...
February 1, 2019: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712742/the-effects-of-inquiry-based-stress-reduction-ibsr-on-mental-health-and-well-being-among-a-non-clinical-sample
#8
Eric Smernoff, Inbal Mitnik, Shahar Lev-Ari
BACKGROUND: Mental problems are highly common among the general population. Mind-body interventions were found to be highly effective in treating them. The current study assessed the effect of Inquiry-Based Stress Reduction (IBSR) meditation on psychological parameters in a general population sample. METHODS: Ninety-seven Participants enrolled in a 28-day workshop and completed a set of self-administered measures before and after the workshop. Outcome measures included Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16 ), Outcome Questionnaire OQ-45...
February 2019: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712720/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-to-yoga-participation-after-stroke-a-focus-group-approach
#9
A Harris, M Austin, T M Blake, M L Bird
BACKGROUND: and Purpose: There is increasing evidence to suggest yoga can be beneficial to health and wellbeing after stroke. The purpose of this study was to identify perceived benefits and barriers to yoga participation among adults with chronic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six community dwelling adults (14 female, 12 male) who were at least 6-months post-stroke participated in four focus groups held at local stroke recovery meetings. Data was recorded and transcripts were analysed thematically...
February 2019: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712518/impact-of-mind-body-interventions-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review
#10
Maryam Farhang, Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Miriam Rubio, Guilherme Furtado
ABSTRACTBackground:Mind-body interventions have been associated with a range of positive outcomes in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to review the impact of different non-pharmacological programs based on mind-body intervention for older adults with MCI. METHODS: A comprehensive search method as required by the Cochrane Collaboration has been performed through the following databases: Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane, Ebsco...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709386/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-germany-results-from-a-multi-center-survey
#11
Juliana Höfer, Falk Hoffmann, Inge Kamp-Becker, Charlotte Küpper, Luise Poustka, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Sanna Stroth, Nicole Wolff, Christian J Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have so far only focused on children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of CAM use among adults with ASD. METHODS: A questionnaire survey concerning current and lifetime use of CAM was distributed to adults with ASD between November 2015 and June 2016...
February 1, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706689/utilization-of-integrative-medicine-differs-by-age-among-pediatric-oncology-patients
#12
Hyeongjun Yun, Sally A D Romero, Benjamin Record, Julia Kearney, Nirupa Jaya Raghunathan, Stephen Sands, Jun J Mao
PURPOSE: Coping with symptoms related to cancer treatment is challenging for pediatric patients with cancer and their caregivers. Additionally, caring for pediatric patients requires specialized expertise to incorporate age-appropriate interventions to improve outcomes. Despite the increase in pediatric inpatient integrative medicine (IM) therapies, there is a paucity of knowledge about whether the utilization of IM therapies differs by patient age. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on IM utilization among pediatric inpatients between 2008 and 2016 in a tertiary urban cancer center using electronic medical records...
January 31, 2019: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699206/social-dynamics-modeling-of-chrono-nutrition
#13
Alessandro Di Stefano, Marialisa Scatà, Supreeta Vijayakumar, Claudio Angione, Aurelio La Corte, Pietro Liò
Gut microbiota and human relationships are strictly connected to each other. What we eat reflects our body-mind connection and synchronizes with people around us. However, how this impacts on gut microbiota and, conversely, how gut bacteria influence our dietary behaviors has not been explored yet. To quantify the complex dynamics of this interplay between gut and human behaviors we explore the "gut-human behavior axis" and its evolutionary dynamics in a real-world scenario represented by the social multiplex network...
January 30, 2019: PLoS Computational Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30695082/participation-of-children-with-disabilities-in-school-a-realist-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-and-environmental-factors
#14
Donald Maciver, Marion Rutherford, Stella Arakelyan, Jessica M Kramer, Janet Richmond, Liliya Todorova, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Hiromi Nakamura-Thomas, Marjon Ten Velden, Ian Finlayson, Anne O'Hare, Kirsty Forsyth
BACKGROUND: In order to make informed decisions about how best to support children and young people with disabilities, effective strategies that facilitate active and meaningful participation in school are required. Clinical factors, diagnosis or impairments somewhat helpful in determining what should be provided in interventions. However, clinical factors alone will not offer a clear view of how to support participation. It is helpful then to look at wider psychosocial and environmental factors...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30692780/role-of-yoga-and-mindfulness-in-severe-mental-illnesses-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Gopinath Sathyanarayanan, Ashvini Vengadavaradan, Balaji Bharadwaj
Background: Yoga has its origin from the ancient times. It is an integration of mind, body, and soul. Besides, mindfulness emphasizes focused awareness and accepting the internal experiences without being judgemental. These techniques offer a trending new dimension of treatment in various psychiatric disorders. Aims: We aimed to review the studies on the efficacy of yoga and mindfulness as a treatment modality in severe mental illnesses (SMIs). SMI includes schizophrenia, major depressive disorder (MDD), and bipolar disorder (BD)...
January 2019: International Journal of Yoga
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690554/different-modulation-effects-of-tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-on-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-default-mode-network-in-older-adults
#16
Jiao Liu, Jing Tao, Weilin Liu, Jia Huang, Xiehua Xue, Ming Li, Mingge Yang, Jingfang Zhu, Courtney Lang, Joel Park, Yiheng Tu, Georgia Wilson, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
The default mode network (DMN) plays an importment role in age-related cognitive decline. This study aims to explore the modulation effect of two mind-body interventions (Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin) on DMN in elderly individuals. Participants between 50 and 70 years old were recruited and randomized into a Tai Chi Chuan, Baduanjin, or control group. The Wechsler Memory Scale-Chinese Revision (WMS-CR) and resting state fMRI scans were administered at baseline and following 12 weeks of exercise. Seed-based resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) was calculated...
January 18, 2019: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687982/effects-of-mindfulness-coping-styles-and-resilience-on-job-retention-and-burnout-in-caregivers-supporting-aggressive-adults-with-developmental-disabilities
#17
R E Nevill, S M Havercamp
BACKGROUND: Considering the growing body of studies investigating the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on caregivers supporting people with developmental disabilities, the current study aimed to explore the role that the cognitive processes of mindfulness, coping style and resilience played in predicting caregiver retention and burnout among a sample of direct support professionals working with aggressive adults with developmental disabilities. METHODS: Ninety-seven direct support professionals were surveyed to determine level of mindfulness, coping styles, resilience and burnout and were interviewed 3 months later to determine if they were still working with the aggressive adult...
January 27, 2019: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684917/it-matters-what-you-practice-differential-training-effects-on-subjective-experience-behavior-brain-and-body-in-the-resource-project
#18
REVIEW
Tania Singer, Veronika Engert
Mindfulness interventions have gained much attraction, also due to their promise to improve health and wellbeing. However, not enough attention is devoted to the differentiation between various mental practice types. Here, we summarize findings from the ReSource Project, a 9-month longitudinal mental training study comparing practices focusing on (a) present-moment attention and interoception, (b) socio-emotional processes such as compassion and loving kindness and (c) meta-cognitive processes and perspective-taking on self and others...
December 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676398/the-meaning-of-self-efficacy-for-symptom-management-in-the-acute-phase-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Lynn L White, Marlene Z Cohen, Ann M Berger, Kevin A Kupzyk, Philip J Bierman
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an intensive treatment that offers the potential for longer life or cure for some types of cancer. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant is associated with decreased quality of life and functional status and distressing symptoms. Self-efficacy for symptom management (SESM) is a person's belief in his/her ability to implement behaviors to manage these symptoms. Presence of SESM can affect symptom distress, healthcare utilization, and posttransplantation outcomes...
January 23, 2019: Cancer Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671240/exploring-a-compassion-focused-intervention-for-persistent-pain-in-a-group-setting
#20
Chris Penlington
Introduction: It is widely known that the mind and the body, although described medically almost as separate entities, are in fact highly interrelated. This is not, however, always reflected within medical settings where physical interventions are often favoured over more holistic management, even in the case of long-term symptoms and/or pain where there is a strong evidence to favour the use of the latter. Mindfulness is an established and evidence-based intervention which can help people living with pain and physical symptoms...
February 2019: British Journal of Pain
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