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Susan P Gantt
Presents an obituary for Yvonne M. Agazarian (1929-2017). Agazarian was a brilliant theoretician, clinician, and teacher who devoted her life to the development of a theory of living human systems (TLHS) and its systems-centered therapy and training (SCT). Her work is best known in group psychotherapy because her theory integrated general systems theory and Kurt Lewin's work and created a common language to bridge group dynamics and psychoanalysis. Quite uncommonly, she formulated theoretical constructs and operational definitions that translated her theory into methods and techniques so that every intervention tested the validity of the theory and the reliability of its practice...
February 2019: American Psychologist
J Christopher Muran
Present an obituary for Jeremy David Safran (1952-2018). In 1993, Safran became full professor and director of clinical training at the New School for Social Research. At the New School, he developed the program with an affiliation to Beth Israel Medical Center, where he was a principal consultant on a psychotherapy research program founded by Arnold Winston and directed by me. In 2001, Jeremy completed psychoanalytic training at the New York University Postdoctoral Program. Subsequently, he cofounded (with Lewis Aron and Adrienne Harris) the Sandor Ferenczi Center at the New School, became president of the International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, and served as associate editor for Psychoanalytic Dialogues ...
February 2019: American Psychologist
Mariam Cohen
The author contends that psychoanalytic theory has generally presented religious beliefs as developmentally immature or pathological. This viewpoint has resulted in a neglect of religion on the part of psychoanalysts and an avoidance of their religious life by patients. Even though there has been an evolution from the traditional Freudian foundational approach to religion as an "illusion" to the inclusion of psychoanalytical training within some Christian institutes and attributions that psychoanalysis, itself, is a religion, religious beliefs should be included in psychotherapy because they can become involved in transference and countertransference issues in ways that are ignored if religious issues are not discussed in therapy...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Talen Wright, Bridget Candy, Michael King
OBJECTIVES: Conversion is a term for treatments that seek to suppress or change a person's sexual orientation or gender. Our review focuses on transgender and gender-diverse (TGD) people. Our aims were to (1) describe the frequency, nature and structure of conversion practices; (2) document difficulties in accessing transition-related healthcare and (3) evaluate the mental health consequences of such practices and access barriers. METHOD: Systematic review and narrative synthesis using the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme and Joanne Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools...
December 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Naoko Wake
Psychoanalysis and homosexuality in the United States were both largely in flux between 1910 and 1935. This article sheds light on this unique historical moment by first exploring scholarly discussions of the era's psychoanalysis and homosexuality, both of which emphasized the transitional nature of therapy and sexuality. By putting two bodies of scholarship into conversation, I also suggest how the historiography might move beyond two oft-cited arguments-that the psychoanalysis of the era had the power to form a person's sexual identity negatively, and that sexual minorities formed their identities affirmatively by staying away from medical interventions...
December 10, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Felix Tretter, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Clinical fields of the "sciences of the mind" (psychotherapy, psychiatry, etc.) lack integrative conceptual frameworks that have explanatory power. Mainly descriptive-classificatory taxonomies like DSM dominate the field. New taxonomies such as Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) aim to collect scientific knowledge regarding "systems" for "processes" of the brain. These terms have a supradisciplinary" meaning if they are considered in context of Systems Science. This field emerges as a platform of theories like general systems theory, catastrophe theory, synergetics, chaos theory, etc...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Timothy Rice, Nicole Derish, Leon Hoffman
In response to an emerging consensus that research is important to maintain and develop the field of child and adolescent psychoanalysis, 20 child and adolescent psychoanalysts underwent a semistructured interview concerning their current practices, background, and professional values. Grounded theory methodology was applied to a section of the narratives to produce shared concepts. A significant difference was found between how child and adolescent psychoanalysts are traditionally characterized and taught and how they currently practice...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
Alison E Lenet, Yael Holoshitz, Lauren K Havel, Deborah L Cabaniss
Psychodynamically oriented psychotherapists are faced with the question of what to say to new patients about the therapy they are beginning. This article reviews historical attitudes about early treatment discussions with patients in psychoanalysis with an emphasis on how these discussions have evolved as informed consent became a standard of care. Approaches to talking to patients about therapeutic action in psychodynamic psychotherapy are discussed, including the development and application of a psychoeducational document that is being used to facilitate these discussions in the outpatient residents' clinic of a large urban academic medical center...
October 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
Asma Deeb, Mariette Akle, Abdulla Al Ozairi, Fergus Cameron
Diabetes is a chronic disease and its management is associated with multiple challenges. This is particularly the case in children and adolescents. Factors that contribute to difficulties in managing diabetes in youth include psychological characteristics, family dynamics, and social behavior. The purpose of this article is to highlight some psychological issues in children and adolescents with diabetes. We aim to present selected case scenarios encountered by health professionals and to provide tips on strategies for managing psychological aspect of diabetes...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Sarah Marks
This article traces what recent research and primary sources tell us about psychotherapy in Communist Europe, and how it survived both underground and above the surface. In particular, I will elaborate on the psychotherapeutic techniques that were popular across the different countries and language cultures of the Soviet sphere, with a particular focus upon the Cold War period. This article examines the literature on the mixed fortunes of psychoanalysis and group therapies in the region. More specifically, it focuses upon the therapeutic modalities such as work therapy, suggestion and rational therapy, which gained particular popularity in the Communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe...
2018: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
Mary J Peebles
Over 50 years of empirical data demonstrate unequivocally that psychotherapy can cause harm as well as good. Two therapist factors increasing harm risk are inadequate assessment of patients' vulnerabilities and certain attitudes/affects. Adding hypnosis as a technique within psychotherapy heightens risk for harm because: (a) trance can unexpectedly expose patient vulnerabilities (through loosening reality orientation, lessening structure, generating unfamiliar sensations and perceptions, and intensifying access to interior information such as emotions and imagery); and (b) trance can unexpectedly increase porousness to therapist's attitudes/affects (through heightening mental receptivity to the internal states of others)...
January 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Jelena Epping, Martina de Zwaan, Siegfried Geyer
INTRODUCTION: In employed populations sickness absence can be used as a good indicator of health status. In the present study, it was examined how periods of sickness absence are developing within one year before and after psychotherapy under comparison of three types of psychotherapy (behavior therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis), all fully covered by statutory health insurance. METHODS AND DATA: The analyses were performed with pseudonymized claims data from the AOK Niedersachsen, a statutory health insurance (N=2,900,065 insured)...
August 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Annette S Kluck, Sheila Garos, Lucas Shaw
Fears about sexual maturity and intimacy were among early explanations for the etiology of eating disorders and related concerns, and research with clinical samples revealed a relationship between eating disorders and atypical sexual experiences. In contrast, feminist scholars offer explanations for both eating disorders and sexual dysfunction that emphasize societal pressures. As an alternative approach to understanding these difficulties, the authors empirically explored the relationship between the cognitive and affective aspects of sexuality and disordered eating among a nonclinical sample of 167 university women...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Joel Miller
Throughout my lifetime I have had a vague sense of my identity. There were no distinct memories or stories from my childhood and adolescence to provide me with the recognition, much less an appreciation, for who I was in the world. It wasn't until I entered psychotherapy that revelations about my family life came into understanding. This was not from any recollecting of actual events but from the indirect observations of families where being engaged with each other had occurred. Through psychoanalysis, reading a variety of psychoanalytic thinkers, and by taking up my own writing I was encouraged to discover myself, even at the cost of the sorrow of never having that encouragement in growing up, the cost that comes with the exploration...
December 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Reitske Meganck, Ruth Inslegers, Juri Krivzov, Liza Notaerts
Single case studies are at the origin of both theory development and research in the field of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. While clinical case studies are the hallmark of psychoanalytic theory and practice, their scientific value has been strongly criticized. To address problems with the subjective bias of retrospective therapist reports and uncontrollability of clinical case studies, systematic approaches to investigate psychotherapy process and outcome at the level of the single case have been developed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper sets out to recall the profile of Karol de Beaurain, a psychiatrist who belonged to the circle of first Poles who used psychoanalysis in treatment. So far, dr Beaurain has been known from brief references in publications relating to the life and works of Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy) whose psychoanalytic sessions he conducted between 1912 and 1913. De Beaurain was born in 1867 and studied medicine at Swiss universities (Zurich, Berne, Geneva) where he defended his doctoral thesis as well...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
Neil Raveen Jeyasingam
OBJECTIVES: This article discusses Lady Macbeth's famous sleepwalking scene from the Shakespearean tragedy, and how it became used as a template for the formulation of obsessive-compulsive disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Psychoanalysis maintained its role in understanding the condition, despite the lack of evidence base and the repeated finding from many therapists of a failure to control symptomatology. It is suggested that psychodynamic psychotherapy suffered from a failure to recognise what components of its practice were aesthetically attractive concepts rather than evidence-based medicine and outcome measures, and is an important issue in considering its future directions...
February 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Paula Ravitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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