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Refugee mental

Hans Dietrich, Radwan Al Ali, Sefik Tagay, Johannes Hebebrand, Volker Reissner
INTRODUCTION: In January 2016, 2057 refugees from civil war-torn Syria and Iraq, aged 18.0 to 24.9 years, were first-time entrants into the German unemployment register and thus potentially eligible for the labor market. Civil war and forced migration may affect individuals' mental health. Traumatic experiences in particular are assumed to represent a major barrier, e.g., to labor-market integration. This study aimed to screen the rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Former refugee studies have reported PTSD screening rates between 3% and 44%...
December 14, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar, Cynthia S Jacelon, Genevieve E Chandler, Bhuwan Gautam, Paula H Palmer
This qualitative study aimed to identify cultural influences on seeking mental health support among Bhutanese refugees resettled in Western Massachusetts. Bhutanese refugees aged 18 years or older were recruited for eight focus group discussions, organized by age and gender ( N = 67, 49.3% female, mean age = 38, SD = 15.9). The PEN-3 cultural model was used as the theoretical framework to examine the roles of cultural perceptions that influence mental health-seeking behaviors. Focus group discussions were audio taped to facilitate the thematic-analysis...
February 13, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Ana Neto, Ana Gomes Costa, Ana Gomes Machado, Dora Conceição, Carla Coutinho, Cecile Rousseau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Anita Subedi, Dana S Edge, Catherine L Goldie, Monakshi Sawhney
BACKGROUND: Since 2008, Bhutanese refugees have been resettled in Canada, including Ottawa. This relocation and resettling process is associated with significant physical and psychological stress, as individuals acclimatize to a new country. PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between coping strategies and psychological well-being of Bhutanese refugees resettled in Ottawa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey utilizing a convenience sample of adults (n = 110) was conducted in the fall of 2015 in Ottawa...
February 11, 2019: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
G Turrini, M Purgato, C Acarturk, M Anttila, T Au, F Ballette, M Bird, K Carswell, R Churchill, P Cuijpers, J Hall, L J Hansen, M Kösters, T Lantta, M Nosè, G Ostuzzi, M Sijbrandij, F Tedeschi, M Valimaki, J Wancata, R White, M van Ommeren, C Barbui
AimsIn the past few years, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of forcibly displaced migrants worldwide, of which a substantial proportion is refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees and asylum seekers may experience high levels of psychological distress, and show high rates of mental health conditions. It is therefore timely and particularly relevant to assess whether current evidence supports the provision of psychosocial interventions for this population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy and acceptability of psychosocial interventions compared with control conditions (treatment as usual/no treatment, waiting list, psychological placebo) aimed at reducing mental health problems in distressed refugees and asylum seekers...
February 11, 2019: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek J M Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Jooske T van Busschbach, Walter L J M Devillé
Although there is ample empirical evidence that traumatic events, postmigration stress, and acculturation problems have a great impact on the mental health of refugees, so far no studies have included cultural identity after migration in the equation. This mixed-methods study conducted among Afghan and Iraqi refugee and asylum-seeker psychiatric patients aims to fill this gap. Associations between postmigration stress, symptoms of anxiety and depression disorders, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were significant...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Lauritz Rudolf Floribert Müller, Karl Phillipp Büter, Rita Rosner, Johanna Unterhitzenberger
Background: Studies throughout Europe have shown that asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASC) are at risk of developing mental disorders. The most common mental-health problems in ASC include posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and externalizing behaviour. Being an unaccompanied refugee minor (URM) was found to be highly predictive for higher levels of psychological distress within ASC. Nevertheless, and even though Germany is Europe's biggest host country for ASC, studies that reliably examine the mental health of both URM and accompanied refugee minors (ARM) in Germany with psychometrically tested measures are still lacking...
2019: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Nina Wood, Grace Charlwood, Christopher Zecchin, Vibeke Hansen, Michael Douglas, Sabrina Winona Pit
BACKGROUND: People from refugee backgrounds face various challenges after moving to a new country. Successfully securing employment has been linked to positive health outcomes in refugee populations; there is less research into the impact of volunteering on health outcomes in refugees, or the role of employment and volunteering in regional or rural communities. This study aims to explore how employment and volunteering influences the health and wellbeing of refugees settled in regional Australia, and identify areas for appropriate service provision...
February 1, 2019: BMC Public Health
Tomas Nygren, David Brohede, Kocher Koshnaw, Shevan Sherzad Osman, Robert Johansson, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: Kurdish immigrants in Sweden have a doubled risk of mental health problems, and refugee and immigrant populations underutilize mental health services. The present study investigated the efficacy of culturally adapted guided internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) for depressive symptoms in a Kurdish population. METHOD: We included 50 individuals who were randomized to either an 8-week treatment or a wait-list. The Beck Depression Inventory-II was the primary outcome measure, and measures of anxiety and insomnia were secondary outcomes...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sofie Bäärnhielm, Maria Sundvall
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in Sweden are confronted with globalization and refugee migration from conflict- and war-torn countries. AIM: To discuss how clinicians in Sweden can deal with a series of challenges in a changing globalized society, ranging from difficulties of overcoming barriers to help seeking to difficulties of identifying trauma and finding culturally adapted clinical tools. METHOD: Case vignettes are presented to exemplify challenges...
September 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Shirley Regev, Vered Slonim-Nevo
Research suggests that the ethnic community plays a major role in the mental health of traumatized refugees arriving from collective societies. This study explored the relationships between war-related trauma and mental health separately for direct trauma exposure (i.e., events directly endorsed by asylum-seekers) and indirect trauma exposure (i.e., events endorsed by family, friends and other community members). Data for 300 Darfuri asylum-seekers living in Israel were obtained in a cross-sectional design...
January 15, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Amanda Sim, Lucy Bowes, Frances Gardner
Exposure to war trauma increases the risk of negative individual and family-level outcomes. However, not all trauma-exposed individuals exhibit mental health or family dysfunction, and some function better than expected given their level of trauma exposure. Research with at-risk populations, including refugees, suggests that social support may promote positive mental health and parenting behavior in the face of adversity. We used cross-sectional data from 291 Syrian refugee mothers to test the role of perceived social support in promoting their psychological and parenting resilience, defined here as better than expected mental health and parenting behavior given level of exposure to war trauma...
January 25, 2019: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Ritu Mitra, Matthew Hodes
As increasing numbers of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) are arriving in Europe, there is a need to investigate which factors promote psychological resilience and improve their mental health. This review aims to identify preventive post settlement influences, including living arrangements, access to mental health services and effective treatments that may improve mental health outcomes. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted of published papers in any language for children (<18 years) entering a host country, unaccompanied and seeking asylum...
January 20, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Cathy Vaughan, Yara Jarallah, Adele Murdolo, Linda Murray, Regina Quiazon, Karen Block, Lana Zannettino
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a major human rights and public health issue globally. The experience of violence affects women across Australia, including the large number of migrant and refugee women who permanently or temporarily resettle in the country. Many women who experience violence find it difficult to access support, and evidence suggests women who have resettled in Australia face additional barriers to violence-specific services. Previous research, however, indicates many migrant and refugee women experiencing violence have contact with, and may disclose violence to, settlement and multicultural services...
January 7, 2019: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Hannah Comtesse, Steve Powell, Andrea Soldo, Maria Hagl, Rita Rosner
BACKGROUND: Research on the long-term mental health consequences of war and displacement among civilians who live in post-conflict countries is rare. The aim of this study was to examine the developmental trajectories and predictors of general psychological distress in three samples of Bosnian war survivors over an 11-year period. METHODS: In 1998/99, about three years after the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a representative sample of 299 adult Sarajevo citizens was examined in three subsamples: individuals who had stayed in Sarajevo throughout the siege, individuals who had been internally displaced, and refugees who had returned...
January 3, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
K Triantafyllou, I Othiti, G Xylouris, V Moulla, V Ntre, P Kovani, I Gertsou, D Anagnostopoulos
Since 1989, Greece has accepted thousands of economic immigrants and more recently, since 2010, has been transformed to a host country for refugees mainly from countries at war. Refugees experience a number of serious traumas, i.e. death of family member or a close friend, physical, emotional or sexual abuse, and at the same time have to confront poverty, hostility and racism during and after the settlement in the host country. On the other hand, economic immigrants have mainly to face adaption difficulties in a host country including racism, poverty, different culture, bureaucracy...
July 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Judy Haefner, Maryam Abedi, Sam Morgan, Marilyn McFarland
The PTSD Recovery Program, an intervention based on guidelines for the treatment of combat Veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that includes group therapy as adjunctive treatment to medication and individual therapy, was used for the treatment of PTSD in refugees at a clinic in central Texas. Eighteen clients diagnosed with PTSD completed 10 weekly group therapy sessions in addition to individual therapy and medication use. An in-service presentation educated providers on the PTSD Recovery Program and the group therapy intervention...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Lucy Cj White, Max Cooper, David Lawrence
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Akiko Kitamura, Masamine Jimba, Julia McCahey, Gloria Paolucci, Sayed Shah, Majed Hababeh, Yousef Shahin, Akihiro Seita
The UN Sustainable Development Goals affirm equality and dignity as essential to the enjoyment of basic human rights, including the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, which promotes global solidarity among all people, including refugees. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has provided support to Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank since the 1950s. Today, however, conflict and violence, occupation, high levels of poverty, and other social determinants of health jeopardize the wellbeing of Palestine refugees...
December 22, 2018: Lancet
Eva Jobst, Christine Gall, Christian Eiche, Torsten Birkholz, Johannes Prottengeier
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, more than 3 million refugees have reached the European Union. In order to receive and integrate them, societies heavily rely on relief organizations and private initiatives. Yet the well-being, work-satisfaction and possible health implications for refugee helpers have not been adequately addressed. METHODS: In a German national cross-sectional study, we gathered socio-demographic data on refugee helpers. Work satisfaction was examined by means of Neuberger and Allerbeck's Work Description Inventory...
2018: PloS One
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