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Reverse remodeling after myocardial infarction

Liang Wang, Hui Shi, Jin-Ling Huang, Shan Xu, Pei-Pei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Linggui Zhugan Decoction (LZD, ) on the ventricular remodeling (VR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and related mRNA and proteins expression in transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1 )/Smad signaling pathway, and explain its putative mechanism. METHODS: A VR model was generated by ligation of coronary artery in mice. Two weeks after surgery, 60 mice were randomly divided into the model group, the sham-operation group (distilled water), the positive control group (2...
January 9, 2019: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Shyam S Bansal, Mohamed Ameen Ismahil, Mehak Goel, Guihua Zhou, Gregg Rokosh, Tariq Hamid, Sumanth D Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a state of inappropriately sustained inflammation, suggesting the loss of normal immunosuppressive mechanisms. Regulatory T-lymphocytes (Tregs) are considered key suppressors of immune responses; however, their role in HF is unknown. We hypothesized that Tregs are dysfunctional in ischemic cardiomyopathy and HF, and they promote immune activation and left ventricular (LV) remodeling. METHODS: Adult male wild-type C57BL/6 mice, Foxp3-diphtheria toxin receptor transgenic mice, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α receptor-1 (TNFR1)- /- mice underwent nonreperfused myocardial infarction to induce HF or sham operation...
January 8, 2019: Circulation
Jing-Hua Wang, Zhi-Feng Wei, Yan-Li Gao, Cong-Cong Liu, Jing-Hui Sun
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) is a major cause of cardiovascular disease, leading to mortality and disability associated with coronary occlusion worldwide. A correlation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway has been observed with brain damage resulting from myocardial ischemia. Therefore, by establishing MIRI rat model, this study aimed to explore whether ring finger protein 182 (RNF182) regulates the mTOR signaling pathway affecting MIRI...
November 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Wen-Hui Zhang, Qi-Na Zhou, Yan-Mei Lu, Yao-Dong Li, Ling Zhang, Jiang-Hua Zhang, Qiang Xing, Wen-Kui Lv, Xin-Chun Cheng, Ge-Ge Zhang, Xue-Sheng Wang, Qi Gu, Xue Lou, Buajier Guli, Bao-Peng Tang, Xian-Hui Zhou
Background Ventricular arrhythmia after myocardial infarction is the most important risk factor for sudden cardiac death, which poses a serious threat to human health. As the correlation between autonomic nervous systemic dysfunction and heart rhythm abnormality has been gradually revealed, remedies targeting autonomic nervous system dysfunction, especially the sympathetic nerve, have emerged. Among them, renal denervation is noted for its powerful effect on the inhibition of sympathetic nerve activity. We aim to investigate whether renal denervation can reduce ventricular arrhythmia after myocardial infarction and thus decrease the risk of sudden cardiac death...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lukas J Motloch, Marine Cacheux, Kiyotake Ishikawa, Chaoqin Xie, Jun Hu, Jaume Aguero, Kenneth M Fish, Roger J Hajjar, Fadi G Akar
Background SERCA 2a gene transfer ( GT ) improves mechano-electrical function in animal models of nonischemic heart failure Whether SERCA 2a GT reverses pre-established remodeling at an advanced stage of ischemic heart failure is unclear. We sought to uncover the electrophysiological effects of adeno-associated virus serotype 1. SERCA 2a GT following myocardial infarction ( MI ). Methods and Results Pigs developed mechanical dysfunction 1 month after anterior MI , at which point they received intracoronary adeno-associated virus serotype 1...
September 18, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Cheng Zheng, Jia-Feng Lin, Zhong-Hao Lin, Wei-Qian Lin, Saroj Thapa, Yuan-Zheng Lin, Hao Lian, Zhi-Rui Liu, Jia-Hui Chen, Xiao-Wei Li
With the chronic ischemia persisting after acute myocardial infarction, the accompanying low-degree inflammation and subsequent fibrosis result in progression of cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Recently, Sodium Houttuyfonate (SH), a pure compound extracted from Houttuynia cordata , has been confirmed exerting anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects under diseased situations. Here, we aimed to investigate whether SH could reverse the cardiac remodeling post-myocardial infarction by alleviating cardiac inflammation and fibrosis...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kaiyao Shi, Huan Sun, Hongli Zhang, Di Xie, Bo Yu
Myocardial infarction (MI) is an unsolved health problem which seriously affects human health around the world. miR-34a-5p acting as a tumor-suppressor is associated with left ventricular remodeling. We aimed to explore the functional roles of miR-34a-5p in cardiomyocytes. Hypoxia-induced cell injury in H9c2, HL-1 and human cardiac myocytes was analyzed according to the decrease of cell viability and increase of apoptosis. Expression of miR-34a-5p was measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) when the concentration of O2 was decreased...
October 12, 2018: Biological Chemistry
Mingzhi Shen, Danna Bai, Bei Liu, Xiaozhao Lu, Rongrong Hou, Chao Zeng, Na Li, Zhenhong Fu, Congye Li, Ling Tao, Haichang Wang, Tao Yin
Hyperglycemia-induced impairment of angiogenesis contributes to the unfavorable prognosis of myocardial ischemia in long-standing diabetes mellitus. The underlying mechanism remains largely unknown and therapeutic strategies thereby limited. In the present study, we investigated the possible involvement of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) and Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the context, and their possible relation was also explored. STZ induced diabetic mice were subjected to myocardial infarction (MI). Adenovirus expressing shTXNIP, shCtnnb1 (β-catenin) driven by VE-Cadherin promoter was administered intramyocardially immediately after MI...
December 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease
Yaping Wang, Panpan Chen, Lihan Wang, Jing Zhao, Zhiwei Zhong, Yingchao Wang, Jifeng Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a critical role in the regulation of gene transcription, cardiac development, and diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the inhibition of HDACs improves cardiac remodeling and its underlying mechanisms in a mouse myocardial infarction (MI) model. METHODS: The HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA, 0.1 mg/kg/day) was administered via daily intraperitoneal injections for 8 consecutive weeks after MI in C57/BL mice...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Simone Alves de Almeida, Erick R G Claudio, Vinicius Mengal, Girlandia A Brasil, Eduardo Merlo, Priscila L Podratz, Jones B Graceli, Sonia A Gouvea, Gláucia Rodrigues de Abreu
There is an increase in the incidence of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction (MI) after menopause. However, the use of estrogen therapy (E2) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of E2, alone and combined with exercise training (ET), on cardiac function and remodeling in ovariectomized (OVX) rats after MI. Wistar female rats underwent ovariectomy, followed by MI induction were separated into five groups: S; MI; MI+ET; MI+E2; and MI+ET+E2. Fifteen days after MI or sham surgery, treadmill ET and/or estrogen therapy [17-β estradiol-3-benzoate (E2), s...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Zhuzhi Wen, Zun Mai, Yangxin Chen, Jingfeng Wang, Dengfeng Geng
The present study aimed to test whether angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are cardioprotective after myocardial infarction (MI) by preventing augmented local renin-angiotensin-system (RAS)-induced oxidative stress injury and senescence, preserving resident stem cells, and restoring the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1)/IGF-1 receptor (IGF-R) pathway. Sprague-Dawley rats with ligated or unligated coronary arteries were treated with losartan (20 mg/kg/d) or vehicle for 3 or 9 weeks. Heart function and molecular and histological changes were assessed...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Yimin Xiao, Yanxia Zhang, Yueqiu Chen, Jingjing Li, Zihan Zhang, Yimin Sun, Han Shen, Zhenao Zhao, Zan Huang, Wencheng Zhang, Weiqian Chen, Zhenya Shen
Follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1) protects cardiomyocytes from a broad spectrum of pathologic injuries including myocardial infarction (MI). It is worthy of note that although cardiac Fstl1 is elevated in post-MI microenvironment, its cardioprotective role is still restricted to a limited extent considering the frequency and severity of adverse cardiac remodeling following MI. We therefore propose that intrinsic Fstl1-suppressing microRNA (miRNA) may exist in the heart and its neutralization may further facilitate post-MI recovery...
October 31, 2018: Human Gene Therapy
Ravi V Shah, Jian Rong, Martin G Larson, Ashish Yeri, Olivia Ziegler, Kahraman Tanriverdi, Venkatesh Murthy, Xiaojun Liu, Chunyang Xiao, Alexander R Pico, Tianxiao Huan, Daniel Levy, Gregory D Lewis, Anthony Rosenzweig, Ramachandran S Vasan, Saumya Das, Jane E Freedman
Importance: Mortality is high among patients heart failure (HF) who are receiving treatment, and therefore identifying new pathways rooted in preclinical cardiac remodeling phenotypes may afford novel biomarkers and therapeutic avenues. Circulating extracellular RNAs (ex-RNAs) are an emerging class of biomarkers with target-organ epigenetic effects relevant to myocardial biology, although large human investigations remain limited. Objective: To measure the association of highly expressed circulating ex-RNAs with left ventricular remodeling and incident HF in a community-based cohort...
September 1, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
D-D Huang, H-F Huang, Q Yang, X-Q Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the role and mechanism of liraglutide in myocardial fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 72 C57/BL male mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (Sham group), myocardial infarction group (MI group), and liraglutide intervention group (Lira group). The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) of the mice in MI group and Lira group was ligated to establish the MI model. One week after the operation, the mice in Lira group were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μg/kg of liraglutide once a day for 4 weeks...
July 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Serenella Castelvecchio, Francesco Moroni, Lorenzo Menicanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Zhiyong Du, Zeliu Shu, Wei Lei, Chun Li, Kewu Zeng, Xiaoyu Guo, Mingbo Zhao, Pengfei Tu, Yong Jiang
Myocardial ischemia (MI) is an escalating public health care burden worldwide. Baoyuan decoction (BYD) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula with cardioprotective activity; however, its pharmacological characteristics and mechanisms are obscured. Herein, a multi-omics strategy via incorporating the metabonomics, transcriptomics, and pharmacodynamics was adopted to investigate the effects and molecular mechanisms of BYD for treating MI in a rat model of left anterior descending coronary artery (LADCA) ligation...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Xin-Bao Wang, Hong Cui, Jun-Bao Du
Myocardial remodeling occurs after myocardial infarction (MI), the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although myocardial fibrosis plays an important role in the process of myocardial remodeling, there is not yet an effective method of reducing it. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of sulfur dioxide (SO₂) on myocardial fibrosis and the possible mechanisms of these effects. SO₂ treatment reduced the extent of myocardial fibrosis and post-MI levels of collagens I and III in the left-ventricular myocardium...
May 31, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
Xianglin Chu, Yiqing Wang, Liewen Pang, Jiechun Huang, Xiaotian Sun, Xiaofeng Chen
Cardiac remodeling is a common pathophysiological change associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Recent evidence indicates that microRNAs are strong posttranscriptional regulators which play an important role in regulating the microenvironment of myocardial tissue after AMI. In this study, we sought to explore the potential role and underlying mechanism of miR-130 in AMI. H9c2 cells were cultured under hypoxic conditions to simulate myocardial infarction. The influence of aberrantly expressed miR-130 on H9c2 cells under hypoxia was also estimated with RT-PCR, western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Carla J Weinheimer, Attila Kovacs, Sarah Evans, Scot J Matkovich, Philip M Barger, Douglas L Mann
BACKGROUND: To better understand reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling, we developed a murine model wherein mice develop LV remodeling after transverse aortic constriction (TAC) and a small apical myocardial infarct (MI) and undergo reverse LV remodeling after removal of the aortic band. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice studied were subjected to sham (n=6) surgery or TAC+MI (n=12). Two weeks post-TAC+MI, 1 group underwent debanding (referred to as heart failure debanding [HF-DB] mice; n=6), whereas the aortic band remained in a second group (heart failure [HF] group; n=6)...
May 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
Christine S Zuern, Niklas Floss, Iris I Mueller, Christian Eick, Martin Duckheim, Johannes Patzelt, Meinrad Gawaz, Andreas E May, Karin A L Mueller
BACKGROUND: Plasma Galectin-3 is a marker of myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, was associated with left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after conventional surgical mitral valve repair (MVR) and predicted clinical events in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to evaluate the association between pre-interventional Galectin-3 levels and (1) reverse LV remodeling and (2) major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients undergoing percutaneous MVR...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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