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moderate to serious concussion symptoms

Erica Beidler, Abigail C Bretzin, Colin Hanock, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT:  Previous literature on sport-related concussion (SRC) knowledge and reporting behaviors has been limited to high school and National Collegiate Athletic Association collegiate athletes; however, knowledge regarding collegiate club-sport athletes is limited. OBJECTIVE:  To determine the level of SRC knowledge and reporting behaviors among collegiate club-sport athletes and to investigate differences between athletes in traditional and nontraditional sports...
September 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Alicia Meconi, Ryan C Wortman, David K Wright, Katie J Neale, Melissa Clarkson, Sandy R Shultz, Brian R Christie
Repeated concussion is becoming increasingly recognized as a serious public health concern around the world. Moreover, there is a greater awareness amongst health professionals of the potential for repeated pediatric concussions to detrimentally alter the structure and function of the developing brain. To better study this issue, we developed an awake closed head injury (ACHI) model that enabled repeated concussions to be performed reliably and reproducibly in juvenile rats. A neurological assessment protocol (NAP) score was generated immediately after each ACHI to help quantify the cumulative effects of repeated injury on level of consciousness, and basic motor and reflexive capacity...
2018: PloS One
A Theadom, S Barker-Collo, K M Jones, P Parmar, R Bhattacharjee, V L Feigin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatments to facilitate recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are urgently needed. We conducted a 9-month pilot, randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial to examine the safety and potential effects of the herbal supplement MLC901 (NeuroAiD II™) on cognitive functioning following TBI. METHODS: Adults aged 18-65 years at 1-12 months after mild or moderate TBI were randomized to receive MLC901 (0.8 g capsules 3 times daily) or placebo for 6 months...
August 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
P Azouvi, A Arnould, E Dromer, C Vallat-Azouvi
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious healthcare problem, and this report is a selective review of recent findings on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and neuropsychological impairments following TBI. Patients who survive moderate-to-severe TBI frequently suffer from a wide range of cognitive deficits and behavioral changes due to diffuse axonal injury. These deficits include slowed information-processing and impaired long-term memory, attention, working memory, executive function, social cognition and self-awareness...
July 2017: Revue Neurologique
Miriam Carroll-Alfano
CONTEXT:   Concussions in student-athletes are a serious problem. Most states have enacted legislation mandating concussion education for student-athletes, under the assumption that education leads to better self-reporting of concussions and improved knowledge of symptoms. OBJECTIVES:   (1) To determine the effect of state-based concussion legislation on the proportion of student-athletes receiving concussion education and to assess the moderation of this effect by gender and sport and (2) to assess the effect of concussion education on student-athletes' knowledge of concussion symptoms and likelihood of seeking treatment after a concussion...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Roberto J Rona, Margaret Jones, Laura Goodwin, Lisa Hull, Simon Wessely
AIMS: To assess the importance of service demographic, mental disorders, and deployment factors on headache severity and prevalence, and to assess the impact of headache on functional impairment. BACKGROUND: There is no information on prevalence and risk factors of headache in the UK military. Recent US reports suggest that deployment, especially a combat role, is associated with headache. Such an association may have serious consequences on personnel during deployment...
May 2013: Headache
D G Vollmer, R G Dacey
The majority of patients seeking medical care after head trauma have sustained injuries of mild or moderate severity, i.e., GCS scores of 13 to 15 or 9 to 12, respectively. Mortality rates under these circumstances are generally low; however, serious complications must be detected and treated early. The initial evaluation involves determination of level of consciousness and examination for the presence of focal neurologic deficits. Skull radiography has a limited role in the management of mild and moderate head injuries, but consideration must be given to local factors such as the availability of cranial CT...
April 1991: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
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