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Divya Kamat, Munisamy Malathi, Nagendran Prabhakaran, Devinder M Thappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Mehdi Shirazi, Hilda Mahmoudi, Behnam Nasihatkon, Sina Ghaffaripour, Ali Eslahi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Management of post operative pain in children undergoing hypospadiasis repair, accounts for optimized surgery outcomes and improved patients' satisfaction. Thus, various studies have widely investigated the best approaches for the pain management. In this study our aim was to determine the effect of dexamethasone in combination with penile nerve block on the postoperative pain and complications in the children undergoing hypospadias surgery. METHODS: In this randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial, after obtaining informed consent from parents or legal guardians, 42 children undergoing surgical treatment of hypospadias were randomized in two groups to receive either IV dexamethasone 0...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Leily Mohajerzadeh, Alireza Mirshemirani, Mohsen Rouzrokh, Naser Sadeghian, Ahmad Khaleghnejad-Tabari, Alireza Mahdavi, Sareh Poorhasan
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital genital anomalies in males that necessitates to be operated early in infancy (when 6 to 9 months old). On the other hand, hypospadias is a challenging field of pediatric urology with multiple reconstruction techniques. A perfect hypospadias repair is supposed to return urethral continuity with sufficient caliber, eradicate phallus curvature, and supply an acceptable appearance with low complications. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of using onlay island flap technique in the repair of hypospadias with shallow urethral plate...
February 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Rohit Kapoor, Premila Paul, Sarthak Sachdeva
Congenital Lumbar hernia was previously known as Lumbocostovertebral syndrome. This syndrome consists of the presence of hemivertebrae, rib defects, abdominal wall anomalies and hypoplasia of the abdominal musculature. This case report describes a 40-hour-old infant with malrotation of left kidney and hydronephrosis in association with congenital lumbar hernia. Various congenital renal anomalies like renal pyelectasis, bilateral renal agenesis and pelviureteric junction obstruction, malascended kidneys, hypospadiasis have been reported in association with this disease...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ahmad Khaleghnejad Tabari, Alireza Mirshemirani, Nasibeh Khaleghnejad Tabari
BACKGROUND: Complete colonic duplication is a very rare congenital anomaly that may have different presentations according to its location and size. Complete colonic duplication can occur in 15% of gastrointestinal duplication. We report two cases of complete colonic duplications, and their characteristics. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two patients with complete colonic duplication with different types and presentations. Case 1: A 2- year old boy presented to the clinic with abdominal protrusion, difficulty to defecate, chronic constipation and mucosal prolaps covered bulging (rectocele) since he was 6 months old...
2012: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Dhanya Mohan, Dileep K Sugathan, Mohammed Railey, Mona Alrukhaimi
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a group of disorders involving developmental defects of the ectodermal structures, with abnormalities in the skin, hair, nails and sweat glands. Ankyloblepharon - ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome, also known as Hay-Wells syndrome, is characterized by eyelid fusion, ED and cleft lip/palate. We report a 15-year-old Omani boy with AEC syndrome who presented with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement therapy. Genitourinary anomalies including hypospadiasis, posterior urethral stricture and bilateral vesicoureteric reflux were noted...
November 2013: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Hamid Reza Abbasi, Seyed Soheil Ben Razavi, Mohammad Reza Hajiesmaeili, Shekoufeh Behdad, Mohammad Mehdi Ghiamat, Ahmad Eghbali
PURPOSE: To compare the erectile effect of propofol and halothane on unwanted intraoperative penile erection (UIOPE) during pediatric hypospadiasis repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventeen boys who were in the age range of 6 months to 6 years and referred for hypospadiasis repair to our referral teaching hospital were included in this randomized clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the two study groups before anesthesia induction...
2013: Urology Journal
Ramin Mozafari Kermani, Leila Nedaeifard, Mohammad Reza Nateghi, Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Ebrahim Ahmadi, Mohammad Ali Osia, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpour, Soudabeh Nouri
BACKGROUND: Many studies show that congenital defects in infants conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are more than infants of normal conception (NC). The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of congenital anomalies in ART infants from Royan Institute and to compare congenital anomalies between two ART techniques.  METHODS: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 400 ART infants from Royan Institute who resided in Tehran were selected by non-random, consecutive sampling...
April 2012: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Manuela Hunziker, Balazs Kutasy, Federica D'Asta, Prem Puri
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the significance of associated urological anomalies in vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of associated urological anomalies in patients with high grade VUR and to assess their impact on renal parenchymal scarring. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of 1,765 consecutive cases diagnosed with high grade VUR (Grade III-V) at our hospital between 1998 and 2010...
February 2012: Pediatric Surgery International
Maria Szarras-Czapnik, Marzena Gajewska, Janusz Ksiazyk, Roman Janas, Maria Ginalska-Malinowska
UNLABELLED: In males AMH is produced by the testes from fetal life to puberty. The main role of AMH in the male fetus is to cause Müllerian duct regression, in prepubertal boys AMH is involved in testicular development and function. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY was to assess the use of a sensitive assay kit of AMH measurements in the diagnosis and management of children with abnormal sexual differentiation and cryptorchidism. We also compared the serum AMH levels with testosterone levels after hCG stimulation...
2006: Endokrynologia, Diabetologia i Choroby Przemiany Materii Wieku Rozwojowego
Rooh-Allah Yegane, Abdol-Reza Kheirollahi, Mohammad Bashashati, Nima Rezaei, Mohammad-Javad Tarrahi, Jamal-Aldin Khoshdel
AIM: We designed a cross-sectional study in order to determine the prevalence of inguinal hernia and penoscrotal abnormalities in the Lorestan province, situated in the west of Iran. METHODS: We studied 3205 elementary-school boys, aged 6-12 years, who underwent clinical examinations of the groin and genitalia in 2002. RESULTS: Abnormalities were detected in 213 children (6.64%). The most frequent anomaly was indirect inguinal hernia, seen in 78 children (2...
May 2005: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1962: Acta Chirurgica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
M Medraś, E Jankowska
Numerous publications in the world's literature on the base of multiply retrospective analyses suggest a population-wide decline in the quality of human semen over the past 50 years. The average sperm density, the mean sperm volume and the percentage of the typical spermatozoids appear to have decreased. Furthermore, a significant increase in the incidence of both genitourinary abnormalities (hypospadiasis, cryptorchidism) and testicular cancers in the general population has been reported. The data vary among different geographic regions...
March 1999: Ginekologia Polska
G Wandschneider, P Narath
A modification of a penoscrotal method for correction of male hypospadiasis presented. The penile urethra is formed by two hairless strips of penile. With this modification, the penoscrotal technique which has been successfully used until now, is improved significantly. The advantage of this surgical technique, which is described in detail, is the prevention of growth of hair, in the new formed urethra following Puberty.
November 1980: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
G Lörincz
On clinical examination of a 44-year-old man because of hypospadiasis and recurrent inguinal hernia, an intrascrotal mass was palpated. The tumour turned out to be a supernumerary testicle. In doubtful tumorous conditions of the male genital tract Triorchidism, a rare congenital anomaly should be borne in mind.
May 1983: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
E Czeizel, J Toth, G Tusnády
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 1979: Orvosi Hetilap
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