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bimetallics chitosan

Danni Jiang, Danlian Huang, Cui Lai, Piao Xu, Guangming Zeng, Jia Wan, Lin Tang, Haoran Dong, Binbin Huang, Tianjue Hu
Bimetallic Fe/Cu nanoparticles were successfully stabilized by chitosan used for remediating hexavatlent chromium contaminated wasterwater. However, the over-loaded chitosan on the surface of Fe/Cu particles limited the Cr(VI) reduction due to the occupation of the surface reactive sites. Weighing the colloid stability and the reduction reactivity, the optimal dosage of chitosan is 2.0 wt% and the optimal Cu doping dosage is 3.0 wt%. SEM and TEM images showed that the chitosan-stabilized Fe/Cu bimetallic nanoparticles (CS-Fe/Cu nanoparticles) were uniformly dispersed, which had loose and porous surface...
December 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tailin Liu, Bo Fu, Jincheng Chen, Kang Li
A nonenzymatic electrochemical sensor is described for the prostate cancer biomarker sarcosine (Sar). Riboflavin was employed to mimic the active center of the enzyme sarcosine oxidase for constructing the biomimetic sensor. The use of riboflavon (Rf) avoids the disadvantages of an enzymatic sensor, such as high cost and poor stability. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a graphene-chitosan (GR) composite and further modified with gold-platinum bimetallic nanoparticles in a polypyrrole (PPy) matrix in order to enhance the catalytic activity of the enzyme mimic...
February 1, 2019: Mikrochimica Acta
Zifan Ma, Longdi Xu, Luyao Liu, Luyao Wang, Xiaoying Zhang, Aiguo Kong
A bio-inspired bimetallic Fe- and Co-doped nitrogen-carbon material (Fe-Co-N-C) was synthesized using chitosan and porphyrin-like heme and vitamin B12 precursors. Anionic heme with Fe-N4 moieties and vitamin B12 with Co-N4 moieties were grafted onto the surface of acidic chitosan polymers through interactions with cationic -NH3+, and these polymers were coated onto nano-sized silica spheres to form the composite precursors. The optimised thermolysis of these composites yielded mesoporous carbons with abundant surface Fe-Nx and Co-Nx sites...
January 14, 2019: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Eida S Al-Farraj, Ameen N Alhabarah, Jahangeer Ahmad, Abdullah M Al-Enizi, Mu Naushad, Mohd Ubaidullah, Saad M Alshehri, Ruksana, Tansir Ahamad
A novel high-performance supercapacitor was fabricated using spinal (nickel ferrite) nanoparticles uniformly implanted into nitrogen-doped carbon matrix. The nanocomposite was fabricated with bimetallic polymer complexes for the first time. The fabricated nanocomposite was characterized using FTIR, TGA, Raman, XRD, BET, XPS, SEM and TEM technique. The nanocomposite used as the electrode material for assembling electrodes for supercapacitor over nickel foam, and show an excellent specific capacitance of 958...
December 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kambiz Varmira, Ghobad Mohammadi, Majid Mahmoudi, Reza Khodarahmi, Khodabakhsh Rashidi, Mehdi Hedayati, Hector C Goicoechea, Ali R Jalalvand
In this work, fabrication of a novel and ultrasensitive electrochemical biosensor based on immobilization of tyrosine hydroxylase onto palladium-platinum bimetallic alloy nanoparticles/chitosan-1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide/graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes-IL/glassy carbon electrode for determination of L-tyrosine in some high tyrosine foods including cheese, egg and yogurt was reported. Immobilization of tyrosine hydroxylase onto the surface of the biosensor was performed by cross-linking tyrosine hydroxylase and chitosan through the addition of glutaraldehyde...
June 1, 2018: Talanta
Vareessh Maney, Moganavelli Singh
AIM: To synthesize and functionalize platinum (core)-gold (shell) bimetallic nanoparticles (PtAuBNps) with chitosan and doxorubicin to display favorable pharmacokinetics, biodegradability, biological activity and safety in vitro. MATERIALS & METHODS: PtAuBNps and their drug nanocomposites were morphologically and physico-chemically characterized. Binding studies determined the efficiency and stability of the platform. In vitro release kinetics were evaluated under simulated environments, cytotoxicity profiles through MTT and Sulforodhamine B assays and apoptosis induction using the dual EtBr/AO staining...
October 2, 2017: Nanomedicine
Sandeep K Mishra, S Kannan
An engineered metallic nanostructure is an excellent candidate for "theranosis" of cancer, having intrinsic properties of multimodal imaging and therapy. Toward this target, the development of silver-neodymium bimetallic nanoparticles (Ag-Nd BNPs) via microwave-assisted polyol synthesis is presented. The resultant Ag-Nd BNPs exhibit good monodispersity with average size of 10 nm, fluorescence in the near-infrared (NIR) region, and magnetic properties. The Ag-Nd BNPs also validate MRI, CT, and NIR trimodal imaging ability and enunciate valuable temperature response upon irradiation under a NIR laser...
October 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Fayaz Ali, Sher Bahadar Khan, Tahseen Kamal, Yasir Anwar, Khalid A Alamry, Abdullah M Asiri
Nanoparticles were synthesized on the surface of green nanocomposite based on carbon black dispersed in chitosan (CB-CS) fibres. The nanoparticles were monometallic Co, Ag and Cu and bimetallic Co + Cu and Co + Ag. The CB-CS fibres were prepared and introduced into separate metal salt solutions containing Co2+ , Ag+ and Cu2+ and mixed Co2+ +Cu2+ and Co2+ +Ag+ ions. The metal ions immobilized on the surface of CB-CS were reduced using sodium borohydride (NaBH4 ) as reducing agent to synthesize the corresponding zero-valent metal nanoparticles-loaded CB-CS fibres...
December 2017: Chemosphere
Fayaz Ali, Sher Bahadar Khan, Tahseen Kamal, Yasir Anwar, Khalid A Alamry, Abdullah M Asiri
In this report, we prepared chitosan (CS) membrane, CS/zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc-CS) composite fibers and pellets as support for the synthesis of zero valent metal nanoparticles. The composite fibers and pellets of ZnPc-CS were prepared by simply dispersing 5wt% of ZnPc in CS solution. ZnPc-CS composite were applied as economical host material for the development of metallic and bimetallic zero valent nanoparticles. The composites of ZnPc-CS were put in 0.1M metals salt solutions (mono- and bi-metallic) for the adsorption of metal ions...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Sandeep K Mishra, S Kannan
Accurate imaging of the structural and functional state of biological targets is a critical task. To amend paucities associated with individual imaging, there is high interest to develop a multifunctional theranostic devices for cancer diagnosis and therapy. Herein, chitosan coated silver/dysprosium bimetallic nanoparticles (BNPs) were synthesized through a green chemistry route and characterization results inferred that the BNPs are crystalline, spherical, and of size ∼10 nm. High-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirm the reduced metallic states of Ag and Dy in nanoparticles...
December 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Li Zheng, Xiaofang Niu, Jinhang Zhao, Tingzhi Liu, Yi Liu, Yunhui Yang
In this paper, a kind of label-free immunosensor for rapid detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) based on Pd-Ir bimetallic nanoparticles as a catalyst was prepared. CEA antibody (anti-CEA) was immobilized onto the surface of glassy carbon electrode through the adsorption effect of Pd-Ir bimetallic nanoparticles modified on the electrode using chitosan. When CEA antibody combines with CEA antigen, the formed immunocomplexs blocks the catalytic activity of Pd-Ir bimetal nanoparticles to the reduction of H2O2, leading to decrease in the current response signal...
June 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ahmad Reza Yazdanbakhsh, Hasti Daraei, Mohamad Rafiee, Hosein Kamali
In the present study, the degradation of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMT), using synthesized nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and bimetallic Fe and Ni nanoparticles stabilized with chitosan (Cs-Fe/Ni), in water was investigated. A central composite design combined with response surface methodology and optimization was utilized for maximizing the AMT reduction by the nanoparticles-water system. The importance of the various variables and their interactions were analyzed using analysis of variance and t-test. The effects of independent parameters were tested and the results showed that the initial concentration of AMT, pH, and nanoparticles dosage were all significant factors...
2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Meng Zhang, Robert Helleur, Yan Zhang
In this study, the Ag(+)-imprinted chitosan gel beads were synthesized to selectively adsorb Ag(+) from bimetallic aqueous solutions containing the same molar concentration of Ag(+) and Cu(2+). The Ag(+)-imprinting not only helps to achieve extremely high selectivity of Ag(+), but also enhances the uptake capacity of the target Ag(+) by protecting some amine groups, the primary binding sites of metal ions from cross-linking. The maximum uptake of Ag(+) by the ion-imprinted chitosan beads was found to be 89...
October 5, 2015: Carbohydrate Polymers
N Mat Zain, A G F Stapley, G Shama
Silver and copper nanoparticles were produced by chemical reduction of their respective nitrates by ascorbic acid in the presence of chitosan using microwave heating. Particle size was shown to increase by increasing the concentration of nitrate and reducing the chitosan concentration. Surface zeta potentials were positive for all nanoparticles produced and these varied from 27.8 to 33.8 mV. Antibacterial activities of Ag, Cu, mixtures of Ag and Cu, and Ag/Cu bimetallic nanoparticles were tested using Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli...
November 4, 2014: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ghorban Asgari, Bahman Ramavandi, Sima Farjadfard
We introduce a new adsorbent, bimetallic chitosan particle (BCP) that is successfully synthesized and applied to remove the orange II dye from wastewater. The effects of pH, BCP quantity, and contact time are initially verified on the basis of the percentage of orange II removed from the wastewater. Experimental data reveal that the Cu/Mg bimetal and chitosan have a synergistic effect on the adsorption process of the adsorbate, where the dye adsorption by Cu/Mg bimetal, chitosan alone, and bimetal-chitosan is 10, 49, and 99...
2013: TheScientificWorldJournal
Shurui Cao, Lei Zhang, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
A new electrochemical biosensor with enhanced sensitivity was developed for detection of cholesterol by using platinum-palladium-chitosan-graphene hybrid nanocomposites (PtPd-CS-GS) functionalized glassy carbon electrode (GCE). An electrodeposition method was applied to form PtPd nanoparticles-doped chitosan-graphene hybrid nanocomposites (PtPd-CS-GS), which were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical methods. The presence of the PtPd-CS-GS nanocomposites not only accelerated direct electron transfer from the redox enzyme to the electrode surface, but also enhanced the immobilized amount of cholesterol oxidase (ChOx)...
May 15, 2013: Talanta
Meng Zhang, Weijian Dai, Mei Yan, Shenguang Ge, Jinghua Yu, Xianrang Song, Wei Xu
An ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor was developed using PtAg@carbon nanocrystals (CNCs) as excellent labels based on carbon nanotubes-chitosan/AuNPs (CNT-CHIT/AuNPs) composite modified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) for prostate protein antigen (PSA) detection. The CNCs were obtained simply by electro-oxidation of graphite with abundant carboxyl groups at their surfaces. The PtAg bimetallic nanocomposites with hierarchically hollow structures were fabricated through simple replacement reaction using dealloyed nanoporous silver (NPS) as both a template and reducing agent...
May 7, 2012: Analyst
Arumugam Murugadoss, Noriko Kai, Hidehiro Sakurai
A macroscale quantity of bimetallic Au-Ag alloy nanoclusters was achieved through sequential reduction by simple mortar grinding. The chitosan biopolymer was used as both a stabilizing and reducing agent. These nanoclusters exhibit excellent catalytic activity toward the reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
February 21, 2012: Nanoscale
Yi An, Tielong Li, Zhaohui Jin, Meiying Dong, Hongcai Xia, Xue Wang
Bimetallic nanoparticles (nano Fe-Ni, nano Fe-Cu) and coated iron nanoparticles (chitosan-Fe(0), sodium oleate-Fe(0)) were utilized to support autotrophic denitrification. In comparison to nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) particles, Ni-containing nanoparticles resulted in faster nitrate removal, but generated 17% more ammonium. The nano Fe-Cu integrated system, required two days less than the unmodified NZVI integrated system to remove all the nitrate and decrease ammonium by 13%, but a large amount of nitrite remained in the system...
December 2010: Bioresource Technology
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