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H.pylori carditis

Po-Hao Liao, Yu-Chun Lin, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Shou-Chuan Shih, Tai-Cherng Liou
Background and aim: To assess the detection rates of Helicobacter pylori colonization in the gastric cardia with two commercial kits of rapid urease test: 5 min UFT300 and 24 h CLO test in H. pylori-infected patients. Methods: Eighty consecutive dyspeptic patients with confirmed H. pylori infection (serology and 13 C-urea breath test) were prospectively studied. During endoscopy, tissue samples using separate biopsy forceps from the cardia were taken for the UFT300 and CLO tests...
June 2018: JGH open: an open access journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
D Pinto, W Plieschnegger, N I Schneider, M Geppert, H Bordel, G M Höss, A Eherer, E-M Wolf, M Vieth, C Langner
The columnar-lined mucosa at the gastroesophageal junction may contain an inflammatory infiltrate, commonly referred to as carditis (or cardia gastritis). The etiology of carditis is not entirely clear since published data are conflicting. Some authors believe it to be secondary to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and others to Helicobacter pylori gastritis. This prospective study aims at clarifying the relationship between carditis and the histological, clinical, and endoscopic findings of GERD, in a large cohort of individuals negative for H...
August 22, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Randa M Nasrat, Mohammad M Nasrat, Abdullah M Nasrat, Salwa A Nasrat
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to illustrate the effect of colon clear on idiopathic myocardial dysfunction. Helicobacter pylori colonized the stomach since an immemorial time, as if both the stomach and the bacterium used to live together in peace harmless to each other. H. pylori could migrate or get forced to migrate to the colon; antibiotics are seldom effective against extra-gastric H. pylori strains. The association of H. pylori and some cardiovascular diseases like myocarditis and cardiomyopaty has been sufficiently mentioned in literature...
April 2015: Cardiology Research
A S Tertychnyĭ, S I Mamchenko, M I Dubrovskaia, N R Petrosian, M A Kvirkeliia, P M Tsvetkov, A V Krasavin, N S Marenich
In present work we studied the morphological features of the esophageal mucosa in 63 children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The biopsies were taken at level of 3 cm above a Z-line and at level of 0.5-1 cm above a Z-line. The results of our study showed that the mucosa of the esophago-gastric junction may contain areas covered with columnar epithelium of 44.4% of children in the biopsies from the level of 0.5-1.0 cm above the Z-line. Inflammatory changes in the mucosa of the esophago-gastric junction identified in 71...
2014: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Yunsheng Wang, Shuhui Liu, Ying Zhang, Chao Bi, Yinping Xiao, Runhua Lin, Bo Huang, Dongping Tian, Songmin Ying, Min Su
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection represents the most important risk factor for gastric cancer, while its association with gastric cardia cancer (GCC) has not been recognized yet. In this current study, we aim to investigate the status of H. pylori infection in the gastric cardia tissue samples from high-risk populations in Chaoshan littoral region, and the relationship between H. pylori infection and chronic inflammation as well as the proliferative activity of the gastric cardia epithelial cells. A total of 706 gastric cardia biopsy specimens were obtained from 372 GCC cases and 334 tumor-free controls in Chaoshan littoral, a high-risk region for esophageal and gastric cardia cancer...
October 2014: Microbes and Infection
Qi Miao, Yao Zhou Ma, Gan Hui Cai, Xiao Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the type of cardiac mucosa and its relationship with age and gender of the participants and to determine the coincidence of endoscopic and pathological diagnosis of carditis as well as its etiology. METHODS: The data of 70 patients with carditis (the carditis group) and 30 individuals with endoscopically normal-appearing cardiac mucosa (the control group), including their baseline characteristics and histopathological findings, were reviewed...
February 2014: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Robert Maximilian Genta, Richard H Lash
Since its recognition as the causative agent for most cases of gastritis, the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis has been declining, in part due to the deliberate and inadvertent use of various medications. As a result, pathologists find themselves facing cases of gastritis in which, based upon history and histology, there are expected but undetectable H. pylori organisms. This review explores the 2 possibilities of false-negative and true-negative gastritides, including when and how to search for H...
August 2010: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Arne Kandulski, Thomas Wex, Doerthe Kuester, Klaus Mönkemüller, Ulrich Peitz, Albert Roessner, Peter Malfertheiner
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation at the cardia occurs in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), as well as in the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Regulatory T cells have been demonstrated for H. pylori-induced gastritis, whereas their role has not been studied in GERD. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed the expression of FOXP3, a marker of various regulatory T cells, as well as the mucosal transcript levels of TGF-beta1 and IL-10. RNA and protein levels have been determined in cardiac biopsies of 70 patients stratified according to GERD (n = 22), controls (n = 17), and H...
September 2009: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Fredrik Petersson, Lennart E Franzén, Kurt Borch
The aim of this research was to characterize the mucosa of the gastric cardia in relation to infection with Helicobacter pylori and the occurrence of chronic gastritis in other parts of the stomach in a sample of the general population. In this study, 80 adult volunteers underwent esophagogastroscopy with biopsies from the gastric cardia, corpus, and antrum. Gastritis was classified according to the Sydney system. Chronic gastritis (cardia excepted) was diagnosed in 35 subjects, 30 with H. pylori infection...
January 2010: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Hashem B El-Serag, David Y Graham, Linda Rabeneck, Adjula Avid, Peter Richardson, Robert M Genta
OBJECTIVE: The findings of studies examining the prevalence and major risk factors of histological abnormalities of the gastric cardia have been inconsistent. Selection bias was possible in these studies depending on whether patients were referred for ulcer or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There have been no studies on non-patient populations. The aim of this study was to mitigate the potential effects of selection bias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a study comprising health-care workers, we distributed symptom questionnaires and invitations to undergo upper endoscopy...
October 2007: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Masoud Sotoudeh, Mohammad H Derakhshan, Behnoosh Abedi-Ardakani, Mehdi Nouraie, Abass Yazdanbod, Seyyed Mohammad Tavangar, Javad Mikaeli, Shahin Merat, Reza Malekzadeh
We have investigated the role of Helicobacter pylori infection and of other risk factors of gastritis and carditis in residents of a high-risk area for gastric cardia cancer. During a national population-based endoscopic survey, 508 randomly-selected participants aged > or =40 were enrolled. Mucosal biopsies were obtained from six standard sites. Polymorphonuclear (PMN) and mononuclear (MN) infiltration and combined inflammatory scores (CIS) for chronic gastritis and H.pylori were assessed. Relationships of H...
January 2008: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Renzo Cestari, Vincenzo Villanacci, Gabrio Bassotti, Elisa Rossi, Domenico Della Casa, Guido Missale, Luigi Minelli, Paolo Cengia, Marco Gambarotti, Francesco Pirali, Francesco Donato, Robert M Genta
"Carditis" (inflammation of the gastric cardiac mucosa) may be associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), whereas other studies argue that Helicobacter pylori could play a significant role in the chronic cardiac damage. We examined prospectively histologic features of gastric cardia, esophagitis, and H. pylori status in 204 consecutive subjects with GERD symptoms (57.3% male, 42.7% female mean age 49.2 y) undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with multiple biopsies in the distal esophagus, cardiac region, and stomach...
May 2007: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Shailender Singh, Ajay Bansal, Srinivas Puli, Sachin Wani, Sharad Mathur, Amit Rastogi, Prateek Sharma
The etiology of inflammation of the gastric cardia (carditis) is controversial, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and H. pylori infection have been proposed as etiological factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of acid suppression on histological changes in the gastric cardia. Gastric cardia biopsies of reflux patients were evaluated at baseline and after proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. The updated Sydney classification was used to score the biopsies, and carditis scores (pre- and post-PPI therapy) were compared...
September 2007: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
A P Carelli, F R S Patrício, E Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Etiology of gastric cardia inflammation is still controversial. AIMS: To evaluate the association between carditis and Helicobacter pylori infection and the correlation among inflammatory changes observed in biopsies taken from cardia, corpus, and antrum in a well-defined group of patients. PATIENTS: The mean age of 45 dyspeptic patients was 10.4 years (range 5.1-17.0 years); gender F/M rate: 1.6/1. METHODS: A total of 450 specimens from esophagus (2), cardia (2), corpus (3), and antrum (4) were collected for biopsy...
February 2007: Digestive and Liver Disease
Katsunori Iijima, Tooru Shimosegawa
During the last decade, inflammation (carditis) and intestinal metaplasia localized to immediately below the human gastro-oesophageal junction have received much attention in relation to the rising incidence of cancer at this site. Since these histological findings are frequently observed even among those who are H pylori-negative, the causative factors for such histologic events at the human gastro-oesophageal junction remain obscure. A series of recent studies have demonstrated that a high level of salivary nitrite is sustained over several hours after the ingestion of a high nitrate meal, and that the nitrite in swallowed saliva is rapidly converted to nitric oxide by an acid catalyzed chemical reaction at the gastro-oesophageal junction...
September 28, 2006: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Robert D Odze
The gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) is a poorly defined anatomic area that represents the junction etween the distal esophagus and the proximal stomach (cardia). The true anatomic GEJ corresponds to the most proximal aspect of the gastric folds, which represents an endoscopically apparent transition oint in most individuals. Many, if not most, adults, particularly those with either physiologic or logic GERD, have a proximally displaced Z-line indicating that the histologic squamocolumnar nction (SCJ) is located above the anatomic GEJ...
November 2005: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Robert D Odze
The gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), which is defined as the point where the distal esophagus joins the proximal stomach (cardia), is a short anatomic area that is commonly exposed to the injurious effects of GERD and/or Helicobacter pylori infection. These disorders often lead to inflammation and intestinal metaplasia (IM) of this anatomic region. The true gastric cardia is an extremely short segment (<0.4 mm) of mucosa that is typically composed of pure mucous glands, or mixed mucous/oxyntic glands that are histologically indistinguishable from metaplastic mucinous columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus...
August 2005: American Journal of Gastroenterology
A Oksanen, A Sankila, K von Boguslawski, P Sipponen, H Rautelin
BACKGROUND: Both Helicobacter pylori and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) may cause inflammation in cardiac mucosa. Intestinal metaplasia (IM) is found more often in GORD associated inflammation than in inflammation caused by H pylori, especially in young individuals. AIM: To examine morphological differences in chronic inflammation in these two conditions by immunohistochemistry. PATIENTS/METHODS: Tissue blocks from cardiac mucosa of patients <45 years were available as follows: 10 patients with chronic inflammation of cardiac mucosa (carditis) and H pylori gastritis (group 1); 10 patients with (possibly GORD related) carditis, but normal antrum and corpus (group 2); and 10 patients with non-inflamed cardiac mucosa and normal antrum and corpus (group 3)...
April 2005: Journal of Clinical Pathology
H H M Ahmed, H M Y Mudawi, S S Fedail
This study was conducted to assess the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's esophagus among Sudanese patients with clinical symptoms of heartburn. One hundred and five patients were included in the study; forty seven patients had evidence of reflux oesophagitis, 61.7% of whom had grade B oesophagitis according to the modified Los Angeles classification and 10.6% had Barrett's oesophagus. 78.7% of the biopsies from the esophageal cardia revealed presenced of inflammation (Carditis)...
July 2004: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
J Kyzeková
UNLABELLED: Helicobacter pylori is the most frequent cause of antral gastritis type B. Little is known about the affection of the gastric cardia by inflammation associated with H. pylori infection. OBJECTIVE: Assess the status of morphological changes of the cardia in the presence of H. pylori infection in patients with non-ulcer dyspesia. METHODS AND PATIENTS: 251 consecutive dyspeptic patients with H.pylori infection were subjected to endoscopic examination of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract...
February 1999: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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