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Psychiatry Psychology Behavior Psychopharmacology

Ahmed Naguy, Najah Al-Enezi
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine (LAM), an antiepileptic, with panoply of indications and uses in neurology, is FDA approved, in psychiatry, for bipolar prophylaxis. Apart from this indication, trend of its use in psychiatry is on the rise addressing a multitude of disorders. STUDY QUESTION: LAM remains one of only few psychotropic drugs with antiglutamate activity. This might render LAM a potential therapeutic option in treatment-resistant major psychiatric disorders. We reviewed LAM pharmacology and its diverse indications while examining the extant evidence...
January 2019: American Journal of Therapeutics
Katharine Thomson, Kristine McKenna, Katherine Bedard-Thomas, Melisa Oliva, Patricia Ibeziako
This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of transplant patients across organ groups seen by transplant psychology/psychiatry clinicians at a pediatric institution between 2008 and 2014. Chart reviews were conducted to better understand the behavioral health care provided to SOT patients and the role of transplant-dedicated psychology and psychiatry clinicians. Transplant psychology/psychiatry was consulted a total of 1060 times on 399 unique SOT patients over a 6-year period...
August 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
(no author information available yet)
AACP invites clinicians and investigators in all spheres of geriatric psychiatry, psychology, neurology, medicine, nursing and social work to submit abstracts of original investigations and symposia topics for presentation at our annual meeting related to this year's theme, "Adaptation and Aging". Suggested topics include biological and psychosocial changes with aging, neurological basis of behavior, geriatric neuropsychiatry, psychiatric manifestations of medical diseases, innovative mental health care delivery methods, neuroimaging, neuroendocrinology, psychopharmacology, and psychotherapy...
July 1995: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
AAGP invites clinicians and investigators in all spheres of geriatric psychiatry, psychology, neurology, medicine, nursing and social work to submit abstracts of original investigations and symposia topics for presentation at our annual meeting related to this year's theme, "Adaptation and Aging". Suggested topics include biological and psychosocial changes with aging, neurological basis of behavior, geriatric neuropsychiatry, psychiatric manifestations of medical diseases, innovative mental health care delivery methods, neuroimaging, neuroendocrinology, psychopharmacology, and psychotherapy...
April 1995: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Christine Mohr, Gordon Claridge
A long-standing tradition in personality research in psychology, and nowadays increasingly in psychiatry, is that psychotic and psychotic-like thoughts are considered common experiences in the general population. Given their widespread occurrence, such experiences cannot merely reflect pathological functioning. Moreover, reflecting the multi-dimensionality of schizotypy, some dimensions might be informative for healthy functioning while others less so. Here, we explored these possibilities by reviewing research that links schizotypy to favorable functioning such as subjective wellbeing, cognitive functioning (major focus on creativity), and personality correlates...
March 2015: Schizophrenia Bulletin
James Zacny
James Zacny received his PhD in Psychology at West Virginia University (WV, USA) in 1984. From 1984 to 1986 he did a postdoctoral fellowship at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (MD, USA) in the Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. He then became Research Associate in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Chicago (IL, USA) and conducted both preclinical and human psychopharmacology studies. In 1992 he joined the faculty in the Department of Anesthesia & Critical Care at the University where he is currently Professor...
September 2011: Pain Management
Betty Pfefferbaum, Jon A Shaw
This Practice Parameter identifies best approaches to the assessment and management of children and adolescents across all phases of a disaster. Delivered within a disaster system of care, many interventions are appropriate for implementation in the weeks and months after a disaster. These include psychological first aid, family outreach, psychoeducation, social support, screening, and anxiety reduction techniques. The clinician should assess and monitor risk and protective factors across all phases of a disaster...
November 2013: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Giovanni A Fava, Elena Tomba, Eliana Tossani
The standard randomized controlled trial design is still based on the acute disease model. This is in sharp contrast with the fact that the patient is likely to have experienced other treatments before, that may actually modify clinical course and responsiveness. The current standard of therapeutic trial in psychiatry is represented by the large, multi-center, controlled randomized trial with broad inclusion criteria, and little attention to other factors such as the clinical history of patients and comorbidity...
January 10, 2013: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Stephen Ross
Only time will tell if serotonergic hallucinogen-assisted psychotherapy treatment paradigms for SUDs will prove to be safe and effective in double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. If they are, they would truly constitute a novel psychopharmacologic-psychosocial treatment paradigm to treat addictive disorders, although the risk of adverse psychological events would have to be controlled through a careful screening process and the risk of misuse of the substances or developing use syndromes would have to be considered, although the overall risk would be low because, as mentioned, SHs are unlike all other drugs of abuse in that they do not appear to produce dependence syndromes...
June 2012: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Frans van Haaren
Taking America off Drugs by Stephen Ray Flora provides an overview of effective behavioral interventions to treat a variety of mental health concerns, including depression and phobias. These disorders are better treated with behavioral than psychopharmacological interventions. Yet, the latter prevail in today's society. Taking America off Drugs provides the background to help us understand why, as it puts the treatment of behavioral disorders in the context of modern psychiatry and its relationship with the pharmaceutical industry...
2009: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Shane M Coleman, Aaron J Blashill, Rajesh T Gandhi, Steven A Safren, Oliver Freudenreich
BACKGROUND: Just as in heart disease and diabetes, depression in HIV/AIDS is associated with negative outcomes. While randomized trials have shown the efficacy of treatment for depression in HIV/AIDS, the implementation of evidence-based treatments in real-world settings remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a collaborative, measurement-based approach to depression care, including psychopharmacologic and ancillary psychological therapies in patients with HIV/AIDS and to examine whether or not effective depression treatment would also improve virologic and immunologic outcomes...
January 2012: Psychosomatics
N Haslam, D Lusher
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry and clinical psychology are the two dominant disciplines in mental health research, but the structure of scientific influence and information flow within and between them has never been mapped. METHOD: Citations among 96 of the highest impact psychiatry and clinical psychology journals were examined, based on 10 052 articles published in 2008. Network analysis explored patterns of influence between journal clusters. RESULTS: Psychiatry journals tended to have greater influence than clinical psychology journals, and their influence was asymmetrical: clinical psychology journals cited psychiatry journals at a much higher rate than the reverse...
December 2011: Psychological Medicine
Thomas Stompe, Hans Schanda
OBJECTIVE: In general psychiatry, the treatment of schizophrenic psychoses is focused on the reduction of symptoms, the improvement of quality of life and the recovery of the capacity to work. In forensic psychiatry, a further major targets is the reduction of aggressive behavior - not least by the establishment of a stable adherence to medication. It is unclear until now, whether this leads to different psychopharmacological treatment strategies. METHOD: The study includes 91 patients from the Psychiatric University Clinic Vienna (PUC) and 116 patients from the Justizanstalt Göllersdorf (JAGÖ), Austrian's central institution for the treatment of mentally disordered offenders not guilty by reason of insanity...
2011: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
B Sperner-Unterweger
Psycho-oncology is defined by psychosocial aspects of prevention, etiology, diagnostics, treatment, and rehabilitation of cancer. It is characterized by interdisciplinary medicine, as well as cooperation between medical and nonmedical professionals. Psychosocial distress and/or psychiatric disorders are manifested in 30-60% of cancer patients. The primary target of psycho-oncological management is to retain and ideally optimize the subjective quality of life of cancer patients. It is important to understand that psycho-oncological care is part of an integrative oncological patient management...
March 2011: Der Nervenarzt
Enrique F Portillo-Salido
From the very outset of scientific Psychology, psychologists have shown interest for drugs and their effects on behavior. This has given rise to numerous contributions, mostly in the form of Psychopharmacology publications. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate these contributions and compare them with other academic disciplines related to Psychopharmacology. Using the PubMed database, we retrieved information about articles from 15 journals included in the Pharmacology and Pharmacy category of the Journal Citation Reports database for a 21-year period (1987 to 2007)...
May 2010: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Karen M Theoktisto
TOPIC: A review of psychopharmacology and the genetic considerations with pharmokinetics is followed through a case study to demonstrate the optimal clinical treatment of the child with pediatric behavioral issues. PURPOSE: The knowledge of the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic consequences of medications in clinical practice is of the utmost importance for all pediatric nurse practitioners. Drug interactions occur when the efficacy or toxicity of a medication is changed with the addition of another medication or dosage change...
November 2009: Pediatric Nursing
César A Alfonso
Abstract The practice patterns of US psychiatrists have changed over the last two decades, favoring brief clinical encounters and a primary emphasis on pharmacologic care. The main focus of this paper is to illustrate the relevance of psychodynamic principles to prescribing practices. Psychodynamic aspects of pharmacotherapy will be described, including the dynamics of treatment adherence and nonadherence, medication selection, discontinuation, as well as aspects of transference and countertransference relevant to the practice of psychopharmacology...
2009: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry
Michael Bird, Robert H Llewellyn Jones, Ailsa Korten, Heather Smithers
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are well described but treatment remains problematical, including overuse of psychotropic medication. This study aims to compare the outcome of two approaches to BPSD, one focusing on causality and using predominantly psychosocial interventions, the other relying predominantly on psychotropic medication. METHODS: Thirty-three residential care clients manifesting BPSD who had been referred to a community psychogeriatric service (intervention group) were assessed and treated, with the focus placed on the causes of the behavior and why it was perceived as a problem by nursing staff...
October 2007: International Psychogeriatrics
James MacKillop, Emily J Anderson, Bryan A Castelda, Richard E Mattson, Peter J Donovick
The present study assessed the divergent validity of several self-report and objective behavioral measures for assessing pathological gambling using three samples divided by South Oaks Gambling Scale score [Lesieur, & Blume (1987). American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184-1188]: pathological gamblers, potential pathological gamblers, and non-pathological gamblers. Self-report measures included the Gamblers' Beliefs Questionnaire [GBQ; Steenbergh, Meyers, May, & Whelan (2002). Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 16, 143-149], the Gambling Passion Scale [GPS; Rousseau, Vallerand, Ratelle, Mageau, & Provencher, (2002)...
2006: Journal of Gambling Studies
Myron L Glucksman
Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic education over the past 50 years is reviewed in the context of the author's personal experience, as well as the changes that have taken place in psychiatry and psychoanalysis over the same time span. Several key issues are identified, including (1) the increasing biological reductionism of psychiatry; (2) the gradual de-emphasis of subjective experience along with the biopsychosocial explanation of human behavior and psychopathology; and (3) the increasing attention paid to neuroscience, psychopharmacology, and brief therapies during residency training...
2006: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry
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