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limb trauma

Massimo Petazzoni, Michela Buiatti
CASE DESCRIPTION A 12-year-old obese spayed female American Staffordshire Terrier was admitted for evaluation of acute non-weight-bearing lameness of the right pelvic limb attributed to motor vehicle-related trauma that occurred 2 hours previously. The owners reported a chronic, progressive weight-bearing lameness of the right pelvic limb secondary to a complete cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture that was diagnosed 6 months previously. They had declined surgery for CrCL repair because of the advanced age of the dog...
March 1, 2019: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Paolo Sapienza, Andrea Mingoli, Valeria Borrelli, Gioia Brachini, Daniele Biacchi, Antonio V Sterpetti, Raffaele Grande, Raffaele Serra, Elvira Tartaglia
Abnormal, persistent inflammation after bypass surgery could prevent healing of an ischaemic foot lesion. In 37 patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) (Rutherford Grade III Category 5) who underwent infrapopliteal vein graft and midfoot amputation, plasma levels of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) were determined preoperatively and during the follow up. Nine patients without clinical and Doppler evidence of arterial disease, who underwent post-traumatic midfoot primary amputation, were included in the experiment group, and 15 age-matched healthy volunteers served as control...
February 17, 2019: International Wound Journal
Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Koji Nakanishi, Mikizo Nakai
A 32-year-old man leaping down from the 3rd floor of his house got injured and was transferred to our center. Pseudoaneurysm at the aortic isthmus as well as pelvic and lower limb fractures were observed by computed tomography (CT) scan. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair(TEVAR)of the thoracic aorta was performed from zone 2, followed by external skeletal fixation. Postoperative chest X-ray revealed right hemothorax, and CT scan showed active bleeding from the right subclavian artery in addition to splenic artery pseudoaneurysm...
February 2019: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Marco Stella, Emmanuele Santolini, Francesca Sanguineti, Lamberto Felli, Giovanni Vicenti, Davide Bizzoca, Federico Santolini
BACKGROUND: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is characterised by abnormal pressure inside a compartment, resulting in ischemia of muscles and nerves. Most orthopaedic surgeons, especially those who work in major trauma centres, have been or will be facing a case of ACS in their clinical activity. Fortunately, complications related to untreated compartment syndrome have become less frequent thanks to a better understanding of pathogenesis and to early recognition and prompt surgical treatment...
February 2, 2019: Injury
Thibaut Dubreuil, Jérôme Mouly, Aïcha Ltaief-Boudrigua, Amanda Martinon, Stéphane Tilhet-Coartet, Karim Tazarourte, Jean-Baptiste Pialat
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the agreement between cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and multislice computed tomography for the characterization of extremity fractures and to compare image quality, radiation dose, and patient tolerance. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with suspected fracture affecting distal extremities or who required preoperative fracture assessment were enrolled prospectively. Each patient underwent CBCT and multislice computed tomography the same day...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Angelo Cacchio, Giancarlo Di Carlo, Cofini Vincenza, De Blasis Elisabetta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral administration of Linfadren® in addition to conventional treatment in patients with post-trauma/surgery persistent hand edema. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation center. SUBJECTS: A total of 60 outpatients (mean age 48.5 (standard deviation (SD) = 12.3) years) with post-trauma/surgery persistent hand edema...
February 13, 2019: Clinical Rehabilitation
M K Ahsan, N Zaman, J Islam
Spine injuries, a common component in Polytrauma are usually affects the young people and is a major cause of morbidity and poses a significant health care expenditure and considerable threats to survival and quality of life. We retrospectively assess the demographics, incidence, mode of trauma, associated spine injuries, complications, neurological improvement and mortality. Records of total 1695 admitted patients, spinal injuries were 262 patients. Among them 30(11.45%) patients were associated with Polytrauma victims...
January 2019: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Dian He, YunLi Yu, Shan Wu, ShuFen Tian, Hui Yu, Shu Xu, Lan Chu
BACKGROUND: Mixed cerebrovascular disease is a diagnostic entity that presents with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke clinically and/or subclinically. Here, we report a patient with mixed vascular risk factors, who presented with multiple intracerebral hemorrhages and a simultaneously occurring cerebral infarction with hemorrhagic transformation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old male with no history of trauma or prior neurological disease presented with a sudden onset of weakness in his right limbs, followed by an episode of focal seizure without impaired awareness...
February 12, 2019: BMC Neurology
Avraam Ploumis, Andreas Liampas, Michail Angelidis, Areti Theodorou, Vasilios Xydis, Ioannis Gelalis, Peter Zampakis, Vasilios Panagiotopoulos
Background: Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an inherited genetic condition, characterized by the formation of multiple osteochondromas, developing throughout childhood and into puberty. Vascular complications associated with HME are uncommon. Methods: A case of a patient with HME who was admitted to hospital with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), as a result of acute rupture of a basilar tip aneurysm (BTA), will be presented. Relevant literature on this topic will be systematically reviewed...
November 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
H B Li, D Q Hou, J T Liu, A Y Gao, Z X Zhu, Z C Yu, N X Lin, S Y Chang, J Mi
Objective: To understand the association between body fat distribution and calcaneal bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents aged 6-16 years in Beijing. Methods: Children and adolescents were selected in 30 schools (8 primary schools, 21 middle schools and one 12-year education school) from Dongcheng, Tongzhou, Fangshan and Miyun districts of Beijing by using a stratified cluster sampling method from November 2017 to January 2018. A total of 15 030 students in grade 1 to 4 of primary school, grade 1 of junior and senior middle school were enrolled after excluding subjects who were not able to participate into this study due to trauma or other uncomfortable physical conditions or with missing key values or with diabetes and kidney diseases...
February 6, 2019: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Mariano Oscar Abrego, Javier Eduardo Sanchez Saba, Carolina Halliburton, Danilo Roger Eric Taype, Carlos Federico Sancineto
Introduction: Fasciitis of the limb and toxic-shock syndrome due to Streptococcus Pyogenes infection is considered a surgical emergency. This condition may occur in previously healthy patients. It is a life-threatening condition with high morbidity rates when treatment is delayed due to poor diagnosis and non-surgical intervention. Case Report: 17-year-old male patient sustained a minor ankle trauma while skating. Initials findings were a 1cm wound in relation with his left lateral malleolus and moderate swelling...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Tashfeen Ahmad, Zehra Abdul Muhammad, Shahryar Noordin, Ammar Humayun
OBJECTIVE: To develop a registry for recording injury-specific data to identify gaps and improve care. Methods: The prospective cohort study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from June 2015 to July 2018 though enrollment of patients with limb trauma is continuing to date. Data on injuries and management related to Tibia shaft fractures was collected from medical records, and outcomes were assessed on follow-up visits. Internationally validated injury-specific scores were utilised for assessing functional, clinical and radiological outcomes...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Murat Ekşi, Emel Özcan-Ekşi, Ayça Arslanhan, Hakan Şirinoğlu, Sertaç Erbil, Abuzer Güngör, Oktay Algin, Deniz Konya
AIM: Trauma and diabetes with concomitant vascular pathologies are leading causes of limb amputations. Functionality following amputation procedures is very important for social re-integration of the patients. In this study, we aimed to learn how rat primary somatosensory cortex (pSSC) responses to the loss of inputs from hind-paw, using fMRI of an inferior magnetic power (1.5 Tesla) with special designed high-powered rat coil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were enrolled in this study...
January 24, 2019: Turkish Neurosurgery
Nichole Phillips, Sylvia Hach, Jamie Mannion, Robert Moran
BACKGROUND: Recent work has indicated that acute experimental pain affects left-right discrimination latency. This phenomenon highlights an effect of pain on the cortex that may have significant clinical importance in the form of pain state assessment. However, to date only limited study has further qualified this effect. A more thorough understanding of the magnitude and characteristics of this phenomenon is needed to determine its potential clinical utility. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to closely replicate previous studies investigating response latency changes for left-right discrimination judgements as a result of acute experimental pain...
February 6, 2019: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Qi-Fang He, Han-Xu Wang, Hui Sun, Yu Zhan, Bin-Bin Zhang, Xue-Tao Xie, Cong-Feng Luo
OBJECTIVE: To present our clinical experience of treating varus malunion of the distal femur through a medial open-wedge osteotomy with double-plate fixation. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed. From January 2005 to February 2015, 15 consecutive patients with varus malunion following distal femur fractures were surgically treated at a single level I trauma center. The coronal and sagittal deformity were corrected by a medial open-wedge osteotomy of the distal femur...
February 5, 2019: Orthopaedic Surgery
Yunwei Ou, Jinqian Dong, Liang Wu, Long Xu, Lei Wang, Baiyun Liu, Jingsheng Li, Weiming Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) in different age ranges. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective collection of data from CSDH patients ≤40 years, 41-79 years, and ≥80 years of age between August 2011 and May 2017 was performed. The differences and similarities of clinical data and outcomes among three groups were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1118 CSDH patients were included...
January 29, 2019: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Carlotta Pari, Agnese Puzzo, Stefania Paderni, Alberto Belluati
The annular ligament has a crucial role in the radial head stability and  it is critical to the proper functioning of the proximal  radio-capitellar joint. Its chronic injury may lead to radial head instability, elbow pain with decrease in motion and valgus deformity. Method: We present the case of a 53-year-old heavy laborer who reported a complex trauma of the right upper limb with a Floating Elbow Injury, associated to an open Monteggia fracture-dislocation. One month later, despite the definitive fixation with plates of  both the forearm and the supracondylar fractures, X-rays showed the persistence of the radial head dislocation...
December 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Luigi Branca Vergano, Mauro Monesi
Background and aim of the work The term "floating shoulder" was used in a previous paper to describe lesions of at least two components of the SSSC (superior shoulder suspensory complex), a bony-ligamentous structure of the shoulder girdle. Following this article other types of floating shoulder were described, including scapulothoracic dissociation (STD), a rare lesion with potentially devastating consequences, with detachment of the scapular body from the thoracic wall, with following lateralization of the scapula,  fracture of the clavicle or injury of the adiacent sterno-clavear or acromion-clavicular joints...
November 15, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Koji Shomoto
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive treatment to relieve pain. Contralateral TENS (i.e., TENS administered to the contralateral side of a painful body part) is beneficial when TENS cannot be directly applied to pain site, such as in cases of trauma. Although TENS produces segmental analgesia in an ipsilateral limb, it has been unclear whether TENS produces higher analgesic effects in the contralateral segmental area. The aim of present study was to investigate the analgesic effects of TENS in contralateral segmental or extra-segmental areas on physiological and subjective pain outcomes, using a nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR) method...
February 1, 2019: European Journal of Pain: EJP
C Gary, V Gautier, I Lazareth, M Bagot, R Asgari, P Priollet
BACKGROUND: Topical chlormethine has been widely used in the early stages of mycosis fungoides for many years. Cutaneous reactions (skin irritation and itch) are the most frequent adverse effects. Herein we report a rare side effect: severe necrotic leg ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An 82-year-old woman with a history of high blood pressure developed hyperalgesic necrotic ulcers on the lower limbs following local trauma one month after initiation of topical chlormethine (Valchlor® ) to treat mycosis fungoides...
January 28, 2019: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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